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Archives Blog

​Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!

 

 

Archives Awareness Week 2022https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Archives-Awareness-Week-2022.aspx3/24/2022 12:32:15 AMArchives Awareness Week 2022<p style="text-align:left;">​​<span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;white-space:pre-wrap;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">​​April 2 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">– 8 is Archives Awareness Week in Ontario. In keeping with this year’s theme “Behind the Scenes” </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">the SCA is highlighting some of the tools and equipment we use every day to keep the Archives running. As the weather is warming up and we are finally pulling out of the grey days of winter, we thought we would incorporate a little </span><span class="NormalTextRun SpellingErrorV2 SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">colour</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW113350593 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> in our list. Enjoy!  </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW113350593 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;white-space:pre-wrap;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW173585303 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">Red: High-density Mobile Shelving</span><span class="EOP SCXW173585303 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br>​​​​<img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Red.JPG" alt="High density rolled storage shelving at the Simcoe County Archives" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="margin:5px;" />​</p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Archives has </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">a number of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> purpose-built high-density</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> mobile </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">shelving units in </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">its </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">vaults. These </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">shelves </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">are</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">mounted</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> on a </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">carriage and rail system</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">E</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ssentially,</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> they roll on tracks </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">making</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">it possible to fit </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">more shelving units </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">in a given</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> space. The shelves </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">are rolled</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> manu</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ally using the levers pictured. They </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">can also be locked</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> in place to ensure stability (this is especially important when staff are working in the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">aisles</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW173398293 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">).</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW173398293 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW53397624 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">​Orange: The Wave-60 Work Assist Vehicle</span><span class="EOP SCXW53397624 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Orange.JPG" alt="The Wave 60 work assist vehicle" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /><span style="font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">At the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">Archives</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> we move a lot of boxes! </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">The Wave-60 Work Assist Vehicle makes it possible for Archives staff to store and retrieve boxes from </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">the highest levels of our mobile shelving units</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">. The Wave-60 weighs over </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">2</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> tons, has a load capacity of 450lbs, and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">can extend to a</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> height </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> 13 ft.</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> Archives staff </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;">are certified</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW204216651 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:14.6667px;white-space:pre-wrap;"> annually to operate the Wave-60.</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW97493723 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">Yellow: No. 2 Pencils</span><span class="EOP SCXW97493723 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span>​<br>​<img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Yellow.JPG" alt="Yellow pencils" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">If you know one thing about visiting the Archives, it is probably </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">that pens aren’t allowed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">! Ink poses a risk of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">permanently</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> damaging archival records. For this reason, only pencils are </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">permited for</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW11363305 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> both staff and researchers.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW11363305 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW145957933 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">Green: Plastic paperclips</span><span class="EOP SCXW145957933 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">  </span><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Green.JPG" alt="Archival plastic paperclips" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /><span style="font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Over time, metal staples and paperclips inevitably rust and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">can </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">end up damaging the documents they are affixed to. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Plastic paperclips are frequently used in Archives as a solution to this problem. Plastic paperclips are also a lot gentler on paper</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> in the long term</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW223523665 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">, preventing rips and tears.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW223523665 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span>​<br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW29116795 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">​Blue: Nitrile gloves</span><span class="EOP SCXW29116795 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Blue.JPG" alt="Blue nitrile gloves used to handle archival records" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="margin:5px;" /> <br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Nitrile gloves are frequently used by Archives staff when handling delicate records</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">. They protect the records from </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">any </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">oils </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">or </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">dirt present on </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">hands</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> and fingers. Though not mandatory for handling all paper-based records, they are required for photographic materials. The </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">chemical</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> processes</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">used </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">to develop photographs are especially susceptible </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">to </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW114002823 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">degradation from finger oils. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW114002823 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"></p><div class="OutlineElement Ltr SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre-wrap;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;"><span class="EOP SCXW84835804 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></p></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;text-align:left;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre-wrap;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">Indigo: “The Map Cart” </span><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Indigo.JPG" alt="The map cart" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /><span style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW84835804 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre-wrap;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;"><span style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1em;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Map Cart is a purpose-built cart used to transport large format records without putting und</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ue</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">s</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">train on them. The cart’s curved </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">form supports </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">the records, protecting them from being </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">b</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ent</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> or torn. It </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">has been dubbed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW266664473 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> “The Map Cart” by staff, because that is primarily what it is used for – our extensive collection of cartographic materials. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW266664473 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span> </span></p></div><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW84048149 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;">Violet: pH Pen</span><span class="EOP SCXW84048149 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Violet.JPG" alt="Abbey pH pen" class="ms-rteImage-1" style="margin:5px;" /><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">A pH pen is a standard in an Archivist’s conservation tool kit. The ink in these pens </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">is used</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> to determine the acidity of paper. If the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ink</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> shows up as </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">purple</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">, it indicates a pH of 7.0 or above. Y</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ellow </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ink suggests a</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> pH below 6.5. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">A rule of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">thumb</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> is that paper needs an</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> alkaline reserve and a pH of 7.0 or higher </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">in order</span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;"> to</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> last for a hundred years or more. Archives staff typically use these pens to figure out if a given envelope or enclosure is appropriate for storing archival materials. It </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">can also be used</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW51153225 BCX9" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> to determine the storage needs of different records.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW51153225 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="EOP SCXW51153225 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br></span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="EOP SCXW51153225 BCX9" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;white-space:pre-wrap;font-size:11pt;line-height:17.2667px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br></span></p>
Margaret "Madge" Roberston Watthttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Madge-Watt.aspx2/24/2022 7:28:14 PMMargaret "Madge" Roberston Watt<p>​​​​​​​March 8, 2022 marks  International Women's Day! <br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">​O</span><span style="font-size:1em;">f the many remarkable women who have called Simcoe County home, there is perhaps none more appropriate to recognize for International Women’s Day than Margaret “Madge” (Robert​son) Watt. Born and raised in Collingwood, Ontario, Madge went on to lead an extraordinary life – one that was motivated by a determination to educate and empower women both in Canada and abroad. ​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SC_Archives-Margaret_Robertson_Watt.jpg" title="Margaret Robertson Madge Watt in 1918" style="color:#000000;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SC_Archives-Margaret_Robertson_Watt_480.jpg" alt="Margaret Robertson Madge Watt in 1918" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Margaret Robertson “Madge” Watt, ca. 1918</strong></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;">  </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Source: Public Domain</strong></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p> Margaret Rose Robertson was born on June 4, 1868 to Henry Robertson Q.C. (1840-1923) and Bethia Rose Robertson (1844-1893). She was the eldest of two daughters, and both of her parents were actively engaged in community work. This ethos of community service would be one that Madge adopted in her own life. </p><p>Madge was a talented student, and began her studies at the University of Toronto in 1887. She graduated with a Master of Arts degree in 1891. With strong communication skills and a dynamic personality, Madge found early success as a writer and editor. Following the completion of her studies, she moved to New York City and served as editor of the popular magazine Ladies Weekly. Her time in New York was cut short, however, when her mother took ill. Madge returned to Collingwood in 1893 and, after the death of her mother, she married Dr. Alfred Tennyson Watt (1868-1913).  ​<br></p><p>The Watts relocated to just outside of Victoria, British Columbia, where Dr. Watt served as the Medical Health Officer and Superintendent of William Head Quarantine Station. It was at this point, as she adapted to a more rural lifestyle, that Madge’s involvement with the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Institute" title="The Women's Institute">Women’s Institute​</a> (WI) began in earnest. She was an early adopter of the movement and was a founding member of the <a href="https://www.bcwi.ca/blog/madge-watt-and-metchosin" title="Madge Watt and Metchosin" target="_blank">Metchosin Women's Institute​</a>. She also served as secretary of the Women's Institute Advisory Board for British Columbia.  <br><span style="font-size:1em;">​<br>Following the death of her husband in 1913, Madge and her two sons left British Columbia for England. With the onset of the First World War in 1914, Madge recognized the benefits organized, rural women could bring to the war effort. She successfully established a Women’s Institute presence in the United Kingdom (UK). She imparted many of the tenets and practices established in Canadian Women’s Institute branches to these new members. Under Madge’s direction, the WI’s played a key role in wartime agricultural production. Through their efforts food production and distribution was optimized to such a degree that it surpassed England’s supply requirements.  In 1919 Madge was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire for her role in establishing the WI in the UK. </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/ACWW%20(1).jpg" alt="Associated Country Women of the World logo" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong style="font-size:1em;">The Associated County Women of the World logo</strong><span style="font-size:1em;"><br></span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Throughout the 1920s Madge continued to advocate for the Women’s Institute and, more generally, for the sustained empowerment and organization of rural women within their communities. Through her work with the International Council of Women, she became one of the founding members of the <a href="http://www.acww.org.uk/" title="ssociated Country Women of the World">Associated Country Women of the World (ACWW)</a>. Established in 1933, the ACWW is an international, non-governmental organization, which works to coordinate and represent the interests of women-led member institutions. In a speech given at an international conference of rural women held in 1930, Madge Watt was quoted as giving the following statement: </span><br></p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;"> “Country women have begun to realize that their best contribution to the welfare of their families and their countries is not to stagger on under burdens too great for their strength, which result in invalidism and premature death; but, through co-operation with one another, to secure that due care for their health as mothers which is their right, and those reasonable opportunities for education and recreation, and development of their talents, which every human being should be able to claim.​”</span><div><p style="text-align:right;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Madge Watt, 1930</span> <br><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;">Source: ​<a href="https://www.acww.org.uk/our_history.html" title="History of the ACWW​ ">History of the ACWW​</a></span><span style="font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335551550":3,"335551620":3,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"> </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;">Madge Watt served as the President of the ACWW until 1947, when t</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" style="font-size:1em;">he ACWW was granted </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;">Consultative Status with the United Nations. Through its work with the United Nations, the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;">Food & Agriculture Organization, and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1em;"> the ACWW continues to empower women and support women-led initiatives throughout the world today. </span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="font-size:1em;">​ ​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_1080.jpg" title="Simcoe Area WI Officers including Madge Watt, 1944" style="color:#000000;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_800.jpg" alt="Simcoe Area WI Officers including Madge Watt, 1944" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-size:1em;"> ​971-15   Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944​<br></span></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Simcoe Area Tweedsmuir WI Vol. 1, 1925-7</span><span style="font-size:1em;">1, pg. 157​</span></p></div><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Throughout her life, Madge Watt maintained a connection to Simcoe County Women’s Institutes, speaking at a number of Area Conferences. The Mrs. Alfred Watt Memorial Women’s Institute was founded in 1953 near Collingwood, and was named in her honour.</span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Madge Watt died on November 29, 1948, in Montreal, Quebec. She was 80 years old. In 2007 she was designated a <a href="https://www.pc.gc.ca/apps/dfhd/page_nhs_eng.aspx?id=11470" title="Madge Watt Person of Historical Significance designation ">Person of Historical Significance​</a> by the Canadian Government. A plaque commemorating the designation was installed in </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Colwood​​, British Columbia in 2015. </span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"> </span><br></p><p><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"><br></span></p><div><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">To learn more about the <a href="https://fwio.on.ca/" title="Frederated Women’s Institutes of Ontario">Women’s Institute ​</a>in Simcoe County, check out our post </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><a href="/Archives/Pages/Simcoe-County-Women-Institutes.aspx" title="Exploring Women’s Institute Records at the Simcoe County Archives">For Home and Country: Exploring Women’s Institute Records at the Simcoe County Archives​</a></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"> on the Archives blog. </span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"> ​</span></p><p><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"><br></span></p><p><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"><strong>Works Consulted​​</strong></span></p><ul><li> "What we do," <span style="font-size:1em;">Associated County Women of the World.</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> 2021. </span><a href="https://www.acww.org.uk/what_we_do.html" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.acww.org.uk/what_we_do.html </a></li><li> "The History of the ACWW," <span style="font-size:1em;">Associa</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ted County Women of the World.​ 2021. </span><span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><a href="https://www.acww.org.uk/our_history.html" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.acww.org.uk/our_history.html</a></li><li>Ambrose, L. M., Hall, Kristin. “A new woman in print and practice: The Canadian literary career of Madge Robertson Watt, 1890-1907." <em>History of Intellectual Culture, 2007, Vol 7, No 1</em>.  Archived 2015-01-12 at the Wayback Machine. <a href="https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/hic/article/view/68945/53387">https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/hic/article/view/68945/53387​</a><br></li><li>Ambrose, L.M. <em>A great rural sisterhood Madge Robertson Watt and the ACWW</em>. University of Toronto Press, 2015. <br></li><li>Fenner, Ruth. "A Canadian Woman of the 20th Century Who Has Made a Difference." <em>South Vancouver Island Women's Institutes blog</em>, 1999. <a href="http://www.svanciswomensinstitute.bc.ca/awatt.html" style="font-size:1em;">http://www.svanciswomensinstitute.bc.ca/awatt.html</a><span style="font-size:1em;">.</span></li><li>Fenner, Ruth. "Madge Watt and Metchosin." <em>British Columbia Women's Institute blog</em>,  September 19, 2017. <a href="https://www.bcwi.ca/blog/madge-watt-and-metchosin.">https://www.bcwi.ca/blog/madge-watt-and-metchosin.</a><br></li><li>Fenner, Ruth. "Madge Robertson - before she became Madge Watt." <em>British Columbia Women's Institute blog</em>, April 19, 2018. <a href="https://www.bcwi.ca/blog/madge-robertson-before-she-became-madge-watt">https://www.bcwi.ca/blog/madge-robertson-before-she-became-madge-watt</a>.<br></li><li>Simcoe County Area Women's Institute. <em>Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, 1925-71</em>. Simcoe County Area Women's Institute fonds. Simcoe County Archives, Minesing, Ontario.<br></li><li>West Simcoe District Women's Institute. <em>West Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir, Volume 2, 1958-78</em>. West Simcoe District Women's Institute fonds. Simcoe County Archives, Minesing, Ontario.</li></ul></div><div><br></div>
Christina Frances MacDougallhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/IWD_Christina_Frances_MacDougall.aspx3/5/2018 1:48:30 PMChristina Frances MacDougall<div id="__publishingReusableFragmentIdSection"><a href="/ReusableContent/11_.000">a</a></div><p><span style="font-size:12px;">​​​​​​​​​​​​Blog originally posted March 5, 2018</span><span style="font-size:12px;">​</span><br style="font-size:12px;"><span style="font-size:12px;">Updated March 4, 2022</span><br><br></p><p>The Simcoe County Archives is sharing a series of letters from a woman who led a remarkable life during an eventful time in world history.</p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">In the 1920s, Christina Frances MacDougall of Barrie, Ontario, was a Presbyterian missionary at the <a href="https://asc.library.carleton.ca/exhibits/john-william-foster-fonds-lantern-slides/north-honan-mission" title="Carleton University Library Archives and Special Collections Exhibit on the The North Honan Mission" target="_blank">North Honan Mission</a> in Weihui, Henan, located in central China. She was teaching at the misson during a turbulent period in Chinese history known as <a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/warlord-Chinese-history" title="History of the Warloard Era">the Warlord Era</a>.  ​​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Christina-Frances-MacDougall_Temple-of-Heaven-1925_front.jpg" title="Christina Frances MacDougall​, 1924 in Beijing, China"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Christina-Frances-MacDougall_Temple-of-Heaven-1925_front_480.jpg" alt="Christina Frances MacDougall​, 1924 in Beijing, China" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Christina Frances MacDougall​, 1924, in Beijing, China</strong><br></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Photo: Courtesy of t</strong></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><strong>he Wakelin Family</strong></span></p><h2>The Warlord Era<br></h2><p><a href="https://www.britannica.com/biography/Puyi" title="Emperor Puyi">Emperor Puyi</a> of the <a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/Qing-dynasty" title="Qing Dynasty">Qing Dynasty </a>abdicated in 1912 after the military rebelled. <a href="https://www.britannica.com/biography/Yuan-Shikai" title="Yuan Shikai">Yuan Shikai</a>, President of China and General of the Army, was unable to put down the revolt and when public opinion followed that of the rebels, he brokered the abdication of the Emperor and assumed power himself. His rule proved autocratic and anti-parliamentary, and led to several revolts when local and regional military commanders reacted against his self-appointment as President-for-life and, eventually, first Emperor of a new dynasty. He died in 1916, after which military commanders and their forces entered into a period of conflict and shifting alliances, or cliques. Around this time, in the south of China, Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek formed the Nationalist Party, and with assistance from the Soviet Union, created the Republican Army. In 1928, the Republican Army reunified the country by bringing local warlords into its ranks. They remained in effective control of their respective areas until the 1949 creation of the Communist government.</p><h2>The Letter<br></h2><p>While still in Weihui, Henan, Christina Frances MacDougall wrote replies to letters she had received from students at Barrie Collegiate Institute. These letters shed light on the life of a County woman teaching in China. Some also provide a fascinating first-hand account of civil conflict in that region.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/NorthChina002_0.jpg" title="Map of the North Honan Mission "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/NorthChina002_0.jpg" alt="Map of the North Honan Mission " style="margin:5px;" /></a>​</p><h4 style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-References">Map of the North Honan Mission from John William Foster's PhD thesis, pg. 377/378.</span><br class="ms-rteStyle-References"><span class="ms-rteStyle-References">Part of the </span><a href="https://asc.library.carleton.ca/exhibits/john-william-foster-fonds-lantern-slides" title="John William Foster Fonds at Carleton University Archives and Special Collections"><span class="ms-rteStyle-References">John William Foster Fonds</span></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-References"> held at  Archives & Special Collections, Carleton University Library.</span>​​</h4><br><p>Archives staff have determined tha​​t these letters were likely  written to the students of Christina's sister Florence, who was on staff at Barrie Collegiate Institute in the 1920s. Details in the letters suggest that they were written in December 1924 and January 1925. Names mentioned in the letters are<span style="font-size:1em;">: </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Helen, Doris, Jean, Vera Glenny, Ailsa, Bessie, Reta L., Vera Luck, Reta M., Ruth. While last names were not included, census data and examination results published in ​local newspapers suggest that these may be the full names of some of the letter recipients:</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><ul><li>Doris Canning <br></li><li>Jean Cowan <br></li><li>Vera Glenny <br></li><li>Ailsa Grey</li><li>Bessie Huxtable<br></li><li>Reta Livingston <br></li><li>Vera Luck <br></li><li>Reta Marriott <br></li><li>Ruth Marriott <br></li></ul><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2007-147_BCI-Class-Photo-1925_2000.jpg" title="Students and staff gathered outside of Barrie Collegiate Institute in 1925​"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2007-147_BCI-Class-Photo-1925_1080.jpg" alt="Students and staff gathered outside of Barrie Collegiate Institute in 1925​" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;text-align:center;">​2007 -147      Barrie Collegiate Institute, 1925​<br></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">Photo: Simcoe County Archives</span></p><p>​One of the most intriguing aspects of the letters is the manner in which they were transported and stored. They were written on narrow sheets of rice paper, which were affixed together to form a scroll. The scroll contains 10 individual letters and when unrolled it measures just under 8 metres long.  In addition to her handwriting, the scroll also features decorative paintings of flowering plants. <br></p><p>The scroll was digitized by SCA staff in 2018, and can now be viewed in its entirety.  The letters have been separated into individual files for ease of access (Note that an unknown length of the scroll is missing from the beginning).  </p><p>When reviewing archival material please be aware of our <a href="/Archives/Pages/Historical-Language-Content-Advisory.aspx" title="Content and Historical Language Advisory" style="font-size:1em;">Content and Historical Language Advisory</a>.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg" title="age 1 - Unknown Recipient or Introduction to letters"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unkown Recipient or Introduction - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unknown Recipient or Introduction -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg" title="Page 2 - Dear Helen "><img alt="Page 2 - Dear Helen - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 2 - Dear Helen -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg"><img alt="Page 3 - Dear Doris " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 3 - Dear Doris -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg" title="Page 4 - Dear Jean "><img alt="Page 4 - Dear Jean " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 4 - Dear Jean -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg"><img alt=" Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg" title="Page 6 - Dear Ailsa "><img alt="Page 6 - Dear Ailsa " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 6 - Dear Ailsa -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg" title="Page 7 - Dear Bessie "><img alt="Page 7 - Dear Bessie " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 7 - Dear Bessie -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg" title="Page 8 - Dear Reta L"><img alt="Page 8 - Dear Reta L" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 8 - Dear Reta L. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2009%20Dear%20Vera%20Luck.jpg" title="Page 9 - Dear Vera Luck "><img alt=" Page 9 - Dear Vera Luck" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2009%20Dear%20Vera%20Luck.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 9  - Dear Vera Luck -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg" title="Page 10 - Dear Reta M"><img alt="Page 10 - Dear Reta M" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 10  - Dear Reta M. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg" title="Page 11 - Dear Ruth and Ending"><img alt="Page 11 - Dear Ruth and Ending" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 11  - Dear Ruth and Ending. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The letter was donated to the Simcoe County Archives in 1996 by the daughter of one of the recipients, and fell into the public domain in 2010.</span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><br></span></p><h2>Christina Frances MacDougall</h2><p>Who was the woman behind this incredible record? The truth is that we do not know very much about Christina Frances MacDougall. The letters she wrote are undated, and do not speak directly to her life in Canada. Research has revealed a few facts which give us an indication of who she was, and what her life in the County might have been like.</p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Based on research in the Barrie Examiner (28 Sep. 1922, 30 Nov. 1939, and 16, 17, & 24 Mar. 1959), Archives' staff believe that Miss MacDougall was born in China, a daughter of the Rev. Dr. John MacDougall and Frances Childerhose, who went as missionaries to China in 1899, shortly before</span><a href="https://www.britannica.com/event/Boxer-Rebellion" style="font-size:1em;"> the Boxer Rebellion​</a>.<br></p><p>She had five siblings: Florence E. MacDougall, Helen (MacDougall) Stairs​, Kenneth MacDougall, J. Lorne MacDougall, and Baldwin C. MacDougall. </p><p>On 21 Sep. 1921, Christina gave “a most instructive and inspiring address" to the St. Andrew's Church Women's Missionary Society. </p><p>On 21 Jul. 1925, a letter from Christina MacDougall was read by her sister during a meeting of the ladies of the Presbyterian Unionist Group. (<em>The Northern Advance</em>, Barrie, 23 Jul. 1925, p8.)</p><p>Christina went on to various mission posts in Sudbury, Copper Cliff, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Glace Bay, and Winnipeg. In 1939, the year of her father's death, she was at St. Colomba's Mission in Montreal. <br></p><p>She retired from active work in 1954 and lived with her sister in Barrie until her death in 1959. She is buried at Barrie Union Cemetery.<br></p><p>​<br><br></p><p><strong></strong></p><p><strong>Works Consulted</strong></p><p>Barrie Public Library, "Search" <em>Barrie Historical Newspaper Archive</em> online. Accessed March 4, 2022. <a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Barrie/search">https://news.ourontario.ca/Barrie/search</a><br><br><span style="font-size:1em;">The Ed</span><span style="font-size:1em;">itors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Puyi," </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Encyclopaedia Britannica</em><span style="font-size:1em;"> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. </span><a href="https://www.britannica.com/biography/Puyi" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.britannica.com/biography/Puyi</a><span style="font-size:1em;">.</span></p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Qing Dynasty," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified January 19, 2018. <a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/Qing-dynasty">https://www.britannica.com/topic/Qing-dynasty</a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Warlord," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. <a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/warlord-Chinese-history">https://www.britannica.com/topic/warlord-Chinese-history</a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Yuan Shikai," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified November 8, 2015. <a href="https://www.britannica.com/biography/Yuan-Shikai">https://www.britannica.com/biography/Yuan-Shikai</a>.</p><p>Staff at Archives & Special Collections, Carleton University Library "The North Honan Mission," <em>John William Foster Fonds Lantern Slides Exhibit</em> online. Accessed March 4, 2022.  <a href="https://asc.library.carleton.ca/exhibits/john-william-foster-fonds-lantern-slides/north-honan-mission">https://asc.library.carleton.ca/exhibits/john-william-foster-fonds-lantern-slides/north-honan-mission</a><br></p><p><a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Barrie/search"></a><br><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p>​​​​<br><br></p><p>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​<span id="__publishingReusableFragment"></span>​<br><br><br></p>
Researching Black History in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Black-History-Resources.aspx1/18/2021 3:48:38 PMResearching Black History in Simcoe County<p>​​​​​Updated: 2021-10-15<br></p><p>This page will direct users to resources on researching Black History in Simcoe County.​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/2017-129%20African%20Methodist%20Episcopal%20Church-2%202000%20E10%20B8%20R3A%20S8%20Sh1.jpg" title="To the image "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/2017-129%20African%20Methodist%20Episcopal%20Church-2%202000_480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;font-size:12px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-1-4">2017-129 African Methodist Epi</span></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-1-4">scopal Church front, 2000<br><span style="text-align:center;">From the Eileen Murdoch collection​</span><br></span></span></p><div><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Black people have been building lives in North America for as long as there has been a colonial presence here, and this includes the County of Simcoe.</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> ​Enslaved Africans were taken to British North America from the mid-17th century until the <a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx" title="The Slavery Abolition Act and early Black settlement in Simcoe County" target="_blank">abolition of the slave trade​</a> in 1807.​​</span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Following the abolition of the slave trade, dating back to 1819, there were a number of</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> well-documented migrations of Black people to Simcoe County, primarily from the United Sates and southwestern Ontario. Many of those original families settled in </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (today </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro-</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">), with later generations branching out to </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">surrounding </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro-</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">), the Townships of Flos and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Vespra</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Springwater), the Townships of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Sunnidale</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> and Nottawasaga (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Clearview) </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">and beyond.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></div><div><p> ​T<span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">he Simcoe County Archives hold</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">s</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> very few records that predate the 1830s. For this reason, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">resources listed here will </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">mainly focus</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> on early Black settlements in the County following the War of 1812. These resources will </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">also be of use to those</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> researching Black families and individuals </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">living in Simcoe County </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">through the 19</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">th</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, 20</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">th</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> and 21</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">st</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> centuries.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p> </div><div><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_1200.jpg" title="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_Oro-1080.jpg" alt="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}">​2016-25  S.S. No. 6 Oro Township (Edgar) school children, 1893<br>From the Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">It should be noted that the majority of</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> records and collections held by the Simcoe County Archives </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">were created by agents of municipal governments and/ or white historians </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">researchers. The Archives have​ very few records created by Black people describing their </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">lives and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">experiences</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">. This is an obvious and unfortunate gap in </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">our collections</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">.</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Archives staff are working to identify the gaps, silences, and biases present within these records and collections and are working to create better, more contextualized, archival descriptions​. </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">For more information about this process, please refer to our </span><a href="/Archives/Pages/Historical-Language-Content-Advisory.aspx" title="Historical Content and Language Advisory" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Historical Content and Language Advisory​.​</span></a>​​</p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="s1"></span></span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">The Archives is also </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">seeking</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> to </span><a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1312299f-95b2-4723-a41b-ac7d6fb66601" title="Donate records to the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">acquire</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> records </span></a><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">from </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">interested </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">BIPOC </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">communit</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">y members</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">, businesses, and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">organizations</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><br></p></div><p style="text-align:left;"> <span style="text-align:center;font-size:12px;"></span></p><div><div><h2> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Resources at Simcoe County Archives</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div><div><div><h3>Blogs and Exhibits<br></h3><ul><li> <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="Black Settlement in Oro Township​" target="_blank">​<span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Black Settlement in Oro Township​</span></a></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx" target="_blank" title="Emancipation Day">Emancipation Day​</a></span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="/Archives/Pages/Emancipation_Day_2020.aspx" target="_blank" title="Portrait of a Black Solider who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force: Private Jacob Courtney​">Portrait of a Black Solider who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force: Private Jacob Courtney​</a></span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832" target="_blank" title="Simcoe County Remembers Database">Simcoe County Remembers Database</a></li><li> <a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Researching Family History " target="_blank">Researching Family History</a><span style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"> ​</span></li></ul></div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Institu</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">tional records</span></h3><p>These resources are available <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">for review </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">on site at the Archives. </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">For remote access options please <a href="mailto:archives@simcoe.ca" title="Email the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">contact​</span></a> the Archives.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></div><div><h4> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> ​</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Land records</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div><div><p></p><p></p><ul><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Municipal Tax Assessment Rolls</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Simcoe County Patent Book</span></li></ul><p></p><p style="text-align:center;"></p><h4> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" title="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298, features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township, on Wilberforce Street" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" alt="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298, features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township, on Wilberforce Street" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></h4><p style="text-align:center;">972-86​ Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298.<br>Features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township<br><br></p><p></p></div></div><div><div><h4> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">School records​, church records, cemetery </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">r</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">ecords</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div></div><div><div><ul role="list"><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="6" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">School, church, and cemetery </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">records</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, particularly for the historic </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">T</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">ownships of Flos, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, and Oro</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, as well as the Town of Collingwood</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li></ul></div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Fonds and collections</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Town of Collingwood fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of Flos fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of Oro fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> fonds</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Gary E. French collection</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p>East Simcoe District Women's Institute fonds<br></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Eileen</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> Murdoch collection</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}">New Lowell Women's Institute fonds</span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"><span style="text-align:center;">Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span></span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"><span style="text-align:center;"></span>West Simcoe District Women's Institute fonds​<br></span></p></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Finding Aid</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">s</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Oro Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Town of Collingwood Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Flos Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">S</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">imcoe County Archives Photo Index</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Simcoe County Archives Map Index</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Printable</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> Guide​​s</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div></div><div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><p></p><ul><li><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA_Quick-Guide_Black-History-Resources_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Black History Research at Simcoe County Archives PDF" target="_blank"><span style="font-size:1em;">Guide to Black History Research at Simcoe County Archives</span></a></span></p></li><li><p><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-to-Geneaology_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives PDF" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Guide to Family History Res​earch at Simcoe County Archives</span></a>​<br></p></li></ul><p></p><p></p></div><div><h2> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> Townships</span></h2><p><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">Township of Oro-</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3" style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">Medonte</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":200,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="font-weight:bold;color:#000000;font-size:12px;"> </span><br></p><div><div><div><div><p></p></div></div><div><div><ul role="list"><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="2" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://www.oro-medonte.ca/Pages/Oro-African-Methodist-Episcopal-Church-Re-opened.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2Mj1dRkXKUz3c8oq4Jbedxm3lizm3tK-cLUyg6BZqZmn7jdVFhZKncFUA" title="Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church" target="_blank">Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church</a></span></p></li><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="2" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&fbclid=IwAR2DLl1I-JsjBKu7ZVd9olxJSyxSve5rEtkI67zqtqULebx818AcLDR4uK0&v=DHhzIqLJcj8" title="The Oro African Church Preservation Project" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Revival - The Oro ​​African Church​ Preservation Project</span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"></p></li><li><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://www.historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=12100&pid=0" target="_blank" title="The Canadian Register of Historic Places: Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church">The Canadian Register of Historic Places</a>​​</span></p></li><li><p><a href="https://www.pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/recherche-search" title="Parks Canada National Historic Sites: Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"></span><span>Parks Canada </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">–</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> National Historic Sites</span></span></a></p></li></ul></div></div><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><strong>Township of Springwater</strong></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> <br> </span></p><ul><li> <a href="https://www.springwater.ca/en/recreation-and-culture/history-and-heritage.aspx#List-of-designated-properties" title="History and Heritage properties: The Davenport Homestead" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span>History and Heritage</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> – Davenport Homestead</span></span></a></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div class="SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="TOC Heading">Neighbouring Regions</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":240,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div></div><div><div><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.sheffieldparkblackhistory.com/" title="Sheffield Park Black History Museum" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sheffield Park Black History Museum</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> -</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Clarksburg, Ontario​</span></span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://greyroots.com/" title="Grey Roots Museum and Archives" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span style="font-size:1em;">Grey Roots Museum & Archives – Owen Sound, Ontario​</span></span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://greyroots.com/story/black-history-grey-county" title="Grey Roots Museum and Archives Black History" target="_blank" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Black Roots in Grey County</span></a><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">​</span></p></li></ul></div><div><p> <span style="font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;">Provincial and National Archives</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p></div></div><div><div><p></p><div> <span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> <ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Archives of Ontario<br></span><a href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/access/black_history.aspx" title="Resources Relating to Black History at the Archives of Ontario" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">​Resources Relating to Black History at the Archives of Ontario​</span></a><br></p></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">​​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">Library and Archives of Canada<br></span><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/history-ethnic-cultural/Pages/blacks.aspx" title="Black History in Canada" target="_blank" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="font-size:1em;">Black History in Canada</span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">​​​​​</span><br></li></ul></span></div><p></p></div></div><div class="SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">Publi​cations:</span><span style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p></div><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;"></span></p></div></div><div><p></p><ul><li><em>Morgan's Seed<br></em>By Janie Cooper-Wilson, 2004​<br><br></li><li><em>T</em><em>he Oro African Church:  A History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Edgar, Ontario, Canada <br></em>Edited by Tim Crawford, 1999 <br><br></li><li><em>Men of Colour:  An Historical Account of the Black Settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949 <br></em>By Gary E. French, 1978  <br><br></li><li><em>Medonte:  A Township Remembered <br></em>Compiled by Mary Garbutt, 2003 <br><br></li><li><em>Emancipation Day:  Celebrating Freedom in Canada <br></em>By Natasha Henry, 2010 <br><br></li><li><em>Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Simcoe: including the district of Muskoka and the townships of Mono and Mulmur for 1872-3 <br></em>By W.H. Irwin, 1872  <br><br></li><li><em>​A History of Oro Schools, 1836 to 1966<br></em>Compiled by the Oro School Board Historical Committee, 1967 <br><br></li><li><em>Kith 'N Kin <br></em>Compiled and edited by Joanna McEwen, 1978  </li><li><em>The Story of Oro <br></em>Edited by Oro Township Historical Committee, 1987 <br><br></li><li><em>Wilberforce Street <br></em>By Janet Read, 1998 <br><br></li><li><em>Sunnidale looks at… Yesterday:  A History of Sunnidale Township <br></em>Compiled by The Township of Sunnidale, 1984 ​</li></ul><p><br><br></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p></div><div><div><p> <span style="font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> ​</span></span></p></div></div>
Researching Ghosts and Hauntings with Archival Records https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Haunted-Properties.aspx8/30/2021 2:16:43 PMResearching Ghosts and Hauntings with Archival Records <p><span style="font-size:13px;">​​​​​​​​Posted: October 20, 2021​​<br>Updated: October 25, 2021 (House incorrectly identified as the Beck House is in fact the ​Copeland House, Penetanguishene).</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">O</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ctober is here which me​ans that spooky season is upon us! For fun this year, the staff at the Simcoe County Archives have put together a resource for researching “ghosts and hauntings” using archival records. </span></p><div style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Woman%20standing%20with%20flowers%20E109%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_1080.jpg" title="Unidentified woman with flowers, around 1900"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Woman%20standing%20with%20flowers%20E109%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_480.jpg" alt="Unidentified woman with flowers, around 1900" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;">​​​<span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;text-align:center;">972-48     Unidentified woman with flowers, ca. 1900.</span><br></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">Decay to the glass negative gives her a ghostly appearance. <br></h4><div><br></div><div>While we cannot say for certain that ghosts are real, at the Archives we can safety say that people who believe in ghosts <em>are</em>. It may surprise some to learn that a percentage of the researchers who make use of the archives are “ghost hunters” – and that “ghost hunting” looks a lot like basic property or family history research.  </div><div><br></div><div>To that end, this guide will serve as an introduction to how some spookier questions can be answered through archival research.  </div><div><br></div><h2>Property Research <br></h2><div>​Often people interested in ghosts and hauntings are looking for information about their home and/ or property. Common questions include: <br></div><div><ol><li>How old is the property and when was it developed? <br></li><li>Who has owned the property? <br></li><li>Have there been any spooky or mysterious events here? </li></ol></div><div>​The first two questions can usually be answered through archival property records.  <span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Archives have put together a guide for heritage property research available here: <a href="/Archives/Pages/heritage.aspx" title="Guide to Heritage Property Research.">Guide to Heritage Property Research.  </a></span></div><div><br></div><div>Other useful resources include our <a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Quick%20Guide-OnLand_2021.pdf" title="Guide to the Ontario Land Registry Portal ">Guide to the Ontario Land Registry Portal (OnLand)</a>, <a href="/Archives/Pages/FIPS.aspx" title="Guide to Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at Simcoe County Archives​">Guide to Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at Simcoe County Archives​</a>, and the <a href="https://opengis.simcoe.ca/public/" title="Simcoe County GIS map">Simcoe County GIS map</a>. <br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48_Glass-Negative-Beck-House-Penetang_E211-B8-R3B-S3_Sh1_1080.jpg" title="The Beck House located in Penetanguishene around 1890"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48_Glass-Negative-Beck-House-Penetang_E211-B8-R3B-S3_Sh1_480.jpg" alt="The Beck House located in Penetanguishene around 1890" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">974-78    The Copeland House located in Penetanguishene ca. 1896. <br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;"> <br></h4><div><br></div><h2>Other resources <br></h2><div>​Once you know the development and ownership history of a property, it becomes easier to research other aspects of its history.  <br></div><div><br></div><div>Answering the question “Have there been any spooky or mysterious events​ here?” can be complicated, but there are several archival resources available that can help. Some of these are listed below.<br></div><div><br></div><h3>Family history records </h3><div>Genealogical resources such and census records, vital statistics, and compiled family histories can be useful when researching a specific person or family. The <a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Simcoe County Archives Guide to Family History Research">Simcoe County Archives Guide to Family History Research</a> provides a useful overview of the records available for this type of research. </div><div><br></div><div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11-I-2_1080.jpg" title="Remembrance​ Certificate, 1889-1902"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11_I-2_480.jpg" alt="Remembrance​ Certificate, 1889-1902" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br><strong>2012-35     Remembrance Certificate, 1889-1902.</strong><br></div><br></div><h3>The Simcoe County Archives Newspaper collection <br></h3><div>The Simcoe County Archives hold over 50 newspaper titles dating back to the 19th century. These publications captured the daily activities of the towns and settlements in the county, and often focus on local events. They are available either in hardcopy form or on microfilm at the Simcoe County Archives.  <br></div><div><br></div><div>Some historic newspapers for <a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Barrie/2817405/data?grd=1230" title="Our Ontario Barrie Newspapers">Barrie</a> and <a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Orillia/2817480/data?grd=1323" title="Our Ontario Orillia Newspapers">Orillia</a> have been digitized, and are available for review through Our Ontario.  </div><div><br></div><h3>Cemetery records <br></h3><div>The Simcoe County Archives hold copies of cemetery transcription for many historic and active cemeteries in the county. These lists were largely compiled by the <a href="https://simcoe.ogs.on.ca/" title="Simcoe County Branch Ontario Genealogical Society">Simcoe County Branch Ontario Genealogical Society</a> (OGS). The OGS has also put together a database for cemetery transcriptions: <a href="http://ocfa.islandnet.com/" title="The Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid ">The Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid </a><br></div><div><span style="color:#ffffff;font-family:arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">C</span><br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/Livingstone%20Church%20Cemeteries/Headstones%20in%20the%20church%20yard.jpg" title="Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, around 1876"><img src="/Archives/Livingstone%20Church%20Cemeteries/Headstones%20in%20the%20church%20yard.jpg" alt="Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, around 1876" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">968-40  Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, ca. 1876. ​<br>From the <a href="/Archives/Pages/livingstone.aspx" title="Livingstone collection">Livingstone collection</a>. <br></h4><br></div><div>Another valuable online resource is <a href="https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery-browse/Canada/Ontario?id=state_830" title="Find A Grave Ontario Cemeteries">Find A Grave​</a>, an online database that includes Simcoe County cemeteries.  <br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;"><br></h4></div><h3>Women’s Institute records </h3><div>​Simcoe County Archives hold over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and scrapbooks put together by local branches of the Women’s Institute. These records contain a wealth of information about local buildings, family histories, and local events. These resources are available on site at the Simcoe County Archives. <br></div><div><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Two%20floral%20wreaths%20with%20white%20bow%20in%20between%20E118%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_1080.jpg" title="Two memorial wreaths" style="color:#000000;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Two%20floral%20wreaths%20with%20white%20bow%20in%20between%20E118%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_480.jpg" alt="Two memorial wreaths" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">​​972-48     Two floral wreaths, likely a funeral memorial, ca. 1890. ​<br><br><br></h4></div><div>These are just a few resources available to get you started on your ghost hunt. Happy searching and Happy Hallowe’en! ​<span style="font-size:1em;">​​</span></div><p>​​​​<br><br><br><br></p>
For Home and Country: Exploring Women’s Institute records at the Simcoe County Archiveshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Simcoe-County-Women-Institutes.aspx8/30/2021 2:18:51 PMFor Home and Country: Exploring Women’s Institute records at the Simcoe County Archives<h2>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Introduction<br></h2><p>The Women's Institute (WI) formed in Ontario in 1897 as a women-focused offshoot of the Farmers' Institutes. The Department of Agriculture of Ontario initially sponsored both programs, with the expressed purpose of the WI being the promotion of home economy and practical education for rural women. In practice, local WI branches served as non-denominational social clubs where women could gather with friends, learn, and organize. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_052.jpg" title="Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge Women's Institute"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_052_400.jpg" alt="Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge Women's Institute" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;"> TR-2005-87     ​Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A. McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge WI, East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. 52​<br></span><br></p><p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">W</span><span style="font-size:1em;">omen's Institute branches have been active in Simcoe County since the early 1900s. They have had a well-documented, very important role in local heritage preservation. In 1928, Simcoe Area Director Agnes Stocking (Waub​uashene WI) and Area Secretary Elizabeth Sutherland (Stroud WI) petitioned the Public Library in Barrie for a small space in which to house a Simcoe County Museum. ​​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_027.jpg" title="Agnes Stocking, First Director of the Simcoe Area Women's Institute"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_027_480.jpg" alt="Agnes​​​ Stocking, 1944" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">971-15   Agnes​​​ Stocking, 1944,  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 11925-71, pg. 27<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_800.jpg" alt="Elizabeth Sutherland, Simcoe Area Women's Institute Secretary" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15   <span></span>Elizabeth Sutherland, undated<br>  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, 1925-71, pg. 28<br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">As the collection grew, the Simcoe County Museum was relocated first to the Registry Office in Barrie in the 1930s and then to its permanent home on Highway 26. The local branches were likewise instrumental in the establishment of a county-level archives. It was through their efforts and dedication that the </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Simcoe County Archives was founded in 1966 as a County Centennial Project. Through their continued support, the Simcoe County Archives was also able to start an in-house microfilming program. </span><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-103%20Simcoe%20County%20Womens%20Institute%20Museum_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-103%20Simcoe%20County%20Womens%20Institute%20Museum_800.jpg" alt="Simcoe County Women's Institute Museum, ca. 1934" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /></a> ​984-103    Simcoe County Women's Institute Museum, ca. 1934<br></h4><p>​<br></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCM-1967_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCM%20f-1967_800.jpg" alt="Simcoe County Museum and Archives, ca. 1970" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">Simcoe County Museum and Archives, ca. 1970 </h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">from the Simcoe County Archives Photograph collection<br></h4><p>​Another major project undertaken by WI branches has been the creation of community history books, known as Tweedsmuir Community History Books (or Tweedsmuir Histories). The women of the WI created these records to document the settlement history of their towns, but the books also serve to illustrate the social history of their communities throughout the twentieth century. They provide an incredible amount of information for historians, genealogists, and researchers. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_001.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15​ Decorative cover of a Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir<br><br></h4><p>The Simcoe County Archives has been the main repository for local Women's Institute records for over 50 years. The Archives hold branch minutes and administrative records as well over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and branch scrapbooks​. This blog post will explore the history of the Women's Institute in Simcoe County, with an emphasis on the role of the branches in the collection and preservation of local histories.<br></p><h2>​A Brief History of Federated Women's Institute in Ontario (FWIO)</h2><p>The establishment of the Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario is credited to <a href="https://fwio.on.ca/history/">Adelaide Hunter Hoodless and Erland and Janet Lee</a>. Adelaide Hoodless, born in Brant County in 1857, was a tireless educational reformer. Her passion was for the education of women, specifically in the areas of domestic work, health and sanitation, and household labour. </p><p>An address given by Mrs. Hoodless at the Ontario Agricultural College at Guelph on the subject of educational programing for rural women caught the attention Erland Lee, a member of the South Wentworth Farmers' Institute, and his wife Janet. Together, the three endeavoured to establish a “Women's Department of Home Economy in affiliation with the Farmers' Institute". The organization would eventually come to be named the Women's Institute and its official constitution was adopted in Stoney Creek, Ontario on February 25, 1897.</p><p>Within the first ten years of the WI's existence in Ontario, it was reported that 400 local branches had been founded across the province. These local Women's Institutes came to be organized under the umbrella of the FWIO by Areas, Districts, and Branches. ​</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/East-District.jpg" title="​East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia around1910"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/East-District-480.jpg" alt="​East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia, around 1910" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">TR-2005-87     East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia, ca. 1910</h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. ​9<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"></p><h2>The Women's Institute in Simcoe County</h2><p>As a county largely comprised of rural communities, it is no surprise that the WI would find a place in Simcoe County. Over the course of the WI's history in the county, there have been over 130 individual branches established. While many of these have since disbanded or amalgamated, records for many of the individual branches survive and have been deposited at the Simcoe County Archives.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/West-District.jpg" title="West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, around 1919"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/West-District-480.jpg" alt="West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, around 1919 " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">980-38  West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, ca. 1920<br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">West Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, pg.18<br></h4><p>​​​​Some of the earliest WI branches to form were in Wyebridge (1901), Cookstown (Sr Branch, 1901), Bond Head (1902), and Creemore (1902). Women's Institute districts formed relatively early to represent the growing number of branches in different parts of the County. The original four districts were:<br></p><ul><li>Simcoe South District, formed in 1901</li><li>Simcoe Centre District, formed in 1902</li><li>Simcoe West District, formed in1902</li><li>Simcoe East District, formed in 1910<br></li></ul><p>Subsequent districts later formed and various reorganizations took place. The Simcoe North District formed in 1949 and the Simcoe Kempenfeldt District was created in 1966. The former took on some existing branches located in the north end of the County, while the latter absorbed various branches from the Simcoe South and Simcoe East Districts. <br></p><p>Today, Simcoe County's WI are again organized into four districts: </p><ul><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+Centre-West" title="Simcoe Centre-West District WI">Simcoe Centre-West</a><br></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+East" title="Simcoe East District WI">Simcoe East</a></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+North" title="Simcoe North District WI">Simcoe North</a><br></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+South+Kempenfeldt" title="Simcoe South Kempenfeldt District WI">Simcoe South Kempenfeldt</a><br></li></ul><p>A major development in the history of Simcoe County's Women's Institutes took place in 1925, when the <a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?wiarea=Simcoe" title="Simcoe Area WI">Simcoe Area</a> was formed. </p><p>​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_1080.jpg" title=" Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_800.jpg" alt=" Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15   Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944<br>  Simcoe Area Tweedsmuir WI Vol. 1, 1925-71, pg. 157<br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">​This area-level organization would work to represent the shared interests and objectives of all WI branches within the County of Simcoe.  The matter was put forward at a general meeting of the four districts, which took place on August 5, 1925. At that time Agnes Stocking was selected as the first Director.</span><br></p><p>The first meeting of the Simcoe Area was held in Barrie at the Public Library on July 7, 1926. At that time two committees were formed. The first was to take a general survey of material mortality and general health conditions within the County. The second was a historical research committee formed with the expressed mandate of “preserving the history of our County" (Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, pg. 10). ​<br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_018_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_018_480.jpg" alt="A Letter from Mrs. W. H. Todd, Convener of the Committee on “Pioneer Research", to Mrs. Orchard, October 15, 1926 ​" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">971-15  A Letter from Mrs. W. H. Todd, Convener of the Committee on<br>“Pioneer Research", to Mrs. Orchard, October 15, 1926 ​<br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;"> Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir, 1925-71, pg. 18​</h4><p>The above letter, written by the Simcoe Area Convention's first Convener of the Committee on “Pioneer Research" Mrs. W.H. Todd, gives a strong indication of the type of historical information that was of interest to local women of the WI. Though the practice of compiling and keeping Tweedsmuir Histories would not officially begin until the 1930s, the activities of this committee can be considered a blueprint for the Tweedsmuirs Histories.<br></p><h2>​Tweedsmuir Histories<br></h2><p>One of the WI's most significant contributions to preserving county history has been the creation of community history records, known as Tweedsmuir Histories.  The object of the Tweedsmuirs is to document local history and ensure its availability for future generations. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Tweedsmuir%20Cover%20cropped.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" />​</p><h4 style="text-align:center;">The FWIO logo and motto embossed on a Tweedsmuir History<br></h4><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">By the mid-1920s, WI members were already undertaking efforts to record local settler history, however it was in the 1930s-1940s that the books became a central focus of the WI. The name “Tweedsmuir Histories" was adopted around that time. The name was inspired by Lady Tweedsmuir​, the wife of the Governor General of Canada​. She had taken a personal interest in the endeavours of Canada's WI and stressed the need to preserve local history. Compiling “village histories" was a common practice for WI branches in England, and it was readily adopted in Canada.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_020_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_020_480.jpg" alt="A letter addressed to Mrs. Robert Boyes (Churchill WI) from Lady Tweedsmuir, dated October 15, 1940" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15​     A letter addressed to Mrs. Robert Boyes (Churchill WI)  from Lady Tweedsmuir, dated October 15, 1940,  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir, 1925-71, pg. 20<span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></h4><p style="text-align:left;"><br><span style="font-size:1em;">The project gained momentum as the 50th year anniversary for the WI in Ontario approached, with many branches completing the first books in time for the 1947 celebrations. The first Area Tweedsmuir “Curator" for Simcoe County was Mrs. Robert Kell of the Gilford WI (1963-1968). Many Tweedsmuir Histories were also completed in time for Canada's Centennial in 1967. </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_097_1000.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_097_1000.jpg" alt="Tweedsmuir History Workshop being held at Minesing for the Districts of Simcoe Centre, North and East on April 26th 1967" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-weight:bold;">TR-2005-87     ​East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. 97​</span></p><p>​Tweedsmuir Histories exist in a variety of forms, but the majority are organized into albums or scrapbooks. Many are bound in the official blue and gold colours of the WI, but others have decorative leather or painted covers. While each Tweedsmuir is fundamentally a unique record of its community, many follow a similar format for the collection and presentation of historical information. Some frequently included categories are:<br></p><ul><li>Branch histories<br></li><li>Membership profiles and biographies</li><li>Settlement and community profiles</li><li>Local anniversaries and special events</li><li>Local fundraisers, including war efforts</li><li>Industrial and agricultural practices<br></li><li>Local family histories</li><li>Farm histories and "House Logs"<br></li><li>Public building histories, including churches and schools</li><li>Profiles of <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Robertson_Watt" title="Biography of Mrs. Alfred Watt">Mrs. Alfred Watt </a>Memorial Scholarship winners<br></li></ul><div>While the original focus of these records was on the early settler history, the books offer a wealth of information about the social history of Simcoe County throughout the twentieth century. <br></div><div><br></div><div><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/993-19_Udney_WI_Tweedsmuir-Scrapbook-Martin-Speiran_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/993-19_Udney_WI_Tweedsmuir-Scrapbook-Martin-Speiran_800.jpg" alt="A Century Farm, or "Farm History" included in the Udney WI Tweedsmuir, ca. 1970" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></div><div><h4 style="text-align:center;">​993-19     A Century Farm, or "Farm History" included in the Udney WI Tweedsmuir, ca. 1970. From the Udney WI fonds​<br><br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Archives holds over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and scrapbooks created by the County's Area, Districts, and Branches. The prevalence of the WI in the county has meant that the Tweedsmuirs provide wide geographic coverage.</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> This combined with the sheer variety of local history captured collectively make the Tweedsmuirs one of the Archives most important resources.  </span><br></p><p><strong style="font-size:1em;">​Conclusion</strong></p><p><strong style="font-size:1em;"></strong>The WI has played a major role in the collection and preservation of local heritage materials in the County of Simcoe.  Through the curation of Tweedsmuir Histories and the establishment of local heritage organizations, the women of the WI not only recorded Simcoe County's local history, but also ensured that it would be kept and made available to all citizens in perpetuity. </p><p>With the assistance of the FWIO, forty of Simcoe County's Area and District WI Tweedsmuir Histories were digitized in 2019.  These can be accessed through​ the <a href="https://collections.fwio.on.ca/search">FWIO Digital Collections​</a>. <br><br><br></p><p><strong>Sources:</strong><br></p><p>Ambrose, Linda M., and Margaret Kechnie. “Social Control or Social Feminism?: Two Views of the Ontario Women's Institutes." <em>Agricultural History</em> 73, no. 2 (1999): 222–37. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/3744661">http://www.jstor.org/stable/3744661</a>.</p><p>Kechine, Margaret C. <em>Organizing Rural Women: The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario, 1897-1919</em>. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zwfj">http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zwfj</a>.</p><p>Tennant, Nancy. “Women's Institutes in Peace and War." <em>Social Work (1939-1970)</em> 2, no. 3 (1942): 99–104. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/43759704">http://www.jstor.org/stable/43759704</a>.</p><p>The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario.<em> Ontario Women's Institute Story</em>. T. H Best Printing Limited, 1972.</p><p> “Tweedsmuir Community History Books." <em>The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario</em>. Accessed September 15, 2021. https://fwio.on.ca/tweedsmuir-history-books/​ <br></p><p> </p><p><strong>Further Reading:</strong><br></p><ul><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/fwio-digital-collections/" title="Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario – Digital Collections">Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario – Digital Collections</a></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/erland-lee-museum-home/" title="Erland Lee (Museum) Home​" style="font-size:1em;">Erland Lee (Museum) Home​</a><br></li></ul><p><br><br></p>​<br></div>
Researching Indigenous Histories in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Indigenous-History-Resources.aspx5/28/2021 1:21:11 AMResearching Indigenous Histories in Simcoe County<div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​This page </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">provides</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> an introduction to archival </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">records and collections that relate to </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;background-image:initial;background-position:initial;background-size:initial;background-repeat:initial;background-attachment:initial;background-origin:initial;background-clip:initial;">persons and communities</span> in Simcoe County. The focus will primarily be on resources available at the Simcoe County Archives, but links and direction to relevant resources from other institutions are also included.​</span></span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"></span></span><span style="font-size:1em;">This page will be updated to reflect ​additional knowledge and resources as they become </span><span style="font-size:1em;">available​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">.</span></p></div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> Communities in Simcoe County</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div><div><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">peoples </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">have lived on the land currently known as Simcoe County for thousands of years. </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">When </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Jesuit missionaries</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> arrived </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">roughly 600 years ago from Europe, the land was home to the Huron-​​Wendat, Petun, Neutral, Haudenosaunee and the <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Anishinaabe​</span>​​ peoples.​</span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span></span>Simcoe County is</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> located </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">on</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> the traditional territory of the </span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:1em;"><a href="http://www.anishinabek.ca/first-nations/" title="Anishinabek Nation"><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Anishinaabeg​</span>​</a></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">. The Anishinaabeg</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> include the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">Ojibwe</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">, Odawa, and Pottawatomi nations, collectively known as the Three Fires Confederacy. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">There are </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">two</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> First Nations</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">eserves located within the geog</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">raphic boundaries of the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">C</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">ounty: <a href="https://www.ramafirstnation.ca/" title="The C​hippewas of Rama First Nation">The C​hippewas of Rama First Nation</a> and​ <a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" title="Beausoleil First Nation">Beausoleil First Nation​</a>.​​</span><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​</span></a></p></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" style="background-color:transparent;"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></a><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">T</span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">he </span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">C​ounty </span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">is also home to the Métis people, many of whom descend from the <a href="https://www.metisnation.org/news/mno-highlights-georgian-bay-historic-metis-community-and-invites-ontarians-to-learn-more/" title="historic Georgian Bay ​Métis community" target="_blank">historic Georgian Bay ​Métis community​</a> based in​ <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">the </span><a href="https://heritage.penetanguishene.ca/heritage-location.php?id=38" title="Penetanguishene heritage: Métis" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Town of Penetanguishene​</a><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> and Townshi​ps of Tiny and Tay</span></span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">. Simcoe County is covered by Region 7 of the </span><a href="https://www.metisnation.org/" title="Métis Nation of Ontario" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Métis Nation of Ontario​</a><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">. In addition to these communities, the County is home to many other First Nations, Inuit, and Métis citizens.​</span></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​<br></span></p></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">In Canada, treaties govern the rights, responsibilities, and relationships between provincial and federal governments and First Nations communities. The area now called Simcoe County is subject to a number of treaties, including the pre-confederate Southern Ontario Treaties of 1764-1862, including the <a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1370372152585/1581293792285#ucls8" title="Penetanguishene Treaty No.5" target="_blank">Penetanguishene Treaty No.5</a> and <a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1370372152585/1581293792285#ucls15" title="Lake Simcoe Treaty No.16​" target="_blank">Lake Simcoe Treaty No.16​</a>,  and the post-confederate </span><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1542370282768/1542370308434" title="Inforgraphic Williams Treaties of 1923​" target="_blank" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Williams Treaties of 1923​</a><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">.  ​​</span></p></div><div><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;">​</span><br></div><h2>​A note on other institutional records<br></h2><div><p>As a municipal archives the Simcoe County Archives do not hold original documents such as treaties or Indigenous Affairs records. These records were created and are held by agents of the Federal and Provincial governments, and can be found at the <a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/Pages/introduction.aspx" title="Indigenous heritage at Library and the Archives of Canada" target="_blank">Library and Archives of Canada</a> or <a href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/microfilm/aboriginal_peoples_records.aspx" title="Records Relating to Aboriginal Peoples at the Archives of Ontario" target="_blank">Archives of Ontario</a>.<span style="font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Residential Schools</strong></span></p><p>While there were no <a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/residential-schools" title="Indian Residential Schools" target="_blank">Indian Residential Schools</a> located within Simcoe County, there were at least two Indian Day Schools. The Rama Indian Day School was operated by the United Church of Canada, and the <a href="http://sistersofservice.ca/missions/ontario/christianisland.html" title="Christian Island Roman Catholic Indian Day School​" target="_blank">Christian Island Indian Day School​</a> ​​was operated by the Roman Catholic Church<a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/residential-school-records-in-united-church-of-canada-archives/" title="Residential School Records in United Church of Canada Archives">​</a>. Some records related to these institutions are held by the <a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/residential-school-records-in-united-church-of-canada-archives/" title="Residential School Records in United Church of Canada Archives" target="_blank">United Church of Canada Archives</a>, a partial catalogue of which can be accessed here: <a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/DaySchoolGuide_COMPLETE-2020-compressed.pdf" title="United Church of Canada Archives Day School Research Guide" target="_blank">United Church of Canada Archives Day School Research Guide</a>.<br></p><p>Indian Residential School records are also held by the <a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/Pages/residential-schools-resource-sheets.aspx" title="Residential School Records Resources at Library and Archives of Canada" target="_blank">Library and Archives of Canada​</a>.​<br></p><p>For more information about the Indian Residential School system​ and Indian Day Schools, please read the <a href="https://nctr.ca/records/reports/" title="Truth and Reconciliation Commission Reports">Reports and Findings​</a> of the <a href="http://www.trc.ca/" title="Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada">Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada</a>. </p><div>For survivors and their families <a href="https://www.irsss.ca/faqs/how-do-i-reach-the-24-hour-crisis-line" title="The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line">The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line</a> is available 24-hours a day for anyone experiencing pain or distress as a result of his or her Residential school experience​: <span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">1-8</span><span style="font-size:1em;">66-925-4419</span></div>​​​<br></div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Resources at the Simcoe County Archives​</span></h2></div><div><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">At the Simcoe County Archives content related to Indigenous peoples and histories can be found in corporate and municipal r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ecords, p</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">rivate</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> collections, the Simcoe County Archives newspaper collection, and the Reference Library</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></div><div><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/CoraidNewsCollage_1080.jpg" title="Coraid News, 1973-1974" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/CoraidNewsCollage_480.jpg" alt="Coraid News, 1973-1974" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">Simcoe County Newspaper Collection, <span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Coraid News</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">: The Voice of the People</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> –</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> a partial run from 19</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">73 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">–</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">197</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">4. P</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">roduced in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Rama First Nation.</span><br><br></h4><div><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Additionally, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">access to</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> Ontario</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">birth, marria</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ge an</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">d</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> death records</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Federal census i</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">nformation can be accessed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> on site at the Archives through Ancest</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">y.ca. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><br></span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">It is important to note that </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">the majority of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> the records and collections at the Simcoe County Archives were created, accumulated and/ or donated by non-Indigenous</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">persons</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">. Some of the earliest and most substantive collections acquired by the Archives were donated by local archaeologists and specifically focus on the pre-contact sites and material culture of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">Indigenous communities in the County. These records, while they focus on Indigenous history, lack Indigenous voices and perspectives. </span></div><div><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><br></span></span></span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Archives staff are working to identify the gaps, silences, and biases present within these records and collections and</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;"> are working to create better, more contextualized, archival descriptions</span>​. </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">For more information about this process, please refer to our <a href="/Archives/Pages/Historical-Language-Content-Advisory.aspx" title="Historical Content and Language Advisory">Historical Content and Language Advisory​</a>.</span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> ​</span></span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​</span></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW243056203" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW243056203 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​<br></span></span></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW243056203 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></span></p></div><div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW55991718" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><div><h2>Blogs and e​xhibits​<br></h2></div><div><div><div><ul><li><p>​<span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">​<a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx" title="​​National Indigenous History Month 2017">National Indigenous History Month </a></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":120,"335559740":259}"> </span></p></li><li><p><a href="/Archives/Pages/National_Indigenous_Peoples_Day_2020.aspx" title="Jacob Gill Gaudaur "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3">Jacob Gill </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3">Gaudaur</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3"> </span></span></a></p></li><li><p><a title="Simcoe County Remembers​" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Simcoe County Remembers​</span></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Remembers database contains the names of 1,009 men and women who had connections to Simcoe County and who died while in service or as a result of wounds or injuries sustained during the First World War.</span></p></li><li><p><a><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></a><a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Researching Family History​ ​​">Researching Family His<span>tory​</span> ​​</a><br></p></li></ul></div></div></div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Institu</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">tional records</span></h2><p>These resources are available <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">for review </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">on site at the Archives. </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">For remote access options please <a href="mailto:archives@simcoe.ca" title="Email the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank">contact​</a> the Archives.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p><h4><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Corporate and </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Municipal</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2"> records</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW55991718 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">The Corporation of the County of Simcoe</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> fonds</span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of the Township of Rama fonds</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of th</span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">e </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Town of Midland</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> fonds</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of the Township</span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span></span></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Tiny</span></span></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">fon</span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ds</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></li></ul></div></div><h4>Private fonds and collections<br></h4><ul><li>A.F. Hunter papers  ​<br></li><li><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO15860&SE=1212&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=1723&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Ardagh Family fonds"><span><span style="font-size:1em;">A</span><span style="font-size:1em;">rda</span><span style="font-size:1em;">gh Fa</span><span style="font-size:1em;">mily fon</span></span>ds</a><br></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">C. Beck Manufacturing Company Ltd. fonds </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13016&SE=1211&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14908&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Djenane Mackellar Lemmon collection ">Djenane Mackellar Lemmon collection  </a>​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=PREV_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=1&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="E. Ross Channen collection ​">E. Ross Channen collection  ​</a>​</span></li><ul><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=NEXT_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=2&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Indian Data​">Indian Data​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14864&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Records of Indian Site Excavations">Records of Indian Site Excavations</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO17555&SE=1215&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14866&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Copeland Site Materials​">Copeland Site Materials​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO17895&SE=1217&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14867&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Canadian Heritage​">Canadian Heritage</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO18028&SE=1219&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14868&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Local History​"> Local History​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"> <a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=NEXT_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=3&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Personal Files">Personal Files</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;">​ <a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO18140&SE=1220&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14870&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Loose Items​">Loose Items​</a></span></span></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Fort Ste. Marie collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Gaudaur Family collection ​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Hanley Clarke collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Huron Institute collection  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Kenneth E. Kidd collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Norman D. Clarke collection </span></li><ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Archaeological papers  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Cartographic papers </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Historical papers </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">​Photograph index </span></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Orillia Public Library collection  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Ontario Historical Association collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span>The Township of Oro Historical Committee collection<span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></li><ul><li>​<a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO7270&SE=1232&RN=7&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=33087&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="​​Peter Scott Slide collection ​" style="font-size:1em;">​Peter Scott Slide collection ​</a><br></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO8462&SE=1234&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=31343&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Paul Delaney collection ​">Paul Delaney collection  ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO19877&SE=1223&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=16090&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Jarratt-Switzer Family collection​" style="font-size:1em;">Jarratt-Switzer Family collection​</a><span style="font-size:1em;">​​​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span>​Leigh collection   <br></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13295&SE=1237&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=10874&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="W.A. Fisher fonds ​">W.A. Fisher fonds ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13420&SE=1238&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=32449&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Wally McNeice collection ​">Wally McNeice collection ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13576&SE=1239&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=31106&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Stuart N. Keyes Limited fonds ​">Stuart N. Keyes Limited fonds ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">imcoe County Library Co-operative fonds <br></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ainte-Marie A</span><span style="font-size:1em;">mong the Huron Reference Library collection ​​​</span></li></ul><div><div><div><h4><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="font-size:16px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Select l</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">a</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">nd r</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">ecords</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h4></div><div><p></p><ul><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Reel of microfilm - Department of Indian Affairs, re. Town Plot of Orillia and Indian Reserve between Orillia and Coldwater, 973-45</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">1834 Census of Coldwater Reserve, “Coldwater Reserve” file, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">983-84 </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">William Hawkins (Deputy Surveyor).  “Report and Description of the Native Reserve between Lake Simcoe and Coldwater” York, March 14, 1833, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">987-15 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Irwin Moore. N ½ Lo 16, Con. IV, Innisfil Township, 1853, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Council of the District of Simcoe. Lot 8, North Coldwater Street, Orillia, 1846, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Richard Hodges. Lot 6, North Side Coldwater Street, Orillia, 1847 , 970-87</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Transfer of Lands by the Chippewa Nation to the King of England. In the North Part of the County. Signed at Niagara, 1795,  Xerox only, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to John Currie. Lot 12, East Side Front Street, Orillia, 1846, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><h4><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="font-size:16px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Newspapers and publications </span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h4></div><div><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Simcoe County </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Archives </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Newspaper Collectio</span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">n</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Coraid News</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">: The Voice of the People</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> –</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> a partial run from 1973 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">–</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">197</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">4. P</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">roduced in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Rama First Nation</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">​​Smoke Signals – </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">A</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> zine produced </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Beausoleil First Nation​</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">.​</span></span></span></li></ul></ul><h4>Thematic finding aids<br></h4><p>Thematic finding aids are inventories of many different records and collections organized around a place, subject, or organiz<span style="font-size:1em;">a</span><span style="font-size:1em;">tion. ​</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></p><div><p></p><ul><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Normal"><span style="font-size:16px;">Archaeology <span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></span>​</span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Art/Artists Thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Barrie – Miscellaneous thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Barrie – </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">News clippings</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> thematic finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Cemeteries and Cemetery Studies finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Centennial Historical Booklets</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Depression Years finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Ethnology/ Ethnic groups finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Huronia Historic Sites finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">  </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Huronia Historic Sites Plaques finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">  </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Moving Images finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Native Peoples finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Township of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Orillia </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">thematic finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Town of Midland thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Township of Nottawasaga thematic finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Township of Rama thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Village of Coldwater thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> ​</span></span></li></ul><p></p><p></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></p><p></p><div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">C</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">ounty of </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Simcoe</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> resource</span>s<br></h2></div><div><div><ul><li><p><a href="https://museum.simcoe.ca/exhibits/native" title="Channen Gallery">S​imcoe County Museum - Channen Gallery</a><br></p></li></ul></div><div style="font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><h2><span style="font-size:19.5pt;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Simcoe County Indigenous communities</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h2></div></div><div><p></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;"></p><ul><li><p><a href="https://www.barrienfc.ca/" title="Barrie Native Friendship Centre​ "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Barrie Native Friendship Centre</span> </a><br></p></li><li><p><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" title="Beausoleil First Nation"><span data-contrast="none" lang="FR-CA">Beausoleil First Nation</span></a></p></li><li><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="https://www.barrienfc.ca/"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></a><a href="https://www.ramafirstnation.ca/" title="Chippewas of Rama First Nation">Chippewas of Rama First Nation</a></span></p></li><ul><li><p><a href="https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/" title="Rama Historical Archives ">Rama Historical Archives </a><br></p></li></ul><li><div><div><span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><a href="https://www.gbnfc.com/" title="Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre">Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre</a></span></span></div></div><br></li><li><a href="https://www.metisnation.org/" title="Métis Nation of Ontario "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Nation of Ontario</span> </a><p></p></li><ul><li><p><a href="https://www.barriemetiscouncil.com/" title="​Barrie South Simcoe Métis Council">​Barrie South Simcoe <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Council</a><br></p></li><li><p><a href="https://georgianbaymetiscouncil.com/" title="Georgian Bay Métis​ Council">Georgian Bay <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Council</a><br></p></li></ul></ul></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div><h2><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Si​mcoe County heritage institutions</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h2></div></div><div><div><ul><li><p><a href="https://huroniamuseum.com/" title="Huronia Museum and Huron Ouendat Village "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Huronia Museum and Huron Ouendat Village</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"> </span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://www.penetanguishene.ca/en/Museum.asp?_mid_=9665" title="Penetanguishene Centennial Museum & Archives "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Penetanguishene Centennial Museum & Archives</span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="http://www.saintemarieamongthehurons.on.ca/sm/en/Home/index.htm" title="Huronia Historical Parks - ​Saint-Marie Among the Hurons">Huronia Historical Parks - ​Saint-Marie Among the H<span style="font-size:1em;">urons</span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://firstnations.innisfillibrary.ca/" title="Our Stories Innisfil - ​First Nations of Simcoe County">Our Stories Innisfil - ​First Nations of Simcoe County</a>​<br>​<br></p></li></ul></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun EmptyTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW58008145" style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" role="heading" aria-level="1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:#365f91;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Resourc</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="background-color:transparent;color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">es</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="background-color:transparent;color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><a href="https://decolonialatlas.wordpress.com/2015/04/14/the-great-lakes-in-ojibwe-v2/" title="The Decolonial Atlas - The Great Lakes: An Ojibwe Perspective " style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">The Decolonial Atlas - The Great Lakes: An Ojibwe Perspective</span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span></span></a><br></li><li><a href="https://native-land.ca/" title="Native Land​">Native Land​</a><br></li></ul></div></div><div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW58008145" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" role="heading" aria-level="1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:#365f91;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun Underlined SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:16pt;text-decoration-line:underline;line-height:25px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">​​</span></span><span style="color:#444444;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;">Treaties with the British Crown and Canadian Government</span></p></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li>​<a href="http://www.landclaimscoalition.ca/assets/Royal-Proclamation-1763-Fact-Sheet.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Fact sheet " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Fact sheet</span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span><br class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"></span></a><br></li><li><a href="https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAM-INTER-HQ-ACH/STAGING/texte-text/nahm_250_pt_1379596017260_eng.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Relationships, Rights and Treaties " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:calibri, calibri_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Relationships, Rights and Treaties </span></span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"></span></a></li><li><a href="http://www.sfu.ca/~palys/The%20Royal%20Proclamation.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 text " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Royal Pro</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">clamation of 1763 text</span></span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span></span></a><br><br></li><li><a href="https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-first-nations-maps" title="Ontario Treaty Maps "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Ontario Treaty Maps</span></a></li></ul></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><a href="https://williamstreatiesfirstnations.ca/" title="Williams Treaties First Nations">Williams Treaties First Nations​</a>​<br></li><li><a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/williams-treaties" title="Williams Treaties " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Williams Treaties</span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":120,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><span style="background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​</span><a href="http://www.anishinabek.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Williams-Treaty-Chippewa.pdf" title="​Williams Treaty – Text " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Williams Treaty – Text</span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3987611" title="Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina Isle and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Isle</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3987611" title="Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina Isle and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></a><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1542370282768/1542370308434" title="Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement​">Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement​</a>​​<br><br></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><p>​​<br>​<br>​<br><br></p>
County of Simcoe Carnegie Librarieshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/County-of-Simcoe-Carnegie-Libraries.aspx9/29/2017 8:10:57 PMCounty of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​Blog originally posted ​September 29, 2017</span><br></p><p>October is Canadian Library Month, and in celebration the Simcoe County Archives is looking at a few of the earlier public libraries to be established in the County; Carnegie Libraries. </p><p>Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish businessman and philanthropist with a strong interest in and commitment to freely available public education. The Carnegie Foundation provided grants to help communities build public libraries. In Ontario, 111 libraries were built with the aid of Carnegie grants, with an additional 14 libraries built across Canada. Five Carnegie libraries were built in the county of Simcoe; one each in Collingwood, Midland, Penetanguishene, Barrie, and Orillia.</p><p><strong>Carnegie Libraries in Simcoe County</strong></p><p><strong>Collingwood Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>One of the earliest Simcoe County communities to be awarded funding from the Carnegie Foundation was the town of Collingwood. A grant for the construction of a public library was issued on August 16, 1902. The original building for the Collingwood Public Library, pictured below, was designed by W. & W. Stewart. This building was unfortunately destroyed in a fire in 1963. </p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Collingwood Public Library, ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" alt="Postcard of Collingwood Public Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring the Public Library, Collingwood, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Penetanguishene Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation awarded a grant of $13 000 for the construction of a public library in Penetanguishene on December 13, 1907. The building was designed by architect Charles P. Baird. <br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%201080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Library ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%20480.jpg" alt="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Carnegie Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring The Carnegie Library, Penetanguishene, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain.</span></p><p><strong>Orillia Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The City of Orillia received funds to construct their public library on April 10, 1909. The library was designed by a Mr. Crocker. </p><p><strong>Midland Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation issued a $12 500 grant to the Town of Midland for the purposes of constructing a public library on March 21, 1910. The library was opened for public use in 1915. </p><p><strong>Barrie Public Library</strong></p><p>The City of Barrie received funds from the Carnegie Foundation on July 23, 1914. The original Barrie Public Library was built by Chapman & McGuffin and was located at 37 Mulcaster Street in downtown Barrie. The downtown branch of the Barrie Public Library has since relocated to a building on Worsley Street, however the Carnegie building is now home to the <strong>MacLaren Art Centre</strong>. </p><p><strong> </strong><span style="font-size:1em;">While many of the original Carnegie Library buildings in the County of Simcoe are no longer in use, the public libraries they helped to establish continue to flourish.</span></p><p>Simcoe County hosts multiple library systems across 18 distinct municipalities. In addition, the <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8c373398-6696-4ab3-8e2a-e8aeebda7c13">County of Simcoe Library Cooperative</a> operates to support and enhance public library services within the County. </p><p><strong>Works consulted:</strong></p><p>Libraries. <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Retrieved from <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/libraries/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/libraries/</a></p><p>Carnegie Libraries. <em>Ontario Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport</em>. <a href="http://www.mtc.gov.on.ca/en/libraries/carnegie.shtml">http://www.mtc.gov.on.ca/en/libraries/carnegie.shtml</a> </p><p>Library History. <em>Midland Public Library</em>. Retrieved from <a href="http://www.midlandlibrary.com/library-history/">http://www.midlandlibrary.com/library-history/</a> </p><p><br></p><p><br></p>
Emancipation Day in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx8/2/2017 1:31:14 PMEmancipation Day in Simcoe County<p>​​​​​​​​​​​Blog originally posted ​August 1, 2017<br><span style="font-size:1em;">2021</span><span style="font-size:1em;">-06-17 L</span><span style="font-size:1em;">anguage updated to meet current best practice.</span></p><p>In this blog post we will explore the origins of Emancipation Day in Ontario, and examine the impact of the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em> on early Black settlement in Simcoe County. This post serves as a good primer to our online exhibit on the <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="The Black Settlement in Oro Township" target="_blank">Wilberforce Street Settlement.​</a><br></p><p>Emancipation Day (August 1st) is celebrated across the British Commonwealth as a commemoration of the passing of the <em>Slavery Abolition Act. </em>The Act was passed on August 28, 1833, which meant that by August 1, 1834 slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire. Emancipation Day has also been long celebrated in Simcoe County. A July 30, 1862 article from <em>The Spirit of the Age</em> describes Emancipation Day celebrations in Barrie (partially lost – brackets represent interpolations):<br></p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p><em>… being the 28</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> Anniversary [of the emanci]pation by England of the</em><em>  </em><em>… slaves, is to be kept by the [pe]ople of this county with more [extraor]dinary signs of rejoicing and thankfulness. They are to meet at Barrie, and among the proceedings of the day have arranged for a religious service, at the conclusion of which a sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Mr. Morgan. In the evening the party will dine together, and afterwards hold a soiree, when several able speakers will address the meeting. The rejoicings are not to be confined to the colored people, but all who feel friendly towards them are desired to join their party. We trust the interesting proceedings will pass off successfully.</em><em><strong>[i]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p> The road to abolition in Ontario passed through Simcoe County and is reflected in the County's​ namesake: <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">John Graves Simcoe, t</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (a pre-cursor to Ontario),</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> was a​​ vocal supporter of the abolitionist movement.  </span></p><p>Unfortunately, this road was far from smooth or direct. By the 1790s the abolitionist movement was gaining traction in the British colonies. ​In March of 1793,​ Chloe Cooley, an enslaved Black woman owned by Sergeant Adam Vrooman, was forcefully restrained by Vrooman as he attempted to take her across the ​Niagara River to New York, where she w​ould be sold. Cooley resisted, and it took three men ​to restrain her. Peter Martin, a Black Loyalist, and William Grisley, a white employee of Vrooman, testified publically to the violence done to Chloe Cooley. Public outcry over Cooley's inhumane treatment allowed Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe to introduce legislation intended to abolish slavery. At the time, the legislature was too invested in slavery  to allow for full abolition, but a compromise was reached in <em>An Act to Prevent the further Introduction of Slaves and to limit the Term of Contracts for Servitude</em> or <em>An Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada</em>. On July 9<sup>th</sup> 1793, Simcoe gave Royal Assent to the bill. ​​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%201080%20F2%20B-2.jpg" title="General John Graves Simcoe" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%20480%20F2%20B-2.jpg" alt="War Clouds, General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;">967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printing Co. 1910<br><span style="font-size:1em;">Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>The Act did not free enslaved people, but it did prevent their importation into Upper Canada. Children born to enslaved parents would be free at age 25, and children of the next generation would be free at birth. Similar Acts were tabled in Lower Canada and the Atlantic Provinces, but they were never passed, with those areas taking their cue instead from the central British government.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">One of the most prominent voices for abolitionism in the British Government was </span><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml" title="William Wilberforce: BBC" style="font-size:1em;">William Wilberforce</a><span style="font-size:1em;">, who was a politician from 1780-1825. He made his first abolition speech in Parliament in 1789. He introduced many abolitionist bills into the House, but in 1807 </span><em style="font-size:1em;">An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade</em><span style="font-size:1em;"> or the </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Slave Trade Act</em><span style="font-size:1em;"> was finally passed. The Act did not free currently enslaved persons​, but was designed to put an end to the slave trade in the British Empire. The bill very much paved the way for the Act of 1833. </span></p><p>This series of legislation had an impact on Simcoe County settlement. The outbreak of the <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/war-of-1812/" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - War of 1812">War of 1812</a> caused apprehension among Black settlers in Upper Canada, who feared an American victory might return them to slavery.  As a result, many free Black people, some of whom had escaped slavery, volunteered to fight for the British.  One noted militia unit was <a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/the-coloured-corps-african-canadians-and-the-war-of-1812" title="Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men">Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men</a>, which saw action at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane, and St. David's.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%201080%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" title="Davy Thompson, Born in Oro Township in 1863" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20480%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" alt=" Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;">2016-25 Davy Thompson, bro</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ther of James Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863.<br></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:1em;">From the Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span><span style="font-size:1em;">.​<br></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Image </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Copyright: Public Domain</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"></p><p>After the War of 1812, it was in Upper Canada's interests to start settling the area between York (now Toronto) and Penetanguishene. Land access to Georgian Bay and Lake Huron was deemed strategically important, particularly in the event of further conflict with the Americans. As a result, between 1819 and 1831 the government of Upper Canada sponsored and encouraged B​lack settlement along the west side of Concession II in Oro Township.  The settlement was called Wilberforce Street, after William Wilberforce. Many of these settlers were Black Loyalists and veterans of the War of 1812. For a more in depth look at the Wilberforce Street Settlement in Oro Township visit our <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="The Black Settlement in Oro Township" target="_blank">online exhibit​</a>. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" target="_blank" title="Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-86_Simcoe_County_Patent_Book_page_298_Wilberforce_Street_480.jpg" alt="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br>972-86 Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street<br><br></p><p>  The <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>  of 1833 went a long way to making the Canadian provinces a perceived safe haven for refugees fleeing slavery, particularly after the United States passed the <em>Fugitive Slave Act</em> of 1850. This Act strengthened similar legislation from 1793, which required the pursuit and capture of enslaved persons anywhere in the United States. Monetary compensation for the return of enslaved people also resulted in a rise in the capture and enslavement of free people. Between 1850 and 1864 Black settlement in Canada West (another pre-cursor to Ontario) increased dramatically, as settlers sought the freedom granted by the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>.<br></p><p>​​ The final statute we refer to here is the <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25" title="Emancipation Day" target="_blank">Emancipation Day Act​</a>, passed by the Government of Ontario in 2008. At that time the province officially recognized August 1<sup>st</sup> as Emancipation Day across the province. Emancipation Day has been long celebrated in the Caribbean. Celebrations now overlap with the Cariba​na Festival in Toronto, which always culminates with festivities on the August long weekend. It is also very close in time to Simcoe Day, which is what we call the Monday of the August long weekend around here and in Toronto, commemorating our first Lieutenant-Governor. Later in the month, August 23<sup>rd</sup> is the International Day of Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>Sources</strong></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">BBC. "William Wilberforce (1759-1833)." </span><em style="font-size:1em;">BBC</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. 2014. </span><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml" style="font-size:1em;">http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</span></p><p>Emancipation Day Act. <em>Statutes of Ontario, c. 25</em>. Ontario. 2008. <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25">https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>French, G. E. <em>Men of colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949</em>. Stroud, Ont.: Kaste Books, 1978.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Chloe Cooley and the Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2013. <a href="http://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/chloe-cooley-and-the-act-to-limit-slavery-in-upper-canada/">http://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/chloe-cooley-and-the-act-to-limit-slavery-in-upper-canada/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry. Natasha L. "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/fugitive-slave-act-of-1850/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/fugitive-slave-act-of-1850/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Slavery Abolition Act, 1833." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/slavery-abolition-act-1833/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/slavery-abolition-act-1833/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Hull Museum. "William Wilberforce – the man." <em>Hull Museum Collections</em>. <a href="http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/museumcollections/collections/storydetail.php?irn=691&master=443">http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/museumcollections/collections/storydetail.php?irn=691&master=443</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p><em>The Story of Oro</em>. 2<sup>nd</sup> edition. Oro: Oro Historical Committee, 1987. <br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[i] Recorded only in "G.E French. Men of Colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949. Stroud, Ont: Kaste Books, 1978. p. 56-57."</em></span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[ii] p. 9. </em></span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;text-decoration-line:underline;">Images</span><span style="font-size:1em;">:</span><br></p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.​<br><br></p>
Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at the Simcoe County Archiveshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/FIPS.aspx5/25/2021 7:08:57 PMAccessing Fire Insurance Plans at the Simcoe County Archives<p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">​​​​​​​T</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he Simcoe County Archives hold a number of Fire Insurance Plans (FIPs) for municipalities located in the County. FIPs are large format urban maps originally commissioned by insurance companies. They were used to assess different sites and buildings for risk of fire and to establish insurance rates.  The plans include information such as what a structure is made of (brick or wood) and also identify different types of residential dwellings and commercial buildings. For researchers, FIPs offer a snapshot of what a commercial district looked like at the time of the plans creation.</span></p><p>This page includes a list of FIPs for different municipalities located within Simcoe County. They are listed alphabetically and organized chronologically. Some FIPs are available for review online.  <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Elmvale_1900rev1904_crop.jpg" title="978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904 "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Elmvale_1900rev1904_crop_480.jpg" alt="978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904 " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904</em> </p><p><strong> Note: </strong>The digital copies linked to this resource are available as part of the Charles E. Goad Company fonds held by the Library and Archives of Canada. <br></p><p><strong>Copyright notice:</strong> FIPs held by the Simcoe County Archives are made available for research purposes only. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission from the copyright holder for all other uses. </p><h2>​<br>Fire Insurance Plans <br></h2><p>A PDF version of this resource is also available: <a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-FIPs.pdf" title="Simcoe County Archives Guide to Fire Insurance Plans PDF" target="_blank"><em>SCA Guide ​to FIPs</em></a><br></p><p></p><table cellspacing="0" class="ms-rteTable-default" style="width:90%;height:1500px;"><tbody><tr class="ms-rteTableHeaderRow-default"><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderEvenCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;text-align:left;">Municipality <br></th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderOddCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:146px;">Plans </th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderEvenCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;">SCA Access </th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderOddCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;">Other Access </th></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ALLISTON <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1926  </p><p>4 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1888 (revised to 1900)  </p><p> 9 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p><p>& ALLANDALE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1888 (revised to 1904)  </p><p> 9 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1907 (revised to 1910)  </p><p>29 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad   </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3810409&new=-8585908686930868586" title="Barrie, 1907, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">BARRIE</a>  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1907 (revised to 1917)  </p><p>29 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> Digital copy available</p><p><br></p><p> </p><p><br><br></p><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-199-0-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1923 (revised to 1931)  </p><p> 14 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1923 (revised to 1946)  </p><p> 14 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1971 </p><p>COPY NO. 15  </p><p>57 sheets </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p>BEETON </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="height:152px;width:146px;"><p>1926 </p><p> 3 sheets ​​</p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BELLE EWART </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1936 </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3814922&new=-8585801601268289478" title="Bradford, 1889, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">BRADFORD</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1889 </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>​</p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-222-2-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BRADFORD </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1924  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>COLDWATER </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1926  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p>Digital copy available</p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>COLLINGWOOD </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1955 </p><p> 22 sheets </p><p>Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3815735&new=-8585796493501678360" title="Cookstown, 1885, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">COOKSTOWN</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1885 (revised to 1904) </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-272-6-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3815857&new=-8585796448841548317" title="Creemore, 1904, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">CREEMORE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1904 </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Digitized </p><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-284-2-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>CREEMORE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1929  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> 3 copies </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3821339&new=-8585801601756789650" title="Elmvale, 1900, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">ELMVALE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1900 (revised to 1904)  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p>Digital copy available</p><p><br> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-339-1-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ELMVALE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1939  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3827172&new=-8585796478543336042" title="Midland, 1904, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">MIDLAND</a>  <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1904 (revised to 1911) </p><p> 18 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available</p><p> <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-470-X-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>MIDLAND </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1946  </p><p> 15 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ORILLIA </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1928 (revised to 1941)  </p><p> 18 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>PENETANGUISHENE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1895  </p><p> 4 slides  </p><p>Unknown </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3830371&new=-8585801603037852786" title="Penetanguishene. 1912, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">PENETANGUISHENE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1912 </p><p>7 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available</p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-582-X-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>PENETANGUISHENE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1946  </p><p> 13 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>STAYNER <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1924  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p>2 x copies </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841437&new=-8585796488965831274" title="Tottenham, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">TOTTENHAM</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890 </p><p>2 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad  </p><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-688-4-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>TOTTENHAM </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1928 </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841483&new=-8585801603948242503" title="Victoria Harbour, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">VICTORIA HARBOUR</a>  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-696-3-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>WASAGA BEACH </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1936  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841926&new=-8585796486562776878" title="Waubashene, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">WAUBAUSHENE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890  </p><p> 1 sheets ​<br></p><p>2 x copies </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-715-3-E <br></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br></p><p>​<br></p><p>​​<br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p>​​<br></p><p><br><br><br><br><br></p>