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Emergency Prepardness Guide

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Be Prepared for up to 72 Hours

Four steps to be prepared:

  1. Know the Risks
    Learn what hazards exist in your area.
  2. Make a Plan
    Prepare emergency plans so you and your family will know how to communicate, what to do and where to go in the event of an emergency.
  3. Prepare a Kit
    Gather the supplies you will need if an emergency occurs.  Prepare a kit for your home, workplace and car.
  4. Know What to Do
    Take a first aid and CPR course.  Learn how to protect your family, you and your home in specific emergencies.

In a disaster, first responders and emergency workers focus their initial efforts on helping people who need immediate, urgent assistance.

As a result, if your neighbourhood is not in immediate danger, it may take time for workers to clear roads and restore utilities to your area.  Therefore, all residents should make plans to be as self-sufficient as possible for at least 72 hours.



Make a PlanMake a Plan<p>In the event of an emergency or evacuation your family should be prepared. By making and practicing an emergency plan your family will be able to react calmly and with confidence during an emergency.<br><br></p><hr /> <br> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/EP%20Guide%202015%20compressed.pdf" target="_blank"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Emergency Prepardness Guide" src="/EmergencyManagement/PublishingImages/EP%20Guide%202015%20Cover%20Website%20resized.png" style="margin:5px;width:215px;" /></a>Your plan should include:<br> <p> </p><ol><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Home%20Escape%20Plan.pdf" target="_blank">Home Escape Plan</a></li><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Emergency%20Contact%20Information.pdf" target="_blank">Emergency Contact Information</a></li><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Out%20of%20Area%20Contact.pdf" target="_blank">Out-of-Area Contact</a></li><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Important%20Documents.pdf" target="_blank">Copies of Important Documents</a></li><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Evacuation%20Plan.pdf" target="_blank">Evacuation Plan</a></li><li> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Pets%20in%20Emergencies.pdf">Plan for Your Pets</a></li></ol><p> <br> </p><p> <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/EP%20Guide%202015%20compressed.pdf" target="_blank">Emergency Preparedness Guide</a></p>
Prepare a KitPrepare a Kit<p>Emergencies and disasters can happen at any time. This could mean that utilities are out, roads are closed and crucial supplies are unattainable. Everyone should be prepared to take care of themselves and their families for at least 72 hours in the event of an emergency or disaster.</p><p>The lists below are recommended guidelines to help you gather the items you should have on hand and keep stored in a place that everyone in your family knows about. The kit should be stored in a way so that it can easily be carried with you in the event of an evacuation. Customize the contents of the kit to suit the specific needs of your family.</p><p>Be sure to have at least one analog telephone in your home. Analog telephones do not require an electrical outlet and will continue to operate during power failures.</p><p><img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="EP Kit.jpg" src="/EmergencyManagement/PublishingImages/Pages/kit/EP%20Kit.jpg?RenditionID=9" style="margin:5px;" /></p><p> <strong>Emergency Survival Kit Checklist</strong><br></p><ul><li><div>Flashlight and batteries</div></li><li><div>Radio and batteries/crank powered radio</div></li><li><div>First-aid kit</div></li><li><div>Candles and waterproof matches/lighter</div></li><li><div>Extra car and house keys</div></li><li><div>Cash in the form of small bills and coins</div></li><li><div>Copies of important papers for each member of your family e.g. passport and birth certificate</div></li><li><div>Canned foods, energy bars, dried foods (consume and replace at least once per year)</div></li><li><div>Bottled water -- 2L/person/day for drinking and an additional 2L/person/day for food preparation and hygiene (replace at least once per year)</div></li><li><div>Manual can opener, bottle opener</div></li><li><div>Cutlery</div></li><li><div>Cooking pot</div></li><li><div>Disposable cups and plates</div></li><li><div>Garbage bags and smaller resealable bags</div></li><li><div>Clothing and footwear, one change/person</div></li><li><div>Blankets or sleeping bags</div></li><li><div>Toilet paper and other personal items</div></li><li><div>Alcohol based hand sanitizer</div></li><li><div>Non-latex gloves, dust masks</div></li><li><div>Medications (one week supply)</div></li><li><div>Backpack/duffel bag</div></li><li><div>Whistle</div></li><li><div>Basic tools -- hammer, pliers, wrench, screwdrivers, etc.</div></li><li><div>Small fuel driven stove and fuel</div></li><li><div>Playing cards, games</div></li></ul><p>Include any additional supplies to suit the needs of your family members. Remember, the supplies must last for a minimum of 72 hours.</p><p>Recommendations for those with special needs and people who are assisting those with special needs can be found in the <a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Emo%20guide%20for%20special%20needs.pdf" target="_blank">Emergency Preparedness Guide for People with Special Needs/Disabilities</a> from Emergency Management Ontario.</p><p>You may be on the road when an emergency occurs. An emergency preparedness kit for  your car is recommended.</p><p> <strong>Basic Car Kit</strong><br></p><ul><li><div>Food that will not spoil, especially in summer heat e.g. energy bars</div></li><li><div>Water in plastic bottles. Ensure there is enough room for the water to expand when it freezes and not break the bottle.</div></li><li><div>First-aid kit with seatbelt cutter</div></li><li><div>Shovel</div></li><li><div>Compass</div></li><li><div>Extra clothing and footwear</div></li><li><div>Ice scraper and brush</div></li><li><div>Road maps</div></li><li><div>Matches and a candle in a deep can</div></li><li><div>Antifreeze/windshield washer fluid</div></li><li><div>Booster cables</div></li><li><div>Flashlight (crank powered or with extra batteries)</div></li><li><div>Blanket, special survival blankets are available and require minimal space to store</div></li><li><div>Copy of emergency plan and personal documents</div></li></ul> <strong>Car Kit - Extra Items</strong><br> <ul><li><div>Sand, salt or kitty litter</div></li><li><div>Traction mats</div></li><li><div>Tow chain</div></li><li><div>Cloth or roll of paper towels</div></li><li><div>Warning light or road flares</div></li><li><div>Axe or hatchet</div></li><li><div>Fire extinguisher</div></li></ul>
Know What To DoKnow What To DoIt is important that you know what to do and how to execute your plans when an emergency occurs<br><ul><li><a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Shelter%20in%20Place.pdf" target="_blank">Shelter in Place</a></li><li><a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Evacuation.pdf" target="_blank">Evacuation</a></li><li><a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Children%20in%20Emergencies.pdf" target="_blank">Children & Emergencies</a></li><li><a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Pets%20in%20Emergencies.pdf" target="_blank">Pets & Emergencies</a></li><li><a href="/EmergencyManagement/Documents/Disabilities%20in%20Emergencies.pdf" target="_blank">Disabilities/Special Needs in Emergencies</a></li></ul>