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Archives Blog

Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!



Simcoe County and the Battle of Amiens 3:14:08 PMSimcoe County and the Battle of Amiens<p>The success of the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Vimy Ridge on April 9-12, 1917 has been well documented, celebrated, and <a title="Remembering Vimy blog post" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx">commemorated</a> in Canada.  Details pertaining to the decisive gains made during the Battle of Amiens, which took place August 8-11, 1918, have not been as thoroughly communicated.  For many residents and those with ties to Simcoe County, however, the Battle of Amiens was of greater personal significance.  From data that has been collected at Simcoe County Archives, it is estimated that 34 men with ties to the County lost their lives on August 8, 1918, compared to 28 who died on the first day of the Battle of Vimy Ridge.<sup>1</sup> In total, at least <a title="Simcoe County Honour Roll for the Battle of Amiens" href="/Archives/Documents/Honour_Roll_8-11_August_1918-REV.pdf">60 of our men</a> died during the four days of the Battle of Amiens.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><a title="Department de la Somme, ca 1918; Town of Amiens in centre of map " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/979-38_Department-De-La-Somme-1080W_G-3%20F-1.jpg"><img alt="Map with Town of Amiens at centre, ca 1918" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/979-38_Department-De-La-Somme-1080W_G-3%20F-1.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:519px;" /></a></span></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">979-38</span>     ​<span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">Department de la Somme, ca 1918; Town of Amiens in centre of map     <br>Copyright: Public Domain</span></span></p><h2>So what was the Battle of Amiens?</h2><p>During the late spring and early summer of 1918 Allied commanders had meticulously planned a major offensive to be launched at Amiens in early August.  While the participants were thoroughly trained for the attack, until the last minute they were not made aware of exactly when or where a battle would take place.  This was deliberately done to keep the Germans from suspecting that, east of Amiens, weaknesses had been discovered in their defences.  The Canadian Corps was seeking revenge for the sinking of the <em>Llandovery Castle</em> that June<sup>2</sup> and they found it when the attack was launched at Amiens on August 8, 1918.  </p><p>On that opening day of battle the Allies, consisting of Australian, British, Canadian, and French forces advanced an astonishing 13 kilometres, barging through lines that had held relatively stagnant for nearly 4 years.  The offensive, supported by tanks, cavalry, armoured cars, and the Royal Air Force, took the depleted German Army by surprise.  General Erich Ludendorff later described August 8, 1918 as “the black day of the German Army," and marked the beginning of the last 100 days of the First World War.  Fewer gains were made during the rest of the battle and major offensive operations were halted on August 11, 1918.  But the Battle of Amiens was the first significant breakthrough in what had been a long and costly war of attrition.</p><h2>In memoriam</h2><p>One of the soldiers who died at the Battle of Amiens, was William Kennedy, a son of John and Margaret Kennedy.  He was born in Penetanguishene in February 1896, and enlisted with the 157<sup>th</sup> Overseas Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force.  On October 17, 1916, Kennedy embarked from Halifax to England aboard S.S. <em>Cameronia</em>.  After arriving in England he was transferred to the 116<sup>th</sup> Battalion, C.E.F.  Kennedy died on August 8, 1918 and was buried in the Hourges Orchard Cemetery, Donart-sur-La-Loce, France.  His name is engraved on the Tay side of the Waverley War Memorial.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><a title="Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Waverley_Memorial-East-full-1080.jpg"><img alt="Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Waverley_Memorial-East-full-1080.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:363px;" /></a></span></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;">SCA Photograph Collection     Waverley Soldiers' Memorial shown from the East, 2018     <br>Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</span></span></p><h3>Notes</h3><p><sup>1</sup>Compiling a complete list of Simcoe County's war dead is exceedingly difficult because the official Attestation Papers more frequently asked for place of birth than place of residence.  Furthermore, the two Overseas Battalions which were raised in Simcoe County, the 157<sup>th</sup> and 177<sup>th</sup>, were broken up in England in order to provide reinforcements for units already in action.  No County of Simcoe Honour Roll was created immediately following the First World War, and each of the smaller communities throughout the county used their own criteria for determining honour rolls and/or memorials.</p><p><sup>2</sup>The <em>HMHS Llandovery Castle</em> was a Canadian Hospital Ship that had brought Canadian casualties back to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in early June 1918, and was making the return journey back to England.  On June 27, as the <em>Llandovery Castle</em> – clearly marked as a hospital ship – approached the coast of Ireland, it was deliberately torpedoed by a German submarine.  When news of the sinking was circulated Simcoe County mourned three of its own:  Nursing Sister Mae Bell Sampson, Private George Edward Nash, and Private Victor Sanders.  Sampson, a graduate nurse with the Canadian Army Medical Corps, was born in Nottawasaga Township, while both Nash, a resident of Midland, and Sanders, of Penetanguishene, had enlisted with the 157<sup>th</sup> Battalion C.E.F. in early 1916.</p>
Early Railways in Simcoe County 5:42:46 PMEarly Railways in Simcoe County<p>The arrival of the railways in Simcoe County connected the County to the rest of Canada, socially, economically and politically. It allowed for townspeople to trade information and goods at speeds never seen before.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/1080w%20Scrap%20book,%20page%201%201201-%20LAST%20ENGINE%20BUIET%20BY%20CPR%20JUNE%201944%20E6%20B6%20R4B%20S9%20SH2.jpg"><img alt="Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/480w%20%20981-99%20%20%20%20%20Scrap%20book,%20page%201,%201201-%20LAST%20ENGINE%20BUIET%20BY%20CPR%20JUNE%201944%20E6%20B6%20R4B%20S9%20SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>981-99      Norbert Moran's Scrapbook, 1944    Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</em></p><p> The first rails to be built in the area belonged to the Ontario, Simcoe and Huron Railway (1849), Toronto, Simcoe and Muskoka Junction Railway (1872), North Simcoe Railway (1878) and Hamilton and North Western Railway (1879) all of which either soon became or already were a part of the Northern Railway by the 1880s. After them came the Midland Railway of Canada (1879), Grand Trunk Railway (1911) which merged into the Canadian National Railway in 1923, and Georgian Bay and Seaboard Railway, which was owned by the Canadian Pacific Railroad (1912). Along these rails sprung up beautiful feats of architecture and from these railroads came a new way of life, new economic growth and a new committee of County Council.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-94%201080w%20E2-B4-3b-3-1.jpg"><img alt="Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-94%20480w%20E2-B4-3b-3-1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em>979-94     Michael J. Polly Conductor GTR and CNR, Taken at Collingwood Station, 1945     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2> Allandale Station</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Allandale Station ca. 1900 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/991-29%201080w%20E10%20B1%20R3B%20S1%20SH3%20NEG%201131%20NEG%201008.jpg"><img alt="Allandale Station ca. 1900 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/991-29%20480w%20E10%20B1%20R3B%20S1%20SH3%20NEG%201131%20NEG%201008.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>991-29    Allandale Station ca. 1900     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;">The </span><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;">Ontario Simcoe and Huron Railway rolled into Allandale in the mid-1850s,</span><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" style="line-height:107%;font-size:1em;"> only to change its name to the Northern Railway of Canada in 1859. In 1890, the first of three buildings at Allandale station was constructed.</span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-4" id="ms-rterangepaste-end"></span> The train station served as an economic hub for the region, exporting goods from surrounding areas like Beeton and Kempenfelt Bay, along with bringing in the first real wave of cottagers to kick start Simcoe County's tourism industry. </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Six women picnicking ca. 1890" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/983-16%201080w%20E57-B1-R4A-S9-SH2%20COPY%20NEG832.jpg"><img alt="Six women picnicking ca. 1890" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/983-16%20480w%20E57-B1-R4A-S9-SH2%20COPY%20NEG832.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>983-16     </em><em>Six women picnicking ca. 1890     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Gidley Collection, ca. 1909 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-4%201080w%20Gidley%20Collection%20NEG%20504%20E15%20B3%20R4A%20S9%20SH3.jpg"><img alt="Gidley Collection, ca. 1909 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-4%20480w%20Gidley%20Collection%20NEG%20504%20E15%20B3%20R4A%20S9%20SH3.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><em><br>984-04     Gidley Collection, ca. 1909     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>While there were many stations along the rail lines within the County, Allandale served as the main attraction, with its fashionable Italianate Villa architecture that survives as a beauty to this day. The station was closed in the 1980's due to diminished rail services. It has since been named a Historic Site by the <a title="Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada" href="">Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada</a>.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-124%201080w%20Allendale%20Railway%20Station%201905%20View%20looking%20east.jpg"><img alt="Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-124%20480w%20Allendale%20Railway%20Station%201905%20View%20looking%20east.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>997-124     Allandale Railway Station looking East, 1905     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>As of 2018, the Allandale Train Station and its surrounding lands have been the site of a Stage 4 <a title="City of Barrie, Allandale Train Station lands page" href="">archeaological study</a> launched by the City of Barrie, in consultation with representatives for <span lang="EN-US">Huron-Wendat and various Williams Treaty First Nations communities. The study was undertaken to determine the archeological significance of the site, following the discovery of human remains and a potential burial ground.</span></p><h2>Midhurst </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Midhurst Station, 1978 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1080w%20Scrap%20book,%20page%203%20E6%20B6%204B%20S9%20SH2.jpg"><img alt="Midhurst Station, 1978 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/480w%20981-99%20Scrap%20book,%20page%203%20E6%20B6%204B%20S9%20SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>981-99     Norbert Moran’s Scrapbook, Midhurst Train Station, 1978   <br></em><em>Copyright: Simcoe County Archive</em></p><p>Midhurst station was opened by the Canadian Pacific Railroad. King George VI and Queen Elizabeth passed through Midhurst on their royal tour across Canada in 1939. Rumor had spread that the King and Queen would stop in Midhurst and 25,000 people waited in attendance to welcome them. Children from miles around had been transported there to meet them, Mr. Henry Lay, brother-in-law to then Prime Minister Mackenzie King, was planning to present the Queen with flowers and welcome her to the village. The train did not even stop but carried on at 60 miles an hour. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-08%201080w%20Royal%20Visit%20at%20Midhurst%20Train%20Station%201939%20B3-R5B-S1-SH3.jpg"><img alt="Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-08%20480w%20Royal%20Visit%20at%20Midhurst%20Train%20Station%201939%20B3-R5B-S1-SH3.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2018-08     Royal Visit at Midhurst Train Station, 1939      Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2>Collingwood </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920 " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-47%201080w%20E7-B3-R4A-S5-SH2.jpg"><img alt="Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-47%20480w%20E7-B3-R4A-S5-SH2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>999-47     Railway Station, Collingwood, ca. 1920     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>Part of the Meaford Subdivision, the Collingwood Terminal was at the heart of industrial activity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It served as a representative of two forces of industry; agriculture and shipbuilding. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title=" H.M.C.S. Collingwood, July 27, 1940" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/978-45%201080w%20H.M.C.S.%20Collingwood%20July%2037,%201940.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/978-45%20480w%20H.M.C.S.%20Collingwood%20July%2037,%201940.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a><em><br>978-45     H.M.C.S. Collingwood, July 27, 1940     Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>The Northern Railway terminus is also home to massive grain elevators, 100 feet high and 22-feet in diameter and capable of housing two million bushels of grain. The Collingwood Town saw the need for the elevators in 1899 but construction was continually postponed due to low water levels. The grain elevators were finally completed and opened one month before the stock market crashed in 1929. The terminal was also home to a successful ship yard, which began at a small scale in the 1850s but eventually grew into the Collingwood Shipbuilding Company in 1900, ushering in the age of steel hull construction that occurred in Georgian Bay.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Collingwood Station, May 12 1912" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/974-92%201080w%20ENC%201%20E1%20B6%20R4A%20S5%20SH1%20NEG223%20238.jpg"><img alt="Collingwood Station, May 12 1912" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/974-92%20480w%20ENC%201%20E1-B6-R4A-S5-SH1%20NEG223%20238.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br>    974-92     Collingwood Station, May 12 1912       Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em>Between the shipyard, the grain elevators and the train station, the Terminal served as the industrial hub. The terminal only closed its gates in 1993 after 64 years of operation. </p><h2>Simcoe County Council </h2><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Probably at Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/988-46%201080w%20Probably%20at%20Allandale%20Station%20Shay%20Locomotive%2050%20E11%20B7%20R4A%20S1%20Sh5.jpg"><img alt="Probably at Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/988-46%20480wProbably%20at%20Allandale%20Station%20Shay%20Locomotive%2050%20E11%20B7%20R4A%20S1%20Sh5.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em>988-46     Likely Allandale Station Shay Locomotive, 1923     </em><br><em>Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"> The importance of the railroads is reflected in the Simcoe County Council minutes held at the Simcoe County Archives. Issues and interests related to railways were represented by a designated committee of council. The Railways Committee was established in the late 1800s. It was later changed to the Railways and Canals Committee. One of the responsibilities of the committee was ensuring the safety of civilians. We can see the committee's interests in protecting the well-being of civilians in the minutes gathered from 1876-1899 and 1903-1944. In those minutes we find several accounts related to unsafe rail crossings. In one account in 1882, because the crossing at Allandale was deemed unsafe, the committee decreed that a man with a flag would stand by the crossing until modifications could be made to make it safer. Hopefully, they paid him well. Another account in 1880 was concerned that the railway companies failed to put up proper fences along the railway. As a result of improper fencing, large quantities of livestock were dying on a daily bases due to being hit by the trains with no compensation for the farmers. With the council's assistance through strong recommendations sent to the railway companies, the fences were put in place by the railroads in the interests of local farmers. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/987-22%201080w%20Mileage%2011.8%20Huntsville%20Sub.%20Protected%20by%20Old%20Style%20Board%20Fence.jpg"><img alt="Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/987-22%20480w%20Mileage%2011.8%20Huntsville%20Sub.%20Protected%20by%20Old%20Style%20Board%20Fence.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:352px;" /></a><br>987-22     Mileage 11.8 Huntsville Sub. Protected by Old Style Board Fence, 1943          Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>At the midpoint of the nineteenth century, the railways came to the County of Simcoe and with them came beautiful feats of architecture, each with an unique history. It brought an industrial boom, tourism, royalty, and connected us to the rest of Canada in a way we hadn’t been before. It also brought forth a committee dedicated to the protection of regular people and their livelihoods.   </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span>By Samantha Mills, Student Archives Assistant<br>Posted: 2018/06/01</span></p><p><strong></strong> </p><p><strong>Works Consulted</strong></p><ul><li>“Allandale CNR Station." <em>Canada's Historic Places: A Federal, Provincial and Territorial Collaboration. </em>December 15, 2000. <a href=""></a></li><li>“Allandale Station Lands." <em>The City of Barrie. </em>June 1, 2018. <a href=""></a></li><li>“Allandale Train Station." <em>Urbex Barrie. </em>September 12, 2007. <a href=""></a></li><li> “Collingwood Terminals." <em>Collingwood Living. </em>January 2018. <em> </em><a href=""></a></li><li>“Collingwood Terminals." <em>Town of Collingwood. </em>2017. <a href=""></a></li><li>Jackson, Kenneth. “Buried Souls: How Ontario bulldozed through a rare Huron-Wendat burial site in Barrie." National News, March 9, 2016. <a href=""></a> </li><li><em>Minutes of the Country of Simcoe Municipal Council from 1879-82. </em>(County of Simcoe, 1879-82), 24, 38. </li><li>Recollection: Midhurst History-Royal Visit, 1939, Alan Johnston, Simcoe County Archives. </li><li>Timmerman, Hugh. “Station Hill Station- Research and Discovery." <em>Municipality of Meaford. </em>June 2012. <a href=""></a> </li><li>Wilmot, Elizabeth A. <em>Faces and Places Along the Railway. </em>Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal: Gage Publishing Limited, 1979. </li><li>Wilson, Ian. <em>Steam at Allandale. </em>Orillia: Canadian Branchline Miniatures, 1998. </li></ul><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000"></font></span></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><span style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:11pt;"><font color="#000000"></font></span></em> </p>
Local Food Week in Ontario 7:19:32 PMLocal Food Week in Ontario<p>Happy Local Food Week!  Simcoe County's residents and visitors have been enjoying the <a href="">local bounty</a> for a very long time.  The Simcoe County Archives' blog post this month provides an historical glimpse into some of the food that has been grown and/or harvested here.</p><p>There is archaeological evidence in Simcoe County that members of unknown Indigenous communities strategically sank wooden stakes into the waterbed of the Narrows between Lakes Couchiching and Simcoe more than 5,000 calendar years ago.  In the centuries immediately prior to the arrival of Europeans in 1650, members of the Huron-Wendat used the existing weirs, and added more to them.  The <a title="The secrets of the Mnjikaning Fish Weirs" href="">Mnjikaning Fish Weirs</a> is now a national historic site.</p><p>More recently, residents and visitors have fished from shores, docks, watercraft, and through the ice of the county's many bodies of water.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%201080%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg"><img alt="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%20480%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>978-23 – </em><span lang="EN"><em>Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier </em></span><em>– Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Starting in the early to mid 1800s, European settlers cleared the lands, planted a variety of crops and fruit trees, including onions and apples, and then sold the harvest at local town <a title="Simcoe County Farmers Market " href="">markets</a>.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%201080.jpg"><img alt="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>986-50 – Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%201080w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg"><img alt="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%20480w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>979-76 – Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"><a title="Village of Beeton History" href="">Beeton</a> was so named when the community was granted a post office.  Postmaster David A. Jones was also a prominent beekeeper and publisher of The Canadian Bee Journal.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="The Canadian Bee Journal " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%201080w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="The Canadian Bee Journal " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%20480w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>971-03 – The Canadian Bee Journal – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Indigenous residents of Simcoe County taught European settlers how to gather sap from sugar maple trees and boil it down to a sweet syrup.  In 1849, more than 160,000 lbs (72,574 kg) of <a title="Simcoe County Maple Syrup Producers " href="">maple sugar</a> was produced in Simcoe County.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%201080w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg"><img alt="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%20480w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2016-25 – Gathering sap in Medonte Township – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">In the 1920s, the <a title="Town of BWG History" href="">Holland Marsh</a> was drained to form a large area or fertile land suitable for the growing of a wide variety of vegetables destined for Ontario and foreign markets. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%201080w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%20480w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2008-56 – Potato picking in the Holland Marsh – Copyright:  Federal Farms Limited, used with permission</em></p><p><a title="Simcoe County Council" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1b94985b-ce61-4029-bd89-5b96d8ad74f6">Simcoe County Council</a> struck an Agriculture Committee in 1928 and it continued under various names until the 1980s, when its mandate was assumed by the Environmental Service Committee.  During the Second World War, the Council also created an Agricultural War Production Committee.  The aim of both committees was to promote the development and implementation of systems for agricultural improvements and sustainability in Simcoe County.  Minutes and reports for the historic committees of Simcoe County Council are available at the Archives.  You can search <a href="">here</a> for descriptions of the records.</p><p>Bon Appetit!</p>
Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling 7:48:21 PMMrs. Malcolm MacLeod and her recipe for butter tart filling<p>There has been considerable buzz lately about butter tarts.  The sweet treat is, apparently, a uniquely Canadian one.  Their popularity has launched several festivals, including the local <a title="Best Butter Tart Festival" href="">Best Butter Tart Festival</a> in Midland.  The earliest-known published recipe for butter tarts has been traced back to Simcoe County and, specifically, to the cookbook published by the <a title="Royal Victoria Hospital Auxiliary" href="">Women's Auxiliary</a> of Royal Victoria Hospital in 1900.</p><p>A small hospital had been established in Barrie during the 1850s but a larger facility was needed to serve the needs of the growing town.  In June 1897 the Barrie General Hospital was opened on High Street, just to the north of what is now Dunlop Street.  The 13-bed facility was shortly thereafter renamed <a title="Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre" href="">Royal Victoria Hospital</a> to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/977-08%20RVH%20Barrie%201897%20E2%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:546px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">977-08 Opening of the Royal Victoria Hospital, 1897, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary's desire to raise funds to purchase “the many comforts necessary to aid the sick and suffering while they are patients in our Hospital, compelled [them] to devise ways and means to procure this money,"<sup>1</sup> including selling a printed cookbook.  The recipes had been contributed by ladies in the community and were deliberately chosen to be used by the ordinary housekeeper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book page one" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%201%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:424px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 </em><em>Royal Victoria Cook Book p</em><em>g. 1, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Included on page 88, within the section entitled “Pies," was a simple, two-line recipe for making a “Filling for Tarts."</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><a title="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Royal Victoria Cook Book, pages 88 and 89" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/974-97%20Royal%20Victoria%20cook%20book%20page%2088-89%20B2%20R3B%20S8%20Sh2%20165%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:607px;" /></a></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" lang="EN-US" style="line-height:107%;font-family:"arial",sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><em>974-97 Royal Victoria Cook Book, pg. 88-89, Copyright: Public Domain</em></span></p><p>Only the barest of details were included with the recipe as it was likely expected that cooks would use the preceding recipe to make plain pastry, and would already know how hot their oven needed to be and for how long to bake the tarts (oftentimes stated as: “until done").</p><p>So now we know about the origins of the butter tart recipe, but who was Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod?  </p><p>The 1901 Canadian Census of Barrie included a Malcolm MacLeod family living at 12 Toronto Street, not far from the hospital.  Mrs. Malcolm MacLeod's first name was Mary and, according to the information recorded by the enumerator, she was born in rural Ontario on December 15, 1855.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Extract from the Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A." href=""><img alt="Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1901_MacLeod_Malcolm_Census.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:550px;" /></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Extract from the </em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" id="ms-rterangepaste-start"></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>Fourth Census of Canada, 1901, Province of Ontario, District No. 114, North Simcoe, Sub-District A., Polling sub-division No. 5 in Barrie Town, pg. 1</em></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><em>, Copyright: Public Domain </em></span></p><p>Further research found that Mary MacLeod died in Toronto on April 19, 1915, and an obituary was published on page 5, in the April 22, 1915 edition of The Northern Advance newspaper.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x1080t.jpg"><img alt="Obituary for Mary MacLeod published April 22, 1915 in The Northern Advance" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1915-04-22-p5_BNA_MacLeod_Mary_Obi%20x480t.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:365px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">The Northern Advance, April 22, 1915, pg. 5, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p>So, there you have it.  We can thank Mary Ethel (Cowie) MacLeod (ca 1855-1915) for contributing her recipe for butter tart filling to the <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book.</em></p><p><em></em> </p><p><em>References:</em></p><p>The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital, preface to <em>Royal Victoria Cook Book</em>, compiled by The Women's Auxiliary to the Royal Victoria Hospital (Barrie:  S. Wesley, 1900), 5.</p>
Memorializing Simcoe County's Heroes 7:08:05 PMMemorializing Simcoe County's Heroes<p>​May 8, 1945 brought victory in Europe, inciting celebration throughout Canada. Although this was a period of excitement and relief, it was overshadowed by the reality of staggering casualties. As we commemorate the 73<sup>rd</sup> anniversary of Victory in Europe Day during our celebration of the County of Simcoe's 175 years of incorporation, we highlight the county's efforts to monitor and memorialize residents who gave the ultimate sacrifice in the service of their country. </p><p><strong>Simcoe County War Records Committee</strong></p><p>As the war raged on, the county sought to stay informed about residents who enlisted into active service. The Simcoe County War Records Committee was created by <a title="About Committees and Council" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1b94985b-ce61-4029-bd89-5b96d8ad74f6">council</a> to monitor military personnel, paying special attention to those who perished while in service. The committee sent out letters requesting that the clerks of the County's <a title="Municipal partners" href="/Clerks/Pages/municipalpartners.aspx">townships, towns, and villages </a>create an ongoing report on the status of military members in their communities. They continually updated their lists and maintained correspondence with the War Records Committee so that it could compile accurate and up-to-date data.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Letter of thanks from the Simcoe County War Records Committee" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_War%20Records%20Committee_October%2024%201941-1080.jpg"><img class="ms-rteImage-0" alt="Letter of thanks from the Simcoe County War Records Committee" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_War%20Records%20Committee_October%2024%201941-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Letter of thanks from the Simcoe County War Records Committee<br></em><em>Copyright: Corporation of the County of Simcoe</em></p><p>Newspapers became a valuable resource, since publicity made residents eager to report corrections and updates on the status of family members. As <em>The Alliston Herald</em> explained, keeping up with constant changes was difficult because: “almost every day we get a change or a new name to add to the list" making the project “…quite an expense". Even so, they assured “continued cooperation" with the War Records Committee.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Letter from the Alliston Herald ensuring “continued cooperation"" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_The%20Alliston%20Herald_November%2018%201941-1080.jpg"><img class="ms-rteImage-0" alt="Letter from the Alliston Herald ensuring “continued cooperation"" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_The%20Alliston%20Herald_November%2018%201941-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Letter from the Alliston Herald ensuring “continued cooperation"<br><em><em>Copyright: Unknown</em></em></em></p><p>The collaboration of the various municipal and newspaper offices enabled the War Records Committee to compile a seemingly complete list of those on active service, and it became an invaluable resource at the end of the war.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Working list of Simcoe County residents in active service" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_SC%20Active%20Service%20List-1080.jpg"><img alt="Working list of Simcoe County residents in active service" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_SC%20Active%20Service%20List-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Working list of Simcoe County residents in active service<br><em><em>Copyright: <em>Corporation of the County of Simcoe</em></em></em></em></p><p><strong>Simcoe County War Memorial Plaque Committee</strong></p><p>With the declaration of victory in 1945, residents sought ways to remember the friends and family who had been lost to them. The County of Simcoe promptly established the War Memorial Plaque Committee, which was tasked to commemorate the County's heroes. With the previous work the War Records Committee had completed, the War Memorial Plaque Committee had only to validate and finalize the list of names that would appear on the county's memorial.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Notices were placed in Newspapers across the county" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_Newspaper%20Notice-1080.jpg"><img alt="Notices were placed in Newspapers across the county" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_Newspaper%20Notice-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Notices were placed in Newspapers across the county<br><em><em>Copyright: <em>Corporation of the County of Simcoe</em></em></em></em></p><p>Newspapers were asked to publish a notice requesting family members to confirm the county's war dead. Only individuals who had specified their residence as being within Simcoe County at the time of their enlistment have been remembered on the plaque. The municipal clerks collected the information and then forwarded the details to the committee.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Letter from Midland's Clerk confirming local casualties" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_Town%20of%20Midland_April%2025%201946-1080.jpg"><img alt="Letter from Midland's Clerk confirming local casualties" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_Town%20of%20Midland_April%2025%201946-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Letter from Midland's Clerk confirming local casualties<br><em><em>Copyright: Unknown</em></em></em></p><p>With the collection of names underway, the committee focused on making plans for the physical plaque. It was decided that the county memorial would be placed in the rotunda of the courthouse and that a leather-bound remembrance book would accompany it. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Sketch of the Simcoe County Court House WWII Memorial 1947" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_War%20Memorial%20Plaque_1947-1080.jpg"><img alt="Sketch of the Simcoe County Court House WWII Memorial 1947" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/972-27_War%20Memorial%20Plaque_1947-480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>972-27 Sketch of the Simcoe County Court House WWII Memorial 1947<br><em><em>Copyright: Unknown</em></em></em></p><p>Even as the plaque was being constructed, new names were acquired and changes submitted. The Committee which had originally calculated 275 names, had a total of 346 by the end of the process. The Committee subsequently received word several names had been missed. After looking into the claims, the names were added to the plaque bringing the total number to 349. The Simcoe County Archives has no evidence that the official Book of Remembrance was ever created, but SCA staff have compiled a list of the names which is available <a title="Simcoe County Honour Roll, 1935-1945" href="/Archives/Documents/SC_Memorial_Roll_WWII.pdf">here</a>. </p><p>The plaque remained at the Court House until it was moved to the new Simcoe County Administration Centre when it opened in 1972. In preparation for the expansion of the Centre, completed in 2012, the plaque was removed to the <a title="Simcoe County Museum" href="">Simcoe County Museum </a>for safekeeping. It is currently located in storage at the Museum.</p><p>The importance of the Simcoe County War Records Committee, and the Simcoe County War Memorial Plaque Committee cannot be underestimated, since their ambition to keep track of the county's servicemen and servicewomen made it possible to commemorate our World War II casualties.  Their creation, in fact, was likely a result of the realization that the absence of similar committees during the First World War meant no records existed for those with ties to Simcoe County who served and/or died during the conflict.  As a result, while <a title="Remembering Vimy" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx">cenotaphs</a> were erected in communities throughout Simcoe County, there is not a county-wide commemorative memorial.</p><p>As we remember Victory in Europe day, we pause to remember the many men and women of Simcoe County who participated on the home front and overseas.</p><p>Visit the Simcoe County Archives to access more information about the county's involvement in the <a title="About the Archives" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=29b72580-d0a2-4486-8de8-5fa6678e2631">Second World War</a>. You can also learn more about county war memorials using the Simcoe County memorial<a title="Simcoe County War memorial map" href=""> map</a>. For further inquiries, please contact the Archives at <a href=""></a>.</p><p> </p><p> By Veronika Mikolajewski, Student Archives Assistant</p><p>Posted: May 8, 2018</p>
Remembering Vimy 3:23:02 PMRemembering Vimy<p style="text-align:left;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">​<span class="ms-rteFontSize-5 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">April 9-12, 1917</span></strong></p><p><strong>Introduction</strong></p><p>The story of the <a title="The Battle of Vimy Ridge Exhibit" href="">Battle of Vimy Ridge </a>has become entwined in the history of Canada.  It marked the first time during the Great War that the four Canadian divisions were brought together to fight for a common objective: to launch an assault on a strategic piece of land the Germans had held since 1914.  The resulting victory, and its human losses, have been commemorated by Canadians ever since.  Those who fought and lived had memories to recall, and the dead were remembered by those they had known and loved at home, while enduring memorials were constructed as reminders to subsequent generations.  Evidence of those memories, in memoriams, and memorials are preserved at the Simcoe County Archives. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIES</strong></p><p><strong>"Battle of Arras began this am"</strong></p><p>During the First World War, Gerard Breckenridge Strathy (1880-1963) was an officer in the Canad<a title="Enlarge diary pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_1024_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="G.B. Strathy Diary, April 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_480_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:380px;height:293px;" /></a>ian Army Medical Corps.  In April 1917 he was serving with the <a title="In Good Hands Exhibit" href="">No. 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station</a> based at Remy Siding.  </p><p>In his personal diary entry for Monday, April 9, 1917, Strathy wrote: "News in to-day that Canadians have captured Vimy Ridge… a great stunt if true."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">981-21  Morton Family Collection - G.B. Strathy Diary, 1917.     Copyright:  </span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Public domain.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><strong>"Vive. Vive Canadien"</strong></p><p>Christopher George Cook (1892-1979) was born in Cookstown, Simcoe County, and <a title="Full essay and poem" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/CG%20COOK_Vimy%20Ridge%20Collection.pdf"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="C.G. Cook poem "The Night Before Vimy"" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/986-39_480_The%20Night%20Before%20Vimy_CG%20Cook_Pg%201.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:425px;" /></a>enlisted in the 169<sup>th</sup> Overseas Battalion on January 24, 1916.  He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on March 6, 1917.  </p><p>Cook had worked at the Cookstown Advocate for a time before the war and apparently never got the ink out of his system.  His <a title="Article re. C.G. Cook" href="">essay and poem</a> in memory of Vimy were likely written during the 1960s or 1970s.</p><p> </p><p><strong></strong>  </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">986-39  Essay and Poem by Christopher George Cook.     Copyright:  C.G. Cook Estate, used with permission.</span></p><p> </p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"Albert to Ypres – 60 miles"</strong></p><p><a title="Norman D. Clarke - Canadian Great War Project" href="">Norman D. Clarke</a> (1893-1977), enlisted in the 5<sup>th</sup> University Company on November 30, <a title="Enlarge atlas pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_1024_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-1 ms-rteImage-3" alt="The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer - The Western Theatre - Calais to the Meuse" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_480_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:254px;" /></a>1915.   He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on June 9, 1916.  ​Among the many volumes in Clarke's private library was a copy of <em>The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer</em>, which was published the same year.  The Atlas included maps of the war areas as well as statistics relating to the "belligerent countries."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">979-38   Norman D. Clarke collection - <em>The Times Atlas and Gazetteer, 1916</em>.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4"><strong>IN MEMORIAM</strong></span></p><p><strong>"Died in the service of his King and Country"</strong><a title="Enlarge page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_1024_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Order of Service - in memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin, May 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_480_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:448px;" /></a></p><p>Francis Goodwin Rankin (1896-1917), was the son of Henry Thomas and Frances Melinda (Goodwin) Rankin.  On <a title="F. G. Rankin Attestation Paper" href="">September 3, 1915 </a>he enlisted with the 76<sup>th</sup> Battalion in Niagara Camp, and later served with the 4<sup>th</sup> (Central Ontario) Battalion.  Rankin died on April 10, 1917, just a few months past his 21<sup>st</sup> birthday.  </p><p>​​<span aria-hidden="true"></span>A service in Rankin's memory was held at St. John's Anglican Church, Cookstown, at 8 o'clock in the evening of May 4, 1917.  The Order of Service also included the words to the four hymns which were sung.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">969-42 R. Graham Estate collection - Order of Service in Memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin.     Copyright:  Public domain</span></p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align:right;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> 969-42</p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"In morning Jack got a message by wire..."</strong></p><p><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Transcription of diary entry" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/Wiggins_Transcription4.png" style="margin:5px;width:265px;" />Laura (McMurray) Wiggins was born in Sunnidale Township in 1880, the daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Clubine) McMurray.  In 1913 she married John W. (Jack) Wiggins and moved to Severn Bridge, Muskoka District.  </p><p>Her diary entry of April 12, 1917 noted that her husband had received news by wire that <a title="S. Mearing Service File" href="">Sid Mearing</a>, a former resident of Orillia, had died of wounds on April 6<sup>th</sup>.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">     972-33 Laura Wiggins collection - Laura Wiggins Diary, 1916-1921.     Copyright:  L. Wiggins Estate</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><strong></strong> </p><p> <strong>"… killed in action at Vimy Ridge"</strong></p><p><a title="Enlarge scrapbook page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_1024_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30%20copy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="A. Boyes WWI Scrapbook" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30_480.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:516px;" /></a>During the First World War, local and national newspapers and magazines routinely published photographs of, and obituaries for, those who had died.  Individuals then clipped the items and pasted them into scrapbooks.  </p><p>One donated to the Simcoe County Archives by Annie Boyes includes a newspaper clipping re. <a title="T.R. Speers Obituary in Barrie Northern Advance" href="">Thomas Robert Speers</a> (1882-1917), second son of Mrs. and Mrs. James Speers of Barrie.  Speers fought at Vimy and died between April 8<sup>th</sup> and 10<sup>th</sup>.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>      <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">967-129 Annie Boyes collection - WWI Scrapbook.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIALS</strong></p><p><strong>"No known grave"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_1024_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Vimy Memorial postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_480_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:326px;" /></a> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">      969-31 Haughton photograph album - postcard of Vimy Memorial.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote><p>While there are other memorial sites located in the vicinity of Vimy Ridge, the <a title="Canadian National Vimy Memorial" href="">monument</a> designed by architect Walter Seymour Allward commands the most attention.  It both commemorates the Battle of Vimy Ridge and stands as a tribute to all Canadians who gave or risked their lives during the First World War.  Unveiled by King Edward VIII on July 26, 1936, the figure of "Canada Bereft" looks down on the ramparts and the inscribed names of 11,285 Canadians who were killed in France and who have no known grave.  Included are William Robert McKay and William Chester Pettit, both of Tottenham, who fought and died at Vimy.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"Wreaths can be placed on graves at any time…"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>   <a title="Full booklet" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_1024_Combined_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Wreaths for War Graves booklet" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_480_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves%20bklt_cover.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:360px;height:500px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">9620-1320  Wreaths for War Graves booklet.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p>The graves of the more than 7,000 buried in <a title="Commonwealth War Graves Commission" href="">cemeteries</a> within a 20-kilometre radius of the National Memorial at Vimy Ridge could not be personally visited by the majority of their family members and friends.  The St. Barnabas Hostels was established in 1919, "to help relatives of the fallen in every possible way."  This included making arrangements for wreaths, blessed by the chaplain, to be placed on graves at any time, but especially for Armistice Day, Christmas Day and Easter.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"To the memory of those who gave their lives…"   </strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_1024_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_480_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:313px;" /></a> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">976-26 Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, Canada postcard.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span> </p></blockquote></blockquote><p>Dedicated to the memory of those who gave their lives in the Great War, 1914-1918, <a title="Tour the War Memorials of Simcoe County" href="">Midland's Memorial</a> was unveiled on June 1, 1927.  Four of the 68 names engraved on the monument are of men who fell during the battle at Vimy:  Oscar French, David Green, John Lowes, and Albert Walker Sterrett.</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-5">Remembering Vimy, April 9-12, 1917</strong><a title="Enlarge poppy" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66_1024_Poppy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Cloth poppy" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66%20Poppy_edit_1024.PNG" style="margin:5px;width:151px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">From:  </span><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">For the Fallen</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">, by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943)</span></span></p><p dir="ltr">They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:</p><p dir="ltr">Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.</p><p dir="ltr">At the going down of the sun and in the morning</p><p dir="ltr">We will remember them.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">985-66 Morton collection - <a title="The History of the Poppy" href="">Cloth poppy</a>     Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.</p>
Archives Awareness Week 2018 1:40:25 PMArchives Awareness Week 2018<p>​April 2, 2018 - April 8, 2018 is Archives Awareness Week in Ontario. To celebrate, staff at Simcoe County Archives decided to shed some light on their roles and the day-to-day operations of the Archives. </p><h2>Name: Matthew Fells</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Matthew Fells, County Archivist" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-004-01.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   County Archivist</p><p><strong>Job description: </strong>My role is to oversee and direct the acquisition, preservation, and accessibility of the documentary heritage of the County of Simcoe. In a nutshell, in consultation with knowledgeable, expert staff members, I guide the strategy and operations of the Archives. I also ensure that financial and material resources are available for staff projects, report to Council on Archives' operations, and manage staff. My responsibilities include the operation of the Archives' physical building and the health and safety of staff.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection: </strong><a title="Christina Frances MacDougall" href="/Archives/Pages/IWD_Christina_Frances_MacDougall.aspx">Christina Frances MacDougall letter </a>from China. </p><p> </p><h2>Name: Jenn Huddleston</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Jenn Huddleston, Archival Technician" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-005-01.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   Archival Technician</p><p><strong>Job description:</strong> As an Archival Technician I get to be a bit of a Jack of all trades at the Archives. On a given day you might find me assisting researchers in our Reading Room or over email, digitizing records, accessioning new materials, participating in outreach activities, or processing, arranging and describing our fonds and collections. Another exciting initiative I am involved with is the development of a Digital Preservation strategy for Simcoe County Archives. As part of this project I am working to establish workflows, policies, and best practices to ensure that the digital documentary heritage of the County is preserved for the long term.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection: </strong>It's difficult to choose just one – so I'm going to cheat and say a 'type' of record. I really love working with 19<sup>th</sup> and early 20<sup>th</sup> century family photo albums, and there are many great examples of these at SCA.</p><p> </p><h2>Name: Chris MacBain</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Chris MacBain, Reference Services Co-ordinator" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-001.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Reference Services Co-ordinator</p><p><strong>Job Description</strong>: This position entails greeting people who are coming into the archives, establishing their research needs and proceeding to help them navigate the appropriate research tools and records. The position also includes research by proxy, initial documentation of donations, training and helping co-op students, retrieving records for municipal offices, some conservation work and “other duties as required". Recently I've been put in charge of the archives' oral history programme conducting interviews with County residents about their experiences living and growing up in the area. </p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> When asked what my favourite thing in the archives is I always find that very difficult to answer as there are so many interesting records. An easier question is what do I enjoy most about the Archives. The answer is working with a great team of staff members and meeting so many interesting people, hearing about their varied projects and experiences and helping them to further their goals.    </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Rules for staff" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Rules_for_staff_1879_1080p.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Rules_for_staff_1879_480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:249px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <em>Rules for Staff, 1879  Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><h2>Name: Veronika Mikolajewski</h2><p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/MPF_4028_480p.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /></p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Student Archives Assistant, Winter 2018 & Spring 2018 terms       </p><p><strong>Job description</strong> As a University student and aspiring Archivist, I am excited to gain experience at Simcoe County Archives. In my role as an Assistant, I have the opportunity to perform a variety of tasks and projects as needed. I have recently been working in our database to alter Geographic Locations to ensure that they are uniform and easily searchable. Apart from this, I am often called upon to conduct research for incoming requests and am involved in a preservation inventory which helps to ensure that our documents are properly cared for. </p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> A Second World War propaganda poster <em>Attack on All Fronts </em>and an English Language Dictionary published in 1804.</p><p><strong> </strong></p><h2>Name: Ellen Millar</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Ellen Millar, Assistant Archivist" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-007.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong>   Assistant Archivist </p><p><strong>Job description:</strong><strong>  </strong>My job includes overseeing records transfers from the offices of the County, its Towns, and Townships, and the City of Barrie, as well as reviewing donations from private sources.  Following up with that is arrangement and description so the records can be used for research.  I oversee the use, maintenance, and development of the archives' databases, and coordinate the archives' outreach programming.  Support activities include being a back-up for reference services and assisting with various administrative tasks.  I have been at the Simcoe County Archives for nearly 23 years and often find myself talking about institutional, local, municipal, and family history until the eyes of researchers and co-workers start to glaze over.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong>  I have to choose?!</p><p>Personally:  My maternal great-grandparents wedding portrait from 1896, and records pertaining to the First World War – for example, see <a title="Remembering Vimy" href="/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx"><em>Remembering Vimy</em> </a></p><p>Professionally:  I love working with the older corporate and municipal records, but who can resist the joys to be found while delving through private <a title="Mrs. Mcleod's Butter Tarts" href="/Archives/Pages/Mrs-MacLeods-Butter-Tarts.aspx">collections</a>?  </p><h2> </h2><h2>Name: Stephen Ouderkirk</h2><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Stephen Ouderkirk, Microfilm Tehcnican" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-006.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:441px;height:294px;" /> </p><p><strong>Title:</strong> Microfilm Technician</p><p><strong>Job Description:</strong> As a technical archival specialist, my primary responsibility at the Simcoe County Archives is the enhanced accessibility of archival records and the assurance of their long-term preservation. This is accomplished by creating microfilm copies of original records, as well as the digitization of those microfilm copies. A typical record that would come across the Microfilm Camera would be; local newspapers, municipal records such as council minutes, by-laws and assessment rolls, and scrapbooks, such as the Women's Institute Tweedsmuir Histories. In addition to my primary responsibilities, I am also involved in the development of our Digital Preservation strategy, with a particular interest in the specific tools and software needed to ensure our digital documentary heritage is preserved for the long-term. </p><p><strong>Favourite record:</strong> Newspaper collection</p><h2>Name: Caleb Roberts-Dodd<p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="Caleb Roberts-Dodd, Student Archives Assistant" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Archives_Awareness_2018-008.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:344px;" /> </p></h2><p><strong>Title:</strong> Student Archives Assistant, Winter 2018 term       </p><p><strong>Job description:</strong> As a co-op student, my job is to assist the other archivists in anyway. If, for example, Chris needed help at the front desk, I would give her a hand. If a request came in to search for a particular item on microfilms, I would retrieve for it. I really do whatever needs to be done. Right now, I am working on completing a full preservation audit of the Archives, ensuring all documents are being preserved satisfactorily. This particular project is fairly interesting, as I get to look over many of the documents that are held here.</p><p><strong>Favourite record, fonds or collection:</strong> The Barrie Board Game</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p>
Christina Frances MacDougall 1:48:30 PMChristina Frances MacDougall<div id="__publishingReusableFragmentIdSection"><a href="/ReusableContent/11_.000">a</a></div><p>In celebration of International Women's Day, the Simcoe County Archives is sharing a series of letters from a woman who led a remarkable life during an eventful time in world history.</p><p>In the 1920s, Christina Frances MacDougall of Barrie, Ontario, was a missionary at the North Henan Mission in Weihui, Henan, located in central China, during a turbulent period in Chinese history known as <a href="">the Warlord Era</a>.  <br></p><p><strong>The Warlord Era</strong></p><p><a href="">Emperor Puyi</a> of the <a href="">Qing Dynasty </a>abdicated in 1912 after the military rebelled. <a href="">Yuan Shikai</a>, President of China and General of the Army, was unable to put down the revolt and when public opinion followed that of the rebels, he brokered the abdication of the Emperor and assumed power himself. His rule proved autocratic and anti-parliamentary, and led to several revolts when local and regional military commanders reacted against his self-appointment as President-for-life and, eventually, first Emperor of a new dynasty. He died in 1916, after which military commanders and their forces entered into a period of conflict and shifting alliances, or cliques. Around this time, in the south of China, Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek formed the Nationalist Party, and with assistance from the Soviet Union, created the Republican Army. In 1928, the Republican Army reunified the country by bringing local warlords into its ranks. They remained in effective control of their respective areas until the 1949 creation of the Communist government.</p><p><strong>The Letter</strong></p><p>While still in Weihui, Henan, Christina Frances MacDougall wrote replies to letters she had received from students at Barrie Collegiate Institute. These letters shed light on the life of a County woman teaching in China. Some also provide a fascinating first-hand account of civil conflict in that region. </p><p>One of the most intriguing aspects of the letters is the manner in which they were transported and stored. They were written on narrow sheets of rice paper, which were affixed together to form a scroll. The scroll contains 10 individual letters and when unrolled it measures just under 8 metres long.  In addition to her handwriting, the scroll also features decorative paintings of flowering plants. </p><p>The scroll was recently digitized by SCA staff, and can now be viewed in its entirety.  The letters have been separated into individual files for ease of access (Note that an unknown length of the scroll is missing from the beginning)<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unkown Recipient or Introduction - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2001%20Unkown%20Recipient%20or%20Introduction.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 1 - Unknown Recipient or Introduction -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 2 - Dear Helen - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2002%20Dear%20Helen.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 2 - Dear Helen -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 3 - Dear Doris - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2003%20Dear%20Doris.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 3 - Dear Doris -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 4 - Dear Jean - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2004%20Dear%20Jean.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 4 - Dear Jean -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny - Copyright: Public Domain​​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2005%20Dear%20Vera%20Glenny.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 5 - Dear Vera Glenny -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 6 - Dear Ailsa - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2006%20Dear%20Ailsa.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 6 - Dear Ailsa -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 7 - Dear Bessie - Copyright: Public Domain​​​​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2007%20Dear%20Bessie.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 7 - Dear Bessie -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 8 - Dear Reta L. - Copyright: Public Domain" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2008%20Dear%20Reta%20L..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 8 - Dear Reta L. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 9 - Dear Vera Luck - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2009%20Dear%20Vera%20Luck.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 9  - Dear Vera Luck -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 10 - Dear Reta M. - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2010%20Dear%20Reta%20M..jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><em style="font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 10  - Dear Reta M. -</em><em style="font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/1080_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg"><img alt="2007 -147 - Page 11 - Dear Reta M. - Copyright: Public Domain​" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2018-03-08/Thumbnail_JPG/2007-147%20Letter%20from%20China%2011%20Dear%20Ruth%20and%20Ending.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"></em><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;">2007 -147 - Page 11  - Dear Ruth and Ending. -</em><em style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;"> Copyright: Public Domain</em><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;">​</span></span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The letter was donated to the Simcoe County Archives in 1996 by the daughter of one of the recipients, and fell into the public domain in 2010.</span><br></p><p><strong>Christina Frances MacDougall</strong></p><p>Who was the woman behind this incredible record? The truth is that we do not know very much about Christina Frances MacDougall. The letters she wrote are undated, and do not speak directly to her life in Canada. Research has revealed a few facts which give us an indication of who she was, and what her life in the County might have been like:</p><ul><li>Based on research in the Barrie Examiner (28 Sep. 1922, 30 Nov. 1939, and 16, 17, & 24 Mar. 1959), Archives' staff believe that Miss MacDougall was born in China, a daughter of the Rev. Dr. John MacDougall and Frances Childerhose, who went as missionaries to China in 1899, shortly before<a href=""> the Boxer Rebellion​</a> <br></li><li>She had five siblings: Florence E. MacDougall, Mrs. C. G. Stairs, Kenneth MacDougall, J. Lorne MacDougall, and Baldwin C. MacDougall. </li><li>On 21 Sep. 1921, Christina gave “a most instructive and inspiring address" to the St. Andrew's church Women's Missionary Society. </li><li>On 21 Jul. 1925, a letter from Christina MacDougall was read by her sister during a meeting of the ladies of the Presbyterian Unionist Group. (<em>The Northern Advance</em>, Barrie, 23 Jul. 1925, p8.)</li><li>Christina went on to various mission posts in Sudbury, Copper Cliff, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Glace Bay, and Winnipeg. In 1939, the year of her father's death, she was at St. Colomba's Mission in Montreal. If you can shed any light on her life,<a href=""> please contact​ us.</a><br></li><li>She retired from active work in 1954 and lived with her sister in Barrie until her death in 1959. She is buried at Barrie Union Cemetery.</li></ul><p><strong>Simcoe County Archives Education Holdings</strong></p><p>The Simcoe County Archives holds the following County of Simcoe Corporate records </p><ul><li>Education Committee minutes and reports from 1855, 1914-1968</li><li>Special Education Committee minutes from 1969</li><li>Health, Environment and Education Committee records from 1980-1984</li><li>Children's Services and Education Committee reports and minutes from 1985-1990</li></ul><p>In addition, the Archives holds the historic records of the Simcoe County District School Board (but not individual student records), school attendance registers (closed to the public for 90 years from creation), and photographs of some, but not all, schools and classes. </p><p>To find out more about education in the County of Simcoe, come visit us at <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=29b72580-d0a2-4486-8de8-5fa6678e2631">the Archives </a><br></p><p><strong>Works Consulted</strong></p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Puyi," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Qing Dynasty," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified January 19, 2018. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Warlord," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified December 10, 2014. <a href=""></a>. </p><p>The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Yuan Shikai," <em>Encyclopaedia Britannica</em> online. Last modified November 8, 2015. <a href=""></a>. <br></p><p><br> </p><p>​​​<br><br></p><p>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​<span id="__publishingReusableFragment"></span>​<br><br></p>
Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archives 8:26:39 PMDiscover Family History at Simcoe County Archives<p><strong>Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archives</strong></p><p>February 19<sup>th</sup> marks Family Day in the Province of Ontario. To celebrate, the Simcoe County Archives is highlighting a few of the resources we have available to help researchers learn about their family histories. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:260px;" /></a><br><em>988-59 </em><em>Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family, ca. 1880 - 1890. Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em> <br><strong>Census Records</strong></p><p>Canadian census records are an excellent place to begin researching family history. The national census was designed to capture demographic information about persons living in Canada. With some basic facts about your relatives, such as name and place of residence, family historians can use census records to trace families or individuals throughout history. </p><p>Personal Census records for Simcoe County are available for the following years:</p><ul><li>1861</li><li>1871</li><li>1881</li><li>1891</li><li>1901</li><li>1911 </li><li>1921 </li></ul><p style="text-align:left;">Each census is divided by township or municipality, and provides personal details such as name, age, occupation, marital status, birthplace, ethnic origin, and religious affiliation. In the case of the 1861 Census, the type of dwelling is also described. The 1851 personal Census for Rama and Mara Townships is also available, as well as aggregate totals, and limited nominal information from the 1842 Census of the Home District (predating the incorporation of the County of Simcoe). These records are available on microfilm at Simcoe County Archives. Many census records can also be searched using the County's subscription to <a href="">AncestryLibrary</a>.  Access to microfilm and the AncestryLibrary databases are freely available at the Archives. If you are interested in accessing national census records for the entirety of Canada, these are also available through the <a href="">Library and Archives of Canada</a>.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong></strong> <a title="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:280px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>997-39 Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township, ca. 1890-1910 <br>Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><strong>Tax Assessment Rolls</strong></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em> Tax Assessment rolls offer a wealth of information about families and individuals. These records provide the name of the head of each household (and often the names of others entitled to the municipal franchise), the type of occupancy (ownership, tenancy, etc.), age, occupation, religion, a description of the property, the school section into which taxes were paid, assessed property values.  Certain other details including assessed statute labour days for males between the ages of 16 and 60, livestock inventories and the number of family members in particular age groups. Simcoe County Archives holds a comprehensive collection of County Tax Assessment Rolls which covers the period from 1858-1912. Many municipalities have also deposited Tax Assessment Rolls with the Archives.  </p><p>Unlike census records and most Vital Statistics, Tax Assessment Rolls are not accessible through online services.  These records are available as hard copies or on microfilm at Simcoe County Archives. </p><p><strong></strong> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em><a title="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:584px;" /></a> <br><em>  966-1 Simcoe County Council Members,1915, Copyright: Public Domain</em></p><p><strong>County and Municipal Records</strong></p><p>Municipal records are often overlooked as sources of genealogical information.  While they won't necessarily indicate place of birth or marital status, they can nevertheless provide insight into the lives of individuals and families. If a family member was involved in local politics, one may well find their name listed within Council Minutes or By-laws. If they participated in local committees or served on any boards, their activities will have been noted in meeting Minutes. Petitions are yet another source of genealogical information available through municipal records. If a relative signed a petition to establish a local school, for instance, it would provide evidence of their place of residence and activities within the community.</p><p>These are a few examples of how the records of local governments can provide insight into family history. SCA holds municipal records for the County of Simcoe, more than 40 lower-tier municipalities that they have governed, or are currently governing, as well as records from the City of Barrie. These records date back to the nineteenth century, and capture an incredible amount of information about the County and those living it.  </p><p><strong>Other resources</strong></p><p>The resources noted above are a small sample of the records available to help researchers discover their family history in Simcoe County. Other popular resources include:</p><ul><li>Directories</li><li>Patent books for the County of Simcoe and Muskoka </li><li>Cemetery Studies</li><li>Newspapers</li><li>School and Church Records</li></ul><p>Information regarding these resources and more can be found in our <a title="A Guide to Genealogical Research" href="/Archives/Documents/Guide%20to%20Genealogy%20at%20the%20Simcoe%20County%20Archives.pdf"><em>A Guide to Genealogical Research</em></a>. SCA staff are also always happy to help visitors to the Archives. </p><p> </p>
Celebrating 175 Years of Incorporation: The County of Simcoe, 1843-2018 8:57:50 PMCelebrating 175 Years of Incorporation: The County of Simcoe, 1843-2018<p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em></em></span>While Simcoe was recognized as a distinct County within Upper Canada as early as 1798, it primarily existed on paper for military purposes.  More definite boundaries were laid down in 1821, by which time most of the townships had been surveyed.  Between 1837 and 1841 several acts were passed by the Legislature of Upper Canada which set apart Simcoe District. These acts named the townships that the County would encompass and authorized the levying of taxes for the purpose of constructing a jail and court house.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em><a title="Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Goal%20Hill%20Former%20Registry%20Office%20in%20the%20forground,%20Mulcaster%20and%20Worsley,%20pre-1877_x1080.jpg"><img alt="Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Goal%20Hill%20Former%20Registry%20Office%20in%20the%20forground,%20Mulcaster%20and%20Worsley,%20pre-1877_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>968-40 </em><em>Simcoe County Jail, with the Registry Office in the foreground, Livingstone Collection; Copyright:  Public Domain​</em></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em></em></span> </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em></em></span>On January 11, 1843, the jail and court house having been duly erected, the Governor General proclaimed the County of Simcoe to be a separate and distinct District.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Canada_Gazette_1843-01-14_x1080.jpg"><img alt="The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Canada_Gazette_1843-01-14_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>The Canada Gazette, Number 68, January 14, 1843, page 582; Copyright: Public Domain</em></span><em> </em></p><p><br>The Province of Canada appointed officers to the positions of:</p><ul><li>Judge (<a title="Letter from James R. Gowan to Sir John A. Macdonald, January 1891" href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Happy-Birthday-Sir-John-A-Macdonald.aspx">James R. Gowan</a>)</li><li>Sheriff (Benjamin W. Smith)</li><li>Clerk of the Court (Jonathan Lane)</li><li>Clerk of the Peace (William B. McVity)</li><li>Jailer (Moses Hayter)</li></ul><p>The Governor General, Sir Charles Bagot, appointed Jacob Aemilius Irving the first <a title="History of the Wardens of Simcoe County" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=5df6ba7f-2cfa-44fd-aab4-1bf8c0227f89">Warden</a> of the District. Irving (1797-1856) was a former Lieutenant in the British Army and fought with the 13<sup>th</sup> Light Dragoons at Waterloo.  He immigrated to Canada in 1834, settled near Newmarket in 1839, and became a Justice of the Peace.  As well as being appointed District Warden in 1843, Irving was elected a member of the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada.   </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2000-39%20J%20A%20Irving%20Original%20Commission_x1080.jpg"><img alt="2000-39 Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2000-39%20J%20A%20Irving%20Original%20Commission_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2000-39 Irving Warrant, January 11, 1843; Copyright: Simcoe County Archives</em></p><p><br>Elected members of the first District Council were:  </p><ul><li>James Adam, Oro Township</li><li>William Armson, West Gwillimbury Township </li><li>John Carswell, Tecumseth Township</li><li>James Dallas, North and South Orillia Township </li><li>John Garbutt, West Gwillimbury Township </li><li>Robert Jeffs, Tiny Township</li><li>Henry McCullough, Adjala Township</li><li>Henry Morris, Essa Township </li><li>Robert Ross, Vespra Township </li><li>George Snell, Mono Township </li><li>Edward A. Walker, Vespra Township </li><li>Alfred Wilson, Innisfil Township </li><li>George Wilson, Medonte & Flos Township </li></ul><p>Several of Simcoe's townships were united for administrative purposes only to be separated later once their populations increased. These townships then elected distinct local councils.  At that time the District Council met only three times a year. The first meeting was held at the Court House, in Barrie, on February 14, 1843.</p><p style="text-align:center;">  <a title="Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Original%20Simcoe%20County%20Court%20House%20c1868%20(constructed%201843)x1080.jpg"><img alt="Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/968-40%20Original%20Simcoe%20County%20Court%20House%20c1868%20(constructed%201843)x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>968-40 Original Simcoe County Court House, ca 1868, Livingstone Collection; Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p>The Council's first order of business was to formulate the By-Laws and Regulations necessary for the governance of the Council.  Following the adoption of the Rules and Regulations, Council moved to nominate three persons, one of whom the Governor General would select to fill the role of District Clerk.   Standing Committees were struck to consider matters pertaining to Roads and Bridges; Finance and Assessment; Education; and Contingencies.  One of the first petitions addressed to the Council was from Thomas West and others, asking for a division of School District No. 4, West Gwillimbury Township.  </p><div style="text-align:center;"><a title="Petition to Simcoe District Council regrading S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/995-3%20Petition%20for%20School%201843_x1080.jpg"><img alt="Petition to Simcoe District Council regrading S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/995-3%20Petition%20for%20School%201843_x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </div><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><em>995-03 Petition to Simcoe District Council regarding S.S. #11 West Gwillimbury; Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</em></span><em> </em></p><p><br>Wondering what else happened at Council? Minutes of meetings held between 1846 and 1952 have been digitized and can be accessed <a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311">here</a>.</p><p>Following the passing of the Municipal Corporations Act, better known as the Baldwin Act, in 1849, the Province did away with Districts and established the County system of municipal government.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em></em> </p>