We will no longer be supporting IE7 and below as a web browser effective June 1st 2020. Click here for more information.

Sign In
Skip Navigation LinksSimcoe County > Departments > Archives > Archives Blog

Archives Blog

​Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!



Emancipation Day 2020https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Emancipation_Day_2020.aspx6/23/2020 5:42:28 PMEmancipation Day 2020<p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​August 1st is Emancipation Day, the day on which Ontario ​recognizes ​the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. Many runaway and freed Black ​<span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">s​la</span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">ves se​ttled in Simcoe and Grey Counties in the 1800s. One of them was Abraham Courtney (ca. 1821-1897), an escaped slave from the United States who arrived in Owen Sound about 1860. He ma​​rried Caroline Parker (ca. 1842-1891) and raised a family that included a son who moved to Simcoe County and served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War.​​​</span></span></p><h2 style="text-align:center;">A Portrait of a Black Sold​ier who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force:  Private Jacob Courtney​​<br></h2><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-126-Jacob_Courtney_1916-B1R0BS3Sh1-edit-1080.jpg" title="Portrait of Jacob Courtney"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-126-Jacob_Courtney_1916-B1R0BS3Sh1-edit-480.jpg" alt="Portrait of Jacob Courtney" class="ms-rtePosition-4" style="margin:5px 170px;width:293px;" /></a> <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2006-126 Portrait of Jacob Courtney, "A" Company, 157th Battalion, CEF.  Public Domain</span> ​</p><p>​Jacob Courtney (1880-1957) was living in the village of Sunnidale by the spring of 1911. On February 15​​, 1916, he enlisted with the 157th Overseas ​​Battalion, CEF, known​ locally as the “Simcoe Foresters Battalion." <br></p><p>Along with many other resid​ents of west Simcoe County, Jacob Courtney was assigned to the 157th Battalion's “A" Company. A composite photograph of “A" Company and Bugle Band, dated May 1, 1916, contains 252 individual portraits. Courtney's portrait is located in the top row, 6th from the left, along with the other members of the Rear Rank of No. 4 Platoon.  </p><p>​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-126%20A%20Coy%20and%20Bugle%20Band%20157TH%20Simcoe%20Foresters%2001%20May%201916%20photos%20and%20ID-1080.jpg" title="Composite photograh of "A" Company, 157th Bn. CEF"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-126%20A%20Coy%20and%20Bugle%20Band%20157TH%20Simcoe%20Foresters%2001%20May%201916%20photos%20and%20ID-480.jpg" alt="Composite photograh of "A" Company, 157th Bn. CEF" style="margin:5px 75px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2006-128 "A" Company and Bugle Band, 157th Simcoe Foresters O.S. Battalion, C.E.F., May F​irst, Ninteteen Hundred and Sixteen.  Public Domain.</span><br></p><p>The 157th Battalion was broken up in England and Courtney served with several other CEF units, including the 4th Battalion, and saw action in France. In April 1919, Jacob Courtney was discharged from service in the CEF “by reason of demobilization," sailed from Southampton, England to Halifax, Nova Scotia aboard the Olympic, and from there continued home to Sunnidale Township. ​<br></p><h4>Notes on sources used:<br></h4><p>​Jacob Courtney's <a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/personnel-records/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=120697" title="Link to Jacob Courtney's Service File">Service File</a>, which contains official information about his military service (Regimental ​Number 642637), is available on Library and Archives Canada's website.<br></p><p>Information about Abraham Courtney and Caroline Parker was gleaned from census returns and available Ontario vital statistics records for themselves and for their children.<br></p><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/census.aspx" title="Link to Canadian Census returns">Canadian census return​s</a> are also available on Library and Archives Canada's website.<br></p><p><a href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/tracing/vsmain.aspx">Ontario Vital Statistics</a> records are available at the Archives of Ontario, as well as through paid subscriptions to Ancestry​.<br></p><p>Additional information about Abraham Courtney was found in the transcription of an interview with Blaine Courtney, a great-grandson, conducted by Dr. Naomi Norquay. <br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">​“Believe It or Not, I Actually Enjoy It": An Interview with Blaine Courtney.  </span><a href="https://greyroots.com/sites/default/files/naomi_norquay_blaine_courtney_interview_2015.pdf" style="font-size:1em;">https://greyroots.com/sites/default/files/naomi_norquay_blaine_courtney_interview_2015.pdf</a><span style="font-size:1em;">  </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Accessed June 29, 2020</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span>​<br></p><p>The 157th Battalion, CEF<span style="font-size:1em;">, was raised by the 35th ​Regiment, Simcoe Foresters, which was the local militia unit.  Both are perpetuated by the </span><a href="http://www.thegreyandsimcoeforesters.org/" title="Link to the Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regiment website" style="font-size:1em;">Grey and Simcoe Foresters Infantry Regiment</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> ​of the Canadian Forces Reserve. ​​ The </span><a href="http://www.thegreyandsimcoeforesters.org/jsite/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=78&Itemid=72" title="Link to the Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regimental Museum"><span style="font-size:1em;">Grey and Simcoe Foresters Re</span><span style="font-size:1em;">g</span><span style="font-size:1em;">imental Mu</span></a><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="http://www.thegreyandsimcoeforesters.org/jsite/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=78&Itemid=72">seum</a> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">is located at 36 Mulcaster St. in downtown Barrie.</span></p><h4>See also:<br></h4><p>​The Simcoe County Archives' online exhibit, <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx">The Black Settlement in Oro Township​</a>.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Archives' <a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx">Emancipation Day 2017</a> blog post.​</span></p>
Local Food Week in Ontariohttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Local-Food-Week-Ontario.aspx6/4/2018 7:19:32 PMLocal Food Week in Ontario<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​Blog originally posted ​June 4, 2018</span><br></p><p>Happy Local Food Week!  Simcoe County's residents and visitors have been enjoying th<span style="font-size:1em;">e </span><a href="https://experience.simcoe.ca/Shared%20Documents/TourismSimcoeCounty_Agri-CulinaryMap-2017.pdf" style="font-size:1em;">local bounty</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> for a very long time.  The Simcoe County Archives' blog post this month provides an historical glimpse into some of the food that has been grown and/or harvested here.</span></p><p>There is archaeological evidence in Simcoe County that members of unknown Indigenous communities strategically sank wooden stakes into the waterbed of the Narrows between Lakes Couchiching and Simcoe more than 5,000 calendar years ago.  In the centuries immediately prior to the arrival of Europeans in 1650, members of the Huron-Wendat used the existing weirs, and added more to them.  The <a title="The secrets of the Mnjikaning Fish Weirs" href="http://anishinabeknews.ca/2017/05/21/the-secrets-of-the-mnjikaning-fish-weirs/">Mnjikaning Fish Weirs</a> is now a national historic site.</p><p>More recently, residents and visitors have fished from shores, docks, watercraft, and through the ice of the county's many bodies of water.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%201080%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg"><img alt="Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%20480%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>978-23 – </em><span lang="EN"><em>Indigenous guides fishing from an unknown dock or pier </em></span><em>– Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Starting in the early to mid 1800s, European settlers cleared the lands, planted a variety of crops and fruit trees, including onions and apples, and then sold the harvest at local town <a title="Simcoe County Farmers Market " href="https://experience.simcoe.ca/eat">markets</a>.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%201080.jpg"><img alt="Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/986-50%20Cundles%20Rd%20top%20of%20picture%20Koslov%20Rd%20field%20of%20onions%20contract%20Robert%20Brown%20Wallace%20Brown%20top%20left%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>986-50 – Field of onions on the Brown Farm, near what is now Barrie's Kozlov Centre – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><a title="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%201080w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg"><img alt="Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-76%20480w%20Archibald%20Currie%20apple%20picking%20early%201900s%20Encl%20A%20E1%20B4%20R3B%20S3%20Sh5.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></em> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>979-76 – Archibald Currie apple picking in the early 1900s – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;"><a title="Village of Beeton History" href="https://www.newtecumseth.ca/en/parks-recreation-and-culture/local-history.aspx#">Beeton</a> was so named when the community was granted a post office.  Postmaster David A. Jones was also a prominent beekeeper and publisher of The Canadian Bee Journal.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="The Canadian Bee Journal " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%201080w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="The Canadian Bee Journal " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/971-03%20480w%20Canadian%20Bee%20Journal%20R1B%20S10%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>971-03 – The Canadian Bee Journal – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">Indigenous residents of Simcoe County taught European settlers how to gather sap from sugar maple trees and boil it down to a sweet syrup.  In 1849, more than 160,000 lbs (72,574 kg) of mapl​e suga​r was produced in Simcoe County.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%201080w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg"><img alt="Gathering sap in Medonte Township " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202963%20480w%20Gathering%20Sap%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2016-25 – Gathering sap in Medonte Township – Copyright:  Public Domain</em></p><p style="text-align:left;">In the 1920s, the <a title="Town of BWG History" href="https://www.townofbwg.com/CommEvents/history">Holland Marsh</a> was drained to form a large area or fertile land suitable for the growing of a wide variety of vegetables destined for Ontario and foreign markets. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%201080w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg"><img alt="Potato picking in the Holland Marsh " src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2008-56%20480w%20Federal%20Farms%20farming%20activities%202%20E21%20B1%20R4B%20S5%20Sh1.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>2008-56 – Potato picking in the Holland Marsh – Copyright:  Federal Farms Limited, used with permission</em></p><p><a title="Simcoe County Council" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1b94985b-ce61-4029-bd89-5b96d8ad74f6">Simcoe County Council</a> struck an Agriculture Committee in 1928 and it continued under various names until the 1980s, when its mandate was assumed by the Environmental Service Committee.  During the Second World War, the Council also created an Agricultural War Production Committee.  The aim of both committees was to promote the development and implementation of systems for agricultural improvements and sustainability in Simcoe County.  Minutes and reports for the historic committees of Simcoe County Council are available at the Archives.  You can search <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">here</a> for descriptions of the records.</p><p>Bon Appetit!<br></p><p>Note:<br></p><p>June 29, 2020. Links to the history of Beeton and farm markets in Simcoe County were updated, and a link to a list of local maple syrup producers was removed; the site is no longer available.<br></p>
Remembering Vimyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Remembering-Vimy.aspx3/30/2017 3:23:02 PMRemembering Vimy<p style="text-align:left;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">​<span class="ms-rteFontSize-5 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">​​​​April 9-12, 1917</span></strong></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Blog originally posted March 30, 2017</span></p><p><strong>Introduction</strong></p><p>The story of the <a title="The Battle of Vimy Ridge Exhibit" href="http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/vimy/index_e.shtml">Battle of Vimy Ridge </a>has become entwined in the history of Canada.  It marked the first time during the Great War that the four Canadian divisions were brought together to fight for a common objective: to launch an assault on a strategic piece of land the Germans had held since 1914.  The resulting victory, and its human losses, have been commemorated by Canadians ever since.  Those who fought and lived had memories to recall, and the dead were remembered by those they had known and loved at home, while enduring memorials were constructed as reminders to subsequent generations.  Evidence of those memories, in memoriams, and memorials are preserved at the Simcoe County Archives. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIES</strong></p><p><strong>"Battle of Arras began this am"</strong></p><p>During the First World War, Gerard Breckenridge Strathy (1880-1963) was an officer in the Canad<a title="Enlarge diary pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_1024_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="G.B. Strathy Diary, April 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_480_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:380px;height:293px;" /></a>ian Army Medical Corps.  In April 1917 he was serving with the <a title="In Good Hands Exhibit" href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/explore/online/Robertson/Canadian_Casualty_Clearing_Station.aspx">No. 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station</a> based at Remy Siding.  </p><p>In his personal diary entry for Monday, April 9, 1917, Strathy wrote: "News in to-day that Canadians have captured Vimy Ridge… a great stunt if true."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">981-21  Morton Family Collection - G.B. Strathy Diary, 1917.     Copyright:  </span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Public domain.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><strong>"Vive. Vive Canadien"</strong></p><p>Christopher George Cook (1892-1979) was born in Cookstown, Simcoe County, and <a title="Full essay and poem" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/CG%20COOK_Vimy%20Ridge%20Collection.pdf"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="C.G. Cook poem "The Night Before Vimy"" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/986-39_480_The%20Night%20Before%20Vimy_CG%20Cook_Pg%201.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:425px;" /></a>enlisted in the 169<sup>th</sup> Overseas Battalion on January 24, 1916.  He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on March 6, 1917.  </p><p>Cook had worked at the Cookstown Advocate for a time before the war and apparently never got the ink out of his system.  His <a title="Article re. C.G. Cook" href="http://www.inthehills.ca/2017/03/current/remembrance-vimy-ridge/">essay and poem</a> in memory of Vimy were likely written during the 1960s or 1970s.</p><p> </p><p><strong></strong>  </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">986-39  Essay and Poem by Christopher George Cook.     Copyright:  C.G. Cook Estate, used with permission.</span></p><p> </p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"Albert to Ypres – 60 miles"</strong></p><p><a title="Norman D. Clarke - Canadian Great War Project" href="http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/searches/soldierDetail.asp?ID=71060">Norman D. Clarke</a> (1893-1977), enlisted in the 5<sup>th</sup> University Company on November 30, <a title="Enlarge atlas pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_1024_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-1 ms-rteImage-3" alt="The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer - The Western Theatre - Calais to the Meuse" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_480_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:254px;" /></a>1915.   He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on June 9, 1916.  ​Among the many volumes in Clarke's private library was a copy of <em>The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer</em>, which was published the same year.  The Atlas included maps of the war areas as well as statistics relating to the "belligerent countries."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">979-38   Norman D. Clarke collection - <em>The Times Atlas and Gazetteer, 1916</em>.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4"><strong>IN MEMORIAM</strong></span></p><p><strong>"Died in the service of his King and Country"</strong><a title="Enlarge page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_1024_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Order of Service - in memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin, May 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_480_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:448px;" /></a></p><p>Francis Goodwin Rankin (1896-1917), was the son of Henry Thomas and Frances Melinda (Goodwin) Rankin.  On <a title="F. G. Rankin Attestation Paper" href="http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/personnel-records/Pages/item.aspx?IdNumber=587722">September 3, 1915 </a>he enlisted with the 76<sup>th</sup> Battalion in Niagara Camp, and later served with the 4<sup>th</sup> (Central Ontario) Battalion.  Rankin died on April 10, 1917, just a few months past his 21<sup>st</sup> birthday.  </p><p>​​<span aria-hidden="true"></span>A service in Rankin's memory was held at St. John's Anglican Church, Cookstown, at 8 o'clock in the evening of May 4, 1917.  The Order of Service also included the words to the four hymns which were sung.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">969-42 R. Graham Estate collection - Order of Service in Memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin.     Copyright:  Public domain</span></p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align:right;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> 969-42</p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"In morning Jack got a message by wire..."</strong></p><p><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Transcription of diary entry" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/Wiggins_Transcription4.png" style="margin:5px;width:265px;" />Laura (McMurray) Wiggins was born in Sunnidale Township in 1880, the daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Clubine) McMurray.  In 1913 she married John W. (Jack) Wiggins and moved to Severn Bridge, Muskoka District.  </p><p>Her diary entry of April 12, 1917 noted that her husband had received news by wire that <a title="S. Mearing Service File" href="http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.item/?op=pdf&app=CEF&id=B6088-S029">Sid Mearing</a>, a former resident of Orillia, had died of wounds on April 6<sup>th</sup>.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">     972-33 Laura Wiggins collection - Laura Wiggins Diary, 1916-1921.     Copyright:  L. Wiggins Estate</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><strong></strong> </p><p> <strong>"… killed in action at Vimy Ridge"</strong></p><p><a title="Enlarge scrapbook page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_1024_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30%20copy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="A. Boyes WWI Scrapbook" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30_480.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:516px;" /></a>During the First World War, local and national newspapers and magazines routinely published photographs of, and obituaries for, those who had died.  Individuals then clipped the items and pasted them into scrapbooks.  </p><p>One donated to the Simcoe County Archives by Annie Boyes includes a newspaper clipping re. <a title="T.R. Speers Obituary in Barrie Northern Advance" href="http://news.ourontario.ca/barrie/2770234/page/8">Thomas Robert Speers</a> (1882-1917), second son of Mrs. and Mrs. James Speers of Barrie.  Speers fought at Vimy and died between April 8<sup>th</sup> and 10<sup>th</sup>.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>      <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">967-129 Annie Boyes collection - WWI Scrapbook.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIALS</strong></p><p><strong>"No known grave"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_1024_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Vimy Memorial postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_480_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:326px;" /></a> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">      969-31 Haughton photograph album - postcard of Vimy Memorial.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote><p>While there are other memorial sites located in the vicinity of Vimy Ridge, the <a title="Canadian National Vimy Memorial" href="http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/memorials/overseas/first-world-war/france/vimy">monument</a> designed by architect Walter Seymour Allward commands the most attention.  It both commemorates the Battle of Vimy Ridge and stands as a tribute to all Canadians who gave or risked their lives during the First World War.  Unveiled by King Edward VIII on July 26, 1936, the figure of "Canada Bereft" looks down on the ramparts and the inscribed names of 11,285 Canadians who were killed in France and who have no known grave.  Included are William Robert McKay and William Chester Pettit, both of Tottenham, who fought and died at Vimy.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"Wreaths can be placed on graves at any time…"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>   <a title="Full booklet" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_1024_Combined_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Wreaths for War Graves booklet" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_480_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves%20bklt_cover.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:360px;height:500px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">9620-1320  Wreaths for War Graves booklet.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p>The graves of the more than 7,000 buried in <a title="Commonwealth War Graves Commission" href="http://www.cwgc.org/">cemeteries</a> within a 20-kilometre radius of the National Memorial at Vimy Ridge could not be personally visited by the majority of their family members and friends.  The St. Barnabas Hostels was established in 1919, "to help relatives of the fallen in every possible way."  This included making arrangements for wreaths, blessed by the chaplain, to be placed on graves at any time, but especially for Armistice Day, Christmas Day and Easter.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"To the memory of those who gave their lives…"   </strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_1024_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_480_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:313px;" /></a> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">976-26 Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, Canada postcard.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span> </p></blockquote></blockquote><p>Dedicated to the memory of those who gave their lives in the Great War, 1914-1918, <a title="Tour the War Memorials of Simcoe County" href="http://maps.simcoe.ca/StoryMaps/WarMemorial/#">Midland's Memorial</a> was unveiled on June 1, 1927.  Four of the 68 names engraved on the monument are of men who fell during the battle at Vimy:  Oscar French, David Green, John Lowes, and Albert Walker Sterrett.</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-5">Remembering Vimy, April 9-12, 1917</strong><a title="Enlarge poppy" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66_1024_Poppy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Cloth poppy" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66%20Poppy_edit_1024.PNG" style="margin:5px;width:151px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">From:  </span><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">For the Fallen</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">, by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943)</span></span></p><p dir="ltr">They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:</p><p dir="ltr">Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.</p><p dir="ltr">At the going down of the sun and in the morning</p><p dir="ltr">We will remember them.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">985-66 Morton collection - <a title="The History of the Poppy" href="https://www.legion.ca/remembrance/the-poppy/history-of-the-poppy#:~:text=The%20significance%20of%20the%20Poppy%2cthe%20area%20of%20Flanders%2c%20France.">Cloth poppy</a>     Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<br></p><p>Note:</p><p>June 29, 2020.  The link to the "History of the Poppy" website was updated.<br></p>
The 150th Dominion Day in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/Canada150.aspx6/22/2017 3:08:03 PMThe 150th Dominion Day in Simcoe County<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​Blog originally posted ​June 22, 2017</span>​</p><p>Simcoe County was not as removed from the events of 1867 as one might suppose. In 1843, at the age of 27, Sir James Robert Gowan was appointed as the first judge for the newly created Simcoe District. Gowan became good friends with many influential politicians throughout Upper Canada and was instrumental in drawing up legislation before and after the British North America Act was put into place. One good friend was <a title="Sir John A at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography" href="http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/macdonald_john_alexander_12E.html">Sir John A. Macdonald</a>, Canada's first Prime Minister. In the Simcoe County Archives' <a title="Sir James R Gowan at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography" href="http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/gowan_james_robert_13E.html">Sir James R. Gowan </a>collection there is a good deal of correspondence between the two men, but where Confederation is concerned this letter is of particular interest to Canadian history enthusiasts (note the location and the date): </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_1080.jpg" title="Enlarge Macdonald Letter"> <img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Enlarge Macdonald Letter" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <span style="font-size:0.714em;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21%20MacDonald%20to%20Gowan%201867%20%20Back%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge Macdonald Letter"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21%20MacDonald%20to%20Gowan%201867%20%20Back%20480%20(2).jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-size:0.714em;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>Here is a transcription of the letter: </p><p> <em>Westminster Palace Hotel</em></p><p> <em>London, Feb. 13/1867</em></p><p> <em>My Dear Gowan</em><em> </em></p><p> <em>I owe you many apologies for not writing you long ere this, but I may as well tell you the whole truth about the fate of your letter. At the time of its arrival, I was sitting as Chairman of the delegates from morning till night, and finding it literally impossible to keep up any correspondence, I carefully set aside all letters but those requiring immediate attention in a drawer with heaps of papers. There they laid comfortably stowed away, until I exhumed them this morning. Fancy my dismay at finding so many letters laid aside as "unconsidered trifles." However it is never too late [mind], and so I will address myself to your letter. And first as to your Junior. I think you can make out a fair case for a junior judge and wish you to prepare a memorial on the subject stating all the facts, in the same manner as you have done in your letter. The subject cannot be dealt with until my return to Canada in March or April. I shall at once bring it before Council when I arrive at Ottawa with a reasonable hope of carrying it to a successful issue. Meanwhile I need scarcely warn you of the necessity of the strictest silence on the matter until it becomes a fait accompli.</em></p><p> <em>Lord Caernarvon introduced the Confederation Act yesterday Feb 12</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> within H of Lords, Sub silentio.</em><em>  </em> <em>It will be read a second time on Tuesday next. And we have no doubt of a successful termination to our mission. The only cloud lowering over us is the dread that the Ministry may fall on the question of Reform. All the indications however are that they will weather the storm and carry this thru session successfully.</em><em>  </em> <em>Even if it were not so, the only consequence would be delay. Vexatious certainly, but not all fatal to the [… ]</em></p><p> <em>The only question discussed here just now is Reform. My impression is that the wealthy respectable & educated people of all classes. The aristocracy. The middle classes and the artisans are alike opposed as indifferent to change, but there will be a change for fear of the [dangerous] classes. It will be a moderate one however and probably quiet matters for the next twenty years. </em></p><p> <em>Now I am going to give you a bit of news that will surprise you. Not that I am going to be married, for that is in the newspapers, but as to the lady, my cara sposa is to be Miss Bernard your old friend and we are to be married by the Bishop of Montreal on Saturday next. I had intended to have it come off just before sailing, but as the time is very uncertain, we thought it more convenient to come off now.</em><em>  </em> <em>So you see I turn over a new leaf & become stupid & respectable. </em></p><p> <em>Always my dear Gowan, </em></p><p> <em>Sincerely yours </em></p><p> <em>John A. Macdonald </em></p><p>This is the day after the Act had been introduced to the House of Lords! Here we see laid out Sir John A. Macdonald's opinions on things both personal and political. We also see how intertwined the two men are and how close the circles are that they run in. In 1883, at the age of 67, Macdonald appointed Gowan to the Senate. As the Canadian Dictionary of Biography says "in his 40 years on the bench and his 22 years in the Senate, Gowan exercised more influence over legislation and the lives of Canadians than most elected politicians."</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;">  </span><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20February%207,%201867%20-%20Confederation%20-%20A%20Meeting%20of%20the%20Imperial%20Parliament%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867" style="font-size:1em;"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20February%207,%201867%20-%20Confederation%20-%20A%20Meeting%20of%20the%20Imperial%20Parliament%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <em>Northern Advance</em>, February 7, 1867<br><span style="color:#444444;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-weight:normal;word-spacing:0px;white-space:normal;orphans:2;widows:2;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="color:#444444;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-weight:normal;word-spacing:0px;white-space:normal;orphans:2;widows:2;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">This year we are celebrating our 150</span><sup>th</sup><span style="font-size:1em;"> Dominion Day in Simcoe County, marking the anniversary of the British North America Act which established the Dominion of Canada. If Dominion Day doesn't sound familiar to you, it is because it was changed to Canada Day in 1982. There is no shortage of festivities happening all across the County and many people will be heading outdoors to celebrate this coming July 1</span><sup>st</sup><span style="font-size:1em;">. This is not so different to the first Dominion Day celebrated in the County of Simcoe. </span><br></p><p>                                   <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Feu%20de%20Joie.jpg" title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867"><img alt="Enlarge Northern Advance 7 Feb. 1867" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Feu%20de%20Joie%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em style="font-size:0.714em;">Northern Advance</em><span style="font-size:0.714em;">, February 7, 1867<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>C</em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>opyright</em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>In Barrie several Volunteer Companies assembled in the Market Square around 11:00 am. At noon the Reeve, William D. Ardagh, read the Queen's proclamation establishing the new Dominion, which was then followed by a gun salute and three cheers. At 2:00 pm citizens played Quoits (a horseshoes like game) behind the School Home and then gathered at the Railway Station grounds to watch the walking of the greasy pole, extended out over the water. Contestants had to climb out and grab a flag off the end. Then came the scull race between three boats and then finally the sack race. To cap off the day, in the evening the Mendelssohn Glee Club gave a concert at Town Hall.  <br></p><p>                               <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Mendelssohn%27s%20Glee%20Club.jpg" title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 27 June 1867"><img alt="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 27 June 1867." src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Mendelssohn%27s%20Glee%20Club%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <em>Northern Advance</em>, June 27, 1867<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>In 1867 Thomas Ferguson, of Innisfil Township, was the Warden of Si<span style="font-size:1em;">mcoe County. In January of that year he gave an address to the council. The Northern Advance newspaper, available on microfilm at the Simcoe County Archives, produced this summary which was then recorded in the printed edition of the </span> <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311" style="font-size:1em;">Council Minutes.</a></p><p>                 <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%201%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%201%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>                 <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%202%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%202%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>                 <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%203%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%203%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>This is a great overview of local concerns in the year 1867. One of the major concerns is having drill sheds constructed for the use of volunteers, so that they could run drills and practice (a regular feature in the Northern Advance of 1867 was a discussion of the Fenian Raids and the dangers of the Fenians). The people of Simcoe County were also concerned about the fate of the Holland Marsh, hoping to resolve to whom the land should belong. Their concern with this was tied to their interests in the completion of the Georgian Bay Canal connecting Lake Huron with Montreal, which never came to fruition. </p><p>Directly after Confederation there was an election to see who would represent Simcoe County in the House of Commons. W.C. Little was elected for the riding of South Simcoe, which the Northern Advance was very pleased about, and Thomas McConkey was elected for North Simcoe, about which the Northern Advance had a lot to say, labelling their article "The Result, and what has led to it." </p><p>                  <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Orillia,%20on%20Lake%20Couchiching%20in%20Canada%20West%201854%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge: 981-38, Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852"><img alt="Enlarge 981-38, Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Orillia,%20on%20Lake%20Couchiching%20in%20Canada%20West%201854%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="text-align:center;">981-38, </span>Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852<br></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>Around 1867 we start to see a few aspects of the Simcoe County we now recognize. For one, Orillia is also celebrating its 150<sup>th</sup> this year. Orillia was incorporated as a village on the 22<sup>nd</sup> of November, 1866, so celebrations of this milestone range from November 2016 – November 2017. At the Simcoe County Archives, these watercolours by Captain W.H. Grubbe are the oldest of our depictions of Lake Couchiching and Orillia. <br></p><p>                 <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/981-38%20Lake%20Couchiching,%20Canada,%201854%201080.jpg" title="Enlarge: 981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854."><img alt="Enlarge: 981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854." src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/981-38%20Lake%20Couchiching,%20Canada,%201854%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854.<br></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>For its first Dominion Day, Orillia also celebrated with a parade of the Volunteer Company, followed by drills. They also fired their guns, sang "God Save the Queen" and gave three cheers. Then there was a shooting match and Mr. Ross of "Orillia House" entertained the company with supper and speeches. </p><p>Your celebrations this year might look a little different, but come out and celebrate this year with Canada and with Simcoe County. </p> <a class="twitter-share-button" href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=https://t.co/chHpek1QdM%20%20#simcoecountyarchives" data-size="large"> Tweet</a> <p> <span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">For further reading: </span></p><p>"Barrie Canada Day." Barrie. City of Barrie, 2017,                                                             <a href="http://www.barrie.ca/Culture/Festivals/Pages/CanadaDay.aspx">http://www.barrie.ca/Culture/Festivals/Pages/CanadaDay.aspx</a>. Accessed June 20, 2017. </p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">Bro</span><span style="font-size:1em;">wn, Desmond H. "GOWAN, Sir JAMES ROBERT." Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/</span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Universit</span><span style="font-size:1em;">é</span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">, 2003, </span><a href="http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/gowan_james_robert_13E.html" style="font-size:1em;">http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/gowan_james_robert_13E.html</a><span style="font-size:1em;">.                       Accessed June 20, 2017.</span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span> <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Hillman, Thomas A. </span> <em style="font-size:1em;">A Statutory Chronology of Ontario Counties and Municipalities</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. Gananoque: Langdale Press, 1988.</span></p><p> <em style="font-size:1em;">Orillia Canada Day</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. Orillia ProNet Inc., 2017, </span> <a href="http://orilliacanadaday.ca/" style="font-size:1em;">http://orilliacanadaday.ca/</a><span style="font-size:1em;">. Accessed June 20, 2017. </span></p><p> <span style="text-decoration:underline;"> <span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p><p>Note:</p><p>June 29, 2020.  ​Links to the City of Barrie and City of Orillia Canada Day websites are current to the 2020 commemorations.<br></p><p></p> <p></p>
National Indigenous Peoples Day 2020https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/National_Indigenous_Peoples_Day_2020.aspx5/21/2020 7:50:29 PMNational Indigenous Peoples Day 2020<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​​​​​Blog originally posted June 17, 2020</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">J</span><span style="font-size:1em;">une is National Indigenous History Month in Canada, and June 21 is National Indigenous Peoples ​Day.  It is "</span><span style="font-size:1em;">... a day for all Canadians to recognize and celebrate the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding contributions of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples."<sup>1</sup>​​​</span></p><h3>Jacob Gill Gaudaur (1858-1937)<br></h3><p></p><p>Did you know that Jake Gaudaur, five-time World Champion rower, was the great-grandson of Big Shilling, Chief of the Deer Tribe in Rama?</p><p>Jacob “Jake" Gill Gaudaur (1858-1937) was born in Atherley, Ontario, the son of Francis and Janet (Gill) Gaudaur.  His paternal grandfather was Antoine Gaudaur, the first-known non-native permanent settler in Orillia.  Gaudaur's paternal grandmother was Mary (Shilling) Gaudaur, dau​ghter of Chief Big Shilling (Neb-Non-A-Quet “Summer Cloud"), chief of the Deer Tribe in Rama, under Chief Yellowhead.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/970-63%20Jacob%20Gill%20Gaudaur-1080.jpg" title="Jacob Gill Gaudaur"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/970-63%20Jacob%20Gill%20Gaudaur-480.jpg" alt="Jacob Gill Gaudaur" class="ms-rtePosition-5" style="margin:5px 55px;width:515px;height:372px;" /></a><span style="font-size:0.714em;">970-63 ​ ​Jacob Gill Ga</span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">udaur.  Copyright: Public Domain</span><br></p><p>Jake Gaudaur took up competitive rowing at the age of 17, and was one of the greatest scullers in the history of Canadian rowing.  During the 1890s especially, he was nearly unbeatable.  In 1892, Gaudaur and George Hosmer won the World Double Sculls Championship in a race held on Lake Couchiching.  A year later, in Austin, Texas, Gaudaur set a world record for the single sculls three-miles-with-a-turn race.  He lowered the record the next year in a time of 19 minutes 1.5 seconds, a time that has never been beaten.  Gaudaur became the single sculls world champion in a race held on the Thames River in England, and he held the title from 1896 to 1901.  During the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations held at Orillia on May 24, 1897, Gaudaur had no trouble beating Erastus Rogers of Worcester, Massachusetts, in a two-mile race for the North American championship.</p><p>After 25 years of competitive rowing, Gaudaur retired and returned to his hometown of Orillia.  He operated a fishing and boat livery business until just a few months before his death.  <br></p><h4>Citation:<br></h4><p>1. Government of Canada. Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. "About National Indigenous Peoples Day." Last modified May 21, 2020.  Accessed May 29, 2020. <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100013718/1534874583157" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100013718/1534874583157</a><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><h4>Sources consulted:</h4><p>Northern Advance (Barrie), 14 Oct 1937, p. 6</p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Examiner (Barri</span><span style="font-size:1em;">e), 14 Oct 1937, p. 5</span></p><p>Examiner (Barrie), 27 May 1897, p. 1</p><p>“Hall of Famer Jake, Sr. Gaudaur." Canada's Sports Hall of Fame.  <a href="https://www.sportshall.ca/hall-of-famers/hall-of-famers-search.html?proID=190&catID=all&lang=EN">https://www.sportshall.ca/hall-of-famers/hall-of-famers-search.html?proID=190&catID=all&lang=EN</a>  Accessed June 1, 2020</p><p>“Jake" Gaudaur 1858-1937.  Ontario Heritage Trust plaque. <a href="http://ontarioplaques.com/Plaques/Plaque_Simcoe56.html">http://ontarioplaques.com/Plaques/Plaque_Simcoe56.html</a>  Accessed June 2, 2020.​<br></p><h4>Further reading:<br></h4><span style="font-size:1em;"><div><span style="font-size:1em;"><br></span></div>​T</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he Chippewas of Rama First Nation Historica</span><span style="font-size:1em;">l Archives has information about the Shilling Family available on its website.​​</span><a href="https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_criteria=Shilling&searchButton=Search" style="font-size:1em;">https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_criteria=Shilling&searchButton=Search</a><br><div><span style="font-size:1em;">​​<br></span></div><div><span style="font-size:1em;">​The S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">imcoe County Archives' blog post commemorating National Indigenous History Month 2017.</span></div><div><a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx</a><br></div>
National Indigenous History Monthhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx6/2/2017 6:05:43 PMNational Indigenous History Month<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​Blog originally posted June 2, 2017</span><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteFontSize-2" style="line-height:107%;"><font color="#000000"><span style="line-height:107%;">​June is National Indigenous History Month! Within the borders of what today is designated Simcoe County, there is a long history of different Indigenous communities coming together at gathering places, trading, farming, fishing, hunting, crafting, and in general participating in community life. The Simcoe County Archives is a repository of information from all across the County and holds some items of interest to students of local Indigenous history. </span> </font></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteFontSize-2" style="line-height:107%;"><font color="#000000"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/975-10%20Bok%20Ka%20Ha%20Ko%20-%201080%20Encl%204%20E18%20B8%20%20R3B%20S7%20Sh3.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/975-10%20Bok%20Ka%20Ha%20Ko%20-%20480%20Encl%204%20E18%20B8%20%20R3B%20S7%20Sh3.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></font></span><span style="font-size:10pt;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="line-height:107%;font-size:10pt;"><font color="#000000"><em>Figure 1: Bok-Ka-Ha-Ka, resident of Simcoe County; photograph part of the<br></em></font></span><em style="color:#000000;">Andrew F. Hunter collection (975-10).</em> <br>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">"Huronia" is an anecdotal name for much of Simcoe County, particularly the area around Midland and Penetanguishene. The name commemorates the history of the  Huron-Wendat </span><span style="font-size:1em;">people that made this area their home for a long time. This population was a confederacy of five Iroquoian speaking nations: the Attinniaenten ("people of the bear"), Hatingeenoniahak ("makers o</span><span style="font-size:1em;">f cords for nets"), Arendaenronnon ("people of the lying rock"), Atahonaenrat ("two whit</span><span style="font-size:1em;">e ears" i.e., "deer people" and Ataronchronon ("people of the bog"). The Huron-Wendat h</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ad close alliances with the Petun, Neutral, Odawa, Nipissing and the Algonquin nations. Archaeology across the county has revealed several villages, the locations of whic</span><span style="font-size:1em;">h are shown on a map at the Simcoe County Archives that was drawn by E.H Thom</span><span style="font-size:1em;">as of Collingwood called "Missions to the Hurons." The Huron-Wendat​ encountered th</span><span style="font-size:1em;">e French in the seventeenth century and, as the name implies, this map also charts th</span><span style="font-size:1em;">e location of several of the missions the French sent into the area. These missions we</span><span style="font-size:1em;">re middle ground areas between North American and European cultures.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">The Wendat people were decimated by newly introduced diseases in the middle of the seventeenth century and their remaining populations were dispersed by conflict with the Haudenosaunee/Iroquois nations. Archaeology has helped supplement accounts found in the Jesuit Relations, documenting this period of upheaval. At the Archives, researchers can peruse archaeological records in the Ross Channen collection, the Kenneth Kidd collection, the Paul Delaney collection and the Huronia Historic Association collection. The Archives houses archaeological surveys, maps of the region, drawing of archaeological material and archaeological reports published in reputable journals. </span></p><p>  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/989-21%20John%20Big%20Wind%20-%201080%20B2%20R4A%20S6%20Sh4%20P112.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/989-21%20John%20Big%20Wind%20-%20480%20B2%20R4A%20S6%20Sh4%20P112.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a></span> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:10pt;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" style="font-size:10pt;"><em>Figure 2: Chief John Big Wind was chief in Rama in the late 19th century, into the first half of the twentieth. Photograph is part of the Frost Scrapbooks collection, donated to the Simcoe County Archives by the Orillia Public Library </em></span><em> (989-21). <br>Image copyright: Public domain. Credit to Simcoe County Archives and Orillia Public Library is required for resuse.<br></em></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Today there are several First Nation communities who reside in Simcoe County. The Beausoleil First Nation is located on Christian, Beckwith and Hope Islands at the south end of Georgian Bay. The Chippewas of Rama First Nation, or Mnjikaning First Nation, are located on the eastern side of Lake Couchiching. Both are communities of mostly Ojibwe peoples, though that is a simplification of the complex political identities of the people who settled in the region in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century after the dispersal of the Wendats. Chief William Yellowhead was one of the "Chiefs of the Lake Simcoe and Huron Chippewa Indians" who lived in the Georgian Bay Islands community, which at one point included Beausoleil Island. After he served with the British in the War of 1812 he settled with his people around Orillia. This group was the foundation of the current community at Rama. John Wallace, visiting the Ojibwe communities during the 1890s and early 1900s, documented some Ojibwe language and customs in his notebooks, kept in the Simcoe County Archives. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">At the Archives you can look at photographs and documents related to Native life in Simcoe County. For instance, the Archives has a copy of an agreement between the "Chiefs of the Lake Simcoe and Huron Chippewas Indians" and the crown, establishing a Grist Mill at Coldwater for native use, dated to 1834. Farms on the west side of Lake Couchiching, before the land was re-claimed by the crown, could use the mill for their agricultural purposes. Because of their extensive local knowledge, native men and women have long been employed in the tourism industry, often as guides or as craftspeople. The Christian Island newsletter "Smoke Signals" for 1967 is housed at the Simcoe County Archives. The Archives also has copies of <em>Coraid News</em>, including the initial edition of the paper in May 1973 up until December 1974. This newspaper, printed in Orillia, was for Native People of Central Ontario and was edited by Alan Simcoe. Library and Archives Canada, with funding from the Aboriginal Digital Collections Program, has archived the website "Welcome to the Aboriginal Communities and Business of Simcoe Region." This is a great resource for anyone wondering about aboriginal businesses in the county at the start of the digital age. </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%201080%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg"><img class="ms-rteFontSize-2" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%20480%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0 ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Figure 4: Two Native guides fishing off Copperhead Dock, early twentieth century;<br></em></span><em style="color:#666666;font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">part of the Hanly-Clark photograph collection (978-23).<br>Image copyright: Public domain</span><br></em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">The Barrie Native Friendship Centre and the Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre are a few of the institutions in Simcoe County that offer resources to Native communities and promote indigenous heritage and culture. In addition, the Georgian Bay Métis Council, in Midland Ontario, represents the largest concentration of self-identified Métis in Ontario. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Native heritage in the county has interesting resonances from the past into today. Christian Island was once the site of a French mission to the Huron-Wendat​ people and the name of the island is derived from this history. The Mnijkaning First Nation help preserve the fishing weirs found at Atherley Narrows, a man-made construction, attributed to the Wendat people that is approximately 5000 years old. The past and the present come together in many different ways all over the county. To find out more information about Simcoe County Archives's holdings concerning the history of local Indigenous peoples and communities, old and new and everything in between, come visit us, Monday to Friday, 8:30 to 4:00.  </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Further Reading/Sources:</span></p><p dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Beausoleil First Nation: Pride Unity Strength Vision</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Beausoleil First Nation, 2017, </span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/index.html"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">http://www.chimnissing.ca/index.html</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"> Accessed May 31, 2017.</span></p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Chippewas of Rama First Nation</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Chippewas of Rama First Nation, 2015, </span><a href="http://www.mnjikaning.ca/Pages/default.aspx"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">http://www.mnjikaning.ca/Pages/default.aspx</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017</span></p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Georgian Bay M</em><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">é</em><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">tis Council</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Métis Nation of Ontario, 2014,</span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href="http://www.georgianbaymetiscouncil.com/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">http://www.georgianbaymetiscouncil.com/</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017. </span></p><p><em></em><em>Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre</em>. Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre, <br><a href="http://www.gbnfc.com/">http://www.gbnfc.com/</a>. Accessed May 31, 2017.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Heidenreich, C.E. "Huron-Wendat." </span><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Canadian Encyclopedia</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Historica Canada, 2015, </span><a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/huron/"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/huron/</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Hunter, Andrew F. <em>A History of Simcoe County</em>. Barrie: City Council, 1909. Rptd 1998. </span></p><p dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">"Welcome to the Aboriginal Communities and Businesses of Simcoe region." Library and Archives Canada, </span><a href="http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/eppp-archive/100/205/301/ic/cdc/simcoeregion/index.htm"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/eppp-archive/100/205/301/ic/cdc/simcoeregion/index.htm</span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">White, Richard. <em>The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes </em><em>Region, 1650-1815</em>. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. </span></p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p>
Ontario Local Food Week 2020https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Ontario_Local_Food_Week_2020.aspx5/21/2020 7:47:14 PMOntario Local Food Week 2020<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​​​​Blog originally posted June​ 1, 2020</span><br></p><h3>Growing your own ingredients<br></h3><p>​​​​<span style="font-size:1em;">Since the Cov</span><span style="font-size:1em;">id-19 Pandemic lockdown began, many of us ha</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ve spent a lot of time in the kitchen. Whether you are a chef, baker, or appreciative consumer, you know the importance of starting with good-quality ingredients. Have a look at how past residents of Simcoe County grew their own provisions.</span></p><h3>Crops of grain were grown, harves​ted, and sent to local mills to be ground into flour.<br></h3><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/J_Hickling_album-Three-horse-team-and-binder_1080.jpg" title="Cutting rye"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/J_Hickling_album_Three_horse_team_and_binder_480.jpg" alt="Cutting rye" class="ms-rtePosition-4" style="margin:5px 75px;" /></a> <span style="font-size:0.714em;">J. Hickling Album Three-horse team and binder cutting rye. Copyright: Unknown</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">A lot of locally produced </span><span style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">milk was t</span><span style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">urned into butter and cheese.</span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23_Man_milking_a_cow_1080.jpg" title="Man milking a cow"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23_Man_milking_a_cow_480.jpg" alt="Man milking a cow" style="margin:5px 75px;" /></a>​</span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">978-23 Man milking a cow, ca. 1920.  Copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>​<span style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">Fresh fruit</span><span style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">, berries, and vegetables were picked from their own orchards, berry patches, and gardens.</span></p><p>​​​​​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2004-02_Two_girls_picking_berries-cropped_E12_B3_R5B_S7_Sh5_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2004-02_Two_girls_picking_berries-cropped_E12_B3_R5B_S7_Sh5_480.jpg" alt="Two girls with fresh berries" style="margin:5px 75px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2004-02 Two girls with freshly picked berries.  Copyright:  Unknown</span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">T</span><span style="font-size:1em;">his summer, as we stay close to home, we hope you find opportunities to enjoy the fresh taste of ingredients grown, harvested, or produced in Simcoe County!</span><br></p><p>Click <a href="/Archives/Pages/Local-Food-Week-Ontario.aspx" title="Link to Local Food Week 2018 blog">here​</a> to view the Archives' Blog post for Local Food Week in Ontario 2018.</p><p>Are you unable to grow, harvest,​ or produce your own, but want to experience the fresh taste of local food?<br></p><p>Click <a href="https://experience.simcoe.ca/farm-fresh-local-food" title="Link to farm fresh local food">here</a> for Experience Simcoe County's list of Farm Fresh & Local Food farms, producers and artisan food makers.​<br></p>
Reforestation in Simcoe County https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Simcoe-County-Reforestation.aspx11/20/2018 4:44:52 PMReforestation in Simcoe County <p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​Blog originally posted ​November 20, 2018</span><br><span style="font-size:9pt;">Expanded May 22, 2020</span><br><br></p><h4>​​​​​​​The Beginning of Reforestation in Simcoe County <br></h4><p>As the holiday season has begun and people are starting to put up their Christmas trees, staff at the Simcoe County Archives are reminded of the history of reforestation that allowed us to have these beautiful trees so close to home. </p><p>Settlers of 19th century Ontario generally saw the forest as a threat to their difficult efforts to establish viable homesteads and often cut down all the trees on their property, whether or not they stood on good soil or marginal. Lumberman harvested valuable timber using methods that left little standing. By the late 19th century, most of the forest cover of southwest Ontario had been removed. Reduced tree cover caused lowered water tables, unpredictable flooding and massive erosion, all of which caused large portions of Ontario and Simcoe County to become sandy wastelands.  <br></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-132%20Deforested%20land-1-1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Simcoe-County-Reforestation/2008-132%20Deforested%20land-1-480.jpg" alt="Sandy, deforested land" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></p><p></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;text-align:center;font-style:italic;">2008-132     Deforested land, unknown location. Date unknown.</span><span style="font-size:1em;text-align:center;font-style:italic;">    Copyright: Unknown</span></p><p>Efforts to combat this deforestation begin as early as 1870, when the Ontario Fruit Growers' Association convinced the provincial government to establish a small nursery and an ineffective fund to support the planting of trees along highways. Despite these early efforts, it wasn't until first half of the 20<sup>th</sup> century that reforestation became a priority.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">In Simcoe County, it was a difficult start for reforestation as many councillors were not convinced that it was an important issue to tackle in the early 1900s. However, W.J. Holden, Reeve of Collingwood, believed reforestation was a problem that shouldn't be ignored. </span><br></p><p><br><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/First%20load%20of%20Christmas%20Trees_1080p.jpg" title="First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract in Craighurst in 1944 "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/First%20load%20of%20Christmas%20Trees_480p.jpg" alt="First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract in Craighurst in 1944 " style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">​980-24     Firs</span><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">t Load of Ch</span><span style="text-align:center;font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">ristmas Trees, Shipped by rail from Barr Tract, Craighurst, 1944    Copyright: Public Domain​</span><br></p><h4>The First Proposal</h4><p>One of the first to propose reforestation was Reeve W.J. Holden (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.32). In the January session of Council in 1919, Holden urged the Warden to create a committee of Reforestation (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.13); on day 3 the committee was created with Holden taking the lead (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.19). On the afternoon of January 31, 1919, Holden gave a speech on the advantages of reforestation (Council Minutes 1919, Jan. p.32), stating that reforestation would provide substantial money for Simcoe County as well as providing returning soldiers with jobs (Reforestation Before Co. Council).</p><p>After his compelling speech, the Reforestation Committee read a report with the following ideas: </p><ol><li>The committee, with the Warden, would purchase 200 acres of land for reforestation<br></li><li>Council would make a $5,000 grant to the Reforestation Committee to carry out the plan<br></li><li>The Provincial Government would be encouraged to make a special grant for reforestation in Simcoe County<br></li><li>A <span style="font-size:1em;">special grant would be created and issued to rural schools that will reforest land (Reforestation Before Co. Council)</span><br></li></ol><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">However, despite Holden's best efforts, Council decided that the building of roads should take precedence over reforestation. Reforestation would be reconsidered at the June session (Council Minutes 1919, March 17 p.40). Many members of the community were outraged by this decision. One person took to the comment section of the </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Barrie Examiner</em><span style="font-size:1em;">, “Some members of the County Council seemed to regard the report of the reforestry committee as a joke. In assuming such an attitude, these members do themselves no credit. Because they know nothing of a subject is no reason why they should make light of it" </span><span style="font-size:1em;">(Comments of the Week, February 6).</span></p><h4>The Second Attempt</h4><p></p><div>When the Council reconvened in June, its attitude had changed slightly. The Finance Committee in one of its reports included a clause that recommended that the Council approve a policy of reforestation and that a committee be appointed to ascertain the cost of purchasing 200 acres for reforestation and the cost of buying and planting trees. The clause was approved after a vote of 25-8 (Buy Shelter For Children’s Aid, p.2). </div><h4 style="text-align:center;"><br><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/W.J.%20Holden%201080p.jpg" title="W.J. Holden"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/W.J.%20Holden%20480p.jpg" class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="W.J. Holden" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></h4><h4>​<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">W.J. Holden, Jan 1, 1920, Collingwood Bulletin p.1, Simcoe County Archives      <br></span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">C</span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">opyright: Public Domain​</span></p><h4>The Third Attempt<br></h4><p>When Council reconvened in November, 1919, the issue of reforestation was once again brought up by Councillor Holden. In a 10-page report including the research completed by the Reforestation Committee from last session, Holden requested that a small expenditure of $5600 over 5 years be put towards reforestation (Comment of the Week, Dec.4). Like previous council sessions, many council members treated this matter as a joke (Holden’s Report is Voted Down) and voted it down 30-7 (Council Minutes 1919, Nov. p.8).The importance of reforestation was not yet seen by council members. This again upset the community, one person took to the paper to write, “The County Council’s treatment of the report on reforestation was not what might be expected of a responsible body of men when dealing with a subject of such importance” (Comment of the Week, Dec. 4). <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Comment%20of%20the%20Week,%20Dec-4_1080p.jpg" title="Comment of the Week December 4, 1919"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Comment%20of%20the%20Week%20Dec-4_480p.jpg" alt="Comment of the Week December 4, 1919" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">Comment of the Week, Dec. 4, 1919, The Barrie Examiner p.4, Simcoe County Archives Copyright:  Public Domain</span><br></p><h4>Final Steps to Reforestation in Simcoe County<br><br></h4><p>In January of 1920, W.J. Holden went on to be the Mayor of Collingwood. During his time as Reeve, Holden made a large impact on reforestation in Simcoe County (Many Changes in Co. Council – Several Prominent Members Fail to Secure Re-election for 1920). In December of 1919, it was said that “Some of the councillors who opposed reforestation when it was first introduced are now enthusiastic supporters” (Holden’s Report is Voted Down). 1920 was a turning point for reforestation. By June of 1920, progressive policy on reforestation was being developed and the County began to look into obtaining land (Council Minutes 1920, June p.50). Between 1920 and 1922, Simcoe County purchased approximately 1000 acres in Vespra Township (now Springwater) dedicated to reforestation (Council Minutes, June 1922 p.57). This land came to be known as the Hendrie Forest, which is located just northwest of Barrie (Fifty Years of Reforestation in Ontario Part 2, p.11). The Hendrie Tract derives its name from the previous name of Anten Mills: Hendrie. Hendrie was the surname of a contractor who built a section of the railway that passes through the village (The Origin of the Name of the Post Offices of Simcoe County, p.6)​.<br></p><div>​<br></div><div><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/981-35%20Reforestation%20Anten%20Mills%201917%201080p.jpg" title="First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/981-35%20Reforestation%20Anten%20Mills%201917%20480p.jpg" alt="First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">981-35     First Planting at Hendrie Forest May 8, 1922, Fred Grant Collection      Copyright: Public Domain<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><br class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Recently%20cleared%20farmland%201080p.jpg" title="Recently Cleared Farmland around 1925"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Recently%20cleared%20farmland%20480p.jpg" alt="Recently Cleared Farmland around 1925" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">2008-133     Early Simcoe County Forestry - Recently Cleared Farmland, ca. 1925     Copyright: Public Domain<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><br class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Field%20of%20young%20pine%20trees%20E11%20B8%20R0A%20S11%20Sh2%201080p.jpg" title="Field of Young Pine Trees around 1930"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2008-133%20Field%20of%20young%20pine%20trees%20E11%20B8%20R0A%20S11%20Sh2%20480p.jpg" alt="Field of Young Pine Trees around 1930" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">2008-133     Field of Young Pine Trees, ca. 1930     Copyright: Public Domain</span></div><div><br></div><div><p>The Hendrie Forest and other forest tracts can be viewed on the Simcoe County <a href="https://maps.simcoe.ca/public/">Geographical Information Systems (GIS) map​</a>.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/GIS%20Hendrie%20Main%201080p.jpg" title="View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/GIS%20Hendrie%20Main%20480p.jpg" alt="View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System " style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">View of Hendrie Forest from our Geographical Information System </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:1em;">(GIS) map at <br></span><span style="font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">Simcoe County, November 14, 2018     <br></span><span style="font-size:1em;font-style:italic;">Copyright: Public Domain​</span></p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">Today, Simcoe County Forest is the largest municipally-owned forest in Southern Ontario (County of Simcoe Forestry, Forest History). Between 1927 and 1948, Simcoe County purchased tracts of Orr Lake, Waverly, Tosorontio, Drury, Barr and Wildman for further reforestation. The forests continue to provide environmental, social and economic benefits to the County residents (County of Simcoe Forestry, Forest History).</span><p>To learn more about reforestation and its history in the Simcoe County, visit the Simcoe County Archives Monday to Friday between 8:30 AM - 4:00 PM. </p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><br></span></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote">Post by Student Archives Assistant Patricia Nagle<br></span><em>Post expanded by County Archivist Matthew Fells</em><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteStyle-Quote"><br></span></p><p>___________________________________________________________________________</p><p><strong><em>Works consulted</em></strong><br></p><ul><li>Kuhlberg, Mark. "Ontario's nascent environmentalists: Seeing the foresters for the trees in southern Ontario, 1919-1929", <em>The Forestry Chronicle </em>​74 No. 4 (1998): 533.​<br></li><li>Buy Shelter For Children's Aid – H.E. Jory's Residence Taken at $5750 – County War Memorial – Reforestation, The Barrie Examiner, June 26, 1919 p.1,2,& 4, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Comment of the Week, The Barrie Examiner, February 6, 1919 p.2, Simcoe County Archives  </li><li>Comment of the Week, The Barrie Examiner, December 4, 1919 p.4, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>County of Simcoe Forestry – About the Simcoe County Forest https://www.simcoe.ca/dpt/fbl/about#ui-id-1</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1919, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1920, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1921, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Simcoe County Council Minutes, 1922, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Early Simcoe County Forestry – Recently Cleared Farmland between 1900-1920, 2008-133,       Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Fifty Years of Reforestation in Ontario by E.J. Zavitz, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Holden's Report is Voted Down – County Council Declares Against Reforestation - $2,500 for Navy League, The Barrie Examiner, December 4, 1919 p.4, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Many Changes in Co. Council – Several Prominent Members Fail to Secure Re-election for 1920, The Barrie Examiner Jan 8, 1920 p.1, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of Field of Young Pine Trees, 2008-133, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Photo of First Load of Christmas Trees, Shipped By Rail From Barr Tract, Craighurst 1944, 980-24, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of First Planting at Hendrie Forest, May 8, 1922, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of Hendrie Main on the GIS, Nov.14,2018, Simcoe County Archives</li><li>Photo of W.J. Holden, Collingwood Bulletin, Jan 1 1920 p.1, Simcoe County Archives </li><li>Photo of deforested lands, Simcoe County Archives<br></li><li>Reforestation Before Co. Council – Important Recommendations of Counc. Holden's Committee Laid Over, The Barrie Examiner, Feb 6, 1919 p.1, Simcoe County Archives​<br></li><li><em>The Origin of the Name of the Post Offices of Simcoe County</em> by David Williams​<br></li></ul></div><p>​​<br>​​<br><br><br></p>
Collections Highlightshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Collections_Highlights.aspx7/16/2019 3:37:37 PMCollections Highlights<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​Launched September 2019</span>​​​</p><p>Welcome to our Collections Highlights page. Here we will list recently processed archival records that are now available for use in our Reading Room. It is not a comprehensive list, but includes highlights selected by our processing archivists<span style="font-size:1em;">.</span></p><p><strong>Note</strong>:  Between January and mid-March 2020, Archives' staff undertook to arrange and describe ​several larger collections of records. They had not yet completed the process when, as a result of measure​s to prevent the spread of COVID-19,​ the Archives was closed. The archivists responsible for processing are looking forward to the day when they can resume "normal ​activities," and add to this list of highlights.<br></p><p>Remember that you can search the <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6" style="font-size:1em;">Collections Database</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> for ​detailed descriptions of nearly 45,000 records held at the Simcoe County Archives.</span></p><p></p><h2>​​December 2019<br></h2><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</span><br></p><ul><li><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Sainte-Marie among the Hurons r</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">eference </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">li</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">brary books, ca. 1832-2005</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240,"335559991":720,"469777462":[360],"469777927":[0],"469777928":[1]}"> </span>​<br></p></li></ul><h2><span>November 2019</span></h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>Oro-Medonte Horticultural Society collection records</li><li>Fall 2019 (No. VII) edition of the zine Penetang Review</li></ul><h2>October 2019</h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>Royal of Templars of Temperance Charter (Barrie No. 139 Select Council), 1902</li></ul><h2>September 2019 </h2><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Corporate and Municipal Records</p><ul><li>Severn Township municipal records</li></ul><p style="text-decoration:underline;">Private Records</p><ul><li>S. K. Lount collection </li><li>East Simcoe District Women's Institute records</li><li>Lake St. George Women's Institute records</li><li>Westmount Women's Institute </li><li>Victoria Crescent Women's Institute</li><li>Roger Miller Postcard collection </li></ul><p> </p>
Royal Visits to Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County.aspx2/3/2017 7:44:26 PMRoyal Visits to Simcoe County<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Blog originally posted February 3, 2017</span><br></p><p>February 6, 2017 marks the 65<sup>th</sup> Anniversary of the death of King George VI and the ascension to the throne of Queen Elizabeth II.  Beginning in 1860, many members of the British Royal Family have travelled through Simcoe County.</p><p>On September 10, 1860, Albert Edward, <a title="Previous Princes of Wales" href="http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/the-prince-of-wales/titles-and-heraldry/previous-princes-of-wales">Prince of Wales' </a>Train stopped at the Barrie Station.  In Simcoe County Council's Address to His Royal Highness, read by <a title="History of County Wardens" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=5df6ba7f-2cfa-44fd-aab4-1bf8c0227f89">Warden</a> T.D. McConkey, they prayed him "to accept a hearty welcome to the Loyal County of Simcoe, as the worthy scion of [his] royal Mother, long may she be preserved, a pattern to other rulers, and a blessing to the land!"  See:  Barrie Northern Advance, 12 September 1860 p.2   <a title="Barrie Public Library Newspaper Index" href="http://news.ourontario.ca/barrie/search">Barrie Public Library Newspaper Index</a></p><p>Forty-one years later, on October 10, 1901, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York – later King George V and Queen Mary – travelled through the County.  They stopped briefly at the Barrie Station, where a large crowd had assembled, before travelling on to Allandale.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-1901--961-732%20Duke%20of%20York%20visit%20to%20Barrie%20Station%201%201901%20E5%20B1%20R4A%20S1%20Sh3.jpg"><img alt="Duke and Duchess of Cornwall visit, 1901" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1901--961-732%20Duke%20of%20York%20visit%20to%20Barrie%20Station%201%201901%20E5%20B1%20R4A%20S1%20Sh3.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:364px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Crowds gathered to see the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, October 10, 1901<br>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>Edward, <a href="http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/the-prince-of-wales/titles-and-heraldry/previous-princes-of-wales">Prince of Wales</a>, passed through several points on the GTR line through Simcoe County.  The Royal Train was scheduled to stop at Allandale at 10:50 a.m. on October 17, 1919. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-1919--2007-104-GTR_Employee%20Schedule_front-edited.jpg"><img alt="GTR employee's schedule for HRH the Prince of Wales' train 1919" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1919--2007-104-GTR_Employee%20Schedule_front-edited.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">GTR Employees Schedule for running of HRH The Prince of Wale's special train, October 17,1919<br>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>On May 17, 1939 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth embarked on a cross-country tour of Canada.  It was the first time a reigning monarch had set foot on Canadian soil and large crowds greeted them wherever they went.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-1939--966-3-Canadian%20National_front.jpg"><img alt="CN bargain fares and special train service flyer for service to the royal visit, 1939" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1939--966-3-Canadian%20National_front.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Bargain fares and special train service to Toronto on account of the visit of the King and Queen, 1939<br>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>Midland and Penetanguishene welcomed Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip to their communities on July 8, 1959.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-1959--978-23-Queen%20Elizabeth%20Prince%20Philip.jpg"><img alt="Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, 1959" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1959--978-23-Queen%20Elizabeth%20Prince%20Philip.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, July 8, 1959<br></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>In recent years, there have been two royal visits to Simcoe County.  Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, toured <a title="Ste-Marie Among the Hurons" href="http://www.saintemarieamongthehurons.on.ca/sm/en/Home/">Ste-Marie among the Hurons</a> and <a title="St. James on the Lines Heritage Plaque" href="http://www.ontarioplaques.com/Plaques/Plaque_Simcoe11.html">St. James on-the-Lines Church</a> in September 2012.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-2012-SJ--999-39%20St%20James%20Church%20Penetanguishene%20E7%20B2%20R6B%20S6%20Sh2.jpg"><img alt="St. James on the Lines Church" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/2012-SJ--999-39%20St%20James%20Church%20Penetanguishene%20E7%20B2%20R6B%20S6%20Sh2.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">St. James on the Lines, ca. 1990s<br>Image copyright: Eileen Murdoch, used by permission</span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span>Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, stopped in Barrie and CFB Borden on October 22, 2013.  During her visit she visited the <a title="Grey and Simcoe Foresters website" href="http://www.thegreyandsimcoeforesters.org/">Grey & Simcoe Foresters Regiment</a>, of which she is Colonel-in-Chief, and dedicated the Military Heritage Park on Kempenfelt Bay. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Larger image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/1080-Princess_Anne_Inspection-1--CB2013-0372-061.jpg"><img alt="Princess Anne inspects the Grey and Simcoe Foresters, 2013" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Royal-Visits-to-Simcoe-County/Princess_Anne_Inspection-1--CB2013-0372-061.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Princess Anne inspects the <a title="Grey and Simcoe Foresters DND website" href="http://www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca/en/grey-simcoe-foresters/index.page">Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regiment</a>, 2013<br>Image taken by Sgt. Paul MacGregor, Copyright 2013 DND/MND<br>Used by permission of Grey and Simcoe Foresters</span></p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p>