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Archives Blog

Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!



Archives Awareness Week 2020 7:40:03 PMArchives Awareness Week 2020<p>​​​​​​This week<sup> </sup>is Archives Awareness Week in Ontario. The theme this year is “Archives Online". With many heritage institutions, including the Simcoe County Archives, closed to the public as a result of the COVID19 pandemic, online records and resources have become an even more important bridge between researchers and archives.</p><p>In solidarity with all those self-isolating at home, Simcoe County Archives staff have put together a list of our favourite (free!) online resources for historical research. <br><br><span style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.61em;font-weight:bold;">​Top 5 Online R</span><span style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.61em;font-weight:bold;">esources from Simcoe County Archives​</span><span style="font-size:1.23em;font-weight:bold;">​​​​</span></p><h3>​1)    <a title="Simcoe County Remembers database" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832">Simcoe County Remembers</a></h3><p>As this week also marks the anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, we thought it fitting to highlight the Simcoe County Remembers database. The database includes the names of 1,006 men and women who had co​nnections to Simcoe County and who died while in service or as a result of wounds or injuries sustained during the First World War. This database serves as a memorial for those who served and has a lot of information for researchers. Access the database <a title="Simcoe County Remembers database" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832">here​</a>.<br></p><h3>​2)    <a title="Simcoe County Archives collections database" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">Collections database</a>​<br></h3><p>The SCA collections database holds descriptions of a significant portion of our archival holdings. Collection highlights include our municipal records, Women's Institute branch records, and private collections and manuscript holdings. Access the database <a title="Simcoe County Archives collections database" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">here</a>.<br> </p><h3>3)    <a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311">Digitized Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1846-1952</a><br></h3><p>That's right! Simcoe County Council Minutes of meetings held between 1846 and 1952 have been digitized, and made available as PDFs. Access the PDFs <a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311">here​</a>.<br></p><h3> 4)    <a title="Online Exhibits" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=c971950d-ee58-4bbb-b1e6-cd5f32b06c61">Online exhibits</a></h3><p>Select special collections have been highlighted on our Online Exhibits page. The exhibits allow researchers to go on a deeper dive into some of our holdings and into various local history topics. Learn more about the Livingston Collection, the Black Settlement in Oro Township, and much more! View the exhibits <a title="Online Exhibits" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=c971950d-ee58-4bbb-b1e6-cd5f32b06c61">here​</a>.<br></p><h3> 5)    <a title="Simcoe County Archives blog" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=574795c2-368e-477d-a917-566b0240fe35">Archives Blog</a>​<br></h3><p>Last but not least, be sure to check the Simcoe County Archives blog. Archives staff have written many posts on a variety of local history and archives-related topics. Check out the blog <a title="Simcoe County Archives blog" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=574795c2-368e-477d-a917-566b0240fe35">here​</a>.<br></p><p> </p><h2>Top 5 Online Resources from other Institutions<br><br></h2><h3>1)    <a title="Simcoe County Maps" href="">Simcoe County Maps​</a><br></h3><p>​Simcoe County Maps is a very useful tool for obtaining property and land-related information. The website was developed by the County of Simcoe GIS Department and includes several interactive map layers which enable users to explore the County. Using the Advanced tab, users can determine which<strong> Historic Geographic Township</strong> their property was located in and find out which <strong>Lot and Concession</strong> their property is on, to name just a few points of interest. Access Simcoe County Maps <a title="Simcoe County Maps" href="">here</a>.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1.23em;font-weight:bold;">2) <a title="Ontario Land Registry Access" href="">Ontario Land Registry Access (OnLand)</a></span><br></p><p>Early historic land registration records have been digitized and are available through the Ontario Land Registry Access portal: <a title="Ontario Land Registry Access" href="">OnLand</a>. This is a great resource for figuring out the historical owners of a property. In order to use the portal researchers need the following information about the property: </p><p> </p><ul><li><strong>Name of regional municipality</strong><br>Example: Simcoe County<br></li><li><strong>Name of city or township</strong> - <em>This may include historic townships<br></em>Example: Springwater Township would have included Flos Township and Vespra Township prior to amalgamation in 1994. </li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Lot and Concession Number </strong><br></span>OR<br></li><li><strong>Plan Number</strong></li></ul><p> </p><p> </p><h3>3) <a title="Canadian County Atlas Project" href="">The Canadian County Atlas Project</a></h3><p>The Canadian County Atlas Project, developed in conjunction with McGill University, features digitized and indexed historical maps and atlases of Canadian counties and townships. This is an excellent resource for family and settlement research. Visit the website <a title="Canadian County Atlas Project" href="">here</a>.<br><span style="font-size:1.23em;font-weight:bold;"><br>4) </span><a title="Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid" href="" style="font-size:1.23em;font-weight:bold;">Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid (OCFA)</a><br></p><p>The Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid is an amazing resource for genealogists. With contributions from many historical societies and Ontario Genealogy Society branches, the OCFA includes individual surnames, cemetery names, and locations of thousands of interments in different cemeteries, cairns, and memorials. Visit the website <a title="Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid" href="">here</a>.</p><h3><br>5) Military Heritage databases from Library and Archives Canada​<br></h3><p>Library and Archives Canada offers many online resources for researchers, but as this week is the anniversary of Vimy Ridge we wanted to highlight their Military Heritage records. Personnel records for servicepersons from the First World War have been digitized and are accessible through an online portal <a title="Personnel Records of the First World War" href="">here</a>. </p><p> More recently, select service records for Canadian military personnel who died in the Second World War have also been made available <a title="Service Files of the Second World War - War Dead, 1939-1947" href="">here</a>. ​<br></p><p><br> </p><p>​<br>We hope you enjoy perusing these resources. As always, good luck with your research!<br></p>
Public Health in Simcoe County 6:13:36 PMPublic Health in Simcoe County<p>​​​​​​​​World Health Day is commemorated each year on April 7<sup>th</sup> and is aimed at creating awareness of one of the World Health Organization's priority areas of concern.  The theme for 2020 is celebrating the work of nurses and midwives and the critical role they play in keeping the world healthy. <a href="file:///C:/Users/jhuddleston/AppData/Local/Microsoft/Windows/INetCache/Content.Outlook/2UTJFFJ1/Public_Health_in_SC_Blog_post-ver-01.docx#_ftn1">[1]</a></p><p>In commemoration of both World Health Day and Archives Awareness Week in Ontario, the Simcoe County Archives salutes the remarkable work of nurses and midwives, other front-line medical personnel, and public health organizations.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4" style="text-align:center;"><em>Thank You!</em></strong><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/962-1088_Nurses-graduation-class-1915_E2-B2-R3B-S8-Sh2_480.jpg" title="962-1088 Nurses graduation class, ca. 1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/962-1088_Nurses-graduation-class-1915_E2-B2-R3B-S8-Sh2_480.jpg" alt="Nurses graduation class, ca. 1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="line-height:107%;font-family:arial, sans-serif;"><em style="font-size:12pt;">962-1088     Nurses graduation class, ca. 1915</em></span><br></p><h3><br></h3><h3>Did you know that there were Schools of Nursing attached to several hospitals in Simcoe County?</h3><p>The first was established in 1897 at Barrie's Royal Victoria Hospital, but there were also schools at the hospitals in Collingwood (1897), Orillia (1910) and Penetanguishene (1912).<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2019-135_Nurses-Residence-CGMH-1943_1080.jpg" title="Collingwood General and Marine Hospital nursing student residence, ca. 1943."><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2019-135_Nurses-Residence-CGMH-1943_480.jpg" alt="Collingwood General and Marine Hospital nursing student residence, ca. 1943." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References"><em>2019-135     Collingwood General and Marine Hospital nursing student residence, ca. 1943.</em></span><br></p><h3><br></h3><h3>Did you know that two world-famous medical doctors were born in Simcoe County?</h3><p>Sir William Osler, the first professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University, was born in Bond Head in 1849.  Sir Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, was born in Alliston in 1891.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2001-50_Frederick-Banting_B1-R1A-S3_Sh4.jpg" title="2001-50 Frederick Banting in the Pharmacology Lab, Frederick Banting Family Photograph Album 1"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2001-50_Frederick-Banting_B1-R1A-S3_Sh4_480.jpg" alt="2001-50 Frederick Banting in the Pharmacology Lab, Frederick Banting Family Photograph Album 1" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="line-height:107%;font-family:arial, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>2001-50 Frederick Banting in the Pharmacology Lab, Frederick Banting Family Photograph Album 1</em></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:12pt;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:12pt;">​<br></span></p><h3>Did you know that until the Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit was established there were Boards of Health operating in many of the county's townships, towns and villages?  </h3><p>The Simcoe County Archives holds records that were created by Boards of Health located in:</p><table cellspacing="0" width="100%" class="ms-rteTable-default"><tbody><tr><td class="ms-rteTable-default" style="width:50%;"><ul><li>Adjala Township</li><li>Barrie</li><li>Beeton</li><li>Creemore</li><li>Essa Township</li><li>Mara Township</li><li>Medonte Township</li><li>Nottawasaga Township</li></ul></td><td class="ms-rteTable-default" style="width:50%;"><ul><li>Orillia Township</li><li>Penetanguishene</li><li>Rama Township</li><li>Simcoe County</li><li>Sunnidale Township</li><li>Tiny Township</li><li>Vespra Township</li></ul></td></tr></tbody></table><h3><br><br></h3><h3>Did you know that before the Internet and Social Media were invented, public health departments and organizations shared information through printed posters and manuals?<br></h3><p>The Simcoe County Archives has a copy of the sixth edition of the <em>Manual for Sanitary Inspectors</em>, published by the Canadian Public Health Association in November 1941.  It includes information re. Communicable Diseases, and defined the term “isolation."<br><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/977-43_Manual-for-Sanitary-Inspection-1941-PG-104_B8-R4A-S1-Sh3_1080.jpg" title=" Manual for Sanitary Inspection Pg.104, 1941"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/977-43_Manual-for-Sanitary-Inspection-1941-PG-104_B8-R4A-S1-Sh3_1080.jpg" alt="Definitions of Common Terms in Communicable Disease Control. Isolation. Page 104, Manual for Sanitary Inspectors." style="margin:5px;" /></a> ​<em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;color:#777777;">977-43     Manual f​or Sanitary Inspectors​ Pg.104, 1941</em></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">In other words:  stay home if you are sick!</span><br></p><h3><br></h3><h3>Did you know that you are making history?<br></h3><p>Years from now, people will be talking about how Canadians reacted to the COVID-19 Pandemic.  In the meantime, remember what Canadians talked about ca. 1939-1945, and do your part to flatten the curve.​​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/980-49%20Your%20Health%20is%20Canada%27s%20Strength%20F2%20E3_1080.jpg" title="Your Health is Canada's Strength, ca. 1940's"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/980-49%20Your%20Health%20is%20Canada%27s%20Strength%20F2%20E3_480.jpg" alt="Your Health is Canada's Strength, ca. 1940's" style="margin:5px;width:468px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="line-height:107%;font-family:arial, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>980-49     Your Health is Canada's Strength</em></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:12pt;"><em>, ca. 1940's</em></span><br><br></p><p><strong class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">References</strong><br></p><p><a href="file:///C:/Users/jhuddleston/AppData/Local/Microsoft/Windows/INetCache/Content.Outlook/2UTJFFJ1/Public_Health_in_SC_Blog_post-ver-01.docx#_ftnref1">[1]</a> <a href=""></a><br></p><p>​​​​​​<br><br>​<br><br><br></p>
Collections Highlights 3:37:37 PMCollections Highlights<p>​Welcome to our Collections Highlights page. Here we will list recently processed archival records that are now available for use in our Reading Room. It is not a comprehensive list, but includes highlights selected by our processing archivists.</p><p>Search our <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">Collections Database</a> for more detailed descriptions of the materials listed below.</p><h2><span>November 2019</span></h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>Oro-Medonte Horticultural Society collection records</li><li>Fall 2019 (No. VII) edition of the zine Penetang Review</li></ul><h2>October 2019</h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>Royal of Templars of Temperance Charter (Barrie No. 139 Select Council), 1902</li></ul><h2>September 2019 </h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Corporate and Municipal Records</p><ul><li>Severn Township municipal records</li></ul><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>S. K. Lount collection </li><li>East Simcoe District Women's Institute records</li><li>Lake St. George Women's Institute records</li><li>Westmount Women's Institute </li><li>Victoria Crescent Women's Institute</li><li>Roger Miller Postcard collection </li></ul><p> </p>
#ItStarts 2019 5:19:28 PM#ItStarts 2019<p>This month staff at Simcoe County Archives are participating in the 2019 #ItStarts campaign. #ItStarts is a joint initiative between the <a title="County of Simcoe website" href="/">County of Simcoe </a>and the <a title="Simcoe County Local Immigration Partnership website" href="">Local Immigration Partnership (LIP)</a> that aims to raise public awareness and to "promote a unified community that embraces acceptance, inclusion, equity and diversity" (LIP). </p><p>On Monday March 18, 2019 Archives staff hosted a multicultural potluck to celebrate #ItStarts. The meal included family recipes, staff favourites, and a few first-time attempts at new dishes. The potluck gave us a great opportunity to come together, enjoy a meal, and learn something new about cultures, cuisines, and each other.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Archives staff celebrate It Starts with a shared meal" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2019-ItSarts_Archives.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:527px;" /><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">Archives staff celebrating #ItStarts 2019 with a shared meal</span></p><p>The focus of this year's #ItStarts campaign is <em>action</em>, and Archives staff were asked to select a word that best represents how or where that action should start. For us, #ItStarts with "Community".</p><p> At Simcoe County Archives, we seek to collect and make accessible the documentary heritage of the County. The records we hold are evidence of many of the communities that make up the county and we are committed to preserving these diverse histories for future generations. Some histories are longer than others and that is OK; communities change and grow, and as a public repository it is important that the Archives are representative of all those who call Simcoe County home. At the Archives, #ItStarts with the communities we serve. </p><p>In order to better meet the needs of our communities, Archives staff are seeking opportunities to expand the coverage of our collections in order to better represent the diversity present in Simcoe County. We are interested in records from individuals, clubs, societies, business and any other active or formerly active organizations in the County. If you are interested in donating records to Simcoe County Archives, please visit our <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1312299f-95b2-4723-a41b-ac7d6fb66601">Donation page </a>for more details, or contact us at <a href=""></a>  to arrange a meeting.</p><p>To learn more about the #ItStarts campaign and to get involved, please visit <a title="Simcoe County Local Immigration Partnership website" href=""><font color="#0066cc">Immigration Simcoe</font></a>, and follow #ItStarts on social media. <br> </p>
Reforestation in Simcoe County 4:44:52 PMReforestation in Simcoe County <h4>​​​​​The Beginning of Reforestation in Simcoe County <br></h4><p>As the holiday season has begun and people are starting to put up their Christmas trees, staff at the Simcoe County Archives are reminded of the history of reforestation that allowed us to have these beautiful trees so close to home. It was a difficult start for reforestation as many councillors of Simcoe County were not convinced that it was an important issue to tackle in the early 1900s. However, W.J. Holden, Reeve of Collingwood, believed reforestation was a problem that shouldn't be ignored. <br><br><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/First%20load%20of%20Christmas%20Trees_1080p.jpg" title="First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract in Craighurst in 1944 "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/First%20load%20of%20Christmas%20Trees_480p.jpg" alt="First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract in Craighurst in 1944 " style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">​980-24     Firs</span><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">t Load of Ch</span><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">ristmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract, Craighurst, 1944    Copyright: Public Domain​</span><br></p><h4>The First Proposal</h4><p>One of the first to propose reforestation was Reeve W.J. Holden (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.32). In the January session of Council in 1919, Holden urged the Warden to create a committee of Reforestation (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.13); on day 3 the committee was created with Holden taking the lead (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.19). On the afternoon of January 31, 1919, Holden gave a speech on the advantages of reforestation (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.32), stating that reforestation would provide substantial money for Simcoe County as well as providing returning soldiers with jobs (Reforestation Before Co. Council).</p><p>After his compelling speech, the Reforestation Committee read a report with the following ideas: </p><ol><li>The committee, with the Warden, would purchase 200 acres of land for reforestation<br></li><li>Council would make a $5,000 grant to the Reforestation Committee to carry out the plan<br></li><li>The Provincial Government would be encouraged to make a special grant for reforestation in Simcoe County<br></li><li>A <span style="font-size:1em;">special grant would be created and issued to rural schools that will reforest land (Reforestation Before Co. Council)</span><br></li></ol><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">However, despite Holden's best efforts, Council decided that the building of roads should take precedence over reforestation. Reforestation would be reconsidered at the June session (Council Minutes 1919, March 17 p.40). Many members of the community were outraged by this decision. One person took to the comment section of the </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Barrie Examiner</em><span style="font-size:1em;">, “Some members of the County Council seemed to regard the report of the reforestry committee as a joke. In assuming such an attitude, these members do themselves no credit. Because they know nothing of a subject is no reason why they should make light of it" </span><span style="font-size:1em;">(Comments of the Week, February 6).</span></p><h4>The Second Attempt</h4><p></p><div>When the Council reconvened in June, its attitude had changed slightly. The Finance Committee in one of its reports included a clause that recommended that the Council approve a policy of reforestation and that a committee be appointed to ascertain the cost of purchasing 200 acres for reforestation and the cost of buying and planting trees. The clause was approved after a vote of 25-8 (Buy Shelter For Children’s Aid, p.2). </div><h4 style="text-align:center;"><br><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/W.J.%20Holden%201080p.jpg" title="W.J. Holden"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/W.J.%20Holden%20480p.jpg" class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="W.J. Holden" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></h4><h4>​<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">W.J. Holden, Jan 1, 1920, Collingwood Bulletin p.1, Simcoe County Archives      <br></span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">C</span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">opyright: Public Domain​</span></p><h4>The Third Attempt<br></h4><p>When Council reconvened in November, 1919, the issue of reforestation was once again brought up by Councillor Holden. In a 10-page report including the research completed by the Reforestation Committee from last session, Holden requested that a small expenditure of $5600 over 5 years be put towards reforestation (Comment of the Week, Dec.4). Like previous council sessions, many council members treated this matter as a joke (Holden’s Report is Voted Down) and voted it down 30-7 (Council Minutes 1919, Nov. p.8).The importance of reforestation was not yet seen by council members. This again upset the community, one person took to the paper to write, “The County Council’s treatment of the report on reforestation was not what might be expected of a responsible body of men when dealing with a subject of such importance” (Comment of the Week, Dec. 4). <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Comment%20of%20the%20Week,%20Dec-4_1080p.jpg" title="Comment of the Week December 4, 1919"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Comment%20of%20the%20Week%20Dec-4_480p.jpg" alt="Comment of the Week December 4, 1919" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">Comment of the Week, Dec. 4, 1919, The Barrie Examiner p.4, Simcoe County Archives Copyright:  Public Domain</span><br></p><h4>Final Steps to Reforestation in Simcoe County<br><br></h4><p>In January of 1920, W.J. Holden went on to be the Mayor of Collingwood. During his time as Reeve, Holden made a large impact on reforestation in Simcoe County (Many Changes in Co. Council – Several Prominent Members Fail to Secure Re-election for 1920). In December of 1919, it was said that “Some of the councillors who opposed reforestation when it was first introduced are now enthusiastic supporters” (Holden’s Report is Voted Down). 1920 was a turning point for reforestation. By June of 1920, progressive policy on reforestation was being developed and the County began to look into obtaining land (Council Minutes 1920, June p.50). Between 1920 and 1922, Simcoe County purchased approximately 1000 acres in Vespra Township (now Springwater) dedicated to reforestation (Council Minutes, June 1922 p.57). This land came to be known as the Hendrie Forest, which is located just northwest of Barrie (Fifty Years of Reforestation in Ontario Part 2, p.11). The Hendrie Tract derives its name from the previous name of Anten Mills: Hendrie. Hendrie was the surname of a contractor who built a section of the railway that passes through the village (The Origin of the Name of the Post Offices of Simcoe County, p.6)​.<br></p><div>​<br></div><div><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/981-35%20Reforestation%20Anten%20Mills%201917%201080p.jpg" title="First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/981-35%20Reforestation%20Anten%20Mills%201917%20480p.jpg" alt="First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">981-35     First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922, Fred Grant Collection      Copyright: Public Domain<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><br class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Recently%20cleared%20farmland%201080p.jpg" title="Recently Cleared Farmland around 1925"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Recently%20cleared%20farmland%20480p.jpg" alt="Recently Cleared Farmland around 1925" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">2008-133     Early Simcoe County Forestry - Recently Cleared Farmland, ca. 1925     Copyright: Public Domain<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><br class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Field%20of%20young%20pine%20trees%20E11%20B8%20R0A%20S11%20Sh2%201080p.jpg" title="Field of Young Pine Trees around 1930"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Field%20of%20young%20pine%20trees%20E11%20B8%20R0A%20S11%20Sh2%20480p.jpg" alt="Field of Young Pine Trees around 1930" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">2008-133     Field of Young Pine Trees, ca. 1930     Copyright: Public Domain</span></div><div><br></div><div><p>The Hendrie Forest and other forest tracts can be viewed on the Simcoe County <a href="">Geographical Information Systems (GIS) map​</a>.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/GIS%20Hendrie%20Main%201080p.jpg" title="View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/GIS%20Hendrie%20Main%20480p.jpg" alt="View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System " style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">(GIS) map at <br></span><span style="font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">Simcoe County, November 14, 2018     <br></span><span style="font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">Copyright: Public Domain​</span></p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">Today, Simcoe County Forest is the largest municipally-owned forest in Southern Ontario (County of Simcoe Forestry, Forest History). Between 1927 and 1948, Simcoe County purchased tracts of Orr Lake, Waverly, Tosorontio, Drury, Barr and Wildman for further reforestation. The forests continue to provide environmental, social and economic benefits to the County residents (County of Simcoe Forestry, Forest History).</span><p>To learn more about reforestation and its history in the Simcoe County, visit the Simcoe County Archives Monday to Friday between 8:30 AM - 4:00 PM. </p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><br></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">Post by Student Archives Assistant Patricia Nagle</span><br></p><p>___________________________________________________________________________</p><p><strong><em>Works consulted</em></strong><br></p><ul><li>Buy Shelter For Children's Aid – H.E. Jory's Residence Taken at $5750 – County War Memorial – Reforestation, The Barrie Examiner, June 26, 1919 p.1,2,& 4, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Comment of the Week, The Barrie Examiner, February 6, 1919 p.2, Simcoe County Archives  </li><li>Comment of the Week, The Barrie Examiner, December 4, 1919 p.4, Simcoe County            Archives </li><li>County of Simcoe Forestry – About the Simcoe County Forest</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1919, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1920, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1921, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1922, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Early Simcoe County Forestry – Recently Cleared Farmland between 1900-1920, 2008-133,       Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Fifty Years of Reforestation in Ontario by E.J. Zavitz, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Holden's Report is Voted Down – County Council Declares Against Reforestation - $2,500 for Navy League, The Barrie Examiner, December 4, 1919 p.4, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Many Changes in Co. Council – Several Prominent Members Fail to Secure Re-election for 1920, The Barrie Examiner Jan 8, 1920 p.1, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of Field of Young Pine Trees, 2008-133, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Photo of First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped By Rail From Barr Tract, Craighurst 1944, 980-24, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of First Planting at Hendrie Forest, May 8, 1922, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of Hendrie Main on the GIS, Nov.14,2018, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of W.J. Holden, Collingwood Bulletin, Jan 1 1920 p.1, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Reforestation Before Co. Council – Important Recommendations of Counc. Holden's Committee Laid Over, The Barrie Examiner, Feb 6, 1919 p.1, Simcoe County Archives​<br></li><li><em>The Origin of the Name of the Post Offices of Simcoe County</em> by David Williams​<br></li></ul></div><p>​​<br>​​<br></p>
The Simcoe County Remembers Database 1:42:21 PMThe Simcoe County Remembers Database<p>​The seed of what was to become the <a title="Simcoe County Remembers database" href="/Archives/Pages/Simcoe_County_Remembers.aspx"><em>Simcoe County Remembers​</em> </a>database was planted in 2007, during a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Simcoe County Historical Association.  Simcoe County's Assistant Archivist, Ellen Millar, was asked if there were a Simcoe County First World War Memorial.  She replied that she did not know of one, but would do some investigating.  The follow-up research revealed three things:  </p><ol><li>A Memorial was created for all residents of Simcoe County who had died during the <a title="Memorializing Simcoe County's Heroes" href="/Archives/Pages/Memorializing-Simcoe-County-Heroes.aspx"><font color="#0066cc">Second World War</font></a> </li><li>While First World War Memorials for local residents had been erected in communities across Simcoe County, no single memorial was ever dedicated to all county residents</li><li>The Simcoe County Archives' holdings contain a considerable amount of information about those who had died in the <a title="Remembering Vimy" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx">1914-1918 War </a></li></ol><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/976-26_480_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:415px;" /> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>976-26     Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, ca. 1930     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>Using the Archives' records, Ellen began to make a list of Simcoe County's War Dead, slowly gathering a few details from one source, and some more from another, as she carried out her regular duties at the Archives.  Other members of the Archives' staff brought to her attention relevant records which they had also discovered during their work with the collections.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/997-133%20Willard%20Touchette%20E4%20B3%20R6B%20S7%20Sh1%201080p.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/997-133%20Willard%20Touchette%20E4%20B3%20R6B%20S7%20Sh1%20480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:217px;" /></a><br><em>997-133     Willard Touchette, ca. 1916     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>Colleagues from several of the County's museums, historical and genealogical societies, friends, and family members also assisted, perhaps unknowingly, with the project.  The County of Simcoe's IT Department also contributed to making the <em>Simcoe County Remembers</em> database a reality.  Thank you to everyone who provided information, support, or expertise.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2009-36_Believe_to_be_Stanley_Penton%20E34%20480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:330px;" /><br><em>2009-36     Young solider, believed to be Stanley Penton, ca. 1916   Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>While a Simcoe County First World War Roll of Honour has been a long time coming, the <em>Simcoe County Remembers</em> database should not be considered a final and complete memorial to the fallen.  The Simcoe County Archives knows that there are names missing which should have been included.  There are also strong suppositions that a few entries, such as the one for “J. Smith," will prove to be duplicates.  But it seemed appropriate that the names of the war dead of Simcoe County, now numbering 1,006, be moved off a static list and made available to the general public in time for the 100<sup>th</sup> Anniversary of the Armistice.</p><p>And so the Simcoe County Archives has launched <em>Simcoe County Remembers</em>.  It is a resource which we consider to be a starting point to help you remember the men and women of Simcoe County who died during or immediately following the First World War.  We hope that you find the information it contains both meaningful and useful.</p><p>Do you have information about someone who is either included in or missing from the <em>Simcoe County Remembers</em> database?  The Simcoe County Archives would like to hear from you!  Information about how to donate records to the Simcoe County Archives is available <a title="Simcoe County Archives Donor Portal" href="/Archives/Pages/Donor_Portal.aspx">here</a>, or please contact us at 705-726-9331 or <a title="Email Simcoe County Archives" href="" target="_blank"></a><u> </u></p>
Simcoe County and the Battle of Amiens 3:14:08 PMSimcoe County and the Battle of Amiens<p>The success of the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Vimy Ridge on April 9-12, 1917 has been well documented, celebrated, and <a title="Remembering Vimy blog post" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx">commemorated</a> in Canada.  Details pertaining to the decisive gains made during the Battle of Amiens, which took place August 8-11, 1918, have not been as thoroughly communicated.  For many residents and those with ties to Simcoe County, however, the Battle of Amiens was of greater personal significance.  From data that has been collected at Simcoe County Archives, it is estimated that 34 men with ties to the County lost their lives on August 8, 1918, compared to 28 who died on the first day of the Battle of Vimy Ridge.<sup>1</sup> In total, at least <a title="Simcoe County Honour Roll for the Battle of Amiens" href="/Archives/Documents/Honour_Roll_8-11_August_1918-REV.pdf">60 of our men</a> died during the four days of the Battle of Amiens.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><a title="Department de la Somme, ca 1918; Town of Amiens in centre of map " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/979-38_Department-De-La-Somme-1080W_G-3%20F-1.jpg"><img alt="Map with Town of Amiens at centre, ca 1918" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/979-38_Department-De-La-Somme-1080W_G-3%20F-1.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:519px;" /></a></span></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">979-38</span>     ​<span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">Department de la Somme, ca 1918; Town of Amiens in centre of map     <br>Copyright: Public Domain</span></span></p><h2>So what was the Battle of Amiens?</h2><p>During the late spring and early summer of 1918 Allied commanders had meticulously planned a major offensive to be launched at Amiens in early August.  While the participants were thoroughly trained for the attack, until the last minute they were not made aware of exactly when or where a battle would take place.  This was deliberately done to keep the Germans from suspecting that, east of Amiens, weaknesses had been discovered in their defences.  The Canadian Corps was seeking revenge for the sinking of the <em>Llandovery Castle</em> that June<sup>2</sup> and they found it when the attack was launched at Amiens on August 8, 1918.  </p><p>On that opening day of battle the Allies, consisting of Australian, British, Canadian, and French forces advanced an astonishing 13 kilometres, barging through lines that had held relatively stagnant for nearly 4 years.  The offensive, supported by tanks, cavalry, armoured cars, and the Royal Air Force, took the depleted German Army by surprise.  General Erich Ludendorff later described August 8, 1918 as “the black day of the German Army," and marked the beginning of the last 100 days of the First World War.  Fewer gains were made during the rest of the battle and major offensive operations were halted on August 11, 1918.  But the Battle of Amiens was the first significant breakthrough in what had been a long and costly war of attrition.</p><h2>In memoriam</h2><p>One of the soldiers who died at the Battle of Amiens, was William Kennedy, a son of John and Margaret Kennedy.  He was born in Penetanguishene in February 1896, and enlisted with the 157<sup>th</sup> Overseas Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force.  On October 17, 1916, Kennedy embarked from Halifax to England aboard S.S. <em>Cameronia</em>.  After arriving in England he was transferred to the 116<sup>th</sup> Battalion, C.E.F.  Kennedy died on August 8, 1918 and was buried in the Hourges Orchard Cemetery, Donart-sur-La-Loce, France.  His name is engraved on the Tay side of the Waverley War Memorial.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><a title="Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Waverley_Memorial-East-full-1080.jpg"><img alt="Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Waverley_Memorial-East-full-1080.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:363px;" /></a></span></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">SCA Photograph Collection     Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East, 2018     <br>Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</span></span></p><h3>Notes</h3><p><sup>1</sup>Compiling a complete list of Simcoe County's war dead is exceedingly difficult because the official Attestation Papers more frequently asked for place of birth than place of residence.  Furthermore, the two Overseas Battalions which were raised in Simcoe County, the 157<sup>th</sup> and 177<sup>th</sup>, were broken up in England in order to provide reinforcements for units already in action.  No County of Simcoe Honour Roll was created immediately following the First World War, and each of the smaller communities throughout the county used their own criteria for determining honour rolls and/or memorials.</p><p><sup>2</sup>The <em>HMHS Llandovery Castle</em> was a Canadian Hospital Ship that had brought Canadian casualties back to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in early June 1918, and was making the return journey back to England.  On June 27, as the <em>Llandovery Castle</em> – clearly marked as a hospital ship – approached the coast of Ireland, it was deliberately torpedoed by a German submarine.  When news of the sinking was circulated Simcoe County mourned three of its own:  Nursing Sister Mae Bell Sampson, Private George Edward Nash, and Private Victor Sanders.  Sampson, a graduate nurse with the Canadian Army Medical Corps, was born in Nottawasaga Township, while both Nash, a resident of Midland, and Sanders, of Penetanguishene, had enlisted with the 157<sup>th</sup> Battalion C.E.F. in early 1916.</p>
Early Railways in Simcoe County 5:42:46 PMEarly Railways in Simcoe County<p>The arrival of the railways in Simcoe County connected the County to the rest of Canada, socially, economically and politically. It allowed for townspeople to trade information and goods at speeds never seen before.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/1080w%20Scrap%20book,%20page%201%201201-%20LAST%20ENGINE%20BUIET%20BY%20CPR%20JUNE%201944%20E6%20B6%20R4B%20S9%20SH2.jpg"><img alt="Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/480w%20%20981-99%20%20%20%20%20Scrap%20book,%20page%201,%201201-%20LAST%20ENGINE%20BUIET%20BY%20CPR%20JUNE%201944%20E6%20B6%20R4B%20S9%20SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>981-99      Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944    Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</em></p><p> The first rails to be built in the area belonged to the Ontario, Simcoe and Huron Railway (1849), Toronto, Simcoe and Muskoka Junction Railway (1872), North Simcoe Railway (1878) and Hamilton and North Western Railway (1879) all of which either soon became or already were a part of the Northern Railway by the 1880s. After them came the Midland Railway of Canada (1879), Grand Trunk Railway (1911) which merged into the Canadian National Railway in 1923, and Georgian Bay and Seaboard Railway, which was owned by the Canadian Pacific Railroad (1912). Along these rails sprung up beautiful feats of architecture and from these railroads came a new way of life, new economic growth and a new committee of County Council.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-94%201080w%20E2-B4-3b-3-1.jpg"><img alt="Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-94%20480w%20E2-B4-3b-3-1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em>979-94     Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2> Allandale Station</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Allandale Station ca. 1900 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/991-29%201080w%20E10%20B1%20R3B%20S1%20SH3%20NEG%201131%20NEG%201008.jpg"><img alt="Allandale Station ca. 1900 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/991-29%20480w%20E10%20B1%20R3B%20S1%20SH3%20NEG%201131%20NEG%201008.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>991-29    Allandale Station ca. 1900     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;">The </span><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;">Ontario Simcoe and Huron Railway rolled into Allandale in the mid-1850s,</span><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;"> only to change its name to the Northern Railway of Canada in 1859. In 1890, the first of three buildings at Allandale station was constructed.</span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" id="ms-rterangepaste-end"></span> The train station served as an economic hub for the region, exporting goods from surrounding areas like Beeton and Kempenfelt Bay, along with bringing in the first real wave of cottagers to kick start Simcoe County's tourism industry. </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Six women picnicking ca. 1890" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/983-16%201080w%20E57-B1-R4A-S9-SH2%20COPY%20NEG832.jpg"><img alt="Six women picnicking ca. 1890" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/983-16%20480w%20E57-B1-R4A-S9-SH2%20COPY%20NEG832.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>983-16     </em><em>Six women picnicking ca. 1890     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Gidley Collection, ca. 1909 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-4%201080w%20Gidley%20Collection%20NEG%20504%20E15%20B3%20R4A%20S9%20SH3.jpg"><img alt="Gidley Collection, ca. 1909 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-4%20480w%20Gidley%20Collection%20NEG%20504%20E15%20B3%20R4A%20S9%20SH3.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><em><br>984-04     Gidley Collection, ca. 1909     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>While there were many stations along the rail lines within the County, Allandale served as the main attraction, with its fashionable Italianate Villa architecture that survives as a beauty to this day. The station was closed in the 1980's due to diminished rail services. It has since been named a Historic Site by the <a title="Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada" href="">Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada</a>.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-124%201080w%20Allendale%20Railway%20Station%201905%20View%20looking%20east.jpg"><img alt="Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-124%20480w%20Allendale%20Railway%20Station%201905%20View%20looking%20east.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>997-124     Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>As of 2018, the Allandale Train Station and its surrounding lands have been the site of a Stage 4 <a title="City of Barrie, Allandale Train Station lands page" href="">archeaological study</a> launched by the City of Barrie, in consultation with representatives for <span lang="EN-US">Huron-Wendat and various Williams Treaty First Nations communities. The study was undertaken to determine the archeological significance of the site, following the discovery of human remains and a potential burial ground.</span></p><h2>Midhurst </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Midhurst Station, 1978 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1080w%20Scrap%20book,%20page%203%20E6%20B6%204B%20S9%20SH2.jpg"><img alt="Midhurst Station, 1978 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/480w%20981-99%20Scrap%20book,%20page%203%20E6%20B6%204B%20S9%20SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>981-99     Norbert Moran’s Scrapbook, Midhurst Train Station, 1978   <br></em><em>Copyright: Simcoe County Archive</em></p><p>Midhurst station was opened by the Canadian Pacific Railroad. King George VI and Queen Elizabeth passed through Midhurst on their royal tour across Canada in 1939. Rumor had spread that the King and Queen would stop in Midhurst and 25,000 people waited in attendance to welcome them. Children from miles around had been transported there to meet them, Mr. Henry Lay, brother-in-law to then Prime Minister Mackenzie King, was planning to present the Queen with flowers and welcome her to the village. The train did not even stop but carried on at 60 miles an hour. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-08%201080w%20Royal%20Visit%20at%20Midhurst%20Train%20Station%201939%20B3-R5B-S1-SH3.jpg"><img alt="Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-08%20480w%20Royal%20Visit%20at%20Midhurst%20Train%20Station%201939%20B3-R5B-S1-SH3.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2018-08     Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939      Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2>Collingwood </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-47%201080w%20E7-B3-R4A-S5-SH2.jpg"><img alt="Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-47%20480w%20E7-B3-R4A-S5-SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>999-47     Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>Part of the Meaford Subdivision, the Collingwood Terminal was at the heart of industrial activity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It served as a representative of two forces of industry; agriculture and shipbuilding. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title=" H.M.C.S. Collingwood, July 27, 1940" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/978-45%201080w%20H.M.C.S.%20Collingwood%20July%2037,%201940.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/978-45%20480w%20H.M.C.S.%20Collingwood%20July%2037,%201940.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a><em><br>978-45     H.M.C.S. Collingwood, July 27, 1940     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>The Northern Railway terminus is also home to massive grain elevators, 100 feet high and 22-feet in diameter and capable of housing two million bushels of grain. The Collingwood Town saw the need for the elevators in 1899 but construction was continually postponed due to low water levels. The grain elevators were finally completed and opened one month before the stock market crashed in 1929. The terminal was also home to a successful ship yard, which began at a small scale in the 1850s but eventually grew into the Collingwood Shipbuilding Company in 1900, ushering in the age of steel hull construction that occurred in Georgian Bay.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Collingwood Station, May 12 1912" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/974-92%201080w%20ENC%201%20E1%20B6%20R4A%20S5%20SH1%20NEG223%20238.jpg"><img alt="Collingwood Station, May 12 1912" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/974-92%20480w%20ENC%201%20E1-B6-R4A-S5-SH1%20NEG223%20238.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br>    974-92     Collingwood Station, May 12 1912       Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em>Between the shipyard, the grain elevators and the train station, the Terminal served as the industrial hub. The terminal only closed its gates in 1993 after 64 years of operation. </p><h2>Simcoe County Council </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Probably at Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/988-46%201080w%20Probably%20at%20Allandale%20Station%20Shay%20Locomotive%2050%20E11%20B7%20R4A%20S1%20Sh5.jpg"><img alt="Probably at Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/988-46%20480wProbably%20at%20Allandale%20Station%20Shay%20Locomotive%2050%20E11%20B7%20R4A%20S1%20Sh5.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>988-46     Likely Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923     </em><br><em>Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"> The importance of the railroads is reflected in the Simcoe County Council minutes held at the Simcoe County Archives. Issues and interests related to railways were represented by a designated committee of council. The Railways Committee was established in the late 1800s. It was later changed to the Railways and Canals Committee. One of the responsibilities of the committee was ensuring the safety of civilians. We can see the committee's interests in protecting the well-being of civilians in the minutes gathered from 1876-1899 and 1903-1944. In those minutes we find several accounts related to unsafe rail crossings. In one account in 1882, because the crossing at Allandale was deemed unsafe, the committee decreed that a man with a flag would stand by the crossing until modifications could be made to make it safer. Hopefully, they paid him well. Another account in 1880 was concerned that the railway companies failed to put up proper fences along the railway. As a result of improper fencing, large quantities of livestock were dying on a daily bases due to being hit by the trains with no compensation for the farmers. With the council's assistance through strong recommendations sent to the railway companies, the fences were put in place by the railroads in the interests of local farmers. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/987-22%201080w%20Mileage%2011.8%20Huntsville%20Sub.%20Protected%20by%20Old%20Style%20Board%20Fence.jpg"><img alt="Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/987-22%20480w%20Mileage%2011.8%20Huntsville%20Sub.%20Protected%20by%20Old%20Style%20Board%20Fence.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:352px;" /></a><br>987-22     Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943          Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>At the midpoint of the nineteenth century, the railways came to the County of Simcoe and with them came beautiful feats of architecture, each with an unique history. It brought an industrial boom, tourism, royalty, and connected us to the rest of Canada in a way we hadn’t been before. It also brought forth a committee dedicated to the protection of regular people and their livelihoods.   </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span>By Samantha Mills, Student Archives Assistant<br>Posted: 2018/06/01</span></p><p><strong></strong> </p><p><strong>Works Consulted</strong></p><ul><li>“Allandale CNR Station." <em>Canada's Historic Places: A Federal, Provincial and Territorial Collaboration. </em>December 15, 2000. <a href=""></a></li><li>“Allandale Station Lands." <em>The City of Barrie. </em>June 1, 2018. <a href=""></a></li><li>“Allandale Train Station." <em>Urbex Barrie. </em>September 12, 2007. <a href=""></a></li><li> “Collingwood Terminals." <em>Collingwood Living. </em>January 2018. <em> </em><a href=""></a></li><li>“Collingwood Terminals." <em>Town of Collingwood. </em>2017. <a href=""></a></li><li>Jackson, Kenneth. “Buried Souls: How Ontario bulldozed through a rare Huron-Wendat burial site in Barrie." National News, March 9, 2016. <a href=""></a> </li><li><em>Minutes of the Country of Simcoe Municipal Council from 1879-82. </em>(County of Simcoe, 1879-82), 24, 38. </li><li>Recollection: Midhurst History-Royal Visit, 1939, Alan Johnston, Simcoe County Archives. </li><li>Timmerman, Hugh. “Station Hill Station- Research and Discovery." <em>Municipality of Meaford. </em>June 2012. <a href=""></a> </li><li>Wilmot, Elizabeth A. <em>Faces and Places Along the Railway. </em>Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal: Gage Publishing Limited, 1979. </li><li>Wilson, Ian. <em>Steam at Allandale. </em>Orillia: Canadian Branchline Miniatures, 1998. </li></ul><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000"></font></span></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000"></font></span></em> </p>
Local Food Week in Ontario 7:19:32 PMLocal Food Week in Ontario<p>Happy Local Food Week!  Simcoe County's residents and visitors have been enjoying the <a href="">local bounty</a> for a very long time.  The Simcoe County Archives' blog post this month provides an historical glimpse into some of the food that has been grown and/or harvested here.</p><p>There is archaeological evidence in Simcoe County that members of unknown Indigenous communities strategically sank wooden stakes into the waterbed of the Narrows between Lakes Couchiching and Simcoe more than 5,000 calendar years ago.  In the centuries immediately prior to the arrival of Europeans in 1650, members of the Huron-Wendat used the existing weirs, and added more to them.  The <a title="The secrets of the Mnjikaning Fish Weirs" href="">Mnjikaning Fish Weirs</a> is now a national historic site.</p><p>More recently, residents and visitors have fished from shores, docks, watercraft, and through the ice of the county's many bodies of water.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%201080%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg"><img alt="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%20480%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>978-23 – </em><span lang="EN"><em>Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier </em></span><em>– Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Starting in the early to mid 1800s, European settlers cleared the lands, planted a variety of crops and fruit trees, including onions and apples, and then sold the harvest at local town <a title="Simcoe County Farmers Market " href="">markets</a>.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%201080.jpg"><img alt="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>986-50 – Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%201080w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg"><img alt="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%20480w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>979-76 – Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"><a title="Village of Beeton History" href="">Beeton</a> was so named when the community was granted a post office.  Postmaster David A. Jones was also a prominent beekeeper and publisher of The Canadian Bee Journal.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="The Canadian Bee Journal " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%201080w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="The Canadian Bee Journal " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%20480w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>971-03 – The Canadian Bee Journal – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Indigenous residents of Simcoe County taught European settlers how to gather sap from sugar maple trees and boil it down to a sweet syrup.  In 1849, more than 160,000 lbs (72,574 kg) of <a title="Simcoe County Maple Syrup Producers " href="">maple sugar</a> was produced in Simcoe County.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%201080w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg"><img alt="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%20480w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2016-25 – Gathering sap in Medonte Township – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">In the 1920s, the <a title="Town of BWG History" href="">Holland Marsh</a> was drained to form a large area or fertile land suitable for the growing of a wide variety of vegetables destined for Ontario and foreign markets. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%201080w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%20480w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2008-56 – Potato picking in the Holland Marsh – Copyright:  Federal Farms Limited, used with permission</em></p><p><a title="Simcoe County Council" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1b94985b-ce61-4029-bd89-5b96d8ad74f6">Simcoe County Council</a> struck an Agriculture Committee in 1928 and it continued under various names until the 1980s, when its mandate was assumed by the Environmental Service Committee.  During the Second World War, the Council also created an Agricultural War Production Committee.  The aim of both committees was to promote the development and implementation of systems for agricultural improvements and sustainability in Simcoe County.  Minutes and reports for the historic committees of Simcoe County Council are available at the Archives.  You can search <a href="/dpt/arc/Online%20Resources">here</a> for descriptions of the records.</p><p>Bon Appetit!</p>
Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling 7:48:21 PMMrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling<p>There has been considerable buzz lately about butter tarts.  The sweet treat is, apparently, a uniquely Canadian one.  Their popularity has launched several festivals, including the local <a title="Best Butter Tart Festival" href="">Best Butter Tart Festival</a> in Midland.  The earliest-known published recipe for butter tarts has been traced back to Simcoe County and, specifically, to the cookbook published by the <a title="Royal Victoria Hospital Auxiliary" href="">Women's Auxiliary</a> of Royal Victoria Hospital in 1900.</p><p>A small hospital had been established in Barrie during the 1850s but a larger facility was needed to serve the needs of the growing town.  In June 1897 the Barrie General Hospital was opened on High Street, just to the north of what is now Dunlop Street.  The 13-bed facility was shortly thereafter renamed <a title="Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre" href="">Royal Victoria Hospital</a> to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:546px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">977-08 Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary's desire to raise funds to purchase “the many comforts necessary to aid the sick and suffering while they are patients in our Hospital, compelled [them] to devise ways and means to procure this money,"<sup>1</sup> including selling a printed cookbook.  The recipes had been contributed by ladies in the community and were deliberately chosen to be used by the ordinary housekeeper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:424px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 </em><em>Royal Victoria Cook Book p</em><em>g. 1, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Included on page 88, within the section entitled “Pies," was a simple, two-line recipe for making a “Filling for Tarts."</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:607px;" /></a></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 Royal Victoria Cook Book, pg. 88-89, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p>Only the barest of details were included with the recipe as it was likely expected that cooks would use the preceding recipe to make plain pastry, and would already know how hot their oven needed to be and for how long to bake the tarts (oftentimes stated as: “until done").</p><p>So now we know about the origins of the butter tart recipe, but who was Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod?  </p><p>The 1901 Canadian Census of Barrie included a Malcolm MacLeod family living at 12 Toronto Street, not far from the hospital.  Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod's first name was Mary and, according to the information recorded by the enumerator, she was born in rural Ontario on December 15, 1855.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Extract from the Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A." href=""><img alt="Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1901_MacLeod_Malcolm_Census.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:550px;" /></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Extract from the </em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" id="ms-rterangepaste-start"></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 in Barrie Town, pg. 1</em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>, Copyright: Public Domain </em></span></p><p>Further research found that Mary MacLeod died in Toronto on April 19, 1915, and an obituary was published on page 5, in the April 22, 1915 edition of The Northern Advance newspaper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x1080t.jpg"><img alt="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x480t.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:365px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">The Northern Advance, April 22, 1915, pg. 5, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>So, there you have it.  We can thank Mary Ethel (Cowie) MacLeod (ca 1855-1915) for contributing her recipe for butter tart filling to the <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book.</em></p><p><em></em> </p><p><em>References:</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital, preface to <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book</em>, compiled by The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital (Barrie:  S. Wesley, 1900), 5.</p>