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Skip Navigation LinksSimcoe County > Archives > Preserving Family Treasures

Preserving Family Treasures

​​Blog originally posted April 29, 2020​ 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​Have you recently found yourself sorting through the old family records?​​​​​​​​

​​W. Hopkins Family photo

​​2009-36, W. Hopkins family ​​​ph​otograph​, ca. 19​17.  ​​C​​​opyright:  Public Domain

Are an​y showing signs of age and neglect?

​​It's likely time for some Archival T.L.C.!  ​​​​​​​​​

​Here are 3 things you can do at home to take ​better ​​care of them.​

1. Tenderly examine the records

Have a look at the items and note the physical characteristics for each one.

What exactly​ do you have?Remembrance Certificate

  • ​​Audio tapes
  • Blueprints
  • Books
  • Certificates
  • Computer disks
  • Diaries
  • External hard drives
  • Glass negatives
  • Land records
  • Letters and envelopes
  • Maps
  • Photographs
  • Photographic negatives or slides
  • Posters
  • Scrapbooks
  • USBs
  • Vinyl recordings

What is it made of?

  • Glass
  • Paper
  • Parchment​
  • Plastic
2012-35 Front ​of Remembrance Certificate ca. 1902.  Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives

Is there a mix of materials?

  • Photographs have three layers:
    • a base layer, i.e. paper or cardboard
    • a top layer, i.e. the image you see
    • a layer of glue holding the two together
  • Vinyl albums may include three or four things:
    • vinyl record
    • paper sleeve
    • album notes on paper
    • album cover

Some items, including the Remembrance Certificate shown above, may​ be acidic because of wooden framing materials. A view of the back clearly shows the the knot from the wood shingles used as backing.  The straight line where two shingles joined is visible on the front (look at the tail and wings of the dove).

 Image of acid transfer from wood frame to certificate

2012-35 Back of Remembrance Certificate ca. 1902.  Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives

Information about preserving archival materials is available on-line. Of particular note are the Canadian Conservation Institute's Care Guides for objects​ and collections.  

2. Lovingly balance needs and budget

You can care for many of your records without spending a lot of money. Items generally last longer in spaces where the temperature and Relative Humidity stay constant year-round.

Remember:  Do not do anything to the records that you can not undo. 

Click here​ for some “Do and Do Not" guidelines.


  • Move them out of the attic, basement, garage, or shed
  • Store them away from direct sunlight, air vents/radiators, and outside walls
  • Keep them in little-used closets, cupboards, or drawers


Simcoe County Clerk's Office records ​There are many storage solutions availableWe recommend you use:

  • Clean, sturdy boxes with handles, such as bankers' boxes
  • Plain manilla file folders – dyes will bleed into your items
  • New plastic page / photo / slide protectors – old ones may contain PVC, which is bad for archival materials​
  • Acid-free folders, envelopes and boxes whenever possible
​​​​​Simcoe County Clerk's Office records, ca. 2009. Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives

NOTE:  Avoid using items made of recycled fibres, as they may contain bleach residue.

Professional Services

You may find that your DIY skills are not quite up to the work required. Professional conservators have training and skills they can use to extend the life of the item.

3. Care enough to share with others

Always remember that you are only the current caretaker of the family's treasures. Other family members may, or will be, interested in them, too.

Digitize and share

Thomas Jebb and dog, ca. 1920 Digitize the items, but remember:

  • Scan once, copy many
  • Save high-resolution scans in a “Master Copies– Do Not Touch" folder
  • For photographs*, include:​​
    • Names (including the dog's)
    • Location
    • Date
    • Why it is important to your family 
  • Backup, backup, backup – on internal and external hard drives, USBs, cloud storage, etc.
  • Store originals and copies in different households in case disaster strikes

984-16, Thomas Jebb and dog, ca. 1920​.  Copyright:  Public Domain

* Click here for more information on identifying photographs

Let loose your imagination when sharing copies of your treasures.  Create slide shows, calendars, jigsaw puzzles, playing cards, trivia games​, etc.

Make time for “The Talk"

Estate planning is essential if you want to keep the family's treasures safe for future generations.

​Do you have questions about how to look after one of your family treasures?  Contact us archives@simcoe.ca

Letter from Sir John A MacdonaldG B Strathy Diary

​999-21 Letter from Sir John A Macdonald                                         981-21 GB Strathy Diary, April 1917 pp54-55
to Sir James R. Gowan, February 1867                                                      Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives ​
Copyright:​​ Simcoe County Archives

Blog amended May 14, 2020.  The broken link to the CCI website was repaired.