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Archives Blog

​Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!

 

 

Researching Black History in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Black-History-Resources.aspx1/18/2021 3:48:38 PMResearching Black History in Simcoe County<p>​​​​​Updated: 2021-10-15<br></p><p>This page will direct users to resources on researching Black History in Simcoe County.​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/2017-129%20African%20Methodist%20Episcopal%20Church-2%202000%20E10%20B8%20R3A%20S8%20Sh1.jpg" title="To the image "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/2017-129%20African%20Methodist%20Episcopal%20Church-2%202000_480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;font-size:12px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-1-4">2017-129 African Methodist Epi</span></span><span class="ms-rteStyle-References" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-1-4">scopal Church front, 2000<br><span style="text-align:center;">From the Eileen Murdoch collection​</span><br></span></span></p><div><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Black people have been building lives in North America for as long as there has been a colonial presence here, and this includes the County of Simcoe.</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> ​Enslaved Africans were taken to British North America from the mid-17th century until the <a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx" title="The Slavery Abolition Act and early Black settlement in Simcoe County" target="_blank">abolition of the slave trade​</a> in 1807.​​</span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Following the abolition of the slave trade, dating back to 1819, there were a number of</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> well-documented migrations of Black people to Simcoe County, primarily from the United Sates and southwestern Ontario. Many of those original families settled in </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (today </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro-</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">), with later generations branching out to </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">surrounding </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Oro-</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Medonte</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">), the Townships of Flos and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Vespra</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Springwater), the Townships of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="Title">Sunnidale</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> and Nottawasaga (</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Clearview) </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">and beyond.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></div><div><p> ​T<span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">he Simcoe County Archives hold</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">s</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> very few records that predate the 1830s. For this reason, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">the </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">resources listed here will </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">mainly focus</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> on early Black settlements in the County following the War of 1812. These resources will </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">also be of use to those</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> researching Black families and individuals </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">living in Simcoe County </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">through the 19</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">th</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, 20</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">th</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> and 21</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-fontsize="12" data-ccp-parastyle="Title">st</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> centuries.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p> </div><div><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_1200.jpg" title="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_Oro-1080.jpg" alt="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}">​2016-25  S.S. No. 6 Oro Township (Edgar) school children, 1893<br>From the Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">It should be noted that the majority of</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> records and collections held by the Simcoe County Archives </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">were created by agents of municipal governments and/ or white historians </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">researchers. The Archives have​ very few records created by Black people describing their </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">lives and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">experiences</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">. This is an obvious and unfortunate gap in </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">our collections</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">.</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Archives staff are working to identify the gaps, silences, and biases present within these records and collections and are working to create better, more contextualized, archival descriptions​. </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">For more information about this process, please refer to our </span><a href="/Archives/Pages/Historical-Language-Content-Advisory.aspx" title="Historical Content and Language Advisory" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Historical Content and Language Advisory​.​</span></a>​​</p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="s1"></span></span></p><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">The Archives is also </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">seeking</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> to </span><a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1312299f-95b2-4723-a41b-ac7d6fb66601" title="Donate records to the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">acquire</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> records </span></a><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">from </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">interested </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">BIPOC </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">communit</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">y members</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">, businesses, and </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">organizations</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><br></p></div><p style="text-align:left;"> <span style="text-align:center;font-size:12px;"></span></p><div><div><h2> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Resources at Simcoe County Archives</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div><div><div><h3>Blogs and Exhibits<br></h3><ul><li> <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="Black Settlement in Oro Township​" target="_blank">​<span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Black Settlement in Oro Township​</span></a></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx" target="_blank" title="Emancipation Day">Emancipation Day​</a></span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="/Archives/Pages/Emancipation_Day_2020.aspx" target="_blank" title="Portrait of a Black Solider who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force: Private Jacob Courtney​">Portrait of a Black Solider who served in the Canadian Expeditionary Force: Private Jacob Courtney​</a></span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832" target="_blank" title="Simcoe County Remembers Database">Simcoe County Remembers Database</a></li><li> <a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Researching Family History " target="_blank">Researching Family History</a><span style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"> ​</span></li></ul></div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Institu</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">tional records</span></h3><p>These resources are available <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">for review </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">on site at the Archives. </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">For remote access options please <a href="mailto:archives@simcoe.ca" title="Email the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">contact​</span></a> the Archives.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></div><div><h4> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> ​</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Land records</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div><div><p></p><p></p><ul><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Municipal Tax Assessment Rolls</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></li><li> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Simcoe County Patent Book</span></li></ul><p></p><p style="text-align:center;"></p><h4> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" title="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298, features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township, on Wilberforce Street" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" alt="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298, features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township, on Wilberforce Street" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></h4><p style="text-align:center;">972-86​ Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298.<br>Features entries of early Black land patent holders in Oro Township<br><br></p><p></p></div></div><div><div><h4> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">School records​, church records, cemetery </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">r</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">ecords</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div></div><div><div><ul role="list"><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="6" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">School, church, and cemetery </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">records</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, particularly for the historic </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">T</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">ownships of Flos, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, and Oro</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">, as well as the Town of Collingwood</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li></ul></div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Fonds and collections</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Town of Collingwood fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of Flos fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of Oro fonds</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Corporation of the Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> fonds</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Gary E. French collection</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p>East Simcoe District Women's Institute fonds<br></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Eileen</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> Murdoch collection</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}">New Lowell Women's Institute fonds</span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"><span style="text-align:center;">Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span></span></p></li><li><p><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"><span style="text-align:center;"></span>West Simcoe District Women's Institute fonds​<br></span></p></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Finding Aid</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">s</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Oro Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Town of Collingwood Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Medonte</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sunnidale</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Township of Flos Thematic Finding Aid</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">S</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">imcoe County Archives Photo Index</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Simcoe County Archives Map Index</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div><h3> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Printable</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> Guide​​s</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h3></div></div><div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><p></p><ul><li><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA_Quick-Guide_Black-History-Resources_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Black History Research at Simcoe County Archives PDF" target="_blank"><span style="font-size:1em;">Guide to Black History Research at Simcoe County Archives</span></a></span></p></li><li><p><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-to-Geneaology_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives PDF" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Guide to Family History Res​earch at Simcoe County Archives</span></a>​<br></p></li></ul><p></p><p></p></div><div><h2> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> Townships</span></h2><p><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">Township of Oro-</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3" style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">Medonte</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":200,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="font-weight:bold;color:#000000;font-size:12px;"> </span><br></p><div><div><div><div><p></p></div></div><div><div><ul role="list"><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="2" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://www.oro-medonte.ca/Pages/Oro-African-Methodist-Episcopal-Church-Re-opened.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2Mj1dRkXKUz3c8oq4Jbedxm3lizm3tK-cLUyg6BZqZmn7jdVFhZKncFUA" title="Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church" target="_blank">Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church</a></span></p></li><li data-leveltext="" data-font="Symbol" data-listid="2" aria-setsize="-1" data-aria-posinset="1" role="listitem" data-aria-level="1"><p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?app=desktop&fbclid=IwAR2DLl1I-JsjBKu7ZVd9olxJSyxSve5rEtkI67zqtqULebx818AcLDR4uK0&v=DHhzIqLJcj8" title="The Oro African Church Preservation Project" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Revival - The Oro ​​African Church​ Preservation Project</span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"></p></li><li><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://www.historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=12100&pid=0" target="_blank" title="The Canadian Register of Historic Places: Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church">The Canadian Register of Historic Places</a>​​</span></p></li><li><p><a href="https://www.pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/recherche-search" title="Parks Canada National Historic Sites: Oro African Methodist Episcopal Church" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"></span><span>Parks Canada </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">–</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> National Historic Sites</span></span></a></p></li></ul></div></div><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><strong>Township of Springwater</strong></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> <br> </span></p><ul><li> <a href="https://www.springwater.ca/en/recreation-and-culture/history-and-heritage.aspx#List-of-designated-properties" title="History and Heritage properties: The Davenport Homestead" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span>History and Heritage</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> – Davenport Homestead</span></span></a></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div class="SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="TOC Heading">Neighbouring Regions</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":240,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div></div><div><div><ul><li><p> <a href="https://www.sheffieldparkblackhistory.com/" title="Sheffield Park Black History Museum" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Sheffield Park Black History Museum</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"> -</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"> </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Clarksburg, Ontario​</span></span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://greyroots.com/" title="Grey Roots Museum and Archives" target="_blank"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span style="font-size:1em;">Grey Roots Museum & Archives – Owen Sound, Ontario​</span></span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><a href="https://greyroots.com/story/black-history-grey-county" title="Grey Roots Museum and Archives Black History" target="_blank" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Black Roots in Grey County</span></a><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;">​</span></p></li></ul></div><div><p> <span style="font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;">Provincial and National Archives</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p></div></div><div><div><p></p><div> <span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> <ul><li><p> <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">Archives of Ontario<br></span><a href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/access/black_history.aspx" title="Resources Relating to Black History at the Archives of Ontario" target="_blank"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">​Resources Relating to Black History at the Archives of Ontario​</span></a><br></p></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">​​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">Library and Archives of Canada<br></span><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/immigration/history-ethnic-cultural/Pages/blacks.aspx" title="Black History in Canada" target="_blank" style="font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="font-size:1em;">Black History in Canada</span></a><br class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">​​​​​</span><br></li></ul></span></div><p></p></div></div><div class="SCXW221287125 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;">Publi​cations:</span><span style="color:#444444;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:1em;">​</span><br></p></div><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA" style="font-size:1.236em;font-weight:bold;"></span></p></div></div><div><p></p><ul><li><em>Morgan's Seed<br></em>By Janie Cooper-Wilson, 2004​<br><br></li><li><em>T</em><em>he Oro African Church:  A History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Edgar, Ontario, Canada <br></em>Edited by Tim Crawford, 1999 <br><br></li><li><em>Men of Colour:  An Historical Account of the Black Settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949 <br></em>By Gary E. French, 1978  <br><br></li><li><em>Medonte:  A Township Remembered <br></em>Compiled by Mary Garbutt, 2003 <br><br></li><li><em>Emancipation Day:  Celebrating Freedom in Canada <br></em>By Natasha Henry, 2010 <br><br></li><li><em>Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Simcoe: including the district of Muskoka and the townships of Mono and Mulmur for 1872-3 <br></em>By W.H. Irwin, 1872  <br><br></li><li><em>​A History of Oro Schools, 1836 to 1966<br></em>Compiled by the Oro School Board Historical Committee, 1967 <br><br></li><li><em>Kith 'N Kin <br></em>Compiled and edited by Joanna McEwen, 1978  </li><li><em>The Story of Oro <br></em>Edited by Oro Township Historical Committee, 1987 <br><br></li><li><em>Wilberforce Street <br></em>By Janet Read, 1998 <br><br></li><li><em>Sunnidale looks at… Yesterday:  A History of Sunnidale Township <br></em>Compiled by The Township of Sunnidale, 1984 ​</li></ul><p><br><br></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p></div><div><div><p> <span style="font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> ​</span></span></p></div></div>
Researching Ghosts and Hauntings with Archival Records https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Haunted-Properties.aspx8/30/2021 2:16:43 PMResearching Ghosts and Hauntings with Archival Records <p><span style="font-size:13px;">​​​​​​​​Posted: October 20, 2021​​<br>Updated: October 25, 2021 (House incorrectly identified as the Beck House is in fact the ​Copeland House, Penetanguishene).</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">O</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ctober is here which me​ans that spooky season is upon us! For fun this year, the staff at the Simcoe County Archives have put together a resource for researching “ghosts and hauntings” using archival records. </span></p><div style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Woman%20standing%20with%20flowers%20E109%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_1080.jpg" title="Unidentified woman with flowers, around 1900"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Woman%20standing%20with%20flowers%20E109%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_480.jpg" alt="Unidentified woman with flowers, around 1900" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;">​​​<span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;text-align:center;">972-48     Unidentified woman with flowers, ca. 1900.</span><br></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">Decay to the glass negative gives her a ghostly appearance. <br></h4><div><br></div><div>While we cannot say for certain that ghosts are real, at the Archives we can safety say that people who believe in ghosts <em>are</em>. It may surprise some to learn that a percentage of the researchers who make use of the archives are “ghost hunters” – and that “ghost hunting” looks a lot like basic property or family history research.  </div><div><br></div><div>To that end, this guide will serve as an introduction to how some spookier questions can be answered through archival research.  </div><div><br></div><h2>Property Research <br></h2><div>​Often people interested in ghosts and hauntings are looking for information about their home and/ or property. Common questions include: <br></div><div><ol><li>How old is the property and when was it developed? <br></li><li>Who has owned the property? <br></li><li>Have there been any spooky or mysterious events here? </li></ol></div><div>​The first two questions can usually be answered through archival property records.  <span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Archives have put together a guide for heritage property research available here: <a href="/Archives/Pages/heritage.aspx" title="Guide to Heritage Property Research.">Guide to Heritage Property Research.  </a></span></div><div><br></div><div>Other useful resources include our <a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Quick%20Guide-OnLand_2021.pdf" title="Guide to the Ontario Land Registry Portal ">Guide to the Ontario Land Registry Portal (OnLand)</a>, <a href="/Archives/Pages/FIPS.aspx" title="Guide to Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at Simcoe County Archives​">Guide to Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at Simcoe County Archives​</a>, and the <a href="https://opengis.simcoe.ca/public/" title="Simcoe County GIS map">Simcoe County GIS map</a>. <br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48_Glass-Negative-Beck-House-Penetang_E211-B8-R3B-S3_Sh1_1080.jpg" title="The Beck House located in Penetanguishene around 1890"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48_Glass-Negative-Beck-House-Penetang_E211-B8-R3B-S3_Sh1_480.jpg" alt="The Beck House located in Penetanguishene around 1890" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">974-78    The Copeland House located in Penetanguishene ca. 1896. <br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;"> <br></h4><div><br></div><h2>Other resources <br></h2><div>​Once you know the development and ownership history of a property, it becomes easier to research other aspects of its history.  <br></div><div><br></div><div>Answering the question “Have there been any spooky or mysterious events​ here?” can be complicated, but there are several archival resources available that can help. Some of these are listed below.<br></div><div><br></div><h3>Family history records </h3><div>Genealogical resources such and census records, vital statistics, and compiled family histories can be useful when researching a specific person or family. The <a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Simcoe County Archives Guide to Family History Research">Simcoe County Archives Guide to Family History Research</a> provides a useful overview of the records available for this type of research. </div><div><br></div><div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11-I-2_1080.jpg" title="Remembrance​ Certificate, 1889-1902"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11_I-2_480.jpg" alt="Remembrance​ Certificate, 1889-1902" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br><strong>2012-35     Remembrance Certificate, 1889-1902.</strong><br></div><br></div><h3>The Simcoe County Archives Newspaper collection <br></h3><div>The Simcoe County Archives hold over 50 newspaper titles dating back to the 19th century. These publications captured the daily activities of the towns and settlements in the county, and often focus on local events. They are available either in hardcopy form or on microfilm at the Simcoe County Archives.  <br></div><div><br></div><div>Some historic newspapers for <a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Barrie/2817405/data?grd=1230" title="Our Ontario Barrie Newspapers">Barrie</a> and <a href="https://news.ourontario.ca/Orillia/2817480/data?grd=1323" title="Our Ontario Orillia Newspapers">Orillia</a> have been digitized, and are available for review through Our Ontario.  </div><div><br></div><h3>Cemetery records <br></h3><div>The Simcoe County Archives hold copies of cemetery transcription for many historic and active cemeteries in the county. These lists were largely compiled by the <a href="https://simcoe.ogs.on.ca/" title="Simcoe County Branch Ontario Genealogical Society">Simcoe County Branch Ontario Genealogical Society</a> (OGS). The OGS has also put together a database for cemetery transcriptions: <a href="http://ocfa.islandnet.com/" title="The Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid ">The Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid </a><br></div><div><span style="color:#ffffff;font-family:arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">C</span><br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/Livingstone%20Church%20Cemeteries/Headstones%20in%20the%20church%20yard.jpg" title="Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, around 1876"><img src="/Archives/Livingstone%20Church%20Cemeteries/Headstones%20in%20the%20church%20yard.jpg" alt="Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, around 1876" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">968-40  Headstones in the churchyard at the First Anglican Church in Barrie, ca. 1876. ​<br>From the <a href="/Archives/Pages/livingstone.aspx" title="Livingstone collection">Livingstone collection</a>. <br></h4><br></div><div>Another valuable online resource is <a href="https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery-browse/Canada/Ontario?id=state_830" title="Find A Grave Ontario Cemeteries">Find A Grave​</a>, an online database that includes Simcoe County cemeteries.  <br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;"><br></h4></div><h3>Women’s Institute records </h3><div>​Simcoe County Archives hold over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and scrapbooks put together by local branches of the Women’s Institute. These records contain a wealth of information about local buildings, family histories, and local events. These resources are available on site at the Simcoe County Archives. <br></div><div><br></div><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Two%20floral%20wreaths%20with%20white%20bow%20in%20between%20E118%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_1080.jpg" title="Two memorial wreaths" style="color:#000000;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-48%20Glass%20Negative%20Two%20floral%20wreaths%20with%20white%20bow%20in%20between%20E118%20B8%20R3B%20S3%20Sh1_480.jpg" alt="Two memorial wreaths" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></div><div><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">​​972-48     Two floral wreaths, likely a funeral memorial, ca. 1890. ​<br><br><br></h4></div><div>These are just a few resources available to get you started on your ghost hunt. Happy searching and Happy Hallowe’en! ​<span style="font-size:1em;">​​</span></div><p>​​​​<br><br><br><br></p>
For Home and Country: Exploring Women’s Institute records at the Simcoe County Archiveshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Simcoe-County-Women-Institutes.aspx8/30/2021 2:18:51 PMFor Home and Country: Exploring Women’s Institute records at the Simcoe County Archives<h2>​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Introduction<br></h2><p>The Women's Institute (WI) formed in Ontario in 1897 as a women-focused offshoot of the Farmers' Institutes. The Department of Agriculture of Ontario initially sponsored both programs, with the expressed purpose of the WI being the promotion of home economy and practical education for rural women. In practice, local WI branches served as non-denominational social clubs where women could gather with friends, learn, and organize. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_052.jpg" title="Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge Women's Institute"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_052_400.jpg" alt="Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge Women's Institute" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;font-weight:bold;"> TR-2005-87     ​Mrs. J. Wiggins and Mrs. A. McDermid, the first Secretary and Director of the Severn Bridge WI, East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. 52​<br></span><br></p><p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">W</span><span style="font-size:1em;">omen's Institute branches have been active in Simcoe County since the early 1900s. They have had a well-documented, very important role in local heritage preservation. In 1928, Simcoe Area Director Agnes Stocking (Waub​uashene WI) and Area Secretary Elizabeth Sutherland (Stroud WI) petitioned the Public Library in Barrie for a small space in which to house a Simcoe County Museum. ​​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_027.jpg" title="Agnes Stocking, First Director of the Simcoe Area Women's Institute"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_027_480.jpg" alt="Agnes​​​ Stocking, 1944" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">971-15   Agnes​​​ Stocking, 1944,  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 11925-71, pg. 27<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_800.jpg" alt="Elizabeth Sutherland, Simcoe Area Women's Institute Secretary" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15   <span></span>Elizabeth Sutherland, undated<br>  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, 1925-71, pg. 28<br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">As the collection grew, the Simcoe County Museum was relocated first to the Registry Office in Barrie in the 1930s and then to its permanent home on Highway 26. The local branches were likewise instrumental in the establishment of a county-level archives. It was through their efforts and dedication that the </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Simcoe County Archives was founded in 1966 as a County Centennial Project. Through their continued support, the Simcoe County Archives was also able to start an in-house microfilming program. </span><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-103%20Simcoe%20County%20Womens%20Institute%20Museum_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-103%20Simcoe%20County%20Womens%20Institute%20Museum_800.jpg" alt="Simcoe County Women's Institute Museum, ca. 1934" style="font-size:1em;margin:5px;" /></a> ​984-103    Simcoe County Women's Institute Museum, ca. 1934<br></h4><p>​<br></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCM-1967_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCM%20f-1967_800.jpg" alt="Simcoe County Museum and Archives, ca. 1970" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">Simcoe County Museum and Archives, ca. 1970 </h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">from the Simcoe County Archives Photograph collection<br></h4><p>​Another major project undertaken by WI branches has been the creation of community history books, known as Tweedsmuir Community History Books (or Tweedsmuir Histories). The women of the WI created these records to document the settlement history of their towns, but the books also serve to illustrate the social history of their communities throughout the twentieth century. They provide an incredible amount of information for historians, genealogists, and researchers. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_001.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15​ Decorative cover of a Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir<br><br></h4><p>The Simcoe County Archives has been the main repository for local Women's Institute records for over 50 years. The Archives hold branch minutes and administrative records as well over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and branch scrapbooks​. This blog post will explore the history of the Women's Institute in Simcoe County, with an emphasis on the role of the branches in the collection and preservation of local histories.<br></p><h2>​A Brief History of Federated Women's Institute in Ontario (FWIO)</h2><p>The establishment of the Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario is credited to <a href="https://fwio.on.ca/history/">Adelaide Hunter Hoodless and Erland and Janet Lee</a>. Adelaide Hoodless, born in Brant County in 1857, was a tireless educational reformer. Her passion was for the education of women, specifically in the areas of domestic work, health and sanitation, and household labour. </p><p>An address given by Mrs. Hoodless at the Ontario Agricultural College at Guelph on the subject of educational programing for rural women caught the attention Erland Lee, a member of the South Wentworth Farmers' Institute, and his wife Janet. Together, the three endeavoured to establish a “Women's Department of Home Economy in affiliation with the Farmers' Institute". The organization would eventually come to be named the Women's Institute and its official constitution was adopted in Stoney Creek, Ontario on February 25, 1897.</p><p>Within the first ten years of the WI's existence in Ontario, it was reported that 400 local branches had been founded across the province. These local Women's Institutes came to be organized under the umbrella of the FWIO by Areas, Districts, and Branches. ​</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/East-District.jpg" title="​East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia around1910"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/East-District-480.jpg" alt="​East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia, around 1910" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">TR-2005-87     East Simcoe District WI members meeting in Orillia, ca. 1910</h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. ​9<br></h4><p style="text-align:center;"></p><h2>The Women's Institute in Simcoe County</h2><p>As a county largely comprised of rural communities, it is no surprise that the WI would find a place in Simcoe County. Over the course of the WI's history in the county, there have been over 130 individual branches established. While many of these have since disbanded or amalgamated, records for many of the individual branches survive and have been deposited at the Simcoe County Archives.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/West-District.jpg" title="West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, around 1919"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/West-District-480.jpg" alt="West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, around 1919 " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;">980-38  West District WI members meeting near New Lowell, ca. 1920<br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">West Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, pg.18<br></h4><p>​​​​Some of the earliest WI branches to form were in Wyebridge (1901), Cookstown (Sr Branch, 1901), Bond Head (1902), and Creemore (1902). Women's Institute districts formed relatively early to represent the growing number of branches in different parts of the County. The original four districts were:<br></p><ul><li>Simcoe South District, formed in 1901</li><li>Simcoe Centre District, formed in 1902</li><li>Simcoe West District, formed in1902</li><li>Simcoe East District, formed in 1910<br></li></ul><p>Subsequent districts later formed and various reorganizations took place. The Simcoe North District formed in 1949 and the Simcoe Kempenfeldt District was created in 1966. The former took on some existing branches located in the north end of the County, while the latter absorbed various branches from the Simcoe South and Simcoe East Districts. <br></p><p>Today, Simcoe County's WI are again organized into four districts: </p><ul><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+Centre-West" title="Simcoe Centre-West District WI">Simcoe Centre-West</a><br></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+East" title="Simcoe East District WI">Simcoe East</a></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+North" title="Simcoe North District WI">Simcoe North</a><br></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?widistrict=Simcoe+South+Kempenfeldt" title="Simcoe South Kempenfeldt District WI">Simcoe South Kempenfeldt</a><br></li></ul><p>A major development in the history of Simcoe County's Women's Institutes took place in 1925, when the <a href="https://fwio.on.ca/find-a-branch/?wiarea=Simcoe" title="Simcoe Area WI">Simcoe Area</a> was formed. </p><p>​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_1080.jpg" title=" Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_Vol1_1925-71_Page_157_800.jpg" alt=" Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15   Simcoe Area WI Officers, 1944<br>  Simcoe Area Tweedsmuir WI Vol. 1, 1925-71, pg. 157<br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">​This area-level organization would work to represent the shared interests and objectives of all WI branches within the County of Simcoe.  The matter was put forward at a general meeting of the four districts, which took place on August 5, 1925. At that time Agnes Stocking was selected as the first Director.</span><br></p><p>The first meeting of the Simcoe Area was held in Barrie at the Public Library on July 7, 1926. At that time two committees were formed. The first was to take a general survey of material mortality and general health conditions within the County. The second was a historical research committee formed with the expressed mandate of “preserving the history of our County" (Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir Vol. 1, pg. 10). ​<br></p><h4 style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_018_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_018_480.jpg" alt="A Letter from Mrs. W. H. Todd, Convener of the Committee on “Pioneer Research", to Mrs. Orchard, October 15, 1926 ​" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;">971-15  A Letter from Mrs. W. H. Todd, Convener of the Committee on<br>“Pioneer Research", to Mrs. Orchard, October 15, 1926 ​<br></h4><h4 style="text-align:center;"> Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir, 1925-71, pg. 18​</h4><p>The above letter, written by the Simcoe Area Convention's first Convener of the Committee on “Pioneer Research" Mrs. W.H. Todd, gives a strong indication of the type of historical information that was of interest to local women of the WI. Though the practice of compiling and keeping Tweedsmuir Histories would not officially begin until the 1930s, the activities of this committee can be considered a blueprint for the Tweedsmuirs Histories.<br></p><h2>​Tweedsmuir Histories<br></h2><p>One of the WI's most significant contributions to preserving county history has been the creation of community history records, known as Tweedsmuir Histories.  The object of the Tweedsmuirs is to document local history and ensure its availability for future generations. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Tweedsmuir%20Cover%20cropped.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" />​</p><h4 style="text-align:center;">The FWIO logo and motto embossed on a Tweedsmuir History<br></h4><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">By the mid-1920s, WI members were already undertaking efforts to record local settler history, however it was in the 1930s-1940s that the books became a central focus of the WI. The name “Tweedsmuir Histories" was adopted around that time. The name was inspired by Lady Tweedsmuir​, the wife of the Governor General of Canada​. She had taken a personal interest in the endeavours of Canada's WI and stressed the need to preserve local history. Compiling “village histories" was a common practice for WI branches in England, and it was readily adopted in Canada.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_020_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/971-15_SimcoeArea_TWD_1925-71_Page_020_480.jpg" alt="A letter addressed to Mrs. Robert Boyes (Churchill WI) from Lady Tweedsmuir, dated October 15, 1940" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <br></p><h4 style="font-size:16px;text-align:center;">971-15​     A letter addressed to Mrs. Robert Boyes (Churchill WI)  from Lady Tweedsmuir, dated October 15, 1940,  Simcoe Area WI Tweedsmuir, 1925-71, pg. 20<span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></h4><p style="text-align:left;"><br><span style="font-size:1em;">The project gained momentum as the 50th year anniversary for the WI in Ontario approached, with many branches completing the first books in time for the 1947 celebrations. The first Area Tweedsmuir “Curator" for Simcoe County was Mrs. Robert Kell of the Gilford WI (1963-1968). Many Tweedsmuir Histories were also completed in time for Canada's Centennial in 1967. </span><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_097_1000.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/TR-2005-87_EastSimDist_TWD_1964-77_Page_097_1000.jpg" alt="Tweedsmuir History Workshop being held at Minesing for the Districts of Simcoe Centre, North and East on April 26th 1967" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-weight:bold;">TR-2005-87     ​East Simcoe District WI Tweedsmuir History, pg. 97​</span></p><p>​Tweedsmuir Histories exist in a variety of forms, but the majority are organized into albums or scrapbooks. Many are bound in the official blue and gold colours of the WI, but others have decorative leather or painted covers. While each Tweedsmuir is fundamentally a unique record of its community, many follow a similar format for the collection and presentation of historical information. Some frequently included categories are:<br></p><ul><li>Branch histories<br></li><li>Membership profiles and biographies</li><li>Settlement and community profiles</li><li>Local anniversaries and special events</li><li>Local fundraisers, including war efforts</li><li>Industrial and agricultural practices<br></li><li>Local family histories</li><li>Farm histories and "House Logs"<br></li><li>Public building histories, including churches and schools</li><li>Profiles of <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Robertson_Watt" title="Biography of Mrs. Alfred Watt">Mrs. Alfred Watt </a>Memorial Scholarship winners<br></li></ul><div>While the original focus of these records was on the early settler history, the books offer a wealth of information about the social history of Simcoe County throughout the twentieth century. <br></div><div><br></div><div><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/993-19_Udney_WI_Tweedsmuir-Scrapbook-Martin-Speiran_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/993-19_Udney_WI_Tweedsmuir-Scrapbook-Martin-Speiran_800.jpg" alt="A Century Farm, or "Farm History" included in the Udney WI Tweedsmuir, ca. 1970" style="margin:5px;" /></a>​<br></div><div><h4 style="text-align:center;">​993-19     A Century Farm, or "Farm History" included in the Udney WI Tweedsmuir, ca. 1970. From the Udney WI fonds​<br><br></h4><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Archives holds over 200 Tweedsmuir Histories and scrapbooks created by the County's Area, Districts, and Branches. The prevalence of the WI in the county has meant that the Tweedsmuirs provide wide geographic coverage.</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> This combined with the sheer variety of local history captured collectively make the Tweedsmuirs one of the Archives most important resources.  </span><br></p><p><strong style="font-size:1em;">​Conclusion</strong></p><p><strong style="font-size:1em;"></strong>The WI has played a major role in the collection and preservation of local heritage materials in the County of Simcoe.  Through the curation of Tweedsmuir Histories and the establishment of local heritage organizations, the women of the WI not only recorded Simcoe County's local history, but also ensured that it would be kept and made available to all citizens in perpetuity. </p><p>With the assistance of the FWIO, forty of Simcoe County's Area and District WI Tweedsmuir Histories were digitized in 2019.  These can be accessed through​ the <a href="https://collections.fwio.on.ca/search">FWIO Digital Collections​</a>. <br><br><br></p><p><strong>Sources:</strong><br></p><p>Ambrose, Linda M., and Margaret Kechnie. “Social Control or Social Feminism?: Two Views of the Ontario Women's Institutes." <em>Agricultural History</em> 73, no. 2 (1999): 222–37. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/3744661">http://www.jstor.org/stable/3744661</a>.</p><p>Kechine, Margaret C. <em>Organizing Rural Women: The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario, 1897-1919</em>. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zwfj">http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt7zwfj</a>.</p><p>Tennant, Nancy. “Women's Institutes in Peace and War." <em>Social Work (1939-1970)</em> 2, no. 3 (1942): 99–104. <a href="http://www.jstor.org/stable/43759704">http://www.jstor.org/stable/43759704</a>.</p><p>The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario.<em> Ontario Women's Institute Story</em>. T. H Best Printing Limited, 1972.</p><p> “Tweedsmuir Community History Books." <em>The Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario</em>. Accessed September 15, 2021. https://fwio.on.ca/tweedsmuir-history-books/​ <br></p><p> </p><p><strong>Further Reading:</strong><br></p><ul><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/fwio-digital-collections/" title="Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario – Digital Collections">Federated Women's Institutes of Ontario – Digital Collections</a></li><li><a href="https://fwio.on.ca/erland-lee-museum-home/" title="Erland Lee (Museum) Home​" style="font-size:1em;">Erland Lee (Museum) Home​</a><br></li></ul><p><br><br></p>​<br></div>
Researching Indigenous Histories in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Indigenous-History-Resources.aspx5/28/2021 1:21:11 AMResearching Indigenous Histories in Simcoe County<div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​This page </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">provides</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> an introduction to archival </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">records and collections that relate to </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;background-image:initial;background-position:initial;background-size:initial;background-repeat:initial;background-attachment:initial;background-origin:initial;background-clip:initial;">persons and communities</span> in Simcoe County. The focus will primarily be on resources available at the Simcoe County Archives, but links and direction to relevant resources from other institutions are also included.​</span></span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"></span></span><span style="font-size:1em;">This page will be updated to reflect ​additional knowledge and resources as they become </span><span style="font-size:1em;">available​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">.</span></p></div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> Communities in Simcoe County</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></h2></div><div><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Indigenous </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">peoples </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">have lived on the land currently known as Simcoe County for thousands of years. </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">When </span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink">Jesuit missionaries</span><span data-ccp-charstyle="Hyperlink"> arrived </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">roughly 600 years ago from Europe, the land was home to the Huron-​​Wendat, Petun, Neutral, Haudenosaunee and the <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Anishinaabe​</span>​​ peoples.​</span></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span></span>Simcoe County is</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> located </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">on</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> the traditional territory of the </span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:1em;"><a href="http://www.anishinabek.ca/first-nations/" title="Anishinabek Nation"><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Anishinaabeg​</span>​</a></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">. The Anishinaabeg</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> include the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">Ojibwe</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">, Odawa, and Pottawatomi nations, collectively known as the Three Fires Confederacy. </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">There are </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">two</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> First Nations</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">eserves located within the geog</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">raphic boundaries of the </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">C</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:1em;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;margin:0px;padding:0px;">ounty: <a href="https://www.ramafirstnation.ca/" title="The C​hippewas of Rama First Nation">The C​hippewas of Rama First Nation</a> and​ <a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" title="Beausoleil First Nation">Beausoleil First Nation​</a>.​​</span><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​</span></a></p></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" style="background-color:transparent;"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></a><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">T</span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">he </span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">C​ounty </span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:16px;">is also home to the Métis people, many of whom descend from the <a href="https://www.metisnation.org/news/mno-highlights-georgian-bay-historic-metis-community-and-invites-ontarians-to-learn-more/" title="historic Georgian Bay ​Métis community" target="_blank">historic Georgian Bay ​Métis community​</a> based in​ <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">the </span><a href="https://heritage.penetanguishene.ca/heritage-location.php?id=38" title="Penetanguishene heritage: Métis" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Town of Penetanguishene​</a><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> and Townshi​ps of Tiny and Tay</span></span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">. Simcoe County is covered by Region 7 of the </span><a href="https://www.metisnation.org/" title="Métis Nation of Ontario" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Métis Nation of Ontario​</a><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">. In addition to these communities, the County is home to many other First Nations, Inuit, and Métis citizens.​</span></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​<br></span></p></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW111416476" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW111416476 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW111416476 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></span><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">In Canada, treaties govern the rights, responsibilities, and relationships between provincial and federal governments and First Nations communities. The area now called Simcoe County is subject to a number of treaties, including the pre-confederate Southern Ontario Treaties of 1764-1862, including the <a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1370372152585/1581293792285#ucls8" title="Penetanguishene Treaty No.5" target="_blank">Penetanguishene Treaty No.5</a> and <a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1370372152585/1581293792285#ucls15" title="Lake Simcoe Treaty No.16​" target="_blank">Lake Simcoe Treaty No.16​</a>,  and the post-confederate </span><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1542370282768/1542370308434" title="Inforgraphic Williams Treaties of 1923​" target="_blank" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">Williams Treaties of 1923​</a><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">.  ​​</span></p></div><div><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;">​</span><br></div><h2>​A note on other institutional records<br></h2><div><p>As a municipal archives the Simcoe County Archives do not hold original documents such as treaties or Indigenous Affairs records. These records were created and are held by agents of the Federal and Provincial governments, and can be found at the <a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/Pages/introduction.aspx" title="Indigenous heritage at Library and the Archives of Canada" target="_blank">Library and Archives of Canada</a> or <a href="http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/microfilm/aboriginal_peoples_records.aspx" title="Records Relating to Aboriginal Peoples at the Archives of Ontario" target="_blank">Archives of Ontario</a>.<span style="font-size:1em;"> </span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Residential Schools</strong></span></p><p>While there were no <a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/residential-schools" title="Indian Residential Schools" target="_blank">Indian Residential Schools</a> located within Simcoe County, there were at least two Indian Day Schools. The Rama Indian Day School was operated by the United Church of Canada, and the <a href="http://sistersofservice.ca/missions/ontario/christianisland.html" title="Christian Island Roman Catholic Indian Day School​" target="_blank">Christian Island Indian Day School​</a> ​​was operated by the Roman Catholic Church<a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/residential-school-records-in-united-church-of-canada-archives/" title="Residential School Records in United Church of Canada Archives">​</a>. Some records related to these institutions are held by the <a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/residential-school-records-in-united-church-of-canada-archives/" title="Residential School Records in United Church of Canada Archives" target="_blank">United Church of Canada Archives</a>, a partial catalogue of which can be accessed here: <a href="https://www.unitedchurcharchives.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/DaySchoolGuide_COMPLETE-2020-compressed.pdf" title="United Church of Canada Archives Day School Research Guide" target="_blank">United Church of Canada Archives Day School Research Guide</a>.<br></p><p>Indian Residential School records are also held by the <a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/aboriginal-heritage/Pages/residential-schools-resource-sheets.aspx" title="Residential School Records Resources at Library and Archives of Canada" target="_blank">Library and Archives of Canada​</a>.​<br></p><p>For more information about the Indian Residential School system​ and Indian Day Schools, please read the <a href="https://nctr.ca/records/reports/" title="Truth and Reconciliation Commission Reports">Reports and Findings​</a> of the <a href="http://www.trc.ca/" title="Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada">Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada</a>. </p><div>For survivors and their families <a href="https://www.irsss.ca/faqs/how-do-i-reach-the-24-hour-crisis-line" title="The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line">The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line</a> is available 24-hours a day for anyone experiencing pain or distress as a result of his or her Residential school experience​: <span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">1-8</span><span style="font-size:1em;">66-925-4419</span></div>​​​<br></div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">​Resources at the Simcoe County Archives​</span></h2></div><div><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">At the Simcoe County Archives content related to Indigenous peoples and histories can be found in corporate and municipal r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ecords, p</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">rivate</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> collections, the Simcoe County Archives newspaper collection, and the Reference Library</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></div><div><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br></span></div><div style="text-align:center;"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/CoraidNewsCollage_1080.jpg" title="Coraid News, 1973-1974" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/CoraidNewsCollage_480.jpg" alt="Coraid News, 1973-1974" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></div><h4 style="text-align:center;">Simcoe County Newspaper Collection, <span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Coraid News</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">: The Voice of the People</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> –</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> a partial run from 19</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">73 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">–</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">197</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">4. P</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">roduced in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Rama First Nation.</span><br><br></h4><div><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Additionally, </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">access to</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> Ontario</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">birth, marria</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ge an</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">d</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> death records</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> and </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Federal census i</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">nformation can be accessed</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> on site at the Archives through Ancest</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">r</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">y.ca. </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><br></span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">It is important to note that </span><span class="NormalTextRun AdvancedProofingIssueV2 SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">the majority of</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> the records and collections at the Simcoe County Archives were created, accumulated and/ or donated by non-Indigenous</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">persons</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">. Some of the earliest and most substantive collections acquired by the Archives were donated by local archaeologists and specifically focus on the pre-contact sites and material culture of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;">Indigenous communities in the County. These records, while they focus on Indigenous history, lack Indigenous voices and perspectives. </span></div><div><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><br></span></span></span></div><div><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;"></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Archives staff are working to identify the gaps, silences, and biases present within these records and collections and</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;"> are working to create better, more contextualized, archival descriptions</span>​. </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">For more information about this process, please refer to our <a href="/Archives/Pages/Historical-Language-Content-Advisory.aspx" title="Historical Content and Language Advisory">Historical Content and Language Advisory​</a>.</span><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> ​</span></span><span style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​</span></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW243056203" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW243056203 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">​<br></span></span></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW243056203 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span class="EOP SCXW243056203 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></span></p></div><div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW55991718" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><div><h2>Blogs and e​xhibits​<br></h2></div><div><div><div><ul><li><p>​<span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">​<a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx" title="​​National Indigenous History Month 2017">National Indigenous History Month </a></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":120,"335559740":259}"> </span></p></li><li><p><a href="/Archives/Pages/National_Indigenous_Peoples_Day_2020.aspx" title="Jacob Gill Gaudaur "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3">Jacob Gill </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3">Gaudaur</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 3"> </span></span></a></p></li><li><p><a title="Simcoe County Remembers​" href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8039b373-5bb4-45f8-b028-724f31461832"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Simcoe County Remembers​</span></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;">The Simcoe County Remembers database contains the names of 1,009 men and women who had connections to Simcoe County and who died while in service or as a result of wounds or injuries sustained during the First World War.</span></p></li><li><p><a><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></a><a href="/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx" title="Researching Family History​ ​​">Researching Family His<span>tory​</span> ​​</a><br></p></li></ul></div></div></div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Institu</span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">tional records</span></h2><p>These resources are available <span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">for review </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">on site at the Archives. </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">For remote access options please <a href="mailto:archives@simcoe.ca" title="Email the Simcoe County Archives" target="_blank">contact​</a> the Archives.</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></p><h4><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Corporate and </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Municipal</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2"> records</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></h4></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW55991718 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">The Corporation of the County of Simcoe</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> fonds</span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of the Township of Rama fonds</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of th</span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">e </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Town of Midland</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> fonds</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun Highlight SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;outline:transparent solid 1px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Corporation of the Township</span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span></span></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Tiny</span></span></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">fon</span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">ds</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></li></ul></div></div><h4>Private fonds and collections<br></h4><ul><li>A.F. Hunter papers  ​<br></li><li><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO15860&SE=1212&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=1723&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Ardagh Family fonds"><span><span style="font-size:1em;">A</span><span style="font-size:1em;">rda</span><span style="font-size:1em;">gh Fa</span><span style="font-size:1em;">mily fon</span></span>ds</a><br></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">C. Beck Manufacturing Company Ltd. fonds </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13016&SE=1211&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14908&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Djenane Mackellar Lemmon collection ">Djenane Mackellar Lemmon collection  </a>​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=PREV_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=1&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="E. Ross Channen collection ​">E. Ross Channen collection  ​</a>​</span></li><ul><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=NEXT_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=2&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Indian Data​">Indian Data​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14864&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Records of Indian Site Excavations">Records of Indian Site Excavations</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO17555&SE=1215&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14866&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Copeland Site Materials​">Copeland Site Materials​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO17895&SE=1217&RN=1&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14867&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Canadian Heritage​">Canadian Heritage</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO18028&SE=1219&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14868&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Local History​"> Local History​</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;"> <a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=NEXT_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO16066&SE=1213&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14863&NR=3&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Personal Files">Personal Files</a></span></span></li><li><span style="font-size:12pt;"><span style="color:#000000;font-family:arial;">​ <a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO18140&SE=1220&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=14870&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Loose Items​">Loose Items​</a></span></span></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Fort Ste. Marie collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Gaudaur Family collection ​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Hanley Clarke collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Huron Institute collection  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Kenneth E. Kidd collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Norman D. Clarke collection </span></li><ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Archaeological papers  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Cartographic papers </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Historical papers </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">​Photograph index </span></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Orillia Public Library collection  </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">Ontario Historical Association collection </span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span>The Township of Oro Historical Committee collection<span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></li><ul><li>​<a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO7270&SE=1232&RN=7&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=33087&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="​​Peter Scott Slide collection ​" style="font-size:1em;">​Peter Scott Slide collection ​</a><br></li></ul><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO8462&SE=1234&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=31343&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Paul Delaney collection ​">Paul Delaney collection  ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO19877&SE=1223&RN=2&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=16090&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Jarratt-Switzer Family collection​" style="font-size:1em;">Jarratt-Switzer Family collection​</a><span style="font-size:1em;">​​​</span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"></span>​Leigh collection   <br></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13295&SE=1237&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=10874&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="W.A. Fisher fonds ​">W.A. Fisher fonds ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13420&SE=1238&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=32449&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Wally McNeice collection ​">Wally McNeice collection ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?AC=GET_RECORD&XC=/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll&BU=https://apps.simcoe.ca/dbtw-wpd/search.htm&GI=&TN=descrip3&SN=AUTO13576&SE=1239&RN=0&MR=15&TR=0&TX=1000&ES=0&XP=&RF=Web+Brief&EF=Basic+Record+Form&DF=Web+Full&RL=0&EL=0&DL=0&NP=3&ID=&MF=&DT=&ST=0&IR=31106&NR=0&NB=0&SV=0&SS=0&BG=&FG=&QS=NewSearch2017" title="Stuart N. Keyes Limited fonds ​">Stuart N. Keyes Limited fonds ​</a></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">imcoe County Library Co-operative fonds <br></span></li><li><span style="font-size:1em;">S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ainte-Marie A</span><span style="font-size:1em;">mong the Huron Reference Library collection ​​​</span></li></ul><div><div><div><h4><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="font-size:16px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">Select l</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">a</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">nd r</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 2">ecords</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h4></div><div><p></p><ul><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Reel of microfilm - Department of Indian Affairs, re. Town Plot of Orillia and Indian Reserve between Orillia and Coldwater, 973-45</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">1834 Census of Coldwater Reserve, “Coldwater Reserve” file, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">983-84 </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">William Hawkins (Deputy Surveyor).  “Report and Description of the Native Reserve between Lake Simcoe and Coldwater” York, March 14, 1833, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">987-15 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Irwin Moore. N ½ Lo 16, Con. IV, Innisfil Township, 1853, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Council of the District of Simcoe. Lot 8, North Coldwater Street, Orillia, 1846, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to Richard Hodges. Lot 6, North Side Coldwater Street, Orillia, 1847 , 970-87</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Transfer of Lands by the Chippewa Nation to the King of England. In the North Part of the County. Signed at Niagara, 1795,  Xerox only, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Grant to John Currie. Lot 12, East Side Front Street, Orillia, 1846, </span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA">970-87 </span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA"> </span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}"> </span></li></ul><p></p></div></div><div><div style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><h4><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="font-size:16px;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US">Newspapers and publications </span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":40,"335559739":120,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h4></div><div><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Simcoe County </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Archives </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Newspaper Collectio</span></span></span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">n</span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><ul><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">The Coraid News</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">: The Voice of the People</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> –</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> a partial run from 1973 </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">–</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">197</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">4. P</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">roduced in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Rama First Nation</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">​​Smoke Signals – </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">A</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> zine produced </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">in </span></span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Beausoleil First Nation​</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW55991718 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">.​</span></span></span></li></ul></ul><h4>Thematic finding aids<br></h4><p>Thematic finding aids are inventories of many different records and collections organized around a place, subject, or organiz<span style="font-size:1em;">a</span><span style="font-size:1em;">tion. ​</span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></p><div><p></p><ul><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><span class="ms-rteStyle-Normal"><span style="font-size:16px;">Archaeology <span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="font-size:12pt;background-color:transparent;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></span>​</span></li><li><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Art/Artists Thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Barrie – Miscellaneous thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Barrie – </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">News clippings</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> thematic finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Cemeteries and Cemetery Studies finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Centennial Historical Booklets</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Depression Years finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Ethnology/ Ethnic groups finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Huronia Historic Sites finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">  </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Huronia Historic Sites Plaques finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">  </span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Moving Images finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Native Peoples finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart ContextualSpellingAndGrammarErrorV2 SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;background-repeat:repeat-x;background-position:left bottom;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Township of </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Orillia </span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">thematic finding </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Town of Midland thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Township of Nottawasaga thematic finding aid</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Township of Rama thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> </span></span></li><li><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;">Village of Coldwater thematic finding aid</span><span class="EOP SCXW15368450 BCX0 ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559738":60,"335559739":60,"335559740":259}" style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;margin:0px;padding:0px;line-height:19.425px;"> ​</span></span></li></ul><p></p><p></p><p><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></p><p></p><div><div><h2><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">C</span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">ounty of </span><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Simcoe</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> resource</span>s<br></h2></div><div><div><ul><li><p><a href="https://museum.simcoe.ca/exhibits/native" title="Channen Gallery">S​imcoe County Museum - Channen Gallery</a><br></p></li></ul></div><div style="font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;"><h2><span style="font-size:19.5pt;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Simcoe County Indigenous communities</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h2></div></div><div><p></p><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;"></p><ul><li><p><a href="https://www.barrienfc.ca/" title="Barrie Native Friendship Centre​ "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US">Barrie Native Friendship Centre</span> </a><br></p></li><li><p><a href="http://www.chimnissing.ca/" title="Beausoleil First Nation"><span data-contrast="none" lang="FR-CA">Beausoleil First Nation</span></a></p></li><li><p><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-CA"><a href="https://www.barrienfc.ca/"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"></span></a><a href="https://www.ramafirstnation.ca/" title="Chippewas of Rama First Nation">Chippewas of Rama First Nation</a></span></p></li><ul><li><p><a href="https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/" title="Rama Historical Archives ">Rama Historical Archives </a><br></p></li></ul><li><div><div><span><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><a href="https://www.gbnfc.com/" title="Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre">Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre</a></span></span></div></div><br></li><li><a href="https://www.metisnation.org/" title="Métis Nation of Ontario "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US"><span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Nation of Ontario</span> </a><p></p></li><ul><li><p><a href="https://www.barriemetiscouncil.com/" title="​Barrie South Simcoe Métis Council">​Barrie South Simcoe <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Council</a><br></p></li><li><p><a href="https://georgianbaymetiscouncil.com/" title="Georgian Bay Métis​ Council">Georgian Bay <span style="font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Métis</span> Council</a><br></p></li></ul></ul></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div><h2><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Si​mcoe County heritage institutions</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> </span></span></h2></div></div><div><div><ul><li><p><a href="https://huroniamuseum.com/" title="Huronia Museum and Huron Ouendat Village "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Huronia Museum and Huron Ouendat Village</span><span data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}"> </span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://www.penetanguishene.ca/en/Museum.asp?_mid_=9665" title="Penetanguishene Centennial Museum & Archives "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">Penetanguishene Centennial Museum & Archives</span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="http://www.saintemarieamongthehurons.on.ca/sm/en/Home/index.htm" title="Huronia Historical Parks - ​Saint-Marie Among the Hurons">Huronia Historical Parks - ​Saint-Marie Among the H<span style="font-size:1em;">urons</span></a></p></li><li><p><a href="https://firstnations.innisfillibrary.ca/" title="Our Stories Innisfil - ​First Nations of Simcoe County">Our Stories Innisfil - ​First Nations of Simcoe County</a>​<br>​<br></p></li></ul></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;margin:0px;padding:0px;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun EmptyTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW58008145" style="color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" role="heading" aria-level="1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:#365f91;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">Resourc</span></span><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" style="background-color:transparent;color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"><span data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1">es</span></span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559738":320,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}" style="background-color:transparent;color:#444444;font-size:19.5pt;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-weight:bold;"> </span></p></div><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><a href="https://decolonialatlas.wordpress.com/2015/04/14/the-great-lakes-in-ojibwe-v2/" title="The Decolonial Atlas - The Great Lakes: An Ojibwe Perspective " style="background-color:transparent;font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">The Decolonial Atlas - The Great Lakes: An Ojibwe Perspective</span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span></span></a><br></li><li><a href="https://native-land.ca/" title="Native Land​">Native Land​</a><br></li></ul></div></div><div><div class="OutlineElement Ltr BCX0 SCXW58008145" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;overflow:visible;cursor:text;clear:both;direction:ltr;"><p class="Paragraph SCXW58008145 BCX0" role="heading" aria-level="1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;vertical-align:baseline;background-color:transparent;color:#365f91;"><span data-contrast="none" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun Underlined SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:16pt;text-decoration-line:underline;line-height:25px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-parastyle="heading 1" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">​​</span></span><span style="color:#444444;font-family:oswald, sans-serif;font-size:1.618em;font-weight:bold;">Treaties with the British Crown and Canadian Government</span></p></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;color:#000000;font-family:"segoe ui", "segoe ui web", arial, verdana, sans-serif;font-size:12px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><p></p><ul><li>​<a href="http://www.landclaimscoalition.ca/assets/Royal-Proclamation-1763-Fact-Sheet.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Fact sheet " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Fact sheet</span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span><br class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"></span></a><br></li><li><a href="https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAM-INTER-HQ-ACH/STAGING/texte-text/nahm_250_pt_1379596017260_eng.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Relationships, Rights and Treaties " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:calibri, calibri_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> Royal Proclamation of 1763 – Relationships, Rights and Treaties </span></span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><br class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"></span></a></li><li><a href="http://www.sfu.ca/~palys/The%20Royal%20Proclamation.pdf" title="Royal Proclamation of 1763 text " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Royal Pro</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">clamation of 1763 text</span></span><span class="LineBreakBlob BlobObject DragDrop SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:wordvisicarriagereturn_msfontservice, arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;white-space:pre !important;"> </span></span></a><br><br></li><li><a href="https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-first-nations-maps" title="Ontario Treaty Maps "><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-US" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Ontario Treaty Maps</span></a></li></ul></div></div><div class="SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><div class="ListContainerWrapper SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"><ul><li><a href="https://williamstreatiesfirstnations.ca/" title="Williams Treaties First Nations">Williams Treaties First Nations​</a>​<br></li><li><a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/williams-treaties" title="Williams Treaties " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Williams Treaties</span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":120,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><span style="background-color:transparent;color:windowtext;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;">​</span><a href="http://www.anishinabek.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Williams-Treaty-Chippewa.pdf" title="​Williams Treaty – Text " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;">Williams Treaty – Text</span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3987611" title="Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina Isle and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="TextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina </span><span class="NormalTextRun CommentStart SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;">Isle</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW58008145 BCX0" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;"> and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"> </span></a></li><li><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3987611" title="Williams Treaty - Chippewas of Christian Island, Georgina Isle and Rama held at the Library and Archives of Canada " style="background-color:transparent;font-family:arial, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;font-size:12pt;"><span class="EOP SCXW58008145 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{"134233279":true,"201341983":0,"335559685":1080,"335559739":160,"335559740":259}" style="margin:0px;padding:0px;font-size:12pt;line-height:19.425px;font-family:arial, arial_embeddedfont, arial_msfontservice, sans-serif;"></span></a><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1542370282768/1542370308434" title="Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement​">Williams Treaties First Nations Settlement Agreement​</a>​​<br><br></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div></div></div><p>​​<br>​<br>​<br><br></p>
County of Simcoe Carnegie Librarieshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/County-of-Simcoe-Carnegie-Libraries.aspx9/29/2017 8:10:57 PMCounty of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​Blog originally posted ​September 29, 2017</span><br></p><p>October is Canadian Library Month, and in celebration the Simcoe County Archives is looking at a few of the earlier public libraries to be established in the County; Carnegie Libraries. </p><p>Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish businessman and philanthropist with a strong interest in and commitment to freely available public education. The Carnegie Foundation provided grants to help communities build public libraries. In Ontario, 111 libraries were built with the aid of Carnegie grants, with an additional 14 libraries built across Canada. Five Carnegie libraries were built in the county of Simcoe; one each in Collingwood, Midland, Penetanguishene, Barrie, and Orillia.</p><p><strong>Carnegie Libraries in Simcoe County</strong></p><p><strong>Collingwood Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>One of the earliest Simcoe County communities to be awarded funding from the Carnegie Foundation was the town of Collingwood. A grant for the construction of a public library was issued on August 16, 1902. The original building for the Collingwood Public Library, pictured below, was designed by W. & W. Stewart. This building was unfortunately destroyed in a fire in 1963. </p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Collingwood Public Library, ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" alt="Postcard of Collingwood Public Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring the Public Library, Collingwood, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Penetanguishene Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation awarded a grant of $13 000 for the construction of a public library in Penetanguishene on December 13, 1907. The building was designed by architect Charles P. Baird. <br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%201080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Library ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%20480.jpg" alt="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Carnegie Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring The Carnegie Library, Penetanguishene, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain.</span></p><p><strong>Orillia Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The City of Orillia received funds to construct their public library on April 10, 1909. The library was designed by a Mr. Crocker. </p><p><strong>Midland Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation issued a $12 500 grant to the Town of Midland for the purposes of constructing a public library on March 21, 1910. The library was opened for public use in 1915. </p><p><strong>Barrie Public Library</strong></p><p>The City of Barrie received funds from the Carnegie Foundation on July 23, 1914. The original Barrie Public Library was built by Chapman & McGuffin and was located at 37 Mulcaster Street in downtown Barrie. The downtown branch of the Barrie Public Library has since relocated to a building on Worsley Street, however the Carnegie building is now home to the <strong>MacLaren Art Centre</strong>. </p><p><strong> </strong><span style="font-size:1em;">While many of the original Carnegie Library buildings in the County of Simcoe are no longer in use, the public libraries they helped to establish continue to flourish.</span></p><p>Simcoe County hosts multiple library systems across 18 distinct municipalities. In addition, the <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=8c373398-6696-4ab3-8e2a-e8aeebda7c13">County of Simcoe Library Cooperative</a> operates to support and enhance public library services within the County. </p><p><strong>Works consulted:</strong></p><p>Libraries. <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Retrieved from <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/libraries/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/libraries/</a></p><p>Carnegie Libraries. <em>Ontario Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport</em>. <a href="http://www.mtc.gov.on.ca/en/libraries/carnegie.shtml">http://www.mtc.gov.on.ca/en/libraries/carnegie.shtml</a> </p><p>Library History. <em>Midland Public Library</em>. Retrieved from <a href="http://www.midlandlibrary.com/library-history/">http://www.midlandlibrary.com/library-history/</a> </p><p><br></p><p><br></p>
Emancipation Day in Simcoe Countyhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/Emancipation-Day.aspx8/2/2017 1:31:14 PMEmancipation Day in Simcoe County<p>​​​​​​​​​​​Blog originally posted ​August 1, 2017<br><span style="font-size:1em;">2021</span><span style="font-size:1em;">-06-17 L</span><span style="font-size:1em;">anguage updated to meet current best practice.</span></p><p>In this blog post we will explore the origins of Emancipation Day in Ontario, and examine the impact of the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em> on early Black settlement in Simcoe County. This post serves as a good primer to our online exhibit on the <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="The Black Settlement in Oro Township" target="_blank">Wilberforce Street Settlement.​</a><br></p><p>Emancipation Day (August 1st) is celebrated across the British Commonwealth as a commemoration of the passing of the <em>Slavery Abolition Act. </em>The Act was passed on August 28, 1833, which meant that by August 1, 1834 slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire. Emancipation Day has also been long celebrated in Simcoe County. A July 30, 1862 article from <em>The Spirit of the Age</em> describes Emancipation Day celebrations in Barrie (partially lost – brackets represent interpolations):<br></p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p><em>… being the 28</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> Anniversary [of the emanci]pation by England of the</em><em>  </em><em>… slaves, is to be kept by the [pe]ople of this county with more [extraor]dinary signs of rejoicing and thankfulness. They are to meet at Barrie, and among the proceedings of the day have arranged for a religious service, at the conclusion of which a sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Mr. Morgan. In the evening the party will dine together, and afterwards hold a soiree, when several able speakers will address the meeting. The rejoicings are not to be confined to the colored people, but all who feel friendly towards them are desired to join their party. We trust the interesting proceedings will pass off successfully.</em><em><strong>[i]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p> The road to abolition in Ontario passed through Simcoe County and is reflected in the County's​ namesake: <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">John Graves Simcoe, t</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (a pre-cursor to Ontario),</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> was a​​ vocal supporter of the abolitionist movement.  </span></p><p>Unfortunately, this road was far from smooth or direct. By the 1790s the abolitionist movement was gaining traction in the British colonies. ​In March of 1793,​ Chloe Cooley, an enslaved Black woman owned by Sergeant Adam Vrooman, was forcefully restrained by Vrooman as he attempted to take her across the ​Niagara River to New York, where she w​ould be sold. Cooley resisted, and it took three men ​to restrain her. Peter Martin, a Black Loyalist, and William Grisley, a white employee of Vrooman, testified publically to the violence done to Chloe Cooley. Public outcry over Cooley's inhumane treatment allowed Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe to introduce legislation intended to abolish slavery. At the time, the legislature was too invested in slavery  to allow for full abolition, but a compromise was reached in <em>An Act to Prevent the further Introduction of Slaves and to limit the Term of Contracts for Servitude</em> or <em>An Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada</em>. On July 9<sup>th</sup> 1793, Simcoe gave Royal Assent to the bill. ​​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%201080%20F2%20B-2.jpg" title="General John Graves Simcoe" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%20480%20F2%20B-2.jpg" alt="War Clouds, General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;">967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printing Co. 1910<br><span style="font-size:1em;">Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>The Act did not free enslaved people, but it did prevent their importation into Upper Canada. Children born to enslaved parents would be free at age 25, and children of the next generation would be free at birth. Similar Acts were tabled in Lower Canada and the Atlantic Provinces, but they were never passed, with those areas taking their cue instead from the central British government.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">One of the most prominent voices for abolitionism in the British Government was </span><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml" title="William Wilberforce: BBC" style="font-size:1em;">William Wilberforce</a><span style="font-size:1em;">, who was a politician from 1780-1825. He made his first abolition speech in Parliament in 1789. He introduced many abolitionist bills into the House, but in 1807 </span><em style="font-size:1em;">An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade</em><span style="font-size:1em;"> or the </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Slave Trade Act</em><span style="font-size:1em;"> was finally passed. The Act did not free currently enslaved persons​, but was designed to put an end to the slave trade in the British Empire. The bill very much paved the way for the Act of 1833. </span></p><p>This series of legislation had an impact on Simcoe County settlement. The outbreak of the <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/war-of-1812/" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - War of 1812">War of 1812</a> caused apprehension among Black settlers in Upper Canada, who feared an American victory might return them to slavery.  As a result, many free Black people, some of whom had escaped slavery, volunteered to fight for the British.  One noted militia unit was <a href="https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/the-coloured-corps-african-canadians-and-the-war-of-1812" title="Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men">Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men</a>, which saw action at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane, and St. David's.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%201080%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" title="Davy Thompson, Born in Oro Township in 1863" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20480%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" alt=" Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br><span style="font-size:1em;">2016-25 Davy Thompson, bro</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ther of James Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863.<br></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:1em;">From the Oro Township Historical Committee collection</span><span style="font-size:1em;">.​<br></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Image </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Copyright: Public Domain</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"></p><p>After the War of 1812, it was in Upper Canada's interests to start settling the area between York (now Toronto) and Penetanguishene. Land access to Georgian Bay and Lake Huron was deemed strategically important, particularly in the event of further conflict with the Americans. As a result, between 1819 and 1831 the government of Upper Canada sponsored and encouraged B​lack settlement along the west side of Concession II in Oro Township.  The settlement was called Wilberforce Street, after William Wilberforce. Many of these settlers were Black Loyalists and veterans of the War of 1812. For a more in depth look at the Wilberforce Street Settlement in Oro Township visit our <a href="/Archives/Pages/black.aspx" title="The Black Settlement in Oro Township" target="_blank">online exhibit​</a>. <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/black/wilberforce%20street.jpg" target="_blank" title="Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/972-86_Simcoe_County_Patent_Book_page_298_Wilberforce_Street_480.jpg" alt="imcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br>972-86 Simcoe County Patent Book, page 298 showing Wilberforce Street<br><br></p><p>  The <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>  of 1833 went a long way to making the Canadian provinces a perceived safe haven for refugees fleeing slavery, particularly after the United States passed the <em>Fugitive Slave Act</em> of 1850. This Act strengthened similar legislation from 1793, which required the pursuit and capture of enslaved persons anywhere in the United States. Monetary compensation for the return of enslaved people also resulted in a rise in the capture and enslavement of free people. Between 1850 and 1864 Black settlement in Canada West (another pre-cursor to Ontario) increased dramatically, as settlers sought the freedom granted by the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>.<br></p><p>​​ The final statute we refer to here is the <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25" title="Emancipation Day" target="_blank">Emancipation Day Act​</a>, passed by the Government of Ontario in 2008. At that time the province officially recognized August 1<sup>st</sup> as Emancipation Day across the province. Emancipation Day has been long celebrated in the Caribbean. Celebrations now overlap with the Cariba​na Festival in Toronto, which always culminates with festivities on the August long weekend. It is also very close in time to Simcoe Day, which is what we call the Monday of the August long weekend around here and in Toronto, commemorating our first Lieutenant-Governor. Later in the month, August 23<sup>rd</sup> is the International Day of Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>Sources</strong></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">BBC. "William Wilberforce (1759-1833)." </span><em style="font-size:1em;">BBC</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. 2014. </span><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml" style="font-size:1em;">http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</span></p><p>Emancipation Day Act. <em>Statutes of Ontario, c. 25</em>. Ontario. 2008. <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25">https://www.ontario.ca/laws/statute/08e25</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>French, G. E. <em>Men of colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949</em>. Stroud, Ont.: Kaste Books, 1978.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Chloe Cooley and the Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2013. <a href="http://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/chloe-cooley-and-the-act-to-limit-slavery-in-upper-canada/">http://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/chloe-cooley-and-the-act-to-limit-slavery-in-upper-canada/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry. Natasha L. "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/fugitive-slave-act-of-1850/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/fugitive-slave-act-of-1850/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Slavery Abolition Act, 1833." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href="http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/slavery-abolition-act-1833/">http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/slavery-abolition-act-1833/</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Hull Museum. "William Wilberforce – the man." <em>Hull Museum Collections</em>. <a href="http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/museumcollections/collections/storydetail.php?irn=691&master=443">http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/museumcollections/collections/storydetail.php?irn=691&master=443</a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p><em>The Story of Oro</em>. 2<sup>nd</sup> edition. Oro: Oro Historical Committee, 1987. <br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[i] Recorded only in "G.E French. Men of Colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949. Stroud, Ont: Kaste Books, 1978. p. 56-57."</em></span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[ii] p. 9. </em></span><br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;text-decoration-line:underline;">Images</span><span style="font-size:1em;">:</span><br></p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.​<br><br></p>
Accessing Fire Insurance Plans at the Simcoe County Archiveshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/FIPS.aspx5/25/2021 7:08:57 PMAccessing Fire Insurance Plans at the Simcoe County Archives<p>​<span style="font-size:1em;">​​​​​​​T</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he Simcoe County Archives hold a number of Fire Insurance Plans (FIPs) for municipalities located in the County. FIPs are large format urban maps originally commissioned by insurance companies. They were used to assess different sites and buildings for risk of fire and to establish insurance rates.  The plans include information such as what a structure is made of (brick or wood) and also identify different types of residential dwellings and commercial buildings. For researchers, FIPs offer a snapshot of what a commercial district looked like at the time of the plans creation.</span></p><p>This page includes a list of FIPs for different municipalities located within Simcoe County. They are listed alphabetically and organized chronologically. Some FIPs are available for review online.  <br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Elmvale_1900rev1904_crop.jpg" title="978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904 "><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Elmvale_1900rev1904_crop_480.jpg" alt="978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904 " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>978-21 Fire Insurance Plan of Elmvale, 1904</em> </p><p><strong> Note: </strong>The digital copies linked to this resource are available as part of the Charles E. Goad Company fonds held by the Library and Archives of Canada. <br></p><p><strong>Copyright notice:</strong> FIPs held by the Simcoe County Archives are made available for research purposes only. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain permission from the copyright holder for all other uses. </p><h2>​<br>Fire Insurance Plans <br></h2><p>A PDF version of this resource is also available: <a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-FIPs.pdf" title="Simcoe County Archives Guide to Fire Insurance Plans PDF" target="_blank"><em>SCA Guide ​to FIPs</em></a><br></p><p></p><table cellspacing="0" class="ms-rteTable-default" style="width:90%;height:1500px;"><tbody><tr class="ms-rteTableHeaderRow-default"><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderEvenCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;text-align:left;">Municipality <br></th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderOddCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:146px;">Plans </th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderEvenCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;">SCA Access </th><th class="ms-rteTableHeaderOddCol-default" rowspan="1" colspan="1" style="width:25%;">Other Access </th></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ALLISTON <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1926  </p><p>4 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1888 (revised to 1900)  </p><p> 9 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p><p>& ALLANDALE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1888 (revised to 1904)  </p><p> 9 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1907 (revised to 1910)  </p><p>29 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad   </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3810409&new=-8585908686930868586" title="Barrie, 1907, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">BARRIE</a>  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1907 (revised to 1917)  </p><p>29 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> Digital copy available</p><p><br></p><p> </p><p><br><br></p><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-199-0-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1923 (revised to 1931)  </p><p> 14 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1923 (revised to 1946)  </p><p> 14 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BARRIE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1971 </p><p>COPY NO. 15  </p><p>57 sheets </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p>BEETON </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="height:152px;width:146px;"><p>1926 </p><p> 3 sheets ​​</p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="height:152px;"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BELLE EWART </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1936 </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3814922&new=-8585801601268289478" title="Bradford, 1889, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">BRADFORD</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1889 </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>​</p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-222-2-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>BRADFORD </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1924  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>COLDWATER </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1926  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p>Digital copy available</p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>COLLINGWOOD </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1955 </p><p> 22 sheets </p><p>Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3815735&new=-8585796493501678360" title="Cookstown, 1885, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">COOKSTOWN</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1885 (revised to 1904) </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-272-6-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3815857&new=-8585796448841548317" title="Creemore, 1904, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">CREEMORE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1904 </p><p>1 sheet </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Digitized </p><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-284-2-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>CREEMORE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1929  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> 3 copies </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3821339&new=-8585801601756789650" title="Elmvale, 1900, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">ELMVALE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1900 (revised to 1904)  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p>Digital copy available</p><p><br> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-339-1-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ELMVALE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1939  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3827172&new=-8585796478543336042" title="Midland, 1904, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">MIDLAND</a>  <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1904 (revised to 1911) </p><p> 18 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available</p><p> <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-470-X-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>MIDLAND </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1946  </p><p> 15 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>ORILLIA </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1928 (revised to 1941)  </p><p> 18 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br></p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>PENETANGUISHENE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1895  </p><p> 4 slides  </p><p>Unknown </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p> </p><p><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3830371&new=-8585801603037852786" title="Penetanguishene. 1912, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">PENETANGUISHENE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1912 </p><p>7 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Digital copy available</p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-582-X-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>PENETANGUISHENE </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1946  </p><p> 13 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>STAYNER <br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1924  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p>2 x copies </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p><p><br><br></p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841437&new=-8585796488965831274" title="Tottenham, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">TOTTENHAM</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890 </p><p>2 sheets </p><p>Charles E. Goad  </p><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-688-4-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>TOTTENHAM </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1928 </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841483&new=-8585801603948242503" title="Victoria Harbour, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">VICTORIA HARBOUR</a>  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890  </p><p> 2 sheets </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p> LAC Reference: </p><p>R6990-696-3-E </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableEvenRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>WASAGA BEACH </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1936  </p><p> 3 sheets </p><p> Underwriters Survey Bureau  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p> </p></td></tr><tr class="ms-rteTableOddRow-default" style="text-align:left;"><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p><a href="https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/CollectionSearch/Pages/record.aspx?app=fonandcol&IdNumber=3841926&new=-8585796486562776878" title="Waubashene, 1890, Fire Insurance Plan" target="_blank">WAUBAUSHENE</a> </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default" style="width:146px;"><p>1890  </p><p> 1 sheets ​<br></p><p>2 x copies </p><p> Charles E. Goad  </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableEvenCol-default"><p>Available at Archives </p></td><td class="ms-rteTableOddCol-default"><p>Available online </p><p>LAC Reference: </p><p> R6990-715-3-E <br></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br></p><p>​<br></p><p>​​<br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p>​​<br></p><p><br><br><br><br><br></p>
National Indigenous Peoples Dayhttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/National_Indigenous_Peoples_Day_2020.aspx5/21/2020 7:50:29 PMNational Indigenous Peoples Day<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​​​​​​​Blog originally posted June 17, 2020<br>Updated: 2021-06-09</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">J</span><span style="font-size:1em;">une is National Indigenous History Month in Canada, and June 21 is National Indigenous Peoples ​Day.  It is "</span><span style="font-size:1em;">... a day for all Canadians to recognize and celebrate the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding contributions of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples."<sup>1</sup>​​​</span></p><h3>Jacob Gill Gaudaur (1858-1937)<br></h3><p></p><p>Did you know that Jake Gaudaur, five-time World Champion rower, was the great-grandson of Big Shilling, Chief of the Deer Tribe in Rama?</p><p>Jacob “Jake" Gill Gaudaur (1858-1937) was born in Atherley, Ontario, the son of Francis and Janet (Gill) Gaudaur.  His paternal grandfather was Antoine Gaudaur, the first-known non-native permanent settler in Orillia.  Gaudaur's paternal grandmother was Mary (Shilling) Gaudaur, dau​ghter of Chief Big Shilling (Neb-Non-A-Quet “Summer Cloud"), chief of the Deer Tribe in Rama, under Chief Yellowhead.<br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/970-63%20Jacob%20Gill%20Gaudaur-1080.jpg" title="Jacob Gill Gaudaur"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/970-63%20Jacob%20Gill%20Gaudaur-480.jpg" alt="Jacob Gill Gaudaur" class="ms-rtePosition-5" style="margin:5px 55px;width:515px;height:372px;" /></a><span style="font-size:0.714em;">970-63 ​ ​Jacob Gill Ga</span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">udaur.  Copyright: Public Domain</span><br></p><p>Jake Gaudaur took up competitive rowing at the age of 17, and was one of the greatest scullers in the history of Canadian rowing.  During the 1890s especially, he was nearly unbeatable.  In 1892, Gaudaur and George Hosmer won the World Double Sculls Championship in a race held on Lake Couchiching.  A year later, in Austin, Texas, Gaudaur set a world record for the single sculls three-miles-with-a-turn race.  He lowered the record the next year in a time of 19 minutes 1.5 seconds, a time that has never been beaten.  Gaudaur became the single sculls world champion in a race held on the Thames River in England, and he held the title from 1896 to 1901.  During the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations held at Orillia on May 24, 1897, Gaudaur had no trouble beating Erastus Rogers of Worcester, Massachusetts, in a two-mile race for the North American championship.</p><p>After 25 years of competitive rowing, Gaudaur retired and returned to his hometown of Orillia.  He operated a fishing and boat livery business until just a few months before his death.  <br></p><h4>Citation:<br></h4><p>1. Government of Canada. Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada. "About National Indigenous Peoples Day." Last modified May 21, 2020.  Accessed May 29, 2020. <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><a href="https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100013718/1534874583157" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100013718/1534874583157</a><span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><h4>Sources consulted:</h4><p>Northern Advance (Barrie), 14 Oct 1937, p. 6</p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Examiner (Barri</span><span style="font-size:1em;">e), 14 Oct 1937, p. 5</span></p><p>Examiner (Barrie), 27 May 1897, p. 1</p><p>“Hall of Famer Jake, Sr. Gaudaur." Canada's Sports Hall of Fame.  <a href="https://www.sportshall.ca/hall-of-famers/hall-of-famers-search.html?proID=190&catID=all&lang=EN">https://www.sportshall.ca/hall-of-famers/hall-of-famers-search.html?proID=190&catID=all&lang=EN</a>  Accessed June 1, 2020</p><p>“Jake" Gaudaur 1858-1937.  Ontario Heritage Trust plaque. <a href="http://ontarioplaques.com/Plaques/Plaque_Simcoe56.html">http://ontarioplaques.com/Plaques/Plaque_Simcoe56.html</a>  Accessed June 2, 2020.​<br></p><h4>Further reading:<br></h4><span style="font-size:1em;"><div><span style="font-size:1em;"><br></span></div>​T</span><span style="font-size:1em;">he Chippewas of Rama First Nation Historica</span><span style="font-size:1em;">l Archives has information about the Shilling Family available on its website.​​</span><a href="https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_criteria=Shilling&searchButton=Search" style="font-size:1em;">https://ramafirstnation.pastperfectonline.com/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search_criteria=Shilling&searchButton=Search</a><br><div><span style="font-size:1em;">​​<br></span></div><div><span style="font-size:1em;">​The S</span><span style="font-size:1em;">imcoe County Archives' blog post commemorating National Indigenous History Month 2017.</span></div><div><a href="/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx" style="font-size:1em;">https://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Blog/National-Indigenous-History-Month.aspx</a><br></div>
Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archiveshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Discover-Family-History-at-Simcoe-County-Archives.aspx2/16/2018 8:26:39 PMDiscover Family History at Simcoe County Archives<p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​​​​​​​​Blog originally posted February 16, 2018.<br>Updated March 25,  2021.</span></p><p><strong>Discover Family History at Simcoe County Archives</strong></p><p>This page will highlight a few resources we have available to help researchers learn about their family histories. Information regarding the resources listed below can also be found in our <em><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-to-Geneaology_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives ">Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives</a></em>. ​<br></p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a title="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%201080%20pixel.jpg"><img alt="Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/988-59%20Mr%20and%20Mrs%20Hunter%20and%20Family%20E3%20B2%20R3A%20S8%20Sh5%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:260px;" /></a><br><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">988-59 Mr. and Mrs. Hunter and Family, ca. 1880 - 1890. Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em> <br><strong>Census Records</strong></p><p>Canadian census records are an excellent place to begin researching family history. The national census was designed to capture demographic information about persons living in Canada. With some basic facts about your relatives, such as name and place of residence, family historians can use census records to trace families or individuals throughout history.<br></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Personal Census records for Simcoe County are available for the following years:  <br><strong>1851 </strong>(</span><span style="font-size:1em;">Rama and Mara Townships only</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​), </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1861</strong>, </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1871</strong>, </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1881</strong>, </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1891</strong>, </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1901</strong>, </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1911</strong> and </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>1921</strong>.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Each</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">census is divided by township or municipality, and provides personal details such as name, age, occupation, marital status, birthplace, ethnic origin, and religious affiliation. <span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;">In the case of the 1861 Census, the type of dwelling is also described.  </span></span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;"></span><span style="font-size:12pt;font-family:arial, sans-serif;">The <strong>1842</strong> Census of the Home District (precursor to Simcoe County) is also available, although it mainly includes aggregate totals and limited nominal information.</span>​​</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2021-04-12_Robinson-Family_1871-Census.jpg" title="Names of some of the Robinson family as they appear on the 1871 Canadian Census, Schedule 1 Nominal Returns of the Living"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2021-04-12_Robinson-Family_1871-Census_800.jpg" alt="Names of some of the Robinson family as they appear on the 1871 Canadian Census, Schedule 1 Nominal Retrurns of the Living" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" style="font-size:1em;">982-56, Members of the Robinson/ Roberston ca. 188</span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" style="font-size:1em;">4 Copyright: Public Domain.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">Names of some of the Robinsons as they appear on the  1871 Canadian Census, Schedule No. 1- Nominal Returns of the Living. </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0">1871; Census Place: Medonte, Simcoe North, Ontario; Roll: C-9964; Page: 8.​</span></p><p>​All but the 1921 Census records are available on microfilm at the Simcoe County Archives. Many census records can also be searched using the County's subscription to <a href="http://www.ancestrylibrary.com/" title="Ancestry Library Edition">AncestryLibrary</a>.  Access to microfilm and the AncestryLibrary databases are freely available at the Archives. </p><p>If you are interested in accessing national census records for the entirety of Canada, these are also available through the <a href="http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/Pages/census.aspx" title="Library and Archives of Canada census database">Library and Archives of Canada</a>.​<br></p><p><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><strong style="font-size:1em;">1875 Census of the Unincorporated Village of Penetanguishene</strong><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">Not all census records were created at the federal level. An example of this can be seen in the 1875 Census of the Unincorporated Village of Penetanguishene. This census was taken 7 years prior to the incorporation of the Town of Penetanguishene. It includes the Heads of Household of those living in the village at the time.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2007-170%20Gendron%20group%20photo%201%20E4%20B2%20R2B%20S6%20Sh4-1080%20(1).jpg" title="Gendron family photo 1875" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2007-170%20Gendron%20group%20photo%201%20E4%20B2%20R2B%20S6%20Sh4-480.jpg" alt="Gendron family photo 1875" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA">2007-170, Gendron family group photo, ca. 1875, Copyright: Public Domain<br><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="text-decoration-style:solid;text-decoration-color:#444444;">Back row, L-R: John Albert, Margaret, Harriette, Frank. Middle row, L-R: Josephine, Charles, Alexander, Carollus Front row, L-R: Delia, Aimee Anne</span><span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":120,"335559740":240,"469777462":[2070],"469777927":[0],"469777928":[1]}" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0" style="text-decoration-style:solid;text-decoration-color:#444444;"> </span>​<br></span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span data-contrast="auto" lang="EN-CA" class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0">Charles Gendron, a resident of  Penetanguishene in the 1870s, can be found listed on the 1875 census. In the picture above he is second from the length in the middle row.</span><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">The original census is held at the Simcoe County Archives. It has also been digitized, and can be viewed in its entirety​ </span><a href="/Archives/Documents/995-03-Census_incorporated_Village_of_Penetanguishene_26_June_1875%20(1).pdf" title="1875 Census of the Unicorporated Village of Penetanguishene" target="_blank" style="font-size:1em;">here</a><span style="font-size:1em;">.</span><br></p><p><strong>​<br></strong><strong style="font-size:1em;">Tax Assessment Rolls</strong></p><p style="text-align:left;"><em></em><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-2-0"> Tax Assessment rolls offer a wealth of information about families and individuals. These records provide the name of the head of each household (and often the names of others entitled to the municipal franchise), the type of occupancy (ownership, tenancy, etc.), age, occupation, religion, a description of the property, the school section into which taxes were paid, assessed property values.  Certain other details including assessed statute labour days for males between the ages of 16 and 60, livestock inventories and the number of family members in particular age groups. Simcoe County Archives holds a comprehensive collection of County Tax Assessment Rolls which covers the period from 1858-1912. Many municipalities have also deposited post -1912 Tax Assessment Rolls with the Archives.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;">  <a title="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%201080%20pixel.jpg" style="font-size:1em;color:#000000;text-align:center;"><img alt="Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/997-39%20Farmers%20with%20plough%20team%208th%20line%20Innisfil%20Twp%20Encl%20E8%20B6%20R1A%20S7%20Sh1%20clean%20crop%20lvl%20shrp%20480%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:280px;" /></a></p><div style="text-align:center;">997-39 Plough team on 8th Line in Innisfil Township, ca. 1890-1910<br>Copyright: Public Domain</div><p>Unlike census records and most Vital Statistics, Tax Assessment Rolls are not accessible through online services.  These records are available as hard copies or on microfilm at Simcoe County Archives. <br></p><p><strong></strong><strong style="font-size:1em;">County and Municipal Records</strong></p><p style="text-align:left;">Municipal records are often overlooked as sources of genealogical information.  While they won't necessarily indicate place of birth or marital status, they can nevertheless provide insight into the lives of individuals and families. If a family member were involved in local politics, one may well find their name listed within Council Minutes or By-laws. If they participated in local committees or served on any boards, their activities would have been noted in meeting Minutes.  <span style="font-size:1em;">​</span></p><p style="text-align:left;"></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg" style="font-size:1em;color:#000000;"><img alt="Simcoe County Council Members,1915" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/966-1%20Simcoe%20County%20Council%20Members%201915%201080%20pixel.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:584px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0"><span style="font-size:1em;"> 966-1 Simcoe County Counc</span><span style="font-size:1em;">il Members,1915, Copyright: Public Domain</span></span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">Petitions are yet another source of genealogical information available through municipal records. If a relative signed a petition to establish a local school, for instance, it would provide evidence of their place of residence and activities within the community.​</span></p><p>These are a few examples of how the records of local governments can provide insight into family history. SCA holds municipal records for the County of Simcoe, more than 50 lower-tier municipalities that they have governed, or are currently governing, as well as records from the City of Barrie. These records date back to the nineteenth century, and capture an incredible amount of information about the County and those living here. </p><p><a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes 1846-1952">Simcoe County Council Minutes</a> from1846-1952 have been digitized and can be accessed online <a title="Simcoe County Council Minutes 1846-1952">here</a>.  </p><p><strong>Other resources</strong></p><p>The resources noted above are a small sample of the records available to help researchers discover their family history in Simcoe County. Other popular resources include:</p><ul><li>Directories</li><li>Patent books for the County of Simcoe and District of Muskoka </li><li>Tombstone transcriptions<br></li><li>Community newspapers</li><li>School and church records<br></li></ul><div style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_1200.jpg" title="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" target="_blank"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2016-25_2828_Edgar-School-Children_Oro-1080.jpg" alt="Class photo for School Section Number 6 Edgar in Oro Township, 1893" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br> 2016-25 <span data-ccp-props="{"201341983":0,"335559739":0,"335559740":240}"> Class photo for School Section No. 6 (Edgar) in Oro Township, 1893</span><br></div><p><br></p><p>Information regarding these resources and more can be found in our <em><a href="/Archives/Documents/SCA-Guide-to-Geneaology_2021.pdf" title="Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives ">Guide to Family History Research at Simcoe County Archives</a>​</em>. SCA staff are also always happy to help visitors to the Archives. <br></p><p> <br><br></p>
Preserving Family Treasureshttps://www.simcoe.ca/Archives/Pages/Preserving_Family_Treasures.aspx4/24/2020 2:04:54 PMPreserving Family Treasures<p>​​Blog originally posted April 29, 2020​ <br></p><h3>​​​​​​​​​​​​​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2009-36_W_Hopkins_B5_1080.jpg" title="W. Hopkins family photograph, ca. 1917">​</a>Have you recently found yourself sorting through the old family records?​​​​​​​​<br></h3><p>​​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2009-36_W_Hopkins_B5_1080.jpg" title="W. Hopkins Family photo"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2009-36_W_Hopkins_B5_480.jpg" class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="W. Hopkins Family photo" style="font-size:1.156em;margin:0px 85px;width:386px;height:274px;" /></a><br><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-3"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​2009-36, W. Hopkins family ​​​ph​otograph​, ca. 19​17.  </span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">​​C​​​opyright:  Pub</span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">lic Domain</span><br></span></p><p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-3">Are an​y showing signs of age and neglect?<br></span></p><p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-3">​​It's likely time for some Archival T.L.C.!  ​​​​​​​​​<br></span></p><p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-3">​Here are 3 things you can do at home to take ​better ​​care of them.​</span><br></p><h2>1. Tenderly examine the records<br></h2><p>Have a look at the items and note the physical characteristics for each one.</p><p> <strong style="font-size:1em;">What exactly​ do you have?</strong><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/997-105_Blueprint_20000_US_Gal_tank_on_100_foot_%20steel_tower_1923_M2_F13_1080.jpg" title="Blue print of water tower in Springwater Park, 1923" style="font-size:1em;color:#000000;">​</a><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11-I-2_1080.jpg" title="Remembrance Certificate"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_Certificate_1889-1902_F11_I-2_480.jpg" alt="Remembrance Certificate" class="ms-rtePosition-2" style="margin:5px;width:335px;height:620px;" /></a><br><br></p><ul><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">​​Audio tapes</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Blueprints</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Books</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Certificates</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Computer disks</span></li><li>Diaries<br></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">External hard drives</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Glass negatives</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Land records</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Letters and envelopes</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Maps</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Photographs</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Photographic negatives or slides</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Posters</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">Scrapbooks</span></li><li> <span style="font-size:1em;">USBs</span></li><li>Vinyl recordings<br></li></ul><p></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span></p><p> <strong>What is it made of?</strong></p><ul><li>Glass</li><li>Paper</li><li>Parchment​</li><li>Plastic<br></li></ul><div style="text-align:right;"> <span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">2012-35</span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;"> Front ​of </span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">Remembrance Certifica</span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">t</span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">e</span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;"> </span><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">ca. 1902.  Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span>​</div><p> <strong>Is there a mix of materials?</strong></p><ul><li>Photographs have three layers:</li><ul><li>a base layer, i.e. paper or cardboard </li><li>a top layer, i.e. the image you see </li><li>a layer of glue holding the two together</li></ul><li>Vinyl albums may include three or four things:</li><ul><li>vinyl record</li><li>paper sleeve</li><li>album notes on paper</li><li>album cover</li></ul></ul><p>Some items, including the Remembrance Certificate shown above, may​ be acidic because of wooden framing materials. A view of the back clearly shows the the knot from the wood shingles used as backing.  The straight line where two shingles joined is visible on the front (look at the tail and wings of the dove).<br></p><p> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_certificate-back_F11_I-2_1080.jpg" title="Image of acid transfer from wood frame to certificate"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/2012-35_Remembrance_certificate-back_F11_I-2_480.jpg" alt="Image of acid transfer from wood frame to certificate" style="margin:5px 175px;width:239px;height:299px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span style="font-size:1em;">​</span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2012-35 Back of Remembrance Certificate ca. 1902.  Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span><br></p><p>Information about preserving archival materials is available <a href="/Archives/Documents/On-line_resources_for_preservation_conservation-2020-04.pdf">on-line</a>. Of particular note are the Canadian Conservation Institute's <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/conservation-institute/services/preventive-conservation/guidelines-collections.html" title="Link to Canadian Conservation Institute" target="_blank"> <em>Care Guides</em></a> for objects​ and collections.  </p><h2>2. Lovingly balance needs and budget<br></h2><p>You can care for many of your records without spending a lot of money. Items generally last longer in spaces where the temperature and Relative Humidity stay constant year-round.</p><p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-3"> <strong>Remember:</strong>  Do not do anything to the records that you can not undo.  </span></p><p>Click <a href="/Archives/Documents/Preservation_to_do_and_to_do_not-2020-04.pdf">here</a>​ for some “Do and Do Not" guidelines.</p><p> <strong>Location</strong></p><ul><li>Move them out of the attic, basement, garage, or shed</li><li>Store them away from direct sunlight, air vents/radiators, and outside walls</li><li>Keep them in little-used closets, cupboards, or drawers </li></ul><p> <strong>Containers</strong><strong style="font-size:1em;"> </strong></p><p> <strong> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Images_SC_Clerks_Office_fonds_940.jpg" title="Simcoe County Clerk's Office records"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/SCA_Images_SC_Clerks_Office_fonds_480.jpg" alt="Simcoe County Clerk's Office records" class="ms-rtePosition-2" style="margin:30px 5px;width:310px;height:246px;" /></a></strong> <span style="font-size:1em;">​There are many storage solutions </span><a href="/Archives/Documents/Sources_of_storage_supplies-2020-04.pdf" style="font-size:1em;">available</a><span style="font-size:1em;">. </span><span style="font-size:1em;">We recomm</span><span style="font-size:1em;">end you use:</span></p><ul><li>Clean, sturdy boxes with handles, such as bankers' boxes</li><li>Plain manilla file folders – dyes will bleed into your items</li><li>New plastic page / photo / slide protectors – old ones may contain PVC, which is bad for archival materials​<br></li><li>Acid-free folders, envelopes and boxes whenever possible<br></li></ul><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;text-align:right;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​​​​​<span style="text-align:right;">Simcoe County Clerk's Office records, ca. 2009. C</span><span style="text-align:right;">opyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span></span></blockquote><p>NOTE:  Avoid using items made of recycled fibres, as they may contain bleach residue.</p><p> <strong>Professional Services</strong></p><p>You may find that your DIY skills are not quite up to the work required. <a href="https://capc-acrp.ca/en/">Professional conservators</a> have training and skills they can use to extend the life of the item.</p><h2>3. Care enough to share with others</h2><p>Always remember that you are only the current caretaker of the family's treasures. Other family members may, or will be, interested in them, too.<br></p><p> <strong>Digitize and share</strong></p><p> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-16_Thomas_Jebb_B3_R4A_S9_Sh4_1080.jpg" title="Thomas Jebb and dog, ca. 1920"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/984-16_Thomas_Jebb_B3_R4A_S9_Sh4_480.jpg" alt="Thomas Jebb and dog, ca. 1920" class="ms-rtePosition-2" style="margin:5px;width:325px;height:423px;" /></a> <span style="font-size:1em;">Digitize the items, but remember:</span><br></p><ul><li>Scan once, copy many</li><li>Save high-resolution scans in a “Master Copies– Do Not Touch" folder</li><li>For photographs*, include:​​<br></li><ul><li>Names (including the dog's)</li><li>Location</li><li>Date</li><li>Why it is important to your family </li></ul><li>Backup, backup, backup – on internal and external hard drives, USBs, cloud storage, etc.<br></li><li>Store originals and copies in different households in case disaster strikes<br></li></ul><p style="text-align:right;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1" style="text-align:right;">984-16, Thomas Jebb and dog, ca. 1920</span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​.  Copyright:  Public Domain</span><br></p><p></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">* Click </span><a href="/Archives/Pages/Identifying-Family-Photos.aspx" style="font-size:1em;">here</a><span style="font-size:1em;"> for </span> <span style="font-size:1em;">m</span><span style="font-size:1em;">ore information on identifying photographs</span></p><p>Let loose your imagination when sharing copies of your treasures.  C<span style="font-size:1em;">reate slide shows, calendars, jigsaw puzzles, playing cards, trivia games</span><span style="font-size:1em;">​, etc.</span><span style="font-size:1em;"><br></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span> <strong style="font-size:1em;">Make time for “The Talk"</strong></p><p>Estate planning is essential if you want to keep the family's treasures safe for future generations.</p><ul><li>Ask yourself, “Who in the family is interested in the materials?"</li><li>Talk to them about taking over preservation duties</li><li>If there are no obvious candidates, consider donating the materials to an archives. <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=1312299f-95b2-4723-a41b-ac7d6fb66601">Click here to access the Simcoe County Archives Donor Portal</a> and<a href="https://www.archeion.ca/repository/browse">here for a list of archives in Ontario</a></li><li>Tell other members of the family what you are planning to do​<br></li><li>Include specific wishes in your Will<br></li></ul><p>​Do you have questions about how to look after one of your family treasures?  Contact us <a href="mailto:archives@simcoe.ca">archives@simcoe.ca</a>​ </p><p> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/2007-146_Eastview_Secondary_School_Choir_at_Ontario_Place_Back_B2_R6B_S8_Sh5-1080.jpg" title="Album cover reverse">​</a>​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_1080.jpg" title="Letter from Sir John A Macdonald"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_480.jpg" alt="Letter from Sir John A Macdonald" style="margin:5px 15px;width:250px;height:198px;" /></a><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_1024_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG" title="G B Strathy Diary"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_480_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG" alt="G B Strathy Diary" style="margin:5px 45px;width:260px;height:197px;" /></a></p> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">​999-21 Letter from Sir John A Macdonald                                         981-21 GB Strathy Diary, April 1917 pp54-55</span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">to Sir James R. Gowan, February 1867                                                      Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives ​</span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Copyright:​​ Simcoe County Archives</span>​ <div> <br> <p>Blog amended May 14, 2020.  The broken link to the CCI website was repaired.<br></p></div>