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Archives Blog

Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!



Archives Awareness Week 2018 1:40:25 PMArchives Awareness Week 2018<p>​April 2, 2018 - April 8, 2018 is Archives Awareness Week in Ontario. To celebrate, staff at Simcoe County Archives decided to shed some light on their roles and the day-to-day operations of the Archives. </p><h2>Name: Matthew Fells</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Matthew Fells, County Archivist" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-004-01.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   County Archivist</p><p><strong>Job description: </strong>My role is to oversee and direct the acquisition, preservation, and accessibility of the documentary heritage of the County of Simcoe. In a nutshell, in consultation with knowledgeable, expert staff members, I guide the strategy and operations of the Archives. I also ensure that financial and material resources are available for staff projects, report to Council on Archives' operations, and manage staff. My responsibilities include the operation of the Archives' physical building and the health and safety of staff.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection: </strong><a title="Christina Frances MacDougall" href="/Archives/Pages/IWD_Christina_Frances_MacDougall.aspx">Christina Frances MacDougall letter </a>from China. </p><p> </p><h2>Name: Jenn Huddleston</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Jenn Huddleston, Archival Technician" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-005-01.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   Archival Technician</p><p><strong>Job description:</strong> As an Archival Technician I get to be a bit of a Jack of all trades at the Archives. On a given day you might find me assisting researchers in our Reading Room or over email, digitizing records, accessioning new materials, participating in outreach activities, or processing, arranging and describing our fonds and collections. Another exciting initiative I am involved with is the development of a Digital Preservation strategy for Simcoe County Archives. As part of this project I am working to establish workflows, policies, and best practices to ensure that the digital documentary heritage of the County is preserved for the long term.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection: </strong>It's difficult to choose just one – so I'm going to cheat and say a 'type' of record. I really love working with 19<sup>th</sup> and early 20<sup>th</sup> century family photo albums, and there are many great examples of these at SCA.</p><p> </p><h2>Name: Chris MacBain</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Chris MacBain, Reference Services Co-ordinator" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-001.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Reference Services Co-ordinator</p><p><strong>Job Description</strong>: This position entails greeting people who are coming into the archives, establishing their research needs and proceeding to help them navigate the appropriate research tools and records. The position also includes research by proxy, initial documentation of donations, training and helping co-op students, retrieving records for municipal offices, some conservation work and “other duties as required". Recently I've been put in charge of the archives' oral history programme conducting interviews with County residents about their experiences living and growing up in the area. </p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> When asked what my favourite thing in the archives is I always find that very difficult to answer as there are so many interesting records. An easier question is what do I enjoy most about the Archives. The answer is working with a great team of staff members and meeting so many interesting people, hearing about their varied projects and experiences and helping them to further their goals.    </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Rules for staff" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Rules_for_staff_1879_1080p.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Rules_for_staff_1879_480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:249px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <em>Rules for Staff, 1879  Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2>Name: Veronika Mikolajewski</h2><p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/MPF_4028_480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /></p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Student Archives Assistant, Winter 2018 & Spring 2018 terms       </p><p><strong>Job description</strong> As a University student and aspiring Archivist, I am excited to gain experience at Simcoe County Archives. In my role as an Assistant, I have the opportunity to perform a variety of tasks and projects as needed. I have recently been working in our database to alter Geographic Locations to ensure that they are uniform and easily searchable. Apart from this, I am often called upon to conduct research for incoming requests and am involved in a preservation inventory which helps to ensure that our documents are properly cared for. </p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> A Second World War propaganda poster <em>Attack on All Fronts </em>and an English Language Dictionary published in 1804.</p><p><strong> </strong></p><h2>Name: Ellen Millar</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Ellen Millar, Assistant Archivist" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-007.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   Assistant Archivist </p><p><strong>Job description:</strong><strong>  </strong>My job includes overseeing records transfers from the offices of the County, its Towns, and Townships, and the City of Barrie, as well as reviewing donations from private sources.  Following up with that is arrangement and description so the records can be used for research.  I oversee the use, maintenance, and development of the archives' databases, and coordinate the archives' outreach programming.  Support activities include being a back-up for reference services and assisting with various administrative tasks.  I have been at the Simcoe County Archives for nearly 23 years and often find myself talking about institutional, local, municipal, and family history until the eyes of researchers and co-workers start to glaze over.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong>  I have to choose?!</p><p>Personally:  My maternal great-grandparents wedding portrait from 1896, and records pertaining to the First World War – for example, see <a title="Remembering Vimy" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx"><em>Remembering Vimy</em> </a></p><p>Professionally:  I love working with the older corporate and municipal records, but who can resist the joys to be found while delving through private <a title="Mrs. Mcleod's Butter Tarts" href="/Archives/Pages/Mrs-MacLeods-Butter-Tarts.aspx">collections</a>?  </p><h2> </h2><h2>Name: Stephen Ouderkirk</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Stephen Ouderkirk, Microfilm Tehcnican" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-006.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Microfilm Technician</p><p><strong>Job Description:</strong> As a technical archival specialist, my primary responsibility at the Simcoe County Archives is the enhanced accessibility of archival records and the assurance of their long-term preservation. This is accomplished by creating microfilm copies of original records, as well as the digitization of those microfilm copies. A typical record that would come across the Microfilm Camera would be; local newspapers, municipal records such as council minutes, by-laws and assessment rolls, and scrapbooks, such as the Women's Institute Tweedsmuir Histories. In addition to my primary responsibilities, I am also involved in the development of our Digital Preservation strategy, with a particular interest in the specific tools and software needed to ensure our digital documentary heritage is preserved for the long-term. </p><p><strong>Favourite record:</strong> Newspaper collection</p><h2>Name: Caleb Roberts-Dodd<p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Caleb Roberts-Dodd, Student Archives Assistant" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-008.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:344px;" /> </p></h2><p><strong>Title:</strong> Student Archives Assistant, Winter 2018 term       </p><p><strong>Job description:</strong> As a co-op student, my job is to assist the other archivists in anyway. If, for example, Chris needed help at the front desk, I would give her a hand. If a request came in to search for a particular item on microfilms, I would retrieve for it. I really do whatever needs to be done. Right now, I am working on completing a full preservation audit of the Archives, ensuring all documents are being preserved satisfactorily. This particular project is fairly interesting, as I get to look over many of the documents that are held here.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> The Barrie Board Game</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p>
Christina Frances MacDougall 1:48:30 PMChristina Frances MacDougall<div id="__publishingReusableFragmentIdSection"><a href="/ReusableContent/11_.000">a</a></div><p>In celebration of International Women's Day, the Simcoe County Archives is sharing a series of letters from a woman who led a remarkable life during an eventful time in world history.</p><p>In the 1920s, Christina Frances MacDougall of Barrie, Ontario, was a missionary at the North Henan Mission in Weihui, Henan, located in central China, during a turbulent period in Chinese history known as <a href="">the Warlord Era</a>.  <br></p><p><strong>The Warlord Era</strong></p><p><a href="">Emperor Puyi</a> of the <a href="">Qing Dynasty </a>abdicated in 1912 after the military rebelled. <a href="">Yuan Shikai</a>, President of China and General of the Army, was unable to put down the revolt and when public opinion followed that of the rebels, he brokered the abdication of the Emperor and assumed power himself. His rule proved autocratic and anti-parliamentary, and led to several revolts when local and regional military commanders reacted against his self-appointment as President-for-life and, eventually, first Emperor of a new dynasty. He died in 1916, after which military commanders and their forces entered into a period of conflict and shifting alliances, or cliques. Around this time, in the south of China, Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek formed the Nationalist Party, and with assistance from the Soviet Union, created the Republican Army. In 1928, the Republican Army reunified the country by bringing local warlords into its ranks. They remained in effective control of their respective areas until the 1949 creation of the Communist government.</p><p><strong>The Letter</strong></p><p>While still in Weihui, Henan, Christina Frances MacDougall wrote replies to letters she had received from students at Barrie Collegiate Institute. These letters shed light on the life of a County woman teaching in China. Some also provide a fascinating first-hand account of civil conflict in that region. </p><p>One of the most intriguing aspects of the letters is the manner in which they were transported and stored. They were written on narrow sheets of rice paper, which were affixed together to form a scroll. The scroll contains 10 individual letters and when unrolled it measures just under 8 metres long.  In addition to her handwriting, the scroll also features decorative paintings of flowering plants. </p><p>The scroll was recently digitized by SCA staff, and can now be viewed in its entirety.  The letters have been separated into individual files for ease of access (Note that an unknown length of the scroll is missing from the beginning)<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unkown Recipient or Introduction - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unknown Recipient or Introduction -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 2 - Dear Helen - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 2 - Dear Helen -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 3 - Dear Doris - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 3 - Dear Doris -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 4 - Dear Jean - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 4 - Dear Jean -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny - Copyright: Public Domain​​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 6 - Dear Ailsa - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 6 - Dear Ailsa -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 7 - Dear Bessie - Copyright: Public Domain​​​​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 7 - Dear Bessie -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 8 - Dear Reta L. - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 8 - Dear Reta L. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 9 - Dear Vera Luck - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2009%20Dear%20Vera%20Luck.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 9  - Dear Vera Luck -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 10 - Dear Reta M. - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 10  - Dear Reta M. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 11 - Dear Reta M. - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"></em><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 11  - Dear Ruth and Ending. -</em><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;">​</span></span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The letter was donated to the Simcoe County Archives in 1996 by the daughter of one of the recipients, and fell into the public domain in 2010.</span><br></p><p><strong>Christina Frances MacDougall</strong></p><p>Who was the woman behind this incredible record? The truth is that we do not know very much about Christina Frances MacDougall. The letters she wrote are undated, and do not speak directly to her life in Canada. Research has revealed a few facts which give us an indication of who she was, and what her life in the County might have been like:</p><ul><li>Based on research in the Barrie Examiner (28 Sep. 1922, 30 Nov. 1939, and 16, 17, & 24 Mar. 1959), Archives' staff believe that Miss MacDougall was born in China, a daughter of the Rev. Dr. John MacDougall and Frances Childerhose, who went as missionaries to China in 1899, shortly before<a href=""> the Boxer Rebellion​</a> <br></li><li>She had five siblings: Florence E. MacDougall, Mrs. C. G. Stairs, Kenneth MacDougall, J. Lorne MacDougall, and Baldwin C. MacDougall. </li><li>On 21 Sep. 1921, Christina gave “a most instructive and inspiring address" to the St. Andrew's church Women's Missionary Society. </li><li>On 21 Jul. 1925, a letter from Christina MacDougall was read by her sister during a meeting of the ladies of the Presbyterian Unionist Group. (<em>The Northern Advance</em>, Barrie, 23 Jul. 1925, p8.)</li><li>Christina went on to various mission posts in Sudbury, Copper Cliff, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Glace Bay, and Winnipeg. In 1939, the year of her father's death, she was at St. Colomba's Mission in Montreal. If you can shed any light on her life,<a href=""> please contact​ us.</a><br></li><li>She retired from active work in 1954 and lived with her sister in Barrie until her death in 1959. She is buried at Barrie Union Cemetery.</li></ul><p><strong>Simcoe County Archives Education Holdings</strong></p><p>The Simcoe County Archives holds the following County of Simcoe Corporate records </p><ul><li>Education Committee minutes and reports from 1855, 1914-1968</li><li>Special Education Committee minutes from 1969</li><li>Health, Environment and Education Committee records from 1980-1984</li><li>Children's Services and Education Committee reports and minutes from 1985-1990</li></ul><p>In addition, the Archives holds the historic records of the Simcoe County District School Board (but not individual student records), school attendance registers (closed to the public for 90 years from creation), and photographs of some, but not all, schools and classes. </p><p>To find out more about education in the County of Simcoe, come visit us at <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=29b72580-d0a2-4486-8de8-5fa6678e2631">the Archives </a><br></p><p><strong>Works Consulted</strong></p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Puyi," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Qing Dynasty," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified January 19, 2018. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Warlord," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Yuan Shikai," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified November 8, 2015. <a href=""></a>. <br></p><p><br> </p><p>​​​<br><br></p><p>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​<span id="__publishingReusableFragment"></span>​<br><br></p>
Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archives 8:26:39 PMDiscover Family History at Simcoe County Archives<p><strong>Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archives</strong></p><p>February 19<sup>th</sup> marks Family Day in the Province of Ontario. To celebrate, the Simcoe County Archives is highlighting a few of the resources we have available to help researchers learn about their family histories. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:260px;" /></a><br><em>988-59 </em><em>Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family, ca. 1880 - 1890. Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em> <br><strong>Census Records</strong></p><p>Canadian census records are an excellent place to begin researching family history. The national census was designed to capture demographic information about persons living in Canada. With some basic facts about your relatives, such as name and place of residence, family historians can use census records to trace families or individuals throughout history. </p><p>Personal Census records for Simcoe County are available for the following years:</p><ul><li>1861</li><li>1871</li><li>1881</li><li>1891</li><li>1901</li><li>1911 </li><li>1921 </li></ul><p style="text-align:left;">Each census is divided by township or municipality, and provides personal details such as name, age, occupation, marital status, birthplace, ethnic origin, and religious affiliation. In the case of the 1861 Census, the type of dwelling is also described. The 1851 personal Census for Rama and Mara Townships is also available, as well as aggregate totals, and limited nominal information from the 1842 Census of the Home District (predating the incorporation of the County of Simcoe). These records are available on microfilm at Simcoe County Archives. Many census records can also be searched using the County's subscription to <a href="">AncestryLibrary</a>.  Access to microfilm and the AncestryLibrary databases are freely available at the Archives. If you are interested in accessing national census records for the entirety of Canada, these are also available through the <a href="">Library and Archives of Canada</a>.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong></strong> <a title="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:280px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>997-39 Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township, ca. 1890-1910 <br>Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><strong>Tax Assessment Rolls</strong></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em> Tax Assessment rolls offer a wealth of information about families and individuals. These records provide the name of the head of each household (and often the names of others entitled to the municipal franchise), the type of occupancy (ownership, tenancy, etc.), age, occupation, religion, a description of the property, the school section into which taxes were paid, assessed property values.  Certain other details including assessed statute labour days for males between the ages of 16 and 60, livestock inventories and the number of family members in particular age groups. Simcoe County Archives holds a comprehensive collection of County Tax Assessment Rolls which covers the period from 1858-1912. Many municipalities have also deposited Tax Assessment Rolls with the Archives.  </p><p>Unlike census records and most Vital Statistics, Tax Assessment Rolls are not accessible through online services.  These records are available as hard copies or on microfilm at Simcoe County Archives. </p><p><strong></strong> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em><a title="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:584px;" /></a> <br><em>  966-1 Simcoe County Council Members,1915, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><strong>County and Municipal Records</strong></p><p>Municipal records are often overlooked as sources of genealogical information.  While they won't necessarily indicate place of birth or marital status, they can nevertheless provide insight into the lives of individuals and families. If a family member was involved in local politics, one may well find their name listed within Council Minutes or By-laws. If they participated in local committees or served on any boards, their activities will have been noted in meeting Minutes. Petitions are yet another source of genealogical information available through municipal records. If a relative signed a petition to establish a local school, for instance, it would provide evidence of their place of residence and activities within the community.</p><p>These are a few examples of how the records of local governments can provide insight into family history. SCA holds municipal records for the County of Simcoe, more than 40 lower-tier municipalities that they have governed, or are currently governing, as well as records from the City of Barrie. These records date back to the nineteenth century, and capture an incredible amount of information about the County and those living it.  </p><p><strong>Other resources</strong></p><p>The resources noted above are a small sample of the records available to help researchers discover their family history in Simcoe County. Other popular resources include:</p><ul><li>Directories</li><li>Patent books for the County of Simcoe and Muskoka </li><li>Cemetery Studies</li><li>Newspapers</li><li>School and Church Records</li></ul><p>Information regarding these resources and more can be found in our <a title="A Guide to Genealogical Research" href="/Archives/Documents/Guide%20to%20Genealogy%20at%20the%20Simcoe%20County%20Archives.pdf"><em>A Guide to Genealogical Research</em></a>. SCA staff are also always happy to help visitors to the Archives. </p><p> </p>
Celebrating 175 Years of Incorporation: The County of Simcoe, 1843-2018 8:57:50 PMCelebrating 175 Years of Incorporation: The County of Simcoe, 1843-2018<p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em></em></span>While Simcoe was recognized as a distinct County within Upper Canada as early as 1798, it primarily existed on paper for military purposes.  More definite boundaries were laid down in 1821, by which time most of the townships had been surveyed.  Between 1837 and 1841 several acts were passed by the Legislature of Upper Canada which set apart Simcoe District. These acts named the townships that the County would encompass and authorized the levying of taxes for the purpose of constructing a jail and court house.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em><a title="Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Goal%20Hill%20Former%20Registry%20Office%20in%20the%20forground,%20Mulcaster%20and%20Worsley,%20pre-1877_x1080.jpg"><img alt="Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Goal%20Hill%20Former%20Registry%20Office%20in%20the%20forground,%20Mulcaster%20and%20Worsley,%20pre-1877_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>968-40 </em><em>Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground, Livingstone Collection; Copyright:  Public Domain​</em></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em></em></span> </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em></em></span>On January 11, 1843, the jail and court house having been duly erected, the Governor General proclaimed the County of Simcoe to be a separate and distinct District.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Canada_Gazette_1843-01-14_x1080.jpg"><img alt="The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Canada_Gazette_1843-01-14_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843, page 582; Copyright: Public Domain</em></span><em> </em></p><p><br>The Province of Canada appointed officers to the positions of:</p><ul><li>Judge (<a title="Letter from James R. Gowan to Sir John A. Macdonald, January 1891" href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Happy-Birthday-Sir-John-A-Macdonald.aspx">James R. Gowan</a>)</li><li>Sheriff (Benjamin W. Smith)</li><li>Clerk of the Court (Jonathan Lane)</li><li>Clerk of the Peace (William B. McVity)</li><li>Jailer (Moses Hayter)</li></ul><p>The Governor General, Sir Charles Bagot, appointed Jacob Aemilius Irving the first <a title="History of the Wardens of Simcoe County" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=5df6ba7f-2cfa-44fd-aab4-1bf8c0227f89">Warden</a> of the District. Irving (1797-1856) was a former Lieutenant in the British Army and fought with the 13<sup>th</sup> Light Dragoons at Waterloo.  He immigrated to Canada in 1834, settled near Newmarket in 1839, and became a Justice of the Peace.  As well as being appointed District Warden in 1843, Irving was elected a member of the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2000-39%20J%20A%20Irving%20Original%20Commission_x1080.jpg"><img alt="2000-39 Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2000-39%20J%20A%20Irving%20Original%20Commission_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2000-39 Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843; Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</em></p><p><br>Elected members of the first District Council were:  </p><ul><li>James Adam, Oro Township</li><li>William Armson, West Gwillimbury Township </li><li>John Carswell, Tecumseth Township</li><li>James Dallas, North and South Orillia Township </li><li>John Garbutt, West Gwillimbury Township </li><li>Robert Jeffs, Tiny Township</li><li>Henry McCullough, Adjala Township</li><li>Henry Morris, Essa Township </li><li>Robert Ross, Vespra Township </li><li>George Snell, Mono Township </li><li>Edward A. Walker, Vespra Township </li><li>Alfred Wilson, Innisfil Township </li><li>George Wilson, Medonte & Flos Township </li></ul><p>Several of Simcoe's townships were united for administrative purposes only to be separated later once their populations increased. These townships then elected distinct local councils.  At that time the District Council met only three times a year. The first meeting was held at the Court House, in Barrie, on February 14, 1843.</p><p style="text-align:center;">  <a title="Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Original%20Simcoe%20County%20Court%20House%20c1868%20(constructed%201843)x1080.jpg"><img alt="Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Original%20Simcoe%20County%20Court%20House%20c1868%20(constructed%201843)x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>968-40 Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868, Livingstone Collection; Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p>The Council's first order of business was to formulate the By-Laws and Regulations necessary for the governance of the Council.  Following the adoption of the Rules and Regulations, Council moved to nominate three persons, one of whom the Governor General would select to fill the role of District Clerk.   Standing Committees were struck to consider matters pertaining to Roads and Bridges; Finance and Assessment; Education; and Contingencies.  One of the first petitions addressed to the Council was from Thomas West and others, asking for a division of School District No. 4, West Gwillimbury Township.  </p><div style="text-align:center;"><a title="Petition to Simcoe District Council regrading S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/995-3%20Petition%20for%20School%201843_x1080.jpg"><img alt="Petition to Simcoe District Council regrading S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/995-3%20Petition%20for%20School%201843_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </div><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>995-03 Petition to Simcoe District Council regarding S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury; Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</em></span><em> </em></p><p><br>Wondering what else happened at Council? Minutes of meetings held between 1846 and 1952 have been digitized and can be accessed <a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311">here</a>.</p><p>Following the passing of the Municipal Corporations Act, better known as the Baldwin Act, in 1849, the Province did away with Districts and established the County system of municipal government.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em> </p>
County of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries 8:10:57 PMCounty of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries<p>October is Canadian Library Month, and in celebration the Simcoe County Archives is looking at a few of the earlier public libraries to be established in the County; Carnegie Libraries. </p><p>Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish businessman and philanthropist with a strong interest in and commitment to freely available public education. The Carnegie Foundation provided grants to help communities build public libraries. In Ontario, 111 libraries were built with the aid of Carnegie grants, with an additional 14 libraries built across Canada. Five Carnegie libraries were built in the county of Simcoe; one each in Collingwood, Midland, Penetanguishene, Barrie, and Orillia.</p><p><strong>Carnegie Libraries in Simcoe County</strong></p><p><strong>Collingwood Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>One of the earliest Simcoe County communities to be awarded funding from the Carnegie Foundation was the town of Collingwood. A grant for the construction of a public library was issued on August 16, 1902. The original building for the Collingwood Public Library, pictured below, was designed by W. & W. Stewart. This building was unfortunately destroyed in a fire in 1963. </p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Collingwood Public Library, ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" alt="Postcard of Collingwood Public Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring the Public Library, Collingwood, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Penetanguishene Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation awarded a grant of $13 000 for the construction of a public library in Penetanguishene on December 13, 1907. The building was designed by architect Charles P. Baird. It is no longer used as a library. <br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%201080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Library ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%20480.jpg" alt="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Carnegie Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring The Carnegie Library, Penetanguishene, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain.</span></p><p><strong>Orillia Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The City of Orillia received funds to construct their public library on April 10, 1909. The library was designed by a Mr. Crocker. </p><p><strong>Midland Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation issued a $12 500 grant to the Town of Midland for the purposes of constructing a public library on March 21, 1910. The library was opened for public use in 1915. </p><p><strong>Barrie Public Library</strong></p><p>The City of Barrie received funds from the Carnegie Foundation on July 23, 1914. The original Barrie Public Library was built by Chapman & McGuffin and was located at 37 Mulcaster Street in downtown Barrie. The downtown branch of the Barrie Public Library has since relocated to a building on Worsley Street, however the Carnegie building is now home to the <strong>MacLaren Art Centre</strong>. </p><p><strong> </strong><span style="font-size:1em;">While many of the original Carnegie Library buildings in the County of Simcoe are no longer in use, the public libraries they helped to establish continue to flourish.</span></p><p>Simcoe County hosts multiple library systems across 18 distinct municipalities. In addition, the <a href="/dpt/lib/about">County of Simcoe Library Cooperative</a> operates to support and enhance public library services within the County. </p><p><strong>Works consulted:</strong></p><p>Libraries. <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Retrieved from <a href=""></a></p><p>Carnegie Libraries. <em>Ontario Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport</em>. <a href=""></a> </p><p>Library History. <em>Midland Public Library</em>. Retrieved from <a href=""></a> </p><p><br></p><p><br></p>
Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling 7:48:21 PMMrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling<p>There has been considerable buzz lately about butter tarts.  The sweet treat is, apparently, a uniquely Canadian one.  Their popularity has launched several festivals, including the local <a title="Best Butter Tart Festival" href="">Best Butter Tart Festival</a> in Midland.  The earliest-known published recipe for butter tarts has been traced back to Simcoe County and, specifically, to the cookbook published by the <a title="Royal Victoria Hospital Auxiliary" href="">Women's Auxiliary</a> of Royal Victoria Hospital in 1900.</p><p>A small hospital had been established in Barrie during the 1850s but a larger facility was needed to serve the needs of the growing town.  In June 1897 the Barrie General Hospital was opened on High Street, just to the north of what is now Dunlop Street.  The 13-bed facility was shortly thereafter renamed <a title="Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre" href="">Royal Victoria Hospital</a> to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:546px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">977-08 Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary's desire to raise funds to purchase “the many comforts necessary to aid the sick and suffering while they are patients in our Hospital, compelled [them] to devise ways and means to procure this money,"<sup>1</sup> including selling a printed cookbook.  The recipes had been contributed by ladies in the community and were deliberately chosen to be used by the ordinary housekeeper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:424px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 </em><em>Royal Victoria Cook Book p</em><em>g. 1, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Included on page 88, within the section entitled “Pies," was a simple, two-line recipe for making a “Filling for Tarts."</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:607px;" /></a></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 Royal Victoria Cook Book, pg. 88-89, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p>Only the barest of details were included with the recipe as it was likely expected that cooks would use the preceding recipe to make plain pastry, and would already know how hot their oven needed to be and for how long to bake the tarts (oftentimes stated as: “until done").</p><p>So now we know about the origins of the butter tart recipe, but who was Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod?  </p><p>The 1901 Canadian Census of Barrie included a Malcolm MacLeod family living at 12 Toronto Street, not far from the hospital.  Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod's first name was Mary and, according to the information recorded by the enumerator, she was born in rural Ontario on December 15, 1855.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Extract from the Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A." href=""><img alt="Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1901_MacLeod_Malcolm_Census.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:550px;" /></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Extract from the </em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" id="ms-rterangepaste-start"></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 in Barrie Town, pg. 1</em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>, Copyright: Public Domain </em></span></p><p>Further research found that Mary MacLeod died in Toronto on April 19, 1915, and an obituary was published on page 5, in the April 22, 1915 edition of The Northern Advance newspaper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x1080t.jpg"><img alt="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x480t.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:365px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">The Northern Advance, April 22, 1915, pg. 5, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>So, there you have it.  We can thank Mary Ethel (Cowie) MacLeod (ca 1855-1915) for contributing her recipe for butter tart filling to the <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book.</em></p><p><em></em> </p><p><em>References:</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital, preface to <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book</em>, compiled by The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital (Barrie:  S. Wesley, 1900), 5.</p>
The Munster Map 3:54:32 PMThe Munster Map<p>At the Archives we work to collect, preserve, and make accessible records that reflect the history of Simcoe County – but that doesn't mean that all of our materials originate here. One of the most intriguing records maintained by the Archives is a 16<sup>th</sup> century, European-made map of the American continents. </p><p>Officially entitled “<em>Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant</em>," but often referred to as “The Münster Map" by SCA staff, the map was created by German cartographer Sebastian Münster (1488-1552). It is considered one of the earliest European depictions of the Americas. </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Sebastian Munster's map: Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Tabula%20Novarum%201080.jpg"><img alt="Sebastian Munster's map: Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Tabula%20Novarum%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant</em> <em>976-63, from the Norman D. Clarke Collection. Copyright Simcoe County Archives.</em></span></p><p>The Münster map was first printed in Ptolemy's <em>Geographica</em> in 1540, and later included in a very popular German-language atlas entitled <em>Cosmographia</em>, published in 1544.The map was created during a period in European history that has been dubbed the Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration. This period spanned from approximately the mid-15<sup>th</sup> to mid-16<sup>th</sup> century. Spurred by increased demand for imported goods and materials from Asia, many European nations were seeking faster, alternate trade routes to the east. For a time it is was believed that a western route across the Atlantic Ocean could be established. The exploratory voyage of Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan from 1519-1920 went a significance distance to dispelling the belief that a direct route across the Atlantic was possible. Magellan's influence is clear on the Münster Map: Not only does it feature Magellan's Strait, but Münster also included an illustration of Magellan's ship the <em>Victoria</em>. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Magellan's ship the Victoria" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Victoria%201080.jpg"><img alt="Magellan's ship the Victoria" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Victoria%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:370px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><font color="#666666">976-63, from the Norman D. Clarke Collection. Copyright Simcoe County Archives.</font></em></p><p>Another notable feature of the map is the inclusion of the false Sea of Verrazzano. The Sea of Verrazzano was believed by European cartographers, at one point, to be a navigable Northwestern passage to Asia. By the time Münster set out to create his map, Europeans had a slightly better grasp on the size and magnitude of the American continents - although the myth of the false sea persisted. </p><p>The Münster map was donated to the Simcoe County Archives by Norman Dwight Clarke (1893-1977) in 1976. It is now part of the cartographic series in the Norman D. Clarke Collection. </p><p> </p><p>Works consulted</p><ul><li>Schwartz, Seymour I. (2008). <em>The Mismapping of America. Rochester, NY: </em>University Rochester Press. Pg. 56.</li><li>The Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica. (2017). <em>The Age of Discovery</em>. Retrieved from <a href=""></a> </li></ul><p> </p><p> </p>
Happy Birthday Sir Frederick Banting! 3:01:59 PMHappy Birthday Sir Frederick Banting!<p>Sir Frederick Grant Banting, famous for discovering insulin alongside Charles Best, was born in Essa Township, near Alliston, on November 14<sup>th</sup>, 1891. He was the youngest of six children. Banting spent his formative years on his family's farm, exploring the river banks on the way to and from school in Alliston. </p><p>Banting went first to divinity school at Victoria College in Toronto, before switching to the University of Toronto for medicine in 1912. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="A note of congratulations sent from a comrade in Toronto to Banting in Alliston" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010051%20Postcard%20to%20Fred%20Banting,%201913%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="A note to Frederick Banting from an associate in Toronto dated 1913." src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010051%20Postcard%20to%20Fred%20Banting,%201913%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>A note of congratulations sent from a comrade in Toronto to Banting in Alliston, presumably on passing the first year of medical school, 1913. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></span></p><p>In 1916, at the age of 24, Banting enlisted and went overseas with the Canadian Army Medical Corps. When he received a serious wound in his arm, he was said to have kept working for another twelve hours, despite orders to go back to the field hospital. It is also said that it was recommended to Banting that his arm be amputated, but by treating it himself Banting was able to save it. He was awarded the Military Cross for his devotion to duty. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Frederick Banting in his First World War uniform" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Frederick%20Banting%20in%20Uniform%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh4%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Frederick Banting in his First World War uniform" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Frederick%20Banting%20in%20Uniform%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh4%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:380px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 Frederick Banting in his WWI uniform, courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p>After the war, Banting briefly lived and worked in London Ontario, before returning to Toronto. Having recently read studies on the pancreas, Banting went to work with Charles Best, in J.J.R. Macleod's laboratory at the University of Toronto, Department of Physiology, to isolate the hormone secreted from the pancreas gland, to find if it could be used in the treatment of diabetes. The result was insulin, one of the largest medical advances of the twentieth century. By January of 1922 insulin was ready to be distributed around the world. Banting et al. patented the drug, but gave up their rights to the University of Toronto, which used the proceeds to fund further research. </p><p>Many awards were then bestowed on Banting, including a knighthood and the Nobel Prize (shared with Macleod), the prize money of which Banting shared with his colleague Best. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Medical Heritage Society Medal" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Medical%20Heritage%20Society%20Medal%201%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Medical Heritage Society Medal" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Medical%20Heritage%20Society%20Medal%201%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:222px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 Medical Heritage Society Medal commemorating the discovery. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.  </em>   </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Commemorative Medal" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Commemorative%20Medal%20presented%20at%2020th%20International%20Postgraduate%20Medical%20Conference%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Commemorative Medal" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Commemorative%20Medal%20presented%20at%2020th%20International%20Postgraduate%20Medical%20Conference%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:215px;" /></a>       </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 Commemorative Medal, presented to Dr. Henrietta Banting and one of 25 medals minted. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Banting's pipe" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20One%20of%20Banting%27s%20Pipes%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Banting's pipe" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20One%20of%20Banting%27s%20Pipes%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:263px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>Part of the New Tecumseth Library's collection of pipes belonging to Sir Frederick Banting, now housed at the Simcoe County Archives. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p>Banting was also an avid artist; his art has been displayed many times in the years since his death, demonstrating both Banting's artistic merit as well as how much esteem he was held in nationwide. For instance, in 1943 Toronto's Art Gallery exhibited 200 of Banting's pieces in an exhibition. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="An unidentified sketch amongst the Banting papers" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010052%20Untitled%20Pencil%20Sketch%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="An unidentified sketch amongst the Banting papers" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010052%20Untitled%20Pencil%20Sketch%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 - An unidentified sketch amongst the Banting papers, housed at the Simcoe County Archives. Presumably a sketch by Banting, depicting part of either a medical procedure or medical research. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p>Banting continued his work in medicine into the 1930s. Banting married twice and had one son. At the outbreak of WWII Banting rejoined the army. In 1941 he was called to England, but unfortunately he died on February 24<sup>th</sup>, when his plane crashed shortly after it took off from Newfoundland. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Alliston Herald report on the death of Sir Frederick Banting" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20The%20Alliston%20Herald,%20Thursday,%20February%2027,%201941%20%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh3%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Alliston Herald report death of Sir Frederick Banting" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20The%20Alliston%20Herald,%20Thursday,%20February%2027,%201941%20%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh3%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 Alliston Herald report the death of Sir Frederick Banting. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p>Although Banting's life and work took him all over southern Ontario and the world, his roots are in Simcoe County. Banting's homestead, farmed by his father William Banting, was taken over first by Frederick's brother Thompson Banting, and finally by Thompson's son Edward, who farmed there into the 1990s. You can still visit Banting's birthplace in Essa Township: <a href=""></a> (hyperlink at Banting's birthplace).</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day front cover" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%201-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day front cover" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%201-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:238px;" /></a> <a title="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%202%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%202%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:236px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2001-50 - Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day, November 14th, 1995. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</em></p><p>Banting Memorial High School was opened in 1951, in Alliston where Banting had spent his own early school days. The school opened on April 2, 1951 and a portrait of Banting was unveiled there, in the presence of Charles Best, in December of the same year. </p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Official Program for the opening of Banting Memorial High School" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/984-8%20Banting%20Memorial%20High%20School%20Opening%20Program%20E4%20B3%20R1B%20S8%20Sh1%20-%201080.jpg"><img alt="Official Program for the opening of Banting Memorial High School" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/984-8%20Banting%20Memorial%20High%20School%20Opening%20Program%20E4%20B3%20R1B%20S8%20Sh1%20-%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>984-8 Official Program for the opening of Banting Memorial High School.</em> </p><p>The majority of the Banting material at the Simcoe County Archives is stored here by the New Tecumseth Public Library, who have gathered together an impressive collection. To see more about Banting, especially his early life, see this exhibit put together by the New Tecumseth Public Library: <a href=""></a> (hyperlink with second half of last sentence).</p><p> </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>References</strong></span></p><ul><li>“Banting marks 60<sup>th</sup> year." <em>Alliston Herald</em>, Metroland Media, 25 Apr. 2011. <a href=""></a>. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017. <br></li><li>Banting Memorial High School. “Banting Memorial High School Official Opening Program." The Alliston Press Company, 1951.<br></li><li>New Tecumseth Public Library. <em>Banting Digital Library</em>. <a href=""></a>. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.</li><li>Simcoe County Archives. <em>Sir Frederick Grant Banting</em>. Simcoe County Archives Finding Aid, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>The Banting Legacy. <em>The Banting Legacy</em>. <a href=""></a>.  Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.<br></li><li>"The Discovery of Insulin". <em></em> Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 2 Nov 2017.  <a href=""></a> </li></ul><p><strong></strong> </p>
Labour Day 1:05:01 PMLabour Day<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>In honour of Labour Day, the Simcoe County Archives is spotlighting records from one of the seminal industries to shape the County: Shipbuilding.</p><p><strong>Collingwood Shipyards</strong></p><p>Originally formed in 1883 as Collingwood Dry Dock Shipbuilding and Foundry Company Limited, the company was renamed the Collingwood Shipyards by 1903. Well known for producing some of the highest quality vessels to sail the Great Lakes, the Collingwood Shipyards employed approximately 1300 people at its height between the 1930s – 1940s. Skilled trades and craftsmen included machinists, electricians, fitters, shipwrights, and welders, to name a few.</p><p>The Collingwood Shipyards had a strong union presence with representation from the United Steelworkers of America (Local 6320). This Labour Agreement booklet, dated April 1, 1964 – April 1 1967, outlines some of the key roles the union played in advocating for workers. Issues ranged from compensation and leave, to worker health and safety.</p><p>Simcoe County Archives holds many records related to the operational history of the Collingwood Shipyards, including photographs, blueprints, engineering schematics, and corporate ledgers. These materials are currently on loan from the <a href=""> Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston</a>. </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Collingwood Shipyards Labour Agreement 1967" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2017-72%20Collingwood%20Shipyard%20Labour%20Agreement%201967%20E1%20B3%20R3A%20S7%20Sh4001%20x1080.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Collingwood Shipyards Labour Agreement 1967" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2017-72%20Collingwood%20Shipyard%20Labour%20Agreement%201967%20E1%20B3%20R3A%20S7%20Sh4001%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a></p><p><strong>Midland Engine Works</strong></p><p>The Midland Engine Works was established in 1896 and primarily built gasoline engines and parts for the marine industry. This focus shifted to munitions during the First World War, a period which also saw their labour force jump from around 25 to upwards of 60. </p><p>The undated image below shows workers assembled outside of the Midland Engine Works.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Midland Engine Work Workers - Undated" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/983-33%20Midland%20Engine%20Works%20Workers%20E4%20B4%20R4A%20S9%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Midland Engine Works - Undated" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/983-33%20Midland%20Engine%20Works%20Workers%20E4%20B4%20R4A%20S9%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p>In addition to photographs of the employees of the Midland Engine Works, Simcoe County Archives also holds images of the original grounds and facilities of the company.</p><p>For more information on the history of labour and industry in Simcoe County, check out our <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">online descriptive database</a> or come by the Archives. </p><p>Sources</p><p>"CollShip: 100 Years of Shipbuilding Excellence" supplement to the Collingwood Times, Wasaga Beach Times, and Beaver Valley Review Herald. May 4, 1983.</p><p>"Labour Agreement and Plant Rules" Collingwood Shipyards a division Canadian Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd. April 1, 1964 – April 1, 1967.</p><p>"Midland Engine Works". Midland Rotary Waterfront Trail: Historical Sign Locations. Corporation of the Town of Midland.</p>
Emancipation Day 1:31:14 PMEmancipation Day<p>​</p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>August 1</strong></span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong><sup>st</sup></strong></span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong> is Emancipation Day! </strong></span></p><p>Emancipation Day, long celebrated across the British Commonwealth, commemorates the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>, passed on August 28, 1833, which meant that by August 1<sup>st</sup> 1834 slavery was abolished in the British Empire. It has also been long celebrated in Simcoe County. The Spirit of the Age from July 30<sup>th</sup>, 1862 had the following announcement (partially lost – brackets represent interpolations):</p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p><em>… being the 28</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> Anniversary [of the emanci]pation by England of the</em><em>  </em><em>… slaves, is to be kept by the [pe]ople of this county with more [extraor]dinary signs of rejoicing and thankfulness. They are to meet at Barrie, and among the proceedings of the day have arranged for a religious service, at the conclusion of which a sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Mr. Morgan. In the evening the party will dine together, and afterwards hold a soiree, when several able speakers will address the meeting. The rejoicings are not to be confined to the colored people, but all who feel friendly towards them are desired to join their party. We trust the interesting proceedings will pass off successfully.</em><em><strong>[i]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p>            The road to abolition in Ontario passed through Simcoe County and is reflected in our place. The first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (a pre-cursor to Ontario) John Graves Simcoe was a supporter of the abolitionist movement.  By the 1790s the abolitionist movement had been gaining steam across the British Empire. In March of 1793, Chloe Cooley, enslaved to Sergeant Adam Vrooman, was forcefully restrained by Vrooman as he attempted to take her to New York in order to sell her. Cooley resisted so violently that three men were required to restrain her. Peter Martin, a black Loyalist, and William Grisley, a white employee of Vrooman, testified to the violence done to Chloe Cooley. Public outcry at this event allowed Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe to introduce legislation intended to abolish slavery. The legislature was too invested in slavery at the time to allow for full abolition, but a compromise was reached in <em>An Act to Prevent the further Introduction of Slaves and to limit the Term of Contracts for Servitude</em> or <em>An Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada</em>. On July 9<sup>th</sup> 1793, Simcoe gave Royal Assent to the bill. Click <a href="/Archives/Pages/johngravessimcoe.aspx" title="John Graces Simcoe - Online Exhibit">here</a> to see our online exhibit and learn more about John Graves Simcoe. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%201080%20F2%20B-2.jpg" title="Larger Image of Print of General John Graves Simcoe"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%20480%20F2%20B-2.jpg" alt="967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792” - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printin" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printing Co. 1910</em><br>Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>            The Act did not free any slaves, but prevented the importation of enslaved people into Upper Canada. Children born to current slaves would be free at age 25 and children of that generation would be free at birth. Similar Acts were tabled in Lower Canada and the Atlantic Provinces, but they were never passed, with those areas taking their cue instead from the central British government. </p><p>            One of the most prominent voices for abolitionism in the British Government was <a href="" title="William Wilberforce: BBC">William Wilberforce</a>, who was a politician from 1780-1825. He made his first abolition speech in Parliament in 1789. He introduced many abolitionist bills into the House, but in 1807 <em>An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade</em> or the <em>Slave Trade Act</em> was finally passed. The Act did not free current slaves, but was designed to put an end to the trade in slaves in the British Empire. The bill very much paved the way for the Act of 1833. </p><p>            This series of legislation had an impact on Simcoe County settlement. The outbreak of the <a href="" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - War of 1812">War of 1812</a> caused apprehension among black settlers in Upper Canada, who feared an American victory might bring a return to slavery.  As a result, free blacks, and many escaped slaves, volunteered to fight for the British.  One noted militia unit was <a href="" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - The Coloured Corps of African Canadians and the War of 1812">Captain Runchey's Company</a> for Coloured Men, which saw action at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane, and St. David's.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%201080%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" title="Larger Image of Davy Thompson"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20480%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" alt="2016-25 Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>2016-25 Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863.</em><br>Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>            After the War it was in Upper Canada's interests to start settling the area between York (now Toronto) and Penetanguishene. The access to Georgian Bay and Lake Huron was deemed strategically important, particularly in any further encounters with the Americans. In conjunction with this need, between 1819 and 1831 the government of Upper Canada sponsored black settlement along the west side of Concession II in Oro Township, which was called Wilberforce St. after William Wilberforce. Some of the settlers were War of 1812 veterans. Wilberforce St. was named for William Wilberforce. Oro Township joins places like the village of Wilberforce in Freetown Sierra Leone or Wilberforce University in Ohio in commemorating this voice for the abolition of slavery. Click here (link) to see our online exhibit about the Wilberforce Street settlement. <br></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Barrie%20Northern%20Advance%20April%2015,%201880%20-%20Isaiah%20Henson%20visits%20Barrie%201080.jpg" title="Barrie Northern Advance, 15 Apr. 1880"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Barrie%20Northern%20Advance%20April%2015,%201880%20-%20Isaiah%20Henson%20visits%20Barrie%201080.jpg" alt="Barrie Northern Advance , April 15, 1880 - Isaiah Henson (featured in Uncle Tom's Cabin) on a speaking tour in Barrie." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Barrie Northern Advance , April 15, 1880 - Isaiah Henson (featured in Uncle Tom's Cabin) on a speaking tour in Barrie.<br></em><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">Image Copyright: Public Domain</span><br></p><p>            On August 1<sup>st</sup> 1834, <em>An Act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Colonies; for promoting the Industry of the manumitted Slaves; and for compensating the Persons hitherto entitled to the Services of such Slaves</em> or the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em> of 1833 came into effect across the British Empire. This Act went a long way to making the Canadian provinces a perceived safe haven for refugees fleeing slavery, particularly after 1850, when the United States passed the <em>Fugitive Slave Act</em> of 1850, strengthening a similar 1793 Act, which required the pursuit and capture of enslaved persons anywhere in the United States. This included Northern states, which had long abolished slavery. Monetary compensation for returned slaves also led to the enslavement of a lot of free people. Between 1850 and 1864 black settlement in Canada West (another pre-cursor to Ontario) increased dramatically, as settlers sought the freedom granted by the Slavery Abolition Act.</p><p>             <em>The Story of Oro</em> is a history of Oro Township which relies heavily on oral testimonial from the people of area. It paints this picture of Emancipation Day:</p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p>…<em>Oro negroes celebrated it on August 2</em><em><sup>nd</sup></em><em> and on that anniversary for years to come, a big celebration was held. The negroes paraded on the road playing small instruments and singing plantation songs. There was usually a football game, - the 'blacks' against the 'whites'. The negroes were skilled at hitting the ball with their heads and sending it great distances. Their weak spot was their shins, a fact their opponents kept in mind.</em><em><strong>[ii]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p>            The final statute we refer to here is the Emancipation Day Act (link), passed by the Government of Ontario in 2008. At that time the province officially recognized August 1<sup>st</sup> as Emancipation Day across the province. Emancipation Day has been long celebrated in the Caribbean. Celebrations now overlap with the Caribana Festival in Toronto, which always culminates with festivities on the August long weekend. It is also very close in time to Simcoe Day, which is what we call the Monday of the August long weekend around here and in Toronto, commemorating our first Lieutenant-Governor. Later in the month, August 23<sup>rd</sup> is the International Day of Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>Sources</strong></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">BBC. "William Wilberforce (1759-1833)." </span><em style="font-size:1em;">BBC</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. 2014. </span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;"> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</span></p><p>Emancipation Day Act. <em>Statutes of Ontario, c. 25</em>. Ontario. 2008. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>French, G. E. <em>Men of colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949</em>. Stroud, Ont.: Kaste Books, 1978.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Chloe Cooley and the Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2013. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry. Natasha L. "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Slavery Abolition Act, 1833." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Hull Museum. "William Wilberforce – the man." <em>Hull Museum Collections</em>. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p><em>The Story of Oro</em>. 2<sup>nd</sup> edition. Oro: Oro Historical Committee, 1987. </p><p><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[i] Recorded only in "G.E French. Men of Colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949. Stroud, Ont: Kaste Books, 1978. p. 56-57."</em></span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[ii] p. 9. </em></span><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em><br></em></span></p><p><span style="text-decoration-line:underline;">Images</span>:</p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.</p>