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Archives Blog

Welcome to the Simcoe County Archives blog.

We'll be posting records from our collections that celebrate anniversaries and events as well as items that catch our interest. We hope they catch yours, too!

Blog posts appear in the list below. Happy reading!



The Münster Mapünster-Map).aspx10/30/2017 4:06:52 PMThe Münster Map<p>At the Archives we work to collect, preserve, and make accessible records that reflect the history of Simcoe County – but that doesn't mean that all of our materials originated here. One of the most intriguing records maintained by the Archives is a 16<sup>th</sup> century, European-made map of the American continents. </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Tabula%20Novarum%201080.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Sebastian Münster's 1540 map of North and South America" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Tabula%20Novarum%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>976-63, Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant, from the Norman D. Clarke collection. </em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>Copyright: Public Domain.</em></p><p>Properly titled <em>Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant</em>, but often referred to as "The Münster Map" by SCA staff, the map was created by German cartographer Sebastian Münster (1488-1552). It is considered one of the earliest European depictions of the Americas. </p><p>The Münster map was first printed in Ptolemy's <em>Geographica</em> in 1540, and later included in a very popular German-language atlas entitled <em>Cosmographia</em>, published in 1544. The map was created during a period in European history that has been dubbed the Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration. This period spanned from approximately the mid-15<sup>th</sup> to mid-16<sup>th</sup> century. Spurred by increased demand for imported goods and materials from Asia, many European nations were seeking faster, alternate trade routes to the east. For a time it is was believed that a western route across the Atlantic Ocean could be established. The exploratory voyage of Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan from 1519-1520 went a significant distance to dispelling the belief that a direct route across the Atlantic was possible. Magellan's influence is clear on the Münster Map: Not only does it feature Magellan's Strait, but Münster also included an illustration of Magellan's ship the <em>Victoria</em>. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Victoria%201080.jpg"><img alt="Close up of the ship the Victoria from Sebastian Münster's 1540 map of North and South America" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/976-63%20%20%20Sebastian%20Munster%20Victoria%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:271px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em><span aria-hidden="true"></span><span aria-hidden="true"></span>976-63, Close up of the Victoria from Tabula novarum insularum, quas Diversis respectibus Occidentales & Indianas uocant</em></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em>Copyright: Public Domain.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></em></p><p>Another notable feature of the map is the inclusion of the false Sea of Verrazzano. The Sea of Verrazzano was believed by European cartographers, at one point, to be a navigable northwestern passage to Asia. By the time Münster set out to create his map, Europeans had a slightly better grasp on the size and magnitude of the American continents - although the myth of the false sea persisted. </p><p>The Münster map was donated to the Simcoe County Archives by Norman Dwight Clarke (1893-1977) in 1976. It is now part of the cartographic series of the Norman D. Clarke collection. </p><p><strong></strong> </p><p><strong>Works consulted</strong></p><p>Schwartz, Seymour I. (2008). <em>The Mismapping of America. </em>Rochester, NY: University Rochester Press. Pg. 56.</p><p>The Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica. (2017). <em>The Age of Discovery</em>. Retrieved from</p><p> </p>
County of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries 8:10:57 PMCounty of Simcoe Carnegie Libraries<p>October is Canadian Library Month, and in celebration the Simcoe County Archives is looking at a few of the earlier public libraries to be established in the County; Carnegie Libraries. </p><p>Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish businessman and philanthropist with a strong interest in and commitment to freely available public education. The Carnegie Foundation provided grants to help communities build public libraries. In Ontario, 111 libraries were built with the aid of Carnegie grants, with an additional 14 libraries built across Canada. Five Carnegie libraries were built in the county of Simcoe; one each in Collingwood, Midland, Penetanguishene, Barrie, and Orillia.</p><p><strong>Carnegie Libraries in Simcoe County</strong></p><p><strong>Collingwood Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>One of the earliest Simcoe County communities to be awarded funding from the Carnegie Foundation was the town of Collingwood. A grant for the construction of a public library was issued on August 16, 1902. The original building for the Collingwood Public Library, pictured below, was designed by W. & W. Stewart. This building was unfortunately destroyed in a fire in 1963. </p><p style="text-align:center;">​<a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Collingwood Public Library, ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2007-54%20Postcard%20Collingwood%20Public%20Library%20ca%201904-1915%20(Front)%20B1%20R5B%20S7%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" alt="Postcard of Collingwood Public Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring the Public Library, Collingwood, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;"><strong>Penetanguishene Public Library</strong><br>The Carnegie Foundation awarded a grant of $13 000 for the construction of a public library in Penetanguishene on December 13, 1907. The building was designed by architect Charles P. Baird. In 1995, an addition to the original Carnegie Library tripled the size of the  Penetanguishene Public Library. The library remains in operation today. <br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%201080.jpg" title="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Library ca. 1904-1915"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Library/2009-29%20Postcard%20The%20Carnagie%20Library%20Penetanguishene%20Ont%20(front)%20480.jpg" alt="Postcard featuring Penetanguishene Carnegie Library ca. 1904-1915" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Postcard featuring The Carnegie Library, Penetanguishene, ON, ca. 1904-1915<br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Simcoe County Archives. Copyright: Public Domain.</span></p><p><strong>Orillia Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The City of Orillia received funds to construct their public library on April 10, 1909. The library was designed by a Mr. Crocker. </p><p><strong>Midland Public Library</strong><br><strong> </strong>The Carnegie Foundation issued a $12 500 grant to the Town of Midland for the purposes of constructing a public library on March 21, 1910. The library was opened for public use in 1915. </p><p><strong>Barrie Public Library</strong></p><p>The City of Barrie received funds from the Carnegie Foundation on July 23, 1914. The original Barrie Public Library was built by Chapman & McGuffin and was located at 37 Mulcaster Street in downtown Barrie. The downtown branch of the Barrie Public Library has since relocated to a building on Worsley Street, however the Carnegie building is now home to the <strong>MacLaren Art Centre</strong>. </p><p><strong> </strong><span style="font-size:1em;">While many of the original Carnegie Library buildings in the County of Simcoe are no longer in use, the public libraries they helped to establish continue to flourish.</span></p><p>Simcoe County hosts multiple library systems across 18 distinct municipalities. In addition, the <a href="">County of Simcoe Library Cooperative</a> operates to support and enhance public library services within the County. </p><p><strong>Works consulted:</strong></p><p>Libraries. <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Retrieved from <a href=""></a></p><p>Carnegie Libraries. <em>Ontario Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport</em>. <a href=""></a> </p><p>Library History. <em>Midland Public Library</em>. Retrieved from <a href=""></a> </p><p><br></p><p><br></p>
Remembering Vimy 3:23:02 PMRemembering Vimy<p style="text-align:left;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">​<span class="ms-rteFontSize-5 ms-rteThemeFontFace-2">April 9-12, 1917</span></strong></p><p><strong>Introduction</strong></p><p>The story of the <a title="The Battle of Vimy Ridge Exhibit" href="">Battle of Vimy Ridge </a>has become entwined in the history of Canada.  It marked the first time during the Great War that the four Canadian divisions were brought together to fight for a common objective: to launch an assault on a strategic piece of land the Germans had held since 1914.  The resulting victory, and its human losses, have been commemorated by Canadians ever since.  Those who fought and lived had memories to recall, and the dead were remembered by those they had known and loved at home, while enduring memorials were constructed as reminders to subsequent generations.  Evidence of those memories, in memoriams, and memorials are preserved at the Simcoe County Archives. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIES</strong></p><p><strong>"Battle of Arras began this am"</strong></p><p>During the First World War, Gerard Breckenridge Strathy (1880-1963) was an officer in the Canad<a title="Enlarge diary pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_1024_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="G.B. Strathy Diary, April 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/981-21_480_1917%20Diary_GB%20Strathy_p54-55.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:380px;height:293px;" /></a>ian Army Medical Corps.  In April 1917 he was serving with the <a title="In Good Hands Exhibit" href="">No. 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station</a> based at Remy Siding.  </p><p>In his personal diary entry for Monday, April 9, 1917, Strathy wrote: "News in to-day that Canadians have captured Vimy Ridge… a great stunt if true."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">981-21  Morton Family Collection - G.B. Strathy Diary, 1917.     Copyright:  </span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Public domain.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><strong>"Vive. Vive Canadien"</strong></p><p>Christopher George Cook (1892-1979) was born in Cookstown, Simcoe County, and <a title="Full essay and poem" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/CG%20COOK_Vimy%20Ridge%20Collection.pdf"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-1" alt="C.G. Cook poem "The Night Before Vimy"" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/986-39_480_The%20Night%20Before%20Vimy_CG%20Cook_Pg%201.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:425px;" /></a>enlisted in the 169<sup>th</sup> Overseas Battalion on January 24, 1916.  He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on March 6, 1917.  </p><p>Cook had worked at the Cookstown Advocate for a time before the war and apparently never got the ink out of his system.  His <a title="Article re. C.G. Cook" href="">essay and poem</a> in memory of Vimy were likely written during the 1960s or 1970s.</p><p> </p><p><strong></strong>  </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">986-39  Essay and Poem by Christopher George Cook.     Copyright:  C.G. Cook Estate, used with permission.</span></p><p> </p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"Albert to Ypres – 60 miles"</strong></p><p><a title="Norman D. Clarke - Canadian Great War Project" href="">Norman D. Clarke</a> (1893-1977), enlisted in the 5<sup>th</sup> University Company on November 30, <a title="Enlarge atlas pages" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_1024_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-1 ms-rteImage-3" alt="The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer - The Western Theatre - Calais to the Meuse" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/979-38_480_War%20Atlas%20and%20Gazetteer.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:254px;" /></a>1915.   He joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry "in the field" on June 9, 1916.  ​Among the many volumes in Clarke's private library was a copy of <em>The Times War Atlas and Gazetteer</em>, which was published the same year.  The Atlas included maps of the war areas as well as statistics relating to the "belligerent countries."</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">979-38   Norman D. Clarke collection - <em>The Times Atlas and Gazetteer, 1916</em>.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-4"><strong>IN MEMORIAM</strong></span></p><p><strong>"Died in the service of his King and Country"</strong><a title="Enlarge page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_1024_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Order of Service - in memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin, May 1917" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-42_480_Francis%20Goodwin%20Rankin_Memorial%20service%20pamplet_cover.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:300px;height:448px;" /></a></p><p>Francis Goodwin Rankin (1896-1917), was the son of Henry Thomas and Frances Melinda (Goodwin) Rankin.  On <a title="F. G. Rankin Attestation Paper" href="">September 3, 1915 </a>he enlisted with the 76<sup>th</sup> Battalion in Niagara Camp, and later served with the 4<sup>th</sup> (Central Ontario) Battalion.  Rankin died on April 10, 1917, just a few months past his 21<sup>st</sup> birthday.  </p><p>​​<span aria-hidden="true"></span>A service in Rankin's memory was held at St. John's Anglican Church, Cookstown, at 8 o'clock in the evening of May 4, 1917.  The Order of Service also included the words to the four hymns which were sung.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">969-42 R. Graham Estate collection - Order of Service in Memory of Francis Goodwin Rankin.     Copyright:  Public domain</span></p><p dir="rtl" style="text-align:right;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span> 969-42</p><p><strong></strong> <strong>"In morning Jack got a message by wire..."</strong></p><p><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Transcription of diary entry" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/Wiggins_Transcription4.png" style="margin:5px;width:265px;" />Laura (McMurray) Wiggins was born in Sunnidale Township in 1880, the daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Clubine) McMurray.  In 1913 she married John W. (Jack) Wiggins and moved to Severn Bridge, Muskoka District.  </p><p>Her diary entry of April 12, 1917 noted that her husband had received news by wire that <a title="S. Mearing Service File" href="">Sid Mearing</a>, a former resident of Orillia, had died of wounds on April 6<sup>th</sup>.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">     972-33 Laura Wiggins collection - Laura Wiggins Diary, 1916-1921.     Copyright:  L. Wiggins Estate</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><strong></strong> </p><p> <strong>"… killed in action at Vimy Ridge"</strong></p><p><a title="Enlarge scrapbook page" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_1024_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30%20copy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2 ms-rteImage-3" alt="A. Boyes WWI Scrapbook" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/967-129_BOYES%20WWI%20Soldiers%20Scrapbook%202_p30_480.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:340px;height:516px;" /></a>During the First World War, local and national newspapers and magazines routinely published photographs of, and obituaries for, those who had died.  Individuals then clipped the items and pasted them into scrapbooks.  </p><p>One donated to the Simcoe County Archives by Annie Boyes includes a newspaper clipping re. <a title="T.R. Speers Obituary in Barrie Northern Advance" href="">Thomas Robert Speers</a> (1882-1917), second son of Mrs. and Mrs. James Speers of Barrie.  Speers fought at Vimy and died between April 8<sup>th</sup> and 10<sup>th</sup>.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>      <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">967-129 Annie Boyes collection - WWI Scrapbook.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-4">THE MEMORIALS</strong></p><p><strong>"No known grave"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_1024_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Vimy Memorial postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/969-31_480_Vimy%20Memorial_R0A%20S11%20S0.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:326px;" /></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">      969-31 Haughton photograph album - postcard of Vimy Memorial.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote><p>While there are other memorial sites located in the vicinity of Vimy Ridge, the <a title="Canadian National Vimy Memorial" href="">monument</a> designed by architect Walter Seymour Allward commands the most attention.  It both commemorates the Battle of Vimy Ridge and stands as a tribute to all Canadians who gave or risked their lives during the First World War.  Unveiled by King Edward VIII on July 26, 1936, the figure of "Canada Bereft" looks down on the ramparts and the inscribed names of 11,285 Canadians who were killed in France and who have no known grave.  Included are William Robert McKay and William Chester Pettit, both of Tottenham, who fought and died at Vimy.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"Wreaths can be placed on graves at any time…"</strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p>   <a title="Full booklet" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_1024_Combined_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Wreaths for War Graves booklet" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/9620-1320_480_Wreaths%20for%20War%20Graves%20bklt_cover.JPG" style="margin:5px;width:360px;height:500px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">9620-1320  Wreaths for War Graves booklet.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p>The graves of the more than 7,000 buried in <a title="Commonwealth War Graves Commission" href="">cemeteries</a> within a 20-kilometre radius of the National Memorial at Vimy Ridge could not be personally visited by the majority of their family members and friends.  The St. Barnabas Hostels was established in 1919, "to help relatives of the fallen in every possible way."  This included making arrangements for wreaths, blessed by the chaplain, to be placed on graves at any time, but especially for Armistice Day, Christmas Day and Easter.</p><p> </p><p><strong>"To the memory of those who gave their lives…"   </strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p><a title="Enlarge image" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_1024_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4 ms-rteImage-3" alt="Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, postcard" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/976-26_480_Memorial%20and%20Arena%20Gardens%20Postcard.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;height:313px;" /></a></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">976-26 Memorial and Arena Gardens, Midland, Ontario, Canada postcard.     Copyright:  Public domain.</span> </p></blockquote></blockquote><p>Dedicated to the memory of those who gave their lives in the Great War, 1914-1918, <a title="Tour the War Memorials of Simcoe County" href="">Midland's Memorial</a> was unveiled on June 1, 1927.  Four of the 68 names engraved on the monument are of men who fell during the battle at Vimy:  Oscar French, David Green, John Lowes, and Albert Walker Sterrett.</p><p> </p><p style="text-align:center;"><strong class="ms-rteFontSize-5">Remembering Vimy, April 9-12, 1917</strong><a title="Enlarge poppy" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66_1024_Poppy.JPG"><img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="Cloth poppy" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Vimy_Exhibit/985-66%20Poppy_edit_1024.PNG" style="margin:5px;width:151px;" /></a></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">From:  </span><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">For the Fallen</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">, by Robert Laurence Binyon (1869-1943)</span></span></p><p dir="ltr">They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:</p><p dir="ltr">Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.</p><p dir="ltr">At the going down of the sun and in the morning</p><p dir="ltr">We will remember them.</p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><blockquote dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><p dir="ltr"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">985-66 Morton collection - <a title="The History of the Poppy" href="">Cloth poppy</a>     Copyright:  Simcoe County Archives</span></p></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote></blockquote><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;">Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.</p>
V-E Day 3:22:38 PMV-E Day<p><br></p><p><br></p><p><br></p><p>On Monday May 8<sup>th</sup> 2017, we celebrate <strong>Victory in Europe Day,</strong> more commonly known as <strong>V-E Day</strong>, which marks the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its Armed Forces. Looking to 1945, May 8<sup>th</sup> was marked by Canadians in an overwhelming fervent and passionate manner. Whether it be Canadians joining the thousands in the streets of London, England or Paris, France, or be it the countless number that danced in the streets of Toronto with tickertape raining overhead, the mood was of celebration and thanks. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a title="Barrie Examiner May 10th 1945" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1080_BarrieExaminer_May10.jpg"><img class="ms-rteImage-3 ms-rtePosition-4" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/1080_BarrieExaminer_May10.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:304px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Image copyright: Public domain </span></p><p>Locally, V-E Day was <em>marked </em>first in remembrance, then in celebration. As stated in the Barrie Examiner on May 10th, 1945, 'the first report was heard on the air about 9:45 o'clock Monday morning. Telephones began to ring and the word was soon passed about the town'. As the work day finished, Barrie churches filled as thousands gathered for services of prayer and thanksgiving to mark the end of war in Europe. On Tuesday, the mood turned to a more joyous and enthusiastic fashion, where business and factories closed, in order to allow for its workers to celebrate. Dunlop Street soon filled with people and cars to demonstrate their relief that the war had ended in Europe. ​</p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-38_1080_%20Barrie%20VE%20Day%20celebrations%20Dunlop%20St%20E5%20B4%20R5A%20S6%20Sh3%20crop%20sharp.jpg"><img class="ms-rteImage-3" alt="ve celebrations Barrie" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/979-38_480_%20Barrie%20VE%20Day%20celebrations%20Dunlop%20St%20E5%20B4%20R5A%20S6%20Sh3%20crop%20sharp.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:599px;height:330px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p>Join us here at the Simcoe County Archives as we celebrate the 72<sup>nd</sup> anniversary of <strong>Victory in Europe Day</strong><strong><em> </em></strong>on May 8<sup>th</sup>.</p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p>
Happy Birthday Sir Frederick Grant Banting 3:00:21 PMHappy Birthday Sir Frederick Grant Banting<p>​</p><p>Sir Frederick Grant Banting, famous for discovering insulin alongside Charles Best, was born in Essa Township, near Alliston, on November 14<sup>th</sup>, 1891. He was the youngest of six children. Banting spent his formative years on his family's farm, exploring the river banks on the way to and from school in Alliston. </p><p>Banting went first to divinity school at Victoria College in Toronto, before switching to the University of Toronto for medicine in 1912. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010051%20Postcard%20to%20Fred%20Banting,%201913%20-%201080.jpg" title="Note of Congrats to Banting from Comrade"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010051%20Postcard%20to%20Fred%20Banting,%201913%20-%20480.jpg" alt="Note of Congrats. to Banting from fellow Comrade 1913" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><div style="text-align:center;"></div><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">A note of congratulations sent from a comrade in Toronto to Banting in Alliston, presumably on passing the first year of medical school, 1913. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p>In 1916, at the age of 24, Banting enlisted and went overseas with the Canadian Army Medical Corps. When he received a serious wound in his arm, he was said to have kept working for another twelve hours, despite orders to go back to the field hospital. It is also said that it was recommended to Banting that his arm be amputated, but by treating it himself Banting was able to save it. He was awarded the Military Cross for his devotion to duty.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Frederick%20Banting%20in%20Uniform%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh4%20-%201080.jpg" title="Banting in his WW1 Uniform"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Frederick%20Banting%20in%20Uniform%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh4%20-%20480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 Frederick Banting in his WWI uniform, courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">After the war, Banting briefly lived and worked in London Ontario, before returning to Toronto. Having recently read studies on the pancreas, Banting went to work with Charles Best, in J.J.R. Macleod's laboratory at the University of Toronto, Department of Physiology, to isolate the hormone secreted from the pancreas gland, to find if it could be used in the treatment of diabetes. The result was insulin, one of the largest medical advances of the twentieth century. By January of 1922 insulin was ready to be distributed around the world. Banting et al. patented the drug, but gave up their rights to the University of Toronto, which used the proceeds to fund further research.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Medical%20Heritage%20Society%20Medal%201%20-%201080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Medical%20Heritage%20Society%20Medal%201%20-%20480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><div style="text-align:center;"></div><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 Medical Heritage Society Medal commemorating the discovery. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Commemorative%20Medal%20presented%20at%2020th%20International%20Postgraduate%20Medical%20Conference%20-%201080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20Commemorative%20Medal%20presented%20at%2020th%20International%20Postgraduate%20Medical%20Conference%20-%20480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 Commemorative Medal, presented to Dr. Henrietta Banting and one of 25 medals minted. <br></span><span style="font-size:0.714em;">Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library. </span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span style="font-size:1em;">Many awards were then bestowed on Banting, including a knighthood and the Nobel Prize (shared with Macleod), the prize money of which Banting shared with his colleague Best.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20One%20of%20Banting%27s%20Pipes%20-%201080.jpg" title="Pipe belonging to Banting"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20One%20of%20Banting%27s%20Pipes%20-%201080.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Part of the New Tecumseth Library's collection of pipes belonging to Sir Frederick Banting, now housed at the Simcoe County Archives. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Banting was also an avid artist; his art has been displayed many times in the years since his death, demonstrating both Banting's artistic merit as well as how much esteem he was held in nationwide. For instance, in 1943 Toronto's Art Gallery exhibited 200 of Banting's pieces in an exhibition.</span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010052%20Untitled%20Pencil%20Sketch%20-%201080.jpg" title="Sketch presumably by Banting"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010052%20Untitled%20Pencil%20Sketch%20-%20480.jpg" alt="Unidentified Sketch, presumably by Banting. " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><div style="text-align:center;"></div><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 - An unidentified sketch amongst the Banting papers, housed at the Simcoe County Archives. Presumably a sketch by Banting, depicting part of either a medical procedure or medical research. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p>Banting continued his work in medicine into the 1930s. Banting married twice and had one son. At the outbreak of WWII Banting rejoined the army. In 1941 he was called to England, but unfortunately he died on February 24<sup>th</sup>, when his plane crashed shortly after it took off from Newfoundland.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20The%20Alliston%20Herald,%20Thursday,%20February%2027,%201941%20%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh3%20-%201080.jpg" title="Alliston Herald reports the death of Banting"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%20The%20Alliston%20Herald,%20Thursday,%20February%2027,%201941%20%20B1%20R1A%20S3%20Sh3%20-%20480.jpg" alt="Alliston Herald reports the death of Banting. " style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 Alliston Herald report the death of Sir Frederick Banting. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p>Although Banting's life and work took him all over southern Ontario and the world, his roots are in Simcoe County. Banting's homestead, farmed by his father William Banting, was taken over first by Frederick's brother Thompson Banting, and finally by Thompson's son Edward, who farmed there into the 1990s. You can still visit <a href="">Banting's birthplace</a> in Essa Township: <img src="file:///C:/Users/SOUDER~1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image016.jpg" alt="" style="font-size:1em;width:1px;margin:5px;" /></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%201-%201080.jpg" title="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%201-%20480.jpg" alt="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day" style="margin:5px;width:299px;height:447px;" /></a><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%202%20-%201080.jpg" title="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/2001-50%2010105%20Sir%20Frederick%20Banting%20Day,%20November%2014th%201995%202%20-%20480.jpg" alt="Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day" style="margin:5px;width:313px;height:425px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">2001-50 - Programme for Sir Frederick Banting Day, November 14th, 1995. Courtesy of the New Tecumseth Public Library.</span></p><p>Banting Memorial High School was opened in 1951, in Alliston where Banting had spent his own early school days. The school opened on April 2, 1951 and a portrait of Banting was unveiled there, in the presence of Charles Best, in December of the same year.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/984-8%20Banting%20Memorial%20High%20School%20Opening%20Program%20E4%20B3%20R1B%20S8%20Sh1%20-%201080.jpg" title="Offical Opening of Banting Memorial High School."><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Banting/984-8%20Banting%20Memorial%20High%20School%20Opening%20Program%20E4%20B3%20R1B%20S8%20Sh1%20-%20480.jpg" alt="Official program for opening of Banting Memorial High School" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">984-8 Official Program for the opening of Banting Memorial High School.</span></p><p>The majority of the Banting material at the Simcoe County Archives is stored here by the New Tecumseth Public Library, who have gathered together an impressive collection. To see more about Banting, especially his early life, see this <a href="">exhibit</a> put together by the New Tecumseth Public Library.</p><p><strong style="font-size:1em;">References</strong></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">"Banting marks 60</span><sup>th</sup><span style="font-size:1em;"> year." </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Alliston Herald</em><span style="font-size:1em;">, Metroland Media, 25 Apr. 2011.</span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;">. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">B</span><span style="font-size:1em;">anting Memorial High School. "Banting Memorial High School Official Opening Program." </span><span style="font-size:1em;">The </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Alliston</span><span style="font-size:1em;"> Press Company, 1951.</span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">New Tecumseth Public Library. </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Banting Digital Library</em><span style="font-size:1em;">.<br></span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;">. Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">Simcoe County Archives. </span><em style="font-size:1em;">Sir Frederick Grant Banting</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. Simcoe County Archives Finding Aid, </span><span style="font-size:1em;">2011.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">The Banting Legacy. </span><em style="font-size:1em;">The Banting Legacy</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. </span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;">.  Accessed 20 Oct. 2017.</span></p><p><span style="font-size:1em;">"The Discovery of Insulin". </span><em style="font-size:1em;"></em><span style="font-size:1em;"> Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 2 Nov 2017. </span><span style="font-size:1em;"><a href=""></a></span></p><p><br></p>
The 150th Dominion Day in Simcoe County 3:08:03 PMThe 150th Dominion Day in Simcoe County<p>​Simcoe County was not as removed from the events of 1867 as one might suppose. In 1843, at the age of 27, Sir James Robert Gowan was appointed as the first judge for the newly created Simcoe District. Gowan became good friends with many influential politicians throughout Upper Canada and was instrumental in drawing up legislation before and after the British North America Act was put into place. One good friend was <a title="Sir John A at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography" href="">Sir John A. Macdonald</a>, Canada's first Prime Minister. In the Simcoe County Archives' <a title="Sir James R Gowan at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography" href="">Sir James R. Gowan </a>collection there is a good deal of correspondence between the two men, but where Confederation is concerned this letter is of particular interest to Canadian history enthusiasts (note the location and the date): </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Enlarge Macdonald Letter" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_1080.jpg"> <img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Enlarge Macdonald Letter" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21_Macdonald_Gowan_1867_02_13_front_480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:0.71em;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Enlarge Macdonald Letter" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21%20MacDonald%20to%20Gowan%201867%20%20Back%201080.jpg"> <img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/999-21%20MacDonald%20to%20Gowan%201867%20%20Back%20480%20(2).jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:0.71em;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>Here is a transcription of the letter: </p><p> <em>Westminster Palace Hotel</em></p><p> <em>London, Feb. 13/1867</em></p><p> <em>My Dear Gowan</em><em> </em></p><p> <em>I owe you many apologies for not writing you long ere this, but I may as well tell you the whole truth about the fate of your letter. At the time of its arrival, I was sitting as Chairman of the delegates from morning till night, and finding it literally impossible to keep up any correspondence, I carefully set aside all letters but those requiring immediate attention in a drawer with heaps of papers. There they laid comfortably stowed away, until I exhumed them this morning. Fancy my dismay at finding so many letters laid aside as "unconsidered trifles." However it is never too late [mind], and so I will address myself to your letter. And first as to your Junior. I think you can make out a fair case for a junior judge and wish you to prepare a memorial on the subject stating all the facts, in the same manner as you have done in your letter. The subject cannot be dealt with until my return to Canada in March or April. I shall at once bring it before Council when I arrive at Ottawa with a reasonable hope of carrying it to a successful issue. Meanwhile I need scarcely warn you of the necessity of the strictest silence on the matter until it becomes a fait accompli.</em></p><p> <em>Lord Caernarvon introduced the Confederation Act yesterday Feb 12</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> within H of Lords, Sub silentio.</em><em>  </em> <em>It will be read a second time on Tuesday next. And we have no doubt of a successful termination to our mission. The only cloud lowering over us is the dread that the Ministry may fall on the question of Reform. All the indications however are that they will weather the storm and carry this thru session successfully.</em><em>  </em> <em>Even if it were not so, the only consequence would be delay. Vexatious certainly, but not all fatal to the [… ]</em></p><p> <em>The only question discussed here just now is Reform. My impression is that the wealthy respectable & educated people of all classes. The aristocracy. The middle classes and the artisans are alike opposed as indifferent to change, but there will be a change for fear of the [dangerous] classes. It will be a moderate one however and probably quiet matters for the next twenty years. </em></p><p> <em>Now I am going to give you a bit of news that will surprise you. Not that I am going to be married, for that is in the newspapers, but as to the lady, my cara sposa is to be Miss Bernard your old friend and we are to be married by the Bishop of Montreal on Saturday next. I had intended to have it come off just before sailing, but as the time is very uncertain, we thought it more convenient to come off now.</em><em>  </em> <em>So you see I turn over a new leaf & become stupid & respectable. </em></p><p> <em>Always my dear Gowan, </em></p><p> <em>Sincerely yours </em></p><p> <em>John A. Macdonald </em></p><p>This is the day after the Act had been introduced to the House of Lords! Here we see laid out Sir John A. Macdonald's opinions on things both personal and political. We also see how intertwined the two men are and how close the circles are that they run in. In 1883, at the age of 67, Macdonald appointed Gowan to the Senate. As the Canadian Dictionary of Biography says "in his 40 years on the bench and his 22 years in the Senate, Gowan exercised more influence over legislation and the lives of Canadians than most elected politicians."</p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:1em;">  </span><a title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20February%207,%201867%20-%20Confederation%20-%20A%20Meeting%20of%20the%20Imperial%20Parliament%201080.jpg" style="font-size:1em;"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20February%207,%201867%20-%20Confederation%20-%20A%20Meeting%20of%20the%20Imperial%20Parliament%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <em>Northern Advance</em>, February 7, 1867<br><span style="color:#444444;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-weight:normal;word-spacing:0px;white-space:normal;orphans:2;widows:2;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="color:#444444;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;font-weight:normal;word-spacing:0px;white-space:normal;orphans:2;widows:2;background-color:#ffffff;text-decoration-style:initial;text-decoration-color:initial;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">This year we are celebrating our 150</span><sup>th</sup><span style="font-size:1em;"> Dominion Day in Simcoe County, marking the anniversary of the British North America Act which established the Dominion of Canada. If Dominion Day doesn't sound familiar to you, it is because it was changed to Canada Day in 1982. There is no shortage of festivities happening all across the County and many people will be heading outdoors to celebrate this coming July 1</span><sup>st</sup><span style="font-size:1em;">. This is not so different to the first Dominion Day celebrated in the County of Simcoe. </span><br></p><p>                                   <a title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 7 Feb. 1867" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Feu%20de%20Joie.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge Northern Advance 7 Feb. 1867" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Feu%20de%20Joie%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em style="font-size:0.71em;">Northern Advance</em><span style="font-size:0.71em;">, February 7, 1867<br></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>C</em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>opyright</em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>In Barrie several Volunteer Companies assembled in the Market Square around 11:00 am. At noon the Reeve, William D. Ardagh, read the Queen's proclamation establishing the new Dominion, which was then followed by a gun salute and three cheers. At 2:00 pm citizens played Quoits (a horseshoes like game) behind the School Home and then gathered at the Railway Station grounds to watch the walking of the greasy pole, extended out over the water. Contestants had to climb out and grab a flag off the end. Then came the scull race between three boats and then finally the sack race. To cap off the day, in the evening the Mendelssohn Glee Club gave a concert at Town Hall.  <br></p><p>                               <a title="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 27 June 1867" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Mendelssohn%27s%20Glee%20Club.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge 'Northern Advance' 27 June 1867." src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Northern%20Advance,%20June%2027,%201867%20-%20Mendelssohn%27s%20Glee%20Club%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <em>Northern Advance</em>, June 27, 1867<br></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>In 1867 Thomas Ferguson, of Innisfil Township, was the Warden of Si<span style="font-size:1em;">mcoe County. In January of that year he gave an address to the council. The Northern Advance newspaper, available on microfilm at the Simcoe County Archives, produced this summary which was then recorded in the printed edition of the </span> <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=ba64aa42-c922-437c-9f96-5e064fad2311" style="font-size:1em;">Council Minutes.</a></p><p>                 <a title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%201%201080.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%201%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>                 <a title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%202%201080.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%202%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>                 <a title="Enlarge: Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%203%201080.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge Jan. 1867 County of Simcoe Council Minutes" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Warden%27s%20Address%20Overview%203%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"> <em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-family:"droid sans", sans-serif;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></span></p><p>This is a great overview of local concerns in the year 1867. One of the major concerns is having drill sheds constructed for the use of volunteers, so that they could run drills and practice (a regular feature in the Northern Advance of 1867 was a discussion of the Fenian Raids and the dangers of the Fenians). The people of Simcoe County were also concerned about the fate of the Holland Marsh, hoping to resolve to whom the land should belong. Their concern with this was tied to their interests in the completion of the Georgian Bay Canal connecting Lake Huron with Montreal, which never came to fruition. </p><p>Directly after Confederation there was an election to see who would represent Simcoe County in the House of Commons. W.C. Little was elected for the riding of South Simcoe, which the Northern Advance was very pleased about, and Thomas McConkey was elected for North Simcoe, about which the Northern Advance had a lot to say, labelling their article "The Result, and what has led to it." </p><p>                  <a title="Enlarge: 981-38, Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Orillia,%20on%20Lake%20Couchiching%20in%20Canada%20West%201854%201080.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge 981-38, Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Orillia,%20on%20Lake%20Couchiching%20in%20Canada%20West%201854%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"> <span style="text-align:center;">981-38, </span>Orillia, on Lake Couchiching, Canada West - drawn from nature in August A.D. 1852<br></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>Around 1867 we start to see a few aspects of the Simcoe County we now recognize. For one, Orillia is also celebrating its 150<sup>th</sup> this year. Orillia was incorporated as a village on the 22<sup>nd</sup> of November, 1866, so celebrations of this milestone range from November 2016 – November 2017. At the Simcoe County Archives, these watercolours by Captain W.H. Grubbe are the oldest of our depictions of Lake Couchiching and Orillia. <br></p><p>                 <a title="Enlarge: 981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854." href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/981-38%20Lake%20Couchiching,%20Canada,%201854%201080.jpg"><img alt="Enlarge: 981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854." src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/981-38%20Lake%20Couchiching,%20Canada,%201854%20480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"> <span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">981-38, Lake Couchiching, Canada - drawn from nature in September A.D. 1854.<br></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Copyright: </em></span><span style="font-size:0.71em;"><em>Public domain.</em></span></p><p>For its first Dominion Day, Orillia also celebrated with a parade of the Volunteer Company, followed by drills. They also fired their guns, sang "God Save the Queen" and gave three cheers. Then there was a shooting match and Mr. Ross of "Orillia House" entertained the company with supper and speeches. </p><p>Your celebrations this year might look a little different, but come out and celebrate this year with Canada and with Simcoe County.</p> <p> <span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">For further reading: </span></p><p>"Barrie Canada Day." Barrie. City of Barrie, 2017,                                                             <a href=""></a>. Accessed June 20, 2017. </p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">Bro</span><span style="font-size:1em;">wn, Desmond H. "GOWAN, Sir JAMES ROBERT." Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/</span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">Universit</span><span style="font-size:1em;">é</span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;"></span><span style="font-size:1em;">, 2003, </span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;">.                       Accessed June 20, 2017.</span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;"></span> <span style="font-size:1em;"> </span><span style="font-size:1em;">Hillman, Thomas A. </span> <em style="font-size:1em;">A Statutory Chronology of Ontario Counties and Municipalities</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. Gananoque: Langdale Press, 1988.</span></p><p> <em style="font-size:1em;">Orillia Canada Day</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. Orillia ProNet Inc., 2017, </span> <a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;">. Accessed June 20, 2017. </span></p><p> <span style="text-decoration:underline;"> <span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p>
Labour Day 1:05:01 PMLabour Day<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>In honour of Labour Day, the Simcoe County Archives is spotlighting records from one of the seminal industries to shape the County: Shipbuilding.</p><p><strong>Collingwood Shipyards</strong></p><p>Originally formed in 1883 as Collingwood Dry Dock Shipbuilding and Foundry Company Limited, the company was renamed the Collingwood Shipyards by 1903. Well known for producing some of the highest quality vessels to sail the Great Lakes, the Collingwood Shipyards employed approximately 1300 people at its height between the 1930s – 1940s. Skilled trades and craftsmen included machinists, electricians, fitters, shipwrights, and welders, to name a few.</p><p>The Collingwood Shipyards had a strong union presence with representation from the United Steelworkers of America (Local 6320). This Labour Agreement booklet, dated April 1, 1964 – April 1 1967, outlines some of the key roles the union played in advocating for workers. Issues ranged from compensation and leave, to worker health and safety.</p><p>Simcoe County Archives holds many records related to the operational history of the Collingwood Shipyards, including photographs, blueprints, engineering schematics, and corporate ledgers. These materials are currently on loan from the <a href=""> Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston</a>. </p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Collingwood Shipyards Labour Agreement 1967" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2017-72%20Collingwood%20Shipyard%20Labour%20Agreement%201967%20E1%20B3%20R3A%20S7%20Sh4001%20x1080.jpg"><img class="ms-rtePosition-4" alt="Collingwood Shipyards Labour Agreement 1967" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2017-72%20Collingwood%20Shipyard%20Labour%20Agreement%201967%20E1%20B3%20R3A%20S7%20Sh4001%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:480px;" /></a></p><p><strong>Midland Engine Works</strong></p><p>The Midland Engine Works was established in 1896 and primarily built gasoline engines and parts for the marine industry. This focus shifted to munitions during the First World War, a period which also saw their labour force jump from around 25 to upwards of 60. </p><p>The undated image below shows workers assembled outside of the Midland Engine Works.</p><p style="text-align:center;"> <a title="Midland Engine Work Workers - Undated" href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/983-33%20Midland%20Engine%20Works%20Workers%20E4%20B4%20R4A%20S9%20Sh2%20x1080.jpg"><img alt="Midland Engine Works - Undated" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/983-33%20Midland%20Engine%20Works%20Workers%20E4%20B4%20R4A%20S9%20Sh2%20x480.jpg" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p>In addition to photographs of the employees of the Midland Engine Works, Simcoe County Archives also holds images of the original grounds and facilities of the company.</p><p>For more information on the history of labour and industry in Simcoe County, check out our <a href="/_layouts/15/FIXUPREDIRECT.ASPX?WebId=a41fbfa1-82ca-4939-9932-d97b8d6ad3e9&TermSetId=fb933945-005d-43ad-bb62-b84ef1fa9284&TermId=49f386df-e50a-40cd-ae38-cb6749416df6">online descriptive database</a> or come by the Archives. </p><p>Sources</p><p>"CollShip: 100 Years of Shipbuilding Excellence" supplement to the Collingwood Times, Wasaga Beach Times, and Beaver Valley Review Herald. May 4, 1983.</p><p>"Labour Agreement and Plant Rules" Collingwood Shipyards a division Canadian Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd. April 1, 1964 – April 1, 1967.</p><p>"Midland Engine Works". Midland Rotary Waterfront Trail: Historical Sign Locations. Corporation of the Town of Midland.</p>
Emancipation Day 1:31:14 PMEmancipation Day<p>​</p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>August 1</strong></span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong><sup>st</sup></strong></span><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong> is Emancipation Day! </strong></span></p><p>Emancipation Day, long celebrated across the British Commonwealth, commemorates the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em>, passed on August 28, 1833, which meant that by August 1<sup>st</sup> 1834 slavery was abolished in the British Empire. It has also been long celebrated in Simcoe County. The Spirit of the Age from July 30<sup>th</sup>, 1862 had the following announcement (partially lost – brackets represent interpolations):</p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p><em>… being the 28</em><em><sup>th</sup></em><em> Anniversary [of the emanci]pation by England of the</em><em>  </em><em>… slaves, is to be kept by the [pe]ople of this county with more [extraor]dinary signs of rejoicing and thankfulness. They are to meet at Barrie, and among the proceedings of the day have arranged for a religious service, at the conclusion of which a sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Mr. Morgan. In the evening the party will dine together, and afterwards hold a soiree, when several able speakers will address the meeting. The rejoicings are not to be confined to the colored people, but all who feel friendly towards them are desired to join their party. We trust the interesting proceedings will pass off successfully.</em><em><strong>[i]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p>            The road to abolition in Ontario passed through Simcoe County and is reflected in our place. The first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (a pre-cursor to Ontario) John Graves Simcoe was a supporter of the abolitionist movement.  By the 1790s the abolitionist movement had been gaining steam across the British Empire. In March of 1793, Chloe Cooley, enslaved to Sergeant Adam Vrooman, was forcefully restrained by Vrooman as he attempted to take her to New York in order to sell her. Cooley resisted so violently that three men were required to restrain her. Peter Martin, a black Loyalist, and William Grisley, a white employee of Vrooman, testified to the violence done to Chloe Cooley. Public outcry at this event allowed Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe to introduce legislation intended to abolish slavery. The legislature was too invested in slavery at the time to allow for full abolition, but a compromise was reached in <em>An Act to Prevent the further Introduction of Slaves and to limit the Term of Contracts for Servitude</em> or <em>An Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada</em>. On July 9<sup>th</sup> 1793, Simcoe gave Royal Assent to the bill. Click <a href="/Archives/Pages/johngravessimcoe.aspx" title="John Graces Simcoe - Online Exhibit">here</a> to see our online exhibit and learn more about John Graves Simcoe. </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%201080%20F2%20B-2.jpg" title="Larger Image of Print of General John Graves Simcoe"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/967-110%20War%20Clouds%20-%20JG%20Simcoe%20480%20F2%20B-2.jpg" alt="967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792” - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printin" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>967-110 "'War Clouds' - General John Graves Simcoe, First Governor of Upper Canada 1792" - J.D. Kelly (1862-1958), Globe Printing Co. 1910</em><br>Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>            The Act did not free any slaves, but prevented the importation of enslaved people into Upper Canada. Children born to current slaves would be free at age 25 and children of that generation would be free at birth. Similar Acts were tabled in Lower Canada and the Atlantic Provinces, but they were never passed, with those areas taking their cue instead from the central British government. </p><p>            One of the most prominent voices for abolitionism in the British Government was <a href="" title="William Wilberforce: BBC">William Wilberforce</a>, who was a politician from 1780-1825. He made his first abolition speech in Parliament in 1789. He introduced many abolitionist bills into the House, but in 1807 <em>An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade</em> or the <em>Slave Trade Act</em> was finally passed. The Act did not free current slaves, but was designed to put an end to the trade in slaves in the British Empire. The bill very much paved the way for the Act of 1833. </p><p>            This series of legislation had an impact on Simcoe County settlement. The outbreak of the <a href="" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - War of 1812">War of 1812</a> caused apprehension among black settlers in Upper Canada, who feared an American victory might bring a return to slavery.  As a result, free blacks, and many escaped slaves, volunteered to fight for the British.  One noted militia unit was <a href="" title="Canadian Encyclopedia - The Coloured Corps of African Canadians and the War of 1812">Captain Runchey's Company</a> for Coloured Men, which saw action at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane, and St. David's.  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%201080%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" title="Larger Image of Davy Thompson"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/2016-25%202960%20Davie%20Thompson%20-%20Oro%20Medonte%20480%20B1%20R601B%20S3%20Sh3.jpg" alt="2016-25 Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>2016-25 Davy Thompson, born in Oro Township in 1863.</em><br>Image Copyright: Public Domain</span></p><p>            After the War it was in Upper Canada's interests to start settling the area between York (now Toronto) and Penetanguishene. The access to Georgian Bay and Lake Huron was deemed strategically important, particularly in any further encounters with the Americans. In conjunction with this need, between 1819 and 1831 the government of Upper Canada sponsored black settlement along the west side of Concession II in Oro Township, which was called Wilberforce St. after William Wilberforce. Some of the settlers were War of 1812 veterans. Wilberforce St. was named for William Wilberforce. Oro Township joins places like the village of Wilberforce in Freetown Sierra Leone or Wilberforce University in Ohio in commemorating this voice for the abolition of slavery. Click here (link) to see our online exhibit about the Wilberforce Street settlement. <br></p><p><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Barrie%20Northern%20Advance%20April%2015,%201880%20-%20Isaiah%20Henson%20visits%20Barrie%201080.jpg" title="Barrie Northern Advance, 15 Apr. 1880"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/Pages/Blog/Barrie%20Northern%20Advance%20April%2015,%201880%20-%20Isaiah%20Henson%20visits%20Barrie%201080.jpg" alt="Barrie Northern Advance , April 15, 1880 - Isaiah Henson (featured in Uncle Tom's Cabin) on a speaking tour in Barrie." style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></p><p style="text-align:center;"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-1">Barrie Northern Advance , April 15, 1880 - Isaiah Henson (featured in Uncle Tom's Cabin) on a speaking tour in Barrie.<br></em><span style="font-size:11.424px;text-align:center;">Image Copyright: Public Domain</span><br></p><p>            On August 1<sup>st</sup> 1834, <em>An Act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Colonies; for promoting the Industry of the manumitted Slaves; and for compensating the Persons hitherto entitled to the Services of such Slaves</em> or the <em>Slavery Abolition Act</em> of 1833 came into effect across the British Empire. This Act went a long way to making the Canadian provinces a perceived safe haven for refugees fleeing slavery, particularly after 1850, when the United States passed the <em>Fugitive Slave Act</em> of 1850, strengthening a similar 1793 Act, which required the pursuit and capture of enslaved persons anywhere in the United States. This included Northern states, which had long abolished slavery. Monetary compensation for returned slaves also led to the enslavement of a lot of free people. Between 1850 and 1864 black settlement in Canada West (another pre-cursor to Ontario) increased dramatically, as settlers sought the freedom granted by the Slavery Abolition Act.</p><p>             <em>The Story of Oro</em> is a history of Oro Township which relies heavily on oral testimonial from the people of area. It paints this picture of Emancipation Day:</p><blockquote style="margin:0px 0px 0px 40px;border:none;padding:0px;"><p>…<em>Oro negroes celebrated it on August 2</em><em><sup>nd</sup></em><em> and on that anniversary for years to come, a big celebration was held. The negroes paraded on the road playing small instruments and singing plantation songs. There was usually a football game, - the 'blacks' against the 'whites'. The negroes were skilled at hitting the ball with their heads and sending it great distances. Their weak spot was their shins, a fact their opponents kept in mind.</em><em><strong>[ii]</strong></em></p></blockquote><p>            The final statute we refer to here is the Emancipation Day Act (link), passed by the Government of Ontario in 2008. At that time the province officially recognized August 1<sup>st</sup> as Emancipation Day across the province. Emancipation Day has been long celebrated in the Caribbean. Celebrations now overlap with the Caribana Festival in Toronto, which always culminates with festivities on the August long weekend. It is also very close in time to Simcoe Day, which is what we call the Monday of the August long weekend around here and in Toronto, commemorating our first Lieutenant-Governor. Later in the month, August 23<sup>rd</sup> is the International Day of Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition. </p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>Sources</strong></span></p><p> <span style="font-size:1em;">BBC. "William Wilberforce (1759-1833)." </span><em style="font-size:1em;">BBC</em><span style="font-size:1em;">. 2014. </span><a href="" style="font-size:1em;"></a><span style="font-size:1em;"> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</span></p><p>Emancipation Day Act. <em>Statutes of Ontario, c. 25</em>. Ontario. 2008. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>French, G. E. <em>Men of colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949</em>. Stroud, Ont.: Kaste Books, 1978.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Chloe Cooley and the Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2013. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry. Natasha L. "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Henry, Natasha L. "Slavery Abolition Act, 1833." <em>The Canadian Encyclopedia</em>. Toronto: Historica Canada, 2014. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p>Hull Museum. "William Wilberforce – the man." <em>Hull Museum Collections</em>. <a href=""></a> Web. 11 Jul. 2017.</p><p><em>The Story of Oro</em>. 2<sup>nd</sup> edition. Oro: Oro Historical Committee, 1987. </p><p><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[i] Recorded only in "G.E French. Men of Colour: An historical account of the black settlement on Wilberforce Street and in Oro Township, Simcoe County, Ontario, 1819-1949. Stroud, Ont: Kaste Books, 1978. p. 56-57."</em></span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>[ii] p. 9. </em></span><br></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1"><em><br></em></span></p><p><span style="text-decoration-line:underline;">Images</span>:</p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.</p>
National Aboriginal History Month 6:05:43 PMNational Aboriginal History Month<p><br></p><p> </p><p><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteFontSize-2" style="line-height:107%;"><font color="#000000"><span style="line-height:107%;">June is National Aboriginal History Month! Within the borders of what today is designated Simcoe County, there is a long history of different Indigenous nations coming together at gathering places, trading, farming, fishing, hunting, crafting and, in general, creating and participating in communities in times of both peace and upheaval. The Simcoe County Archives is a repository of information from all across the County and holds some items of interest to students of local Indigenous history. </span> </font></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1 ms-rteFontSize-2" style="line-height:107%;"><font color="#000000"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/975-10%20Bok%20Ka%20Ha%20Ko%20-%201080%20Encl%204%20E18%20B8%20%20R3B%20S7%20Sh3.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/975-10%20Bok%20Ka%20Ha%20Ko%20-%20480%20Encl%204%20E18%20B8%20%20R3B%20S7%20Sh3.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a><br></font></span><span style="font-size:10pt;"><span class="ms-rteThemeFontFace-1" style="line-height:107%;font-size:10pt;"><font color="#000000"><em>Figure 1: Bok-Ka-Ha-Ka, resident of Simcoe County; photograph part of the<br></em></font></span><em style="color:#000000;">Andrew F. Hunter collection (975-10).</em> <br>Image copyright: Public domain</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">"Huronia" is an anecdotal name for much of Simcoe County, particularly the area around Midland and Penetanguishene. The name commemorates the history of the Huron/Ouendat people that made this area their home for a long time. This population was a confederacy of five Iroquoian speaking nations: the Attinniaenten ("people of the bear"), Hatingeenoniahak ("makers of cords for nets"), Arendaenronnon ("people of the lying rock"), Atahonaenrat ("two white ears" i.e., "deer people" and Ataronchronon ("people of the bog"). The Ouendat had close alliances with the Petun, Neutral, Odawa, Nipissing and the Algonquin nations. Archaeology across the county has revealed several villages, the locations of which are shown on a map at the Simcoe County Archives that was drawn by E.H Thomas of Collingwood called "Missions to the Hurons." The Hurons/Ouendat encountered the French in the seventeenth century and, as the name implies, this map also charts the location of several of the missions the French sent into the area. These missions were middle ground areas between North American and European cultures. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">The Ouendat populations were decimated by disease in the middle of the seventeenth century and remaining populations were dispersed by war with the Haudenosaunee/Iroquois nations. Archaeology has helped supplement accounts found in the Jesuit Relations, documenting this period of upheaval. At the Archives, researchers can peruse archaeological records in the Ross Channen collection, the Kenneth Kidd collection, the Paul Delaney collection and the Huronia Historic Association collection. The Archives houses archaeological surveys, maps of the region, drawing of archaeological material and archaeological reports published in reputable journals. </span></p><p>  </p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/989-21%20John%20Big%20Wind%20-%201080%20B2%20R4A%20S6%20Sh4%20P112.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/989-21%20John%20Big%20Wind%20-%20480%20B2%20R4A%20S6%20Sh4%20P112.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a></span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span style="font-size:10pt;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0" style="font-size:10pt;"><em>Figure 2: Chief John Big Wind was chief in Rama in the late 19th century, into the first half of the twentieth. Photograph is part of the Frost Scrapbooks collection, donated to the Simcoe County Archives by the Orillia Public Library </em></span><em> (989-21). <br>Image copyright: Public domain. Credit to Simcoe County Archives and Orillia Public Library is required for resuse.<br></em></span> </p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Today there are several native communities who reside in Simcoe County. The Beausoleil First Nation is located on Christian, Beckwith and Hope Islands at the south end of Georgian Bay. The Chippewas of Rama First Nation, or Mnjikaning First Nation, are located on the eastern side of Lake Couchiching. Both are communities of mostly Ojibwe peoples, though that is a simplification of the complex political identities of the people who settled in the region in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century after the dispersal of the Ouendats. Chief William Yellowhead was one of the "Chiefs of the Lake Simcoe and Huron Chippewa Indians" who lived in the Georgian Bay Islands community, which at one point included Beausoleil Island. After he served with the British in the War of 1812 he settled with his people around Orillia. This group was the foundation of the current community at Rama. John Wallace, visiting the Ojibwe communities during the 1890s and early 1900s, documented some Ojibwe language and customs in his notebooks, kept in the Simcoe County Archives. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">At the Archives you can look at photographs and documents related to Native life in Simcoe County. For instance, the Archives has a copy of an agreement between the "Chiefs of the Lake Simcoe and Huron Chippewas Indians" and the crown, establishing a Grist Mill at Coldwater for native use, dated to 1834. Farms on the west side of Lake Couchiching, before the land was re-claimed by the crown, could use the mill for their agricultural purposes. Because of their extensive local knowledge, native men and women have long been employed in the tourism industry, often as guides or as craftspeople. The Christian Island newsletter "Smoke Signals" for 1967 is housed at the Simcoe County Archives. The Archives also has copies of <em>Coraid News</em>, including the initial edition of the paper in May 1973 up until December 1974. This newspaper, printed in Orillia, was for Native People of Central Ontario and was edited by Alan Simcoe. Library and Archives Canada, with funding from the Aboriginal Digital Collections Program, has archived the website "Welcome to the Aboriginal Communities and Business of Simcoe Region." This is a great resource for anyone wondering about aboriginal businesses in the county at the start of the digital age. </span></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%201080%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg"><img class="ms-rteFontSize-2" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/978-23%20Two%20native%20guides%20at%20Copperhead%20Dock%20-%20480%20E7%20B3%20R3B%20S3%20Sh2.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;" /></a></p><p style="text-align:center;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-3-0 ms-rteFontSize-1"><em>Figure 4: Two Native guides fishing off Copperhead Dock, early twentieth century;<br></em></span><em style="color:#666666;font-size:1em;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-1">part of the Hanly-Clark photograph collection (978-23).<br>Image copyright: Public domain</span><br></em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></p><p style="text-align:left;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">The Barrie Native Friendship Centre and the Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre are a few of the institutions in Simcoe County that offer resources to Native communities and promote indigenous heritage and culture. In addition, the Georgian Bay Métis Council, in Midland Ontario, represents the largest concentration of self-identified Métis in Ontario. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Native heritage in the county has interesting resonances from the past into today. Christian Island was once the site of a French mission to the Huron/Ouendat people and the name of the island is derived from this history. The Mnijkaning First Nation help preserve the fishing weirs found at Atherley Narrows, a man-made construction, attributed to the Ouendat people that is approximately 5000 years old. The past and the present come together in many different ways all over the county. To find out more information about Simcoe County Archives's holdings concerning the history of local Indigenous peoples and communities, old and new and everything in between, come visit us, Monday to Friday, 8:30 to 4:00.  </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Further Reading/Sources:</span></p><p dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Beausoleil First Nation: Pride Unity Strength Vision</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Beausoleil First Nation, 2017, </span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href=""><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"> Accessed May 31, 2017.</span></p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Chippewas of Rama First Nation</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Chippewas of Rama First Nation, 2015, </span><a href=""><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017</span></p><p><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Georgian Bay M</em><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">é</em><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">tis Council</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Métis Nation of Ontario, 2014,</span><br class="ms-rteFontSize-2"><a href=""><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017. </span></p><p><em></em><em>Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre</em>. Georgian Bay Native Friendship Centre, <br><a href=""></a>. Accessed May 31, 2017.</p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Heidenreich, C.E. "Huron-Wendat." </span><em class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Canadian Encyclopedia</em><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Historica Canada, 2015, </span><a href=""><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017.</span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">Hunter, Andrew F. <em>A History of Simcoe County</em>. Barrie: City Council, 1909. Rptd 1998. </span></p><p dir="ltr" style="margin-right:0px;"><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">"Welcome to the Aboriginal Communities and Businesses of Simcoe region." Library and Archives Canada, </span><a href=""><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2"></span></a><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">. Accessed May 31, 2017. </span></p><p><span class="ms-rteFontSize-2">White, Richard. <em>The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes </em><em>Region, 1650-1815</em>. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. </span></p><p><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Images</span>: </p><p>Images on this page marked as public domain are free to re-use. If you do re-use public domain images, please credit the Simcoe County Archives as the source and link back to this page.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p>
Happy Birthday Sir John A Macdonald 3:48:08 PMHappy Birthday Sir John A Macdonald<p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span aria-hidden="true"></span>Happy Birthday, Sir John A. Macdonald!</strong></p><p style="text-align:left;"><a href=""><font color="#0066cc">Sir John A. Macdonald </font></a>(1815-1891) was born on January 11th.  To celebrate, we're sharing a draft of a letter <a href=""><font color="#0066cc">Sir James R. Gowan</font></a>, first judge of Simcoe District, wrote to his long-time friend and correspondent on the occasion of Macdonald's 76<sup>th</sup> (and last) birthday.</p><p>A resident of Barrie, Gowan was a lawyer, judge, senator, and author of an unknown number of pieces of draft legislation that Macdonald presented in both the provincial and federal legislatures.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">While undated, the incomplete draft letter below was written in early January 1891.</p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Gowan_Macdonald_undated_front_1080.jpg"><img alt="1891 draft letter from Gowan to Macdonald" src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Gowan_Macdonald_undated_front_480.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:131px;" /></a><strong>  </strong><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Gowan_Macdonald_undated_back_1080.jpg"><img src="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/999-21_Gowan_Macdonald_undated_back_480.jpg" alt="" style="margin:5px;width:129px;" /></a><strong> </strong></p><p style="text-align:center;"><a href="/Archives/PublishingImages/dpt/arc/Transcription_of_Birthday_Greetings_Letter.pdf"><sup><font color="#0066cc">Transcription</font></sup></a></p><p>​</p>